NEWS BY THE SAN FRANCISCO MAIL.
(From our Exchanges) One of the most stirring scenes of the fire at St. Louis was when the firemen succeeded in. reaching the top storey of the southern extension of the hotel, and rescuing a number of girls Jrom a room in the extreme southwestern corner of the structure. The fire was close at hand, and the intrepidity shown by the firemen deserves more of a recognition than it has yet received. Long ladders -were spliced together, but were found still insufficient to reach the upper storey. At the top of the ladders so spliced was stationed Mike Hester, driver of No. 10's engine. Below him were Charles Barry of No. 10, and Conway of No. 4. Conway passed up a small ladder to Hester, who, supporting himself by one hand upon his giddy perch, succeeded in hooking the upper end of the small ladder into the girls' window. Subsequently Barry passed him a rope. Telling two of the girls to hold the ladder as firmly as possible, Hester abandoned the long one, and climbing up the small one, entered the window. In the room were seven women, all domestics of the hotel. As the fireman entered, the scene was a remarkable one. The women simultaneously crowded about him, calling upon God to bless him for his courage, and praying to be rescued. He was gruff with them. He told them to keep quiet, and do as he directed. Th«n he told them that he would descend the short ladder to the main one, and receive them as they came down; that they must not look downward as they came; and that they could accomplish the thing had they the courage. He opened the door of tbe room, but saw only smoke. The girls said they knew of no others in that part of the hotel Then Hester tied the ladder firmly, and descended. The bottom of the short ladder was about two feet distant at one side from the long one ! The first girl came out bravely, reached the bottom of the short ladder, reached the long one with Hester's assistance, and was passed downward to Barry and Conway. So with all the rest. It was a remarkable feat for the firemen, and a wonderful one for the girls who acted so well under such circumstances.
The Virginia (Nev.) Enterprise of March 16th, says : — " Last evening, about four o'clock, the eyes of hundreds of persons on the streets were directed toward the top of the spire of the new Catholic church, where was seen a fountain spouting numerous jets high in the air. The height of the top of the cross from the ground is 170 feet. The rays of the declining sun fell upon the jets and spray at just the proper angle to light up and bring out the beautiful roseate glow which surrounded the top of the cross like a glory. The fountain is expected to be of great service in case of a fire. Englishmen are fond of criticising American savagery of manners ; but would we tolerate the throwing of rotten "eggs at eminent statesmen on the stump ? — a common occurrence in England. Are we accustomed to have at our college commencements indecent shoutings, loud enough to drown the authorities when conferring a degree on distinguished men, which treatment Mr. Longfellow and Mr. Everett received with tbeir D.C.Ls. at Oxford ? And who ever heard in America of a mob of two thousand men smashing into a Ritualistic Church and spitting into the faces of the young girls of the congregation, which proceeding lately took place at St. James's Church, Hatcham, England. — New York Independent.
The Franciscan Order are interesting themselves warmly in the cause of the proposed canonization of the great discoverer of the New World, who is known to have been a tertiary of their order. Letters strongly urging the promotion of the cause have been addressed to the Holy Father by Mgr. Philippi, Archbishop of Aquila, who is a Franciscan, and by several other prelates of the same order now in Rome, alsc by Pere Bernardin, Minister-General, O.S.F.
Irish emigration, as I mentioned in previous letters, is brought to a stand still. The social tide is turned at length, and for the first time since 1854 the population of Ireland bids fair to decrease no lower. A Paper has just been presented to Parliament by the Registrar-General of Ireland, upon the emigration returns of 1876 which is of very great interest. The number of emigrants who left Ireland in 1876 was only 38,315, being 14,082 less than in 1875, and the lowest number recorded for 26 years. Of the 38,315 emigrants, 16,787, or less than half , went to England and Scotland, 14,887 to the United States, 3,635 to Australia, 1,558 to New Zea•^jrd, 667 to Canada, and 43 to other countries ; showing clearly save in the case of those going to join their families, already there, emigration to the "United States has been arrested completely. Laat year, 12,137 persons, chiefly from the United States, returned to Ireland, owing to the depression of trade. During the quarter of a century, 1851-76, as many as 2,414,978 natives of Ireland left the country. Of these, 1,855,827 went to the States; 778,63S to Great Britain ; 219,451 to Canada ; 100,468 to Victoria ; 62,943 to New South Wales; 29,733 to New Zealand ; 20,972 to Queensland; 14,255 to South Australia, and the rest elsewhere.
