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MONDAY, JANUARY 8, 1883.

At the epeniug of a dock at Lyttelton, Sir Julius Vqgcl being present, Mr Rolloston 3a i(j_" Harbor works were of even greater importance than railways, as the former promoted the connexion with the whole ivorld, while tho luttcr only connected the different communities of the same country." This is quite true, and when the Government are trying to do what they can to stop the work of improving the Wanganui Harbor they ought to be reminded of the fact. They have the audacity to propose that this harbor should abandon £2000 a year of its revenue for a sum which represents in iutereßt £1000 a year, without providing the difference. If Mr Kolleston's post-praudial deliverance means anything, let his Government give Wanganui the equivalent for the £1000 a year, to show their sincerity for a free bridge and harbor improvements at the sametime. The thing can easily be done. The sum of £100,000 has been scheduled* in the Loin Act for harbors. Let Wanganui get only its share out of this vote, or the promise, of it, and the Harbor Board will make the Bridge free to-morrow. Here ia something for the advocates of a free Bridge to go upon. And why has not Wanganui as much right to its share of this part of the loan as Greymouth or any other place 1 If the Bridge, as alleged, ;is a provincial liability, let it be redeemed in the proper manner. The Legislature deliberately gave the Board a certain property. If this property is to be taken away let it be fairly purchased, and not filched by snbterfuges. [

A late telegram in another column gives the cause of the accident which ended in Gambetta's death. These things create little surprise in France, and are said to be growing aa common in ' high society ' in England, an example near the throne having had its influence. The question has been asked, Why do not Archbishops andßishop^ preach against immorality inhigh places? And the answer has been given, because they are paid to preach down and not up. But example comes from above.

The Committee of the Reform Club proposed to give a banquet in honor of Mr Gladston's 73rd birthday. He declined it, but gave the Committee credit for the motives which suggested it. The Reform Club is the representative club of the Liberal party, and to refuse such a proposal has only one meaning. The Club had recently blackballed two gentlemen, brothers of one of Mr Gladstone's colleagues, Mr Chamberlain. At the time there was a great commotion, the Liberal chiefs using all their efforts in vain to get the df cision rescinded. Mr Gladstone in resenting the slight, has been loyal to his colleague. But the Reform Club has fallen upon evil times in consequence of its insensate action in other respects. The heads of the Liberal party organised at once The National Liberal Club, which Mr Gladstone christened by the presentation of his Parliamentary Library, and this is now the representative organisation of the party. Why the Reform inßulted the President of the Board of Trade was because the Whigs wanted to have a slap at Mr Chamberlain, who belongs to the Radical wing of the Liberal party. For some time the impression has been growing that the Liberals can do without the Whigs, Mr Chamberlain's caucus having taken the place of their organising efficiency. The Whigs therefore exhibited their petty spite, and in consequence have been left high and dry.

In one of bis despatches to the Home Government, Sir Arthur Gordon observes : "For my own part, the more attentively I study the West Coast question, and the better I become acquainted with its history, the more cause do I perceive for doubt as to the soundness of the popular view." He then refers to the fact of tho celebrated Proclamation having been issued a few hours before his return from Fiji, and says :— " Had I been in the colony I should have found great difficulty in complying with a recommendation to sign a Proclamation which appears to me to embody an injudicious policy, to contain disputable statements, and to announce an inequitable intention, and I should undoubtedly have endeavoured to ascertain wluther theresponsibilityof advising me to refuse to doso would be assumed by any leading member of the Legislature." In other words, Sir Arthur Gordon would have fallen back on his constitutional prerogative, when the following course of action would have ensued. The Ministry would probably have resigned, Sir George Grey would have been sent for, and asked to form a Ministry on the policy of Conciliation. Sir George would have done so, and when the Houße met the Hall party would have tabled a vote of no-confidence, which would probably have been carried, and the general election would have been fought with a Grey Ministry in office. What the country would have said, we leave for the speculation of the curious. "Accidents," we thus see, enter largely into politics.

