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In view of r,ho recent olntciictioii of ihi' survey a'ty undor Ms Ruchfort by Maoris .•tt'l'ep c. i'ull account of their tr -nwiytioj-ih sinoi they (t;lt Uv.miw (tl>i) jiroeut'tbjigo ab wbK"' 1 ]> u '('.o \wrts fully i uoried in our coluni'ia) in.ij he i'-.m'. 'tViti] .-i di-^.tx, oi iutuieat. Ah was m'atoil la c t O'/uiiiiij4, Kcinp wiil iiuablo to j-cconipany tl>o p iny to I'.ipatupu, ami !.hcy iU.l<>rmiuod lo pmofiod vitlumt him. On arrival, the u.ual reception took plocc, sumo 80 natives being present to receive thorn. Of they were full of tho recent di-ath Oi L Mete Kingi, and addresses in his honor wero given by two of the chiefs, Rangihuatau and Te Whaiti. Then Te Kuru Kanga stepped forward. He was dressed in the garments nature gave him, with the addition of a goorl coal of war paint, and a mat on hi<3 arm, presenting the ideal pictutc of a noble savage such as could be imagined ouiy. liis words did not belie his -tppcarance, for he immediately broke out at the Europeans, and encjuited why they came there ; bidding them return, and stating that all he caved for was. his land, which is under the care of his King Tawhiao. Ho remarked to Poari and other chiefs favorable to the Europeans that he thought they had great cheek (freely translated) to trespass on their lands. This outburst quite overcame him, and he solaced liimsolf with the song " Look at me ! My skin is all cut to pieces with grieviug for my land." Paoro Patapu (one of the visitors) replied that they had arrived with the Taonga, and had brought their women and children, according to the wish expressed at Ranana. If Tawhiao was their chief, the pakeha was his, and his word to them was that he was to go over the Paturangi hill the next morning to see the pakeha at his work. The party should go up the river in, canoes. He pointed out that the other natives claimed Tawhiao as their king, but they wished to try and get the party to return without his word. Te Uenuka welcomed the natives and the taonga, stating that the next day they would be crucified (which, being interpreted, means that they would hold a koiero that would take from them their land). Putana said that though they welcomed them on the death of Mete Kingi, they had brought up the taonga, and had come to help them through. Taumata made some unpleisant remarks in reply, in reference to coming into town to get a shirt if he was cold ; and that the sole of his foot would not answer rhe purpose of a house, but the analogy did not appear very clear. Te Rou and Kaioroto welcomed the taonga, and Te VVaitauima (the mother of Te Peehi), an impressive looking old dame, dressed in leaves, with a burnt firestick in her hand, came forward ana threw the latter in front of the party, which, meant that it was the remainder of her land (the rest having been sold), asking what more she had if she let that go through. !She was followed by an equally eccentric looking individual in the person of Karaitiana, who dressed in a shirt only, Cipered about in a frantic manner, saying he difl not want the pakehas on his land, and his word was for them to return. He was immediately put to rights by Paora Papatu, who jumped up and asked who he was, when he knew he was indebted to a pakeha in Wanganui in the sum of £15. He had nothing to do with it, and it he did not be quiet, the speaker (Paora) would take him to Waiganui as a prisoner for debt. A bit of a scene appeared imminent between these two gentlemen, who wero both very fat and were jumping about in a most ludicrous manner, the first named only being quit d by Paora sidling up to him, and threatening to drag him to the ground. Three homy of this sort of thing having gone on, rain and lunch formed a good opportunity for a cessation of operations, and tho meeting adjourned. A koreio was held in the evening, but it principally related to Meta Kingt's death, though Taumata stated that if the people of Mangamii a-te-ao would join him in obstructing the railway he Mould call them " the widows," but if left to himself, what did it matter if lie died alone. The next day- (Friday, 28th ult) the proceedings commenced with the rending «v letter from Mr Bryce to the natives. This opened up the subject of the railway, and a discussion followed between Te Oro and one or two of the natives as to the action of Major Kemp and Mr Bryce in the matter. Poari Kurimati explained the matter. He stated that it was