It is alleged that the inhabitants of the islands of Arran are Buffering from scarcity of food, and that an attempt is being made to proselytize them by taking advantage of their destitution. The manufacture of Irish poplin is to be encouraged by a social law, enacted by the Duchess of Marlborough, who declares that all women admitted to St. Patrick's balls in Dublin Castle must wear Irish poplin.
On the 7th ult, the widow of Mr. Daniel O'Connor, son of the great Irish patriot, General Arthur O'Connor, died at Cannes, France, at the age of 57. She was remarkable for her intellect, piety, and charity. The remains are interred in tbe family vault at the Bignons, beside those of the illustrious General and his sons. In the late war his two grandsons fought gallantly for France, Captain Fernand O'Connor, of the 10th Chasseurs, a Knight of the Legion of Honour, and his brother, Mr. Arthur O'Connor, who has distinguished himself in the army and in civil life.
Prince Louis Napoleon and the ex-Empress Eugenic have, through Cardinal Bonaparte, sent assurances to the Pope that the Prince, during his recent visit to Rome, was not made a Freemason, as has been affrmed.
At the Vatican a catalogue is bein» made of all the property of the Holy Father and of the Papal See, all the articles at the Vatican, objects of art, science, and literature. In the event of the Pope's death, the present Cardinal Secretary of State is vested with extraordinary powers, which enable him to take and hold possession of everything in the interim as the representative of the past and the coming Pope. Father Giovanni, who has a, most exquisite tenor voice of extraordinary compass, purity, and limpidity, belongs to the Order of Franciscans. He was born at Lucca, but went to Rome two years ago, and only since that period has taken lessons in music. He is 35 years of age, tall, robust, and well-proportioned, and possesses, the inhabitants of Rome declare, the most delightful voice in the world. He sang the High Mass on Easter Sunday at the Church of the Stimulate.
Three bloody cassocks hang in the Church of Notre Dame, Paris. The first belonged to Archbishop Affre, of Paris, sl> ot dead at the fireat barricade of the Faubourg, St. Antoine, June 24, 1848. The second was that of Archbishop Sibour, cut down by the knife of Verier in the Church of St. Stephen of the Mount, January 3, 1857. The third was worn by Archbishop Darboy the day he was murdered by the Commune. It is rent and cut into shreds, although the blood and mud that covered it when it was taken from the body of the dead Archbishop have been washed off. Prince Bismarck is not popular among the Catholics in Scotland, and an Inverness paper states that when the news of his retirement reached Strathglass in that county, a number of farmers met aud resolved to burn the German Chancellor in effigy. Accordingly, an old coat and hat were procured and stuffed with straw. After being drawn through the mud and beaten with sticks, die effigy was thrown on a fire specially prepared, and disappeared in smoke and flame amidst the wild gesticulations of the bystander.-, Strathglass is the Catholic stronghold of the Scotch. Highlands. It has been remarked that next year Pius IX. will, if happily preserved to Christendom, attain the thirty-second of his Pontiricate, a memorable epoch, seeing that, according to St. Gregory t.ie Great and Eusebius, St. Peter was the visible Head of the'ciiurch during thirty-two years, including the six years that he governed the Church of Antioch. But, as the Roman correspondent of the Morning Post remarks, calculating from the period at which oar Saviour first named Peter the Chief of the Apostles, the duration of his office as Head of the Church would have been thirty-eight years, which forms another anniversary for Pio Nono to look Forward to ; nor, adds our Protestant contemporary, is it at all out of the range of possibility for his Holiness to attain tli3 year ISSA, considering his robust constitution and the traditional longevity of his family.