To-day is the anniversary of the penny post, established in Britain 42 years ago, and which has made the name of Rowland Hill famous as the founder of an institution which has been attended with incalculable benefits to the social and commercial world. The quarterly sheep returns show the following diseased flocks in the Wanganui district :— W. Dune, Whakamara, 600 ; James Murray, Southern Grove, 2100 ; N. G. Morse, Fordell, 1700 ; W, Millam, Whakamara, 550; J. and H. Nicholson, Whenuakura, 700 ; Oscar Symes, Waverley, 1200 ; W. Treweek, Hawera, 2360; total, 9201. Court gossip gives utterance to the fact that Sir Garnet Wolseley's reception by Her Majesty at Balmoral was exceedingly gracious and cordial. The Queen did the popular general the honour of proposing his health in a few most kind and friendly words. The noble warrior in return introduced the health of the Duke of Connaught with his reply, and thus firmly ingratiated himself in Her Majesty's favour. We have frequently heard of sensations caused by " ghosts " in other towns of the. colony, but now Wanganui can boast of one of her own, and a punctual one two. Regilarly as the clock strikes nine, the apparitiqn enters Cook's Gardens from St Hill Street, and, according to a witness, "flits" across and disappears among the trees in Wilson Street. This witness has seen the ghost three times, and says he has watched him closely, and, if his testimony is to be believed, he somewhat resembles a man, but travels more rapidly. Others have seen the ghost, and on Saturday night there was quite an army of young fellows bent on mischief and armed with sticks and stones. The ghost, however, was sufficiently sensible not to make bis appearance, and consequently escaped unhurt. At nights the paths through Cook's Gardens are now abandoned by the timorous for more round-about waysji but larrikins muster in force to vaunt- their prowess on the would-be visitor from the other world, and if once he get iuto their hands they will make it pretty uncomfortable for his composition of flesh and blood. Even a practical joker does not always get the best of the Bensation he tries to cause, and unless the ghost in human shape beats l .a speedy retreat, he will ere long find himself ia the hAuds of the Philistines.