neither Kemp nor he who wished the survey to come through their lands. Kemp had no knowledge of it till Mr Rochfort came up to Rangitikui, when they had a conversation, Mr Rochfort asking permission to through his property. Kemp thought it was -a good thing, and gave the necessary authority, also giving him letters of introduction to the iip river chiefs. Mr Rochfort had gone through Murimotu with Tukaiora, but when he arrived there they turned him back. Tlr's resulted in the meeting at Ranaua. Previously, Mr Bryce and Kemp had a conversation at Upokongaro, when Kemp said he would allow the railway to pass through. Several chiefs h.wl permitted the railway to go through their land. Te Aurere stated that Winiata, himself, and others were not the chiefs alluded to in Mr Bryce's letter, but that it was Rewi, Tawhiao, Wahanui, Topia, Te Heuheru, and Matiuhu who granted both the road and the railway. Kemp only came after these chiefs, and supported them. The railway was agreed to by chiefs of influence, and they could have no grievance against Kemp. Te Rakeiwaho expressed the opinion that the korero was all a sha low, as they had no papers from the chiefs mentioned that they agreed to the railway. Te Kaioroto remarked that Mr Bryce did not know Tawhiao had any mana over Wanganui or Manganui-a-te-ao, and he wrote to Winiata, Tamuti, and others Te Rakeiwaho sagely replied with the quotation — "Give unto" Cossar the things which are Caesar's." Some discussion followed as to the names of the chiefs being read, Tohiora remarking that others were not the only ones against Kemp. His sword hung over Kemp's head, and if he, led him into danger, he would write to ths Government to hang him. Some remarks of hi 3in regard to selling land were replied to by Rakeiwaho with a reference to drucifixion, and Poari Kurimati entered into a full explanation of the objects of Kemp's meeting at Ranana. Tawhiao had been left alone by the Waikatos, and he would have no other chief to lead the Wanganui. They could not stop the railway, and it must go through or they would get into tiouble. if the big chiefs got the confiscated land in Taranaki and other parts bajk, they would submit to their mana. Te Aurere asked, as they were outside the boundary, why they submitted to Tawhiao, and Taumata replied that his objection dated from long ago, and applied to the whole of the Island, tie waa not afraid to say "Go back with your taonga ; what is death to me." Some rathor complicated conversation followed. A discussion took place between Rangihuatau, Te Aurere, and Te Peehi, as to Kemp having control of the Wanganui tribes, according to the word of Peehi Turoa. Pikiao remarked that he had not seen Rangihuatau before, but he saw him now with a glass of grog in his hand. Ha was speaking of what should' be talked of to-day, as James says in the Scripture IV, 14. Taumata, answering, said he knew nothing of what they were talking about ; but they had heard what he said. If he did it was only himself. If he felt cold, he could go down and fetch a shirt. He concluded with some ran irks about building a whare, aud that he knew Poari had got him for a good bait. His system commenced iv 1547, and he wished to be left to eat his own hiuau berries. The meeting was then adjourned till the following day, but some very straignt language ensued between Taumata and Paoro Papatu. Taumata said the party should return the next day, to which Paora replied that he would take them up the river in defiance of all, and |Te Kaioroto promised to support him. | Things began to get lively, and considerable excitement prevailed. Paora told all who were not going to support him to sit down, and threatened Hikaka that if he did not he would have him put in gaol when he came back. Paori Kirn mat i expressed regret that it was come to this, as he would not have come up. If it had been left to him, ho would have got it through by better means. Paora Patapu repeated his promise to -take the Europeans through on tho following day, and Taumata repeated his threat, lie said Paora and his Europeans should go back, and then left the whare with all the Hau Haus, Paori Kuri.

ma'i said ho did not agne with Paora, as that was not what he had said at Ranana. Me h.a-1 nob then said he would fight it 'h "ugu'j but had promised to leave it to him (Paon). If lie had laid that before Kemp th' re woul.l have been a different arrangement. For the future he wished tho mutter '«. • I tv him.

