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THE WAR, Issue 15642, 5 November 1914
ALLIES HOLD THE YSER.
NIEUPORT INUNDATED. tIERMANS SHORT OF REINFORCEMENTS. KAISER'S SHIPS COME CUT AND FLEE. OUR NAVY CLOSES NORTH SEA. DARDANELLES BCMBARDED. Press Association—By Telegraph—Copyright GERMANS LEFT THE YSER. ALLIES OCCUPYIaVER PASSAGES. PARIS, November 3 (evening). Official: The enemy have apparently abandoned tho left bank of the Yser below Dlxmudc. The Allies have reoccupied the river passages, and advanced south of Dixmude ar:d in the vicinity of Gheluvelt. We slightly progressed east of Foret de l'Aigle and" north-west of Pont-a-Mousson, but mired east of V 7 ailly. ENEMY FLOODED OUT OP NIEUPORT. LONDON, November 4. A Berlin official report states that the inundations south ot Nieuport preclude all operations, the whole district having been destroyed. The water in some places , is as high "as a man. The Germans had evacuated the district without the loss of men, horses, or guns. The German attack on Ypres is progressing. They have taken prisoners and captured several machine guns. There were great losses on both sides. At Roy, where several hundred Germans are missing, two guns wore lost. SACRIFICING THE INFANTRY. (London 'Times' and Sydney 'Sun' Services.) LONDON, November 3. A correspondent says the Germans were allowed to advance at Nieuport away from their artillery, when the Allies charged and slaughtered them wholesale. To enable their guns to creep up a few hundred yards the Germans do not seem to mind infantry being slaughtered. They progress perhaps for six miles in 10 days at a cost of 20,000 killed, and more wounded. NIGHT ARTILLERY ATTACKS. (London ' Times' and Sydney ' Sun' Services.) LONDON, November 3. A correspondent, describing the night attacks, says the German artillerymen love darkness, and are determined to give the British as little opportunity for sleep as possible. The British in turn make a point of giving instructions to the Germans in the correct use of the _ bayonet. German military bands have specialised in playing martial music, and the usual accompaniment to these strange _ night battles, heard weirdly during lulls in the firing, is lively march tunes. GERMANS GETTING SCARCE. (London 'Times' and Sydney 'Sun' Services.) LONDON, November 3. It is stated that the German leaders in Flanders are clamoring for reinforcements, but the commanders elsewWe send them. Only old members of th; Landsturm are available, and these are expected to arrive in a week. BERLIN ONE BIG HOSPITAL. ROME, November 3. Advices irom Berlin state that an extraordinary number of wounded are arriving at the capital, and the people's enthusiasm is abating. All the hospitals are full, and concert halls, theatres, and other buildings are being utilised. . THE KAISER'S HAIR WHITE. (London ' Times' and Sydney ' Sun' Services.) LONDON, November 4. A lady who has just returned from Berlin says that amidf the crowd of rumors she would only vouch for the truth of one, which is absolutely true. The Kaiser's hair has turned white since the war began. HIS VAULTING AMBITION. LONDON, November 3. Copenhagen reports that a spectator at a review of troops last week heard the Kaiser say: " They wish to kill Germany. If we gain, we must gain a new empire which shall arise more splendidly than the world ever saw—a new Roman-German Empire which shall rule the world, which will be happy." TWO BOMBS THAT MISSED. ONE MEANT FOR US. CALAIS, November 4. A spy informed the Germans that M. Poii'caTe and Kin;; Albert were inspecting the Franco-Belgian cavalry in the square in front of the Town Hall at Faroes on Morday. A Taub© aeroplane, misinformed as to the time, dropped a bomb from a height of 5,000 ft halt an hour before 'he Kintr and M. Poincare arrived. Only trilling damage was done. [Furaes is the wpsternmost town of Belgium.] THE OTHER FOR THE KAISER. LONDON, November 4. A British aviator dropped a bomb in Tnielt vsterdav. It fell upon the spot where the Kaiser 15 minutes previously had given an audience to the Headquarters Staff. [Thielt is 15 miles south-east of Bruges.] GERMAN SHIPS COME OUT, BUT EVADE AN ACTION, PREFERRING TO THROW OUT MINES AND THENvRUN. LONDON, November 4 (morning). Official: The enemy's squadron fired at a coastguard gunboat, the Halcyon, and then retreated, our light cruisers being unable to bring about an action before dark. The rearmost of the German cruisers scattered mines, which blew up submarine Do. The flig't Commissioner reports, under dn*-» London. 4 (12.20 a.m.): "The Admiralty announces early this morning that the German squadron fired on tbx. Halcvon, coastguard boat, with che result that one man was wounded. The Halcyon reported th© presence of vessels, and various naval movements were mada, with the result that tho enemy retreated rapidly. Th« rearmost German cruiser threw out a number of mines, and submarine Do was sunk. Two officers and two men were saved." LONDON, November 4. The Press Bureau reports that lour men were saved from the submarine D 5.