Mr Kennedy notifies that he is a purchaser of materials for oaten eh/iff, and requests farmers having the Bame for disposal to call at the Brunner Company's yard in Wilson Street. Mr Joseph Chadwick will hold a sale of furniture and millinery goods at the Rutland sale rooms to-morrow at 12 o'clock. The stock will be sold without reserve, and presents a good opportunity to those in want of real bargains. The petition in Williamson's case has not yet been sent to Wellington, the reason being that the portions issued in the country districts have not yet been returned. It ia desirable that the petition should bo sent away as soon as possible, and we would impress on those to whom copies T vere sent for signaturo, to return them immediately. The Otago Refrigerating Company have arranged with the New Zealand Shipping Company for a steamer to load at Port Chalmers in April and Juno, each vessel to take nine thousand carcases. There are already applications from shareholders for space for 24,000 sheep, and it is expected that before the list is closed the total applications will not be far short of 50,000. It is expected that the entire community of Quakers will object to pay the incometax which is about to be levied as a war tax. In years gone by the Quakers always refused to pay war taxes, and the collectors had frequently to distrain upon their property to recover the money. Whether they will have to do so when the new tax comes to be collected remains to be seen. At the Yogel banquet at Dunedin, the rector of the High School defended the institution under his charge by showing the work it was doing among the poorer classes, and quoted the case of one of the boys, Johnny Salmond, who had distinguished himself. It turns out that " Johnny Salmond " is a son of a professor of theology m Dunedin, who is receiving £600 a year. A sulphur mine in Sicily was recently set on fire in a very curious manner. A waggon loaded with sulphur was being drawn up an incline, when the rope supporting it broke, and the waggon rushed back into the mine at a frightful speed. The rapid motion developed heat enough to set on fire the highly combustible ore, and the flames spread bo quickly through the mine that thirteen ol the workmen were unable to escape, and thirty to forty others were seriously injured. The Freeman's Journal gives a report of the proceedings before the Select Committee of Privilege now inquiring into Mr Gray s imprisonment. The report states that it was elicited from the official shorthand writer at the Dublin Commission Court that, in sentencing Patrick Walsh, Judge Lawson omitted the usual wordt, " that you be hanged by the neck until you are dead, and, therefore, as was remarked by some members of the committee, Patrick Walsh had been hanged without having been sentenced. The following from the Home News is the first account of Anthony Trollope's illness, which unfortunately for literature, terminated in death .—We regret to announce that Mr Anthony Trollope was taken seriously ill last week while dining at the house of his brother-in-law, Sir John Tilley. Mr Trollope has for some time suffered from a tendency to determination of blood to the head, and his present illness assumes that character ,Ms seizure being of the nature of a fit, which has largely overpowered his mental faculties. It is reported that Mr Boucicault is writing a play on the Bubject of Don Quixote for Mr Irving, who is to appear as the renowned Don. But as to Sancho Panza, there is considerable doubt at present. Some are hinting that the part would suit Mr David James admirably, while others point to Mr Toole as being the very man for it, if he could but be induced to undertake it, of which there is at present considerable doubt, all circumstances being considered. Mr Boucicault has a new Irish drama just finished, entitled Boyne Water, which he intends to bring out in New York before Chrietmas; and if it succeeds there he will introduce it to London in the spring. The new Supreme Courc Act permits solicitors to do what was hitherto expressly prohibited, namely, carry on actionß on behalf of clients on commission, or on percentage of the sum recovered. The Otago Law Society have decided to apply the principle generally to other business, and have passed the following resolutions :—" The council of the Law Society recognises the following as part of the business of a solicitor : — 1. Negotiating loans on commission; 2, buying and selling properties on commission ; 3. collection of rents, intereat.and other moneys on commission; 4. management of companies, including insurance companies ; | 5. land and estate agents' business generally. A special representation of MucJt Ado J about Nothing is to be given at the Lyceum Theatre on Nov. 22nd, for the benefit of Mr Creswick, and in commemoration of his having attained the fiftieth year of his connection with the stage. It will realise, it is hoped, not less than £1000, the sums forwarded for places being in numerous instances far greater than the nominal prices. Mr Toole, for example, subscribes £50 for three stalls ; Mr Hollingshead ten guineas for one seat, and so forth. Such facts afford a pleasing evidence of the esteem and respect in which this admirable actor is held. The notion originated, we believe, with Mr Irving, who gives the theatre for the occasion, together with his own services— Miss Ellen Terry and all the rest of the company following his example. Mr Creswick, it may be stated, has been living in retirement since his return from Australia. Commenting on what it describes as "the partnership between concubinage and comedy " which disgraces a section of the London stage, the Birmingham Mail calls upon the public to set its face resolutely •'against performers whose characters are smirched." The Mail says :— lt is idle to; blink the truth that in certain London theatres immorality is rampant ; actresses form improper connections which they have not the discretion even to keep in the background; diamonds glitter on their necks and I on their wrists, which all the world knows to be the wages of an unchaste life ; the ! whole atmosphere reeks of dishonour, profligacy, and extravagance. This is J prejudicial not only to art, but to public morality. There is, perhaps, no more melancholy sign of the times than that women whose lives are flagrantly immoral should be suffered to flaunt, with all the ostentation which a public stage affords, the material evidences of their splendid infamy, and that audiences should be found to applaud their appearance without regard to their character. News of a most heart-rending occurrence reaches us from Mokoia, a few miles beyond Manutahi, whereby Mrs King, wife of the late manager on Mr Geo. Bayly's estate, was suddenly deprived of both her husband and son by drowning in a pond near the house on Saturday afternoon. From the surrounding circumstances it is evident that the little boy, who was 6 or 7 years of age, had been in the habit of bathing in pond in question, and had gone out to bathe as usual. His father was at that time working in the garden a little distance off. Mrs King missed her son who had been a, long time away, and she became alarmed. She went to the pond and seeing the boy's clothes lying there realised the sad truth that the little fellow had been drowned. She then obtained the assistance of Mr Bayly, who dived to the bottom of the pond and brought up to the terrible grief of the poor woman, the dead body of her husband. Mr Bayly returned to the bottom of the pond to discover the body of the boy. It seems that the husband must have been attracted by the little fellow's cries and rushed to his aid, but in the attempt to save the life of hia son had lost his own. Th« sad occurrence has cast quite a gloom over the neighbourhood, and it is one of the most painful known in the district for years. Life versus Death.— One hundred and seventy thousand Chinese die annually from the use of oi>ium, and as many of the Anglo-Saxon race from dyspepsia, brought on by the abuse of liquor, tobacco, and quack medicines. Many people dig their graves with their teeth. More die from stuffing than starvation. The choice of food is the prerogative of all. Light and digestible food can be prepared with Sharlands Moa Brand Baking Powder, A pamphlet descriptive of its use accompanies every canister. Nothing truer than truth,— Advt.

