The Appendix to the Journals of the House of Representatives (AJHR), sometimes known as "the A to Js", is a collection of government-related reports published every year from 1858. The reports cover many subjects, documenting the work of government departments and a wide range of other activities carried out by, or of interest to, the government of the day.
The AJHR is one of the most valuable tools for understanding how New Zealand has developed from its earliest colonial beginnings to the present. It provides a wealth of information for researchers working across many fields.
In short, the AJHR is published because Parliament decides to publish them. Many official reports and papers are presented to the House of Representatives by ministers and government departments every year. These documents relate to many subjects, and are essential to Parliament's ability to make informed decisions.
Papers tabled in the House are listed in the Journal of the House of Representatives (not included on this website), a publication which logs Parliament's daily business.
All papers tabled before Parliament are considered appendices to the Journal. The House orders some of these papers to be printed, and these are published annually in a separate series of volumes as the Appendix to the Journals of the House of Representatives.
The Legislative Council (or Upper House of Parliament) also published a separate volume of papers, the Journal of the Legislative Council (not included on this website), before it was abolished in 1951. The Council's Journal includes appendices at the end of some volumes.
The AJHR is arranged into broad themes. The following list provides a broad outline of the themes since the late nineteenth century:
Each theme includes a series of reports grouped by "shoulder number" — a letter of the alphabet followed by a number. For example:
"General report on lunatic asylums in New Zealand (by Dr. Paley)", AJHR, 1874, H-1
This indicates that the report was published in 1874 and was the first document in the "H" theme that year.
Annual reports of government departments
Most government departments published annual reports in the AJHR from the 1870s-80s onwards. These reports cover the department's activities over the year in question, tracing developments and changes of policy and sometimes personnel, and are a valuable source of information. They often contain tables of statistics, maps, and illustrations.
Reports of commissions of inquiry
Governments have regularly held commissions of inquiry to address a variety of issues since the nineteenth century. The reports of most of these inquiries were published in the AJHR, sometimes along with the commission's minutes and the testimony of witnesses.
The Stout-Ngata Commission into Maori land tenure in 1907, and the Mazengarb report on "Moral Delinquency in children and adolescents" in 1954, are well-known examples.
Reports relating to broader government work
The AJHR includes other reports relating to a variety of subjects. Sometimes members of Parliament requested a report on certain areas of government activity, and these were prepared by the relevant department. Other times departments produced reports on the results of particular Acts, or research into proposed changes and innovations. The "Miscellaneous" (H) section published at the end of each year's AJHR is always a rich trove of interesting and unusual material.
Images and maps
Many of the reports contain maps, plans, photos, sketches, and diagrams. These illuminate many aspects of New Zealand life, from sketch maps of planned railway lines to photographs of living conditions in early-twentieth century housing.
The AJHR can be used for a wide variety of research purposes in addition to the study of government-related history. For example:
Agriculture, science, and industry
The AJHRs were split into two sequences of published volumes in 1999. The first sequence, the New Zealand Parliamentary Papers, included most government reports. The second, still called the Appendix to the Journals of the House of Representatives, contains select committee reports and other papers relating to the operation of Parliament. Many post-1999 reports are available online at www.parliament.nz and the websites of the government agencies which created them.
Some papers presented to the House are not published as part of the AJHR, and remain unpublished. Many such papers are held by Archives New Zealand Head Office in Wellington, the Parliamentary Library, or the government departments which created them.
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Copyright in the Appendices of the Journals of the House of Representatives (AJHRs) may be held by:
• the Clerk of the House of Representatives
• third parties (which may include government agencies, political parties, or people that have made submissions or others).
In some cases
• no copyright may exist (such as Government bills, parliamentary debates and reports of select committees), or
• copyright may have expired (including Crown copyright in works published before 1 January 1945).
Clerk of the House of Representatives
Where the Clerk of the House of Representatives owns copyright in the AJHRs, the Clerk has licensed that copyright under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International licence (CC BY 4.0). This means you are free to copy, distribute and adapt the material, as long as you attribute it to the Clerk of the House of Representatives and abide by the other licence terms.
Third party copyright
If the copyright is held by third parties, the Clerk of the House of Representatives and the National Library cannot grant permission to reproduce or otherwise use material. It is your responsibility to make sure you have permission to re-use this content from the copyright holder.
If you are unsure if copyright in an item is held by a third party, please contact us for assistance at firstname.lastname@example.org
If there is no copyright, or if copyright has expired in any material in the AJHRs, there are no copyright restrictions on your use of that material.
We ask that you acknowledge the National Library as the source of the information. If the material is republished online, we would appreciate a link to where you found the information on this site.
The National Library would like to thank everyone who has supported the digitisation of the Appendices to the Journals of the House of Representatives.