THE NORTH~SEA CLOSED, AND THE REASONS WHY. INDICTMENT OF GERMAN BARBARIANS. LONDON, November 3. The Admiralty announce* that during the last week the Germane have scattered nines indiscriminately in the open sou on the - main trade route from America to
Liverpool via the northj'of Ireland. Peace-1 ful merchant ships have already been' blown up •with loss of life by this agency. | The White Star liner Olympic escaped dis-, aster by pure luck, and but for warnings given by British cruisers other British and neutral vessel's •would have been destroyed. These minee cannot have been laid by any German ship of war. They have been laid by merchant vessels (lying a neutral flag which have come along the trade route as if for the purposes of peaceful commerce, and whilo profiting to the full by the immunity enjoyed by neutral merchant ships the enemy have endangered lives regardless oi whether they are friend or foe or of a civilian or military character. Mine-laying tinder a neutral flag and reconnaissance conducted by trawlers, hos-
pital chips, aind neutral vessels are ordinary features of German naval warfare. Under these circumstances the Admiralty feels it necessary to adopt exceptional measures appropriate to the novel conditions. It therefore gives notico that the whole of the North Sea must be considered a military area. Within this area merchant shipping of all kinds, fii-hing craft, and all other v&feols will be oxjKJiSed to the gravest dangers from mines. Every effort will be niade' to convey this warning to neutral countries and to vessels on tho sea, but from November 5 all vessels passing a line drawn from the northern point 'of the Hebrides through Faro Islands to Iceland will do so at their own risk. RUSSIANS HUSTLING GERMANS. FLIGHT NOW HASTY. PETROGRAD. November 4. The Russians are giving the AustroGerman army no rest in their retreat, which at first was orderly, but is now confused and hasty. They are forcing tho Germans to fight a rearguard action daily, taking thousands of prisoners and capturing guns and stores. SERVIANS ENTRENCHED. (London ' Times ' and Sydney ' Sun' Services.) LONDON, November 3. The Servian trenches at Matchba are securely protected against shot, shell, and weather. Though assisted by captive balloons and aeroplanes, the Austrians are unable to direct effectively their shell fire, which is ploughing up iarge sections of farm lands. TSAR SAYS ENEMY MUST BE CRUSHED. PETROGRAD. November 4. The Tsar, in a telegram to the Moscow Merchants' Association, assured them that peace would not be concluded until the enemy had been completely crushed.