The next morning (S'atuiduy) the natives of the place (who aro favorable to the railvvay) hold a special meeting. Wakaheirangi iinrt 'Co Auvure both condemned the action of Paora on the previous might, Avho they ehai actprisoil as ni.'id (haurangi). Paroto suggfntnl that it should be put to the vote, as to whether the railway was to proceed or not, and after discussion, the qu (i ation being put three times, all present agreed in the affirmative. A large number of the natives present expressed concurrence with the^ construction of the railway. Paora Papatu remarking that "St John came yesterday ; "but Christ comes to-day. The mnst go through." Most of the chief* stated their intention of pushing the railway through their respective 1 mds. Hitiufcara said, "The mana ot YVanganui lie 3' with Kemp. You all give way to it, and never mind the King. The King's days are gone by ; the war between him and Iho Europeans settled that Question. Allow the train to go up ; do not stop it, or you will be treated the same thoso at Parihaka; but you will not be sent to Otago as they wero. You will be sent to a pace where there are wild beasts to devour you somewhere in Africa. So do not object to this survey." Maehe quoted the ,words that Christ said to St Peter in support of the railway, " The gates of Hell shall not prevail against thee ; upon this rock I place my Church." Krinni Taipoto said he would have nothing to do with the railway ; and Te Oro (who represented Peehi) said they were not to go to Waimarino. Tohiora said he would not go back till he saw Peehi, if he had to stay there twelve months. Te Oro made some reply about a person shaking a tree on which he thought there was a bird, but he found the bird was gone. Eventually, the meeting adjourned till night, when it was generally agreed that the party should prooeed.on Monday, even if they had to swim the ravers or wear oilskins. Poari Kurimati expressed regret that the two sides had brought their fire-sticks, and when they came together they burned. The point bad been raised that they wished to wait to the March meeting as to the railway, but he pointed out that they could wait for the meeting, and allow the pakeha' to go on. He thjught the Hau Haus shotdd give way, as it was not Kemp's affair, but a GoYeroment one, and they could not stop it. Tohiora said he did not care' if it came to war between himself and his brothers ; but he must go on with his pakeha. Poari Kurimati said they rhould consider the matter caref ully,as Kemp and he were going to Taumaranui to see Topia on the railway question. -The korero closed with a remark from Te Peehi that he was afraid, because he knew his lands would bo confiscated ; and it grieved him. Karly on the following morning (Sunday) the Hau Haus returned to the whare, when Te Kuru said, " March is the time to settle all disputes, and I look for that day. Poari, I have come to bid you and your pakeha a good bye. When you go back take han with you ; leave your Maori friends to wrestle with me." - He then left the whare without waiting for a reply. Henuku said he had also come to say good bye. Te Peehi stated that he had no wrestling to do ; the pakeha should go with him to-morrow (Monday). Poari expressed the opinion to Taumata (who was in the house) that this was not the way to settle disputes, and he could not stop w hat Te Peehi said. Taumata replied that he wanted them to understand that he ceased from stropping Europeans any more from, that day. He thought his friends would .stop and see the end of the korero, bub they ; had left him an "orphan." Te Oro said the pakehas must return oti the following day ; and the Maoris were- to be left to them. Te Kaioroto said if there was any wrestling wanted, he would meet them anywhere. The pakeha must go to-morrow. Paroto stated that he was the descendant of a not' d warrior, and had fought uuder Kemp for the. the British Government, and the boys that wore then challenging would get what they rrantc<J> __Tohioro supported him, stating, that if necessary, his tribe (the Ngatihaus) would join him from Jerusalem, but it was not necessary. Mr Rochforfc, in addressing the Maoris, said he had done everything to please them by agreeing to their customs, etc., though he might have gone through in an underhand manner without. They stopped him and took him to Wanganui, which hac> delayed him' two months and cost the Government £300. He pointed out that they had doubted his authority, and he had got Mr Bryce, who stated that the northern chiefs were favorable to the railway. At the present meeting a majority of three-fourths supported him ; and if he was sent bank, the Government would only send him up agan with an armed force. He was anxious to get on, and