Woodyear and Ross's Circus, which visited Vvanganui some months ago, returns next, week, and will open about the 16th inst. The Auckland Stud Company's Sire Cap-a-pie, after ft successful bov oij !m W;uigauui, left this afternoon tor Auckland, and we are requested to state that ho will be a few days at Nukumaru before proceeding to Waitara. The Auckland bookmakers had the worst settling up over the Auckland meeting ever experienced there, and although they have lost £2000 tho Auckland public still owe them £700. Lyons al<*<no lost £950 in Christmas week through Welcome Jack winning the Auckland Cup. A social meeting of those intending to join the Young Mens Clni-.tian Association, either as members or associates, will be held at the rooms of the Association at the Institute to-morrow evening, to colebrate the inauguration of the Society. The meeting will partake rather of a conversazione, and a very pleasant evening should be spent. The land troub'es in Scotland are assuming a serious character. Two officers from Inverness proceeded recently to Skye — a large island of the Hebrides — to servo notices of interdict on behalf of the landlord; but, after serving a few, the object of their visit became known and the women and children in the absence of tho men, turned out in force and compelled the officers to retire. The fishermen a r e now returning from their voyage, and intend to assert their rights, it is said, and the further action of the landlords is awaited with some apprehension of trouble. According to the Messager d' Athenes, a superstition is still current iv some parts of Greece that the dead occasionally leave their graves at midnight and return to their homes, where they create all kinds of mischief. On the Island Andros the rumour was circulated lately that several persons recently buried had been seen in the streets. To prevent a recurrence of this event several peasants went to the graveyard on the following night, opened the graves of these persons, cut off the heads of the corpses, and mutilated them in a horrible manner. A remarkable example of scientific gunnery is mentioned in Admiral Hoskin's despatch, published by the Admiralty, A very effective fire was maintained by the Orion and Carysfort on a position which could only be, seen from the masthead of the latter ship at a distance of some 4,200yd5. Lieutenant Koyds, at the masthead of the Carysfort, directed the fire, the gunners training their guns entirely by hia calculations. The result was that, much to the astonishment of the enemy, a train from which tho shipg I j were entirely hidden was struck and overturned. Spain (say* an English paper) continues to afford a secure refuge for fraudulent English debtors. A north country lawyer, who formerly occupied a large mansion near a great Yorkshire borough, some time ago fled from the country, leaving behind him numerous creditors, who have just, heard that their fugitive debtor is living in, Barcelona at ease and in luxury. He calls.himself 11 Senor," though he :s ignorant of Spanish, and speaks no language but English. Here, with hia wife, an infant child, a couple of dogs, and several savants, he "is living in perfect safety, owing to the absence of a treaty providing for extradition of such offenders between England and Spain. " What have the Aiistralian cricketers made by their tour?" is a question frequently asked, says ihe European Mail, but one which will nev«r be satisfactorily answered. Striking a probable sum, however, it is believed by one who is likely to know that the net gain at the close of the American matches must liave reached £16,500. This would leave a nice little sum for each member of the team tho amount being estimated after deducting all expenses. Boyle, as the best bowler, in addition to his share, takes back with him a splendid diamond ring, the present of a colonial gentleman resident in England ; while Murdoch, at the I hands of the same gentleman, is the recipient | of a good albert guard as the best bat. During the late war 300 blue jackets obtained permission to visit the Pyramids. For this purpose they hired donkeys, and formed a curious-looking, but quite orderly, species of cavalry, riding in sections of four. They sat down well in their saddles, and managed their animals in excellent fashion. The orders of movement, the correspondent of the Daily Telegnph