ONE FORT BLOWN UP. LONDON, November 7> (evening*. The allied fleets bombarded the Dardanelles, and Holies Fort (one, cf the forts guarding the entrance) was blown up. BALUCHISTAN FAITHFUL. CATTARO, November 5. Many Turks have been arrested and aliens deported. Turkey is concentrating a large camel force on* the frontier of Delhi. A Mohammedan meeting at Quetta carried a resolution expressing Baluchistan's fidelity to Britain. I MR ASQUITH VISITS THE PRISON CAMP. LONDON. November 3. Mr Asquith to-day inspected the prisoners in the camp at Newbury. He was loudly cheered when walking amongst them. [Among the most recent slanders of the German Press was one to the effect that tho British were ill-treating their German prisoners.] IS rr THE CROWN PRINCE? LONDON, November 4. A Baslo telegram repeats the story that a mvsterioue wounded man arrived at Strasbourg, and tho military governor received hiin with extreme deference. The palaco is closely guarded, and none of tho doctors and servants are allowed to leave. He is believed to be the Crown Prince. DESERTIONS AND CHEAP DECORATIONS. ! (London ' Times' and Sydney ' Sun' Services.) 1 LONDON, November 3. J Donaid Thompson, an American photo- ! graphcr, has been impressed by two things in the German army : One is the number of desertion*; the other tho number of Iron Crosses handed out liko pocket* of cigarettee. CAIRO IMPRESSED. (London ' Times' and Sydney 'Sun' Serrioes.) LONDON, November 3. The British, troops' Toute march through Cairo at the week-end was tho greatest British military display ov*r witnessed therw. It deeply impressed the natives. THE FATE OF THE HERMES. (London ' Timea' and Sydney ' Sun' Services.) LONDON, November 3. An eye-witness ot the sinking of the Hermes says he was walking on the sea ehore trying to forget the horrors he had seen on the battlefields, when he blundered into a sea tragedy. The cruiser was well out, when he heard a tremendous explosion. When tho torpedo boats found the target ho saw a great pillar of smoke sluoot skywards. With guns firing the
Hermes finally gave herself up to the deep. Before sinking she made a gallant struggle. Her funnels were belching volumes of smoke, and appeared to bo moving slowly when the water line was far below the surface-. Survivors state that they saw an audacious submarine departing leisurely. NOTICE TO SHIPMASTERS. A Gazette Extraordinary issued yesterday notifies that the provisions of the declaration relating to vessels proceeding or carrying goods to the enemy's ports which will be subject to capture and condemnation if encountered en voyage are being enforced by the Imperial Government, with certain modifications. Ships bound for ports in a neutral country are
also liable to capture if it be found that the enemy's Government are drawing supplies through such neutral State. THE LATE PRINCE MAURICE. The following telegram was sent on October 30 from the Governor v f New Zealand to tk. Secretary of >'iate for the Colonies : Please convey the following message to H.R.H. Priness Henry of Battenberg : —" Myself, my Government, and the people of New Zealand desire to send our respectful sympathy to you in iho death of your gallant son. (Signed) Liverpool." Tho following telegram was received on November 5 from the Secretary of .State for the Colonies by tho Governor :—" Your telegram of October 30 rornmunicated to H.R.H. Princess Henry of Battenberg, who is very grateful for this expression of sympathy. (Signed) Habcoup.t." OTAGO PATRIOTIC AND GENERAL WELFARE ASSOCIATION. The hon. treasurers of tho Otago Patriotic and General Welfare Association acknowledge the receipt of the following donations to tho fund : Previously acknowledged... £14,028 2 6 W. W. Reid 2 0 0 E. M'Kenzie 2 0 0 " Svmpathiser" 10 0 Collected by ' Evening 'Star' 32 8 1 Trustees, Executors, and Agency Co., Ltd 50 0 0 Tuapcka Mouth Sluicing Co. 10 6 King Street Congregational Church 7 3 0 Chas. Durham 10 0 1 Letter carriers' department I (second contribution) ... 315 6 ! £14,128 9 7 SYMPATHY. Apropos of tho touching sincerity of the i Kaiser's remark that " his heart bled for Louvain," the following lines lately api peared in ' Punch' : 1 The crumbling towers, the shattered fanes, The'havoc of tho Belgian plains; Dead mothers, children, priests, and nuns, Who fall before my conquering Huns— Believe me, friends, these grievous woes Deprive me of my due repose, And, though enforced by higher need, Make my Imperial bosom bleed. As the fat epider wipes his eye Over each strangulated fly ; As Abdul Hamid onco was fain To weep for the Armenian slain ; As Hayman felt his eyelids drip Whon women cowered beneath his whip; As Torquemada doubtless bled With sorrow for tho tortured dead ; f?o, in his own peculiar style, Weeps the Imperial crocodile. OUR MEN IN SAMOA. The following telegram regarding tho health of tho troops, dated November 3, has been received by the Governor from the Administrator of Samoa : The general health of tho troops is fair. Artillery—Gunner GLbbs, fever; Bombardier Pierard and Gunner Hatch, dysentery. Railway Engineers—Privates Manning and M'Donald, fever. Auckland Signallers—Sergeant Poutney, burn*; Cori>oral M'Farland, fever. Auckland Regiment—Private Fraser, fever; Private Hay, dysentery; Private Bayne3, chest. Wellington Regiment—Privates AJquest, Bromley, and Roberts, fever; Sergeant Brockett, pneumonia Sergeant Campbell and Corporal Hutchinson, dysentery; Private Hook, serious injury. Army Service Corps—Sergeant Anderson. Medical Corps—Private Reeves, fever. All doing well.