as their disbrict had obtained a bad name already among Europeans as a refuge for criminals of the worst kind, this was an opportunity, to redeem it, It was decided therefore to proceed on Monday mjrning, taking Poari Kurimati with them to consult the Hau Haus again, and if they still maintain their position, Mr Kochfort would be told to do what he thinks best with Te Kuru and his friends. The next morning the party started on their expedition. A few (including Mr Rockfort) went by cinoe up the river, and the majority over the Paturaugi hill. Arrived at Teepatiti, they^found the remainder of the party, consisting "of about thirty-six men and women, and a' messenger arrived from the Hau Haus. They decided to proceed unarmed. On Tuesday morning they resumed their journey early, and reached Parihi, when a messenger arrived from theHau Haus,stating that the Europeans were to return, and the Maoris to go on to Te Papa. He heard that there was another track to Ohakune from Parihi, the former place being where Mr Rochfort had formerly left off work. It was decided to go on to Parihi, and they proceeded in single file to their destination, where the Catholic service for times of danger was read. Kaioroto and Werahiko then donned their war costume, and heading the party. They proceeded to within sight of the pah at Te Papa, where a white flag was flying. The women of the pah immediately set up a tingi when they saw them. The whole of the men and women (some forty- five altogether) were drawn up in line'two deep, all naked except the loin cloth, and many painted. About twenty-five of the Hau Haus were armed with rifles and pistols, and immediately the party appeared these were presented and fired over their heads, the bullets whistling past them and cutting up the manuka bushes near The natives then wheeled in front, and. afterwards drew in line again, firing a second volley, after which they held their rifles in front in such a manner as to bar the further progress of the party. The Europeans and friendly natives then sat down, and the Hau Haus held a haka, conducting themselves in a most extraordinary manner. The Europeans, when this was over, entered a whare, each of the Hau Haus coming forward and firing a pistol or rifle over them. The chiefs Henuku aud Hoani each said they wished for war with the natives who had brought up the surveyors, and others said the same thins;, telling the Europeans that they must go back. Other chiefs, friendly to the Europeans, spoke in favor of the railw ay, and eventually things calmeddown. Subsequently the Hau Haus formed in line two deep and came to the whare, bringing a number of flax baskets of potatoes, which they left outside. Pc Kuru, who was in war paint, said that ,he intended to make war against the natives favorable to the railway, and expected come as men and not as women {i.e., without arms). Beyond some discussion, and a further procession with dishes of lillipee, nothing much was done that night. The next morning they appeared more favorable, and brought sticks of raurau to the whare, singing. Te Kuru made a speech, and afterwards a messenger arrived from Taumata, which seemed to have an opposing effect. Mr Rochefort then addressed Te Kuru, to the effect of what wo published on Tuesday .evening, pointing out that his visit was only preliminary, and that they could ea-ily ascertain the mind of Tawhiao before the final survey. The railway would enrich them, and it waa impossible to stop it. He assured them that Wahanui oiid the other northern chiefs were favorable to the railway. Some discussion followed, Te Kuru Kaauga stating that they would let the paity through if a letter waa brought'

from Tawhiao. The others agreed with this, many urging thai, ihuy should wait till tho March m-eting. Mr Rochefort said ib was for the Government to say whether he should wait. The patty afterwards all returned to Parihi where they stopped the night, aud discussed their future course. A number of friendly chiefs gave their advice, promising to support the railway, and asking Mr Rochfort to remember them whe i lenorling to the Government. The suggestion was made that one of the Europeans should go by the track to Ohakune, from Pahiri, and the other down the river to communicate with the Government. Eventually it waa decided that Mr Rochfort should take one or two only back with him to Ranana to communicat-3 with Kemp's Council. This was done, and Mr Rochefort came into town yesterday to communicate with the Government. He is still heic awaiting further instructions.

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NATIVE OBSTRUCTION. Wanganui Herald, Volume XVII, Issue 5185, 10 October 1883

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