says, sounded rather odd, however, for they were "port," "starboard." "ease her," and such like expressions. Jack was occasionally dismounted, but there were no serious casualties. Once arrived at the end of the journey the sailors climbed the Pyramids as easily as they would have manned the yards. Approbation of the frozen mutton from New Zealand is very general at Home. A correspondent sends us the following extract from a lady's letter on the subject. The lady resides in London :— "We have had a number of joints of the New Zealand mutton, and always try to get it when we have strangers,and they all seem charmed with it, and ask us our butcher's addresa. It is so fresh-looking that I do not think the butchers would thank us for telling, aa they sell it, I believe, for Is and Is 3d as English, but as Colonial they have to sell it at 8d or B£d. I have a leg of mutton in the house, and as the two Grants, who were with you, are coming to dinner, we are going to use it. It was pretty hard when it came, and the fat was as pure and white, and the flesh as good a color, as if it had only been killed a few \ hours." — Exchange. ' Mr Comstock, the secretary of New York Society for the Suppression of Vice, declares that the increase of youthful criminals in that city is alarming. He says :—": — " A short time ago I sat in a court-room and saw three burglars, each about 13 years old. I have kept in my office since February Ist a scrap- i book, which only contains newspaper clippings concerning the arrest of children. Between February Ist and August 15th I had a record of 457 criminals under 21 years of age ; 50 per cent, of them were under 16. Fifteen had been arrested for murder, 38 for grand ■ larceny, 42 for highway robbery, 99 for petty larceny, 100 as burglars, 40 as common drunkards, and the rest for minor offences. In the majority of caßes bad literature had started these criminals, helped along by drink." An obscure religious paper in England, called the Protestant Standard, takes a view of the recent Egyptian War that is at least novel and startling. It is, in brief, that England, in carrying on the war, was unconsciously fulfilling a prophecy of the New Testament, and that it is the prelude to the " end of this dispensation," and the beginning of that which followeth." This year (1882) is therefore to be the "pyramidal year of prophecy. " The English people are the ten lost tribes of Israel, and as such are to bo the agent in accomplishing the prophe- | cies in the Book of Revelation. Turkey is Kdom, and is about to perish by the " drying up of its own 'Euphrates." Egypt is Esau, and is about to fall into the hands oi I " British Israel," after which the Jews are to go back to Palestine This is the programme up to date. It is defective, however, in not explaining — first, how the British Philistine ie to be persuaded that he is not a Philistine, but a Jew ; and, second, how shall he be becuiled to leave his sea-girt isle and emigrate to the bare Syrian hills of the Jordan land. On Saturday afternoon a model yacht race took place, in the presence of a fair number of spectators, for the cups presented by Messrs Drew and Kohn. The water was not favorable, and the wind, which blew from the south-east, came in puffs, which rendered successful racing a matter of considerable difficulty. The course was from the cattle wharf to opposite the goods sheds. Captain Doile, of the Go- Ahead, officiated as judge, and Captain Berriman, of tho Huia, as starter. The management of the race was carried out under the superintendence of Messrs Kohn and Drew from a boat lent for the purpose by Mr Cocbrane. The list of entries, which numbered eleven, was as follows :— Mrs Abbot's Luna, Woolston's Amy, White's Electric, H. Marshall's Jeanette, .). Marshall's Rival, Bonner's Dart, Ferry's Occidental, Harper's Blanche, Aliens Waterlock, and Aamodt's May. Two starts were made before the boats were got successfully off, and the second time the position of the starting was changed straight out into the middle of the stream. The whole of the boats entered started, and the Jeanetce came in first somewhat easily. The May came in second after making a very bad start,

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MONDAY, JANUARY 8, 1883. Wanganui Herald, Volume XVII, Issue 4957, 8 January 1883

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