PATRIOTISM AND TRADE.
At the meeting of the Dunedin Chamber of Commerce, held on Monday afternoon, the following letter was received from Mr W. G. Wickham (Empire Trade Commissioner in New Zealand):—"May I appeal to your members for your cooperation in a matter of some importance to British trade. Statements are constantly being made by merchants who in the past have dealt largely in Gorman and Austrian poods to the effect that these goods are products obtainable only from these countries, and not from England. Recent cases in point are enamelled hollowware, carpenters' tools, pencils, stationery, gas and electricaJ goods, and certain specified drugs. Now, many ot your members know l these statements to be untrue, for the good reason that they have been handling the British makes for years; but not many realise that it is their duty, both to the public and to the British" manufacturer, not to allow these statements to lie unrofnted Furthermore, thev have aexcellent opportunity for pointing out to the public that they at least have been selling good quality British goods before the war. There has been little justification for much of this trade with German in the past; there is still less justification for directly instructing I ho public to tranter their custom to America. I need^
hardly say that tho sorvices of my office and of the Board of Trade are at the disposal of all who want accurate information on such points. There are, and always havo been, in most lines manufacturers in the United Kingdom ready to make competitively wliat is being procured from the Continent, and the activities of tho Board of Trade, now in the limelight of Press notices, have been for years directed to putting such manufacturers in touch with markets." The Ladies' Guild of the South Dunedin Presbyterian Church, with the aid of many of the friends of the congregation, have packed for despatch hy tho s.s. Zcalandi three large cases of goods of splendid quality for the British and Belgian relief
fund. The good work was made inspiring for those who assumed responsibility by the spontaneous and hearty response of so many sympathisers with the project. A station holder on the East Coast, whoso modesty in regard to the nonpublication of his nam?, in only equalled by his generosity, has donated every fat sheep that ho turns off his property this season to the Belgian relief fund. Ae his fat sheep last year numbered 8,000, some idea of this station holder's generosity may be gained. His action has been prompted by his admiration of the plucky stand put up by the Belgians in the present war. At Tuesday's auction of sheepskins Messrs Wright, Stephenson, and Co. offered for sale the skin from the cheep which was sold on tho previous Wednesday at Burnside for £56 10s. The skin was sold and resold until it ultimately realised as much as £7 10s 6d, which must constitute a record for a single skin. The Belgium relief fund benefits to the extent of £64 0s 6d from the sale of the sheep and the skin. The Goro Patriotic Committee, at a meeting on Tuesday, decided to cable Home £2OO in aid of Belgian relief.
A "patchwork quilt chain" has been formed in Waimate —the first of its kind in the South Island—by which it is expected (says tho 'Advertiser') that quite 200 quilts of all sorts and sizes will be sent to be distributed to the poor of Great Britain and Belgium.
THE WAR, Issue 15642, 5 November 1914
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