Among the preparations wluch. are "being made throughout the world — in England, France, Spain, Germany, and South America — to celebrate the fiftieth anniversary of the episcopal consecration of the Holy Father, -we must not lose sight of a city to which that anniversary is most especially interesting. To Spoleto, as the present archbishop of that see observes in his pastoral letter, belongs amid the universal joy, the first and greatest right to exult. The Spoletines remember that their city and diocese were the scene of the first episcopal labours of the Supreme Pontiff, and they remember also that he was sent thither by another fellow-citizen of theirs and a great benefactor of their city, Leo XII., of the family Delia Genga, of Spoleto. The JJn-ta Cattohea furnishes several details concerniug the see of Spoleto and the occupation of it by Pius IX. Even now, says the present archbishop, after the lapse of ten lustres, the memories of the charity and generosity of Pius IX. are living aud fresh in the hearts and on the tongues of the people. Spoleto, therefore, has certainly a claim to the most prominent place among the cities which will celebrate the approaching anniversary. The correspondent of the Univers relates the following: — " From the very earliest stage of Mgr. Nardi's malady the Pope manifested the keenest anxiety as to his condition, and was visibly affected by it. On the eve of his death, and in the presence of those who surrounded him, his Holiness gave vent to his grief. • Poor Nardi !' he said ; he was so strong, so robust, so courageous. May God preserve him to us. If he lives, upon the next promotion I will make him cardinal.' "
There have already been registered 25,000 pilgrims for the eventful 3rd of June. The garrison of Koine will be doubled during the Papal Jubilee; ten days before the commencement of the solemnities two regiments of infantry and one of bersaglieri will arrive in the capital from the province of Alexandria, by which means the garrison will consist of six regiments, instead of three, with proportionate cavalry aud artillery, A most interesting and important purchase has just been made by the Bishop of Northampton of the ancient Hospital and Chapel of St. John. This is another instance of the reversion of an ancient church to purposes of Catholic worship.
The following is from the London World : — " Business is slack with the sculptors. Some of them, however, have their hands fall with old orders. On a visit to tfoley's studio the other day I found that the pupil on whom the completion of his unfinished works lias devolved, Mr. Brock, is hard at work on a statue of Lord Grouch of Dublin. The O'Connell monument is not yet perfected, nor is it likely soon to be. And yet it is the most harmonious, beautiful, and stately of the inspirations of Foley ; and — if the notions of the dead were carried out as they could be by the favourite on whom his mantle has fallen — there is no doubt it would be one of the grandest testimonies to Foley 's genius. The committee intrusted with, tho supervision of what is done are positively some of tucm
talking of giving xip Foley's conception, forfeiting the money already paid, and advertising for a new monument by some Irish scnlptor— probably of the mortuary school! Surely Irishmen should have sense enough to know that Home Rule in arc is profanity !
What will the admirers of Dean Stanley, the modern apotheosis of soi-disant religious thought, think of the following tribute ? At the Arbroath Free Presbytery on Wednesday week the Rev. Mr. Comrie, of Carnoustie, speaking in favor of disestablishment, said, Established Churches were becoming a refuge for infidels and unfaithful men like Dean Stanley. Would anyone tell him that Dean Stanley was worthy of being called a Chrif tian ? His was a Christianity in which Christ was but an accident. It would have been all the same though Christ had never been. It did not matter to Dean Stanley's Christianity whether Christ were left out of it or not. Christ was simply an illustration of Dean Stanley's system, and he was the representative man of an immense class in the Church of England (cries of " Oh, oh.") The following is a petition to the marshal president and the tyvo chambers of the French Republic : — " The Pontifical Allocution of the 12th of March has resounded painfully in the hearts of all Catholics. It has made manifest to all eyes a situation full of perils to the Church. The Sovereign Pontiff, deprived of his temporal power, sees every day arise around him fresh obstacles to the government of the Universal Church. It is even feared that by the application of recent legislative provisions, and by still more dangerous measures which may be taken, the Holy Father •will soon be completely prevented from having communication ■with the Catholic world. In presence of this grave position of the Papacy, the centre of their religious unity and the guarantee of the integrity of their faith, the undersigned French citizens and Catholics are bound to have recourse to you. They call upon you to use all the means in your power to enforce respect to the independence of the Holy Father, to protect his administration, and to ensure to all the Catholics of France the indispensable enjoyment of a liberty dearer than all other liberties, viz., that of their faith."
The editor of the Repullicain dv Finistere, of Brest, has just "been tried for a defamatory attack on Mgr. Nouvel, .Bishop of Quimper, and his clergy, and has been condemned to three months' imprisonment and 2,000 f rs. fine. The publisher, who had resigned in consequence of the article incriminated, was nevertheless°sen"tenced to pay a penalty of 500 frs.
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