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The West Coast Time. SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 3, 1877.

Consequent upon the abolition of Provinces, there followed the removal of local control over (several departments. In the case of the police this change was considered advantageous both to the public and the force. It was believed with reason that it was highly injudicious to allow the heads of the police department to be subject to the caprice of nine or ten councillors, as wae the case under tho old regime. It frequently happened that such pressure was brought to bear on an Inspector or Commissioner, that to retain his position, he was compelled to do what was distasteful to himself and unjust to the men under his coutrol. Under local management too, as every province possessed a. distiuct police force, of necessity there were many petty circumstances continually arising, which went far to injure aud demoralize the men. For instance, promotions did not always take place in accordance with justice, and there was no appeal against any injustice imaginary, or wellfounded, beyond the head of the local body, who was generally himself the cause of grievance. The transfer of the control of the police to the Central Government, was received with satisfaction, on the grounds we have mentioned, except perhaps in Otago where there has been for many years iv existence a large aud well organised force of constabulary. But, it was never imagined that the police of the south would have been incorporated with the Armed Constabulary, the bodies differing so entirely in character and qualifications. In the event of a war breakiug out, it would follow as a matter ot course, that the whole of the Contabu • lary would be liable to be called out and sent to the front, to the great inconvenience of the public, who would either be left without police protection at all, or else would bo subjected to the vagaries of raw and undisciplined recruits entirely ignorant of their duties. But, perhaps, the statement which has been frequently made by the Otago press, to the effect that the Government intended to reduce the police pay to one uniform level of six shillings per day would, if it were true, prove the most disastrous to the public in such districts, especially as Otago j and Wesfcland. The Otago Guardian puts no faith in a semi-official contradiction to this statement or rumor, made by the Press Agency. Our contemporary, iv alluding to the subject, remarks :-_«lf we judged from previous similar inspired corrections of rumored intentions of the Government, we would accept this as confirmation of the truth of the statement so contradicted. For it is a matter of experience that, whenever ministerial intentions leak out prematurely, the public are drawn off the scent by such semiofficial intimations, and either the Government avoid the gathering storm by withdrawing from the false step, or proceed to compass the object in another fashion. Now we happen to know on reliable information, in which we place credence despite this disclaimer, that the lowering of the pay of the police was contemplated, aud that intimation was officially conveyed to the Force from Wellington that the present rate of pay was only to be regarded as continuing till the end of June, at which time there ■will be a rearrange-

ment to pay." Whether the Government intend to propose a general reduction in pay or not appears then at present very dubious. It may be, however, ihat it I would be advisable to have one uniform rate of pay throughout the colony^the difference being made up in such places as the West Coast, by a goldfield or special allowance. Should a reduction in pay be contemplated this is no doubt the course which would be adopted, as it would bo preposterous to expect to obtain the services of ordinarily intelligent men in this district, for six shillings a day, especially when the irksome nature of their duties is taken into accouut. Wo agree with the remarks of the Otago Guardian, which says :—": — " We bold that there is not in the whole public administration any other department, improper meddling with which would be more directly detrimental to the public weal than it would in the case of a Force charged with the protection of the life and property of every citizen."

The great difficulty and drawback to the development of the Kangitoto silver mining country, has been the want of a road to the mines. Many persons have wondered how, or why, it was that large samples of the ore have not long since been forwarded for analysis to Melbourne, or some other place. The answer is short and conclusive — it was an absolute impossibility to do so. The mines are situated at a considerable elevation, and the country, is very difficult of access, and without a road it was impossible to convey ore in any quantity down to Ross. We have now great pleasure in stating 1 that a definite arrangement has been made, whereby a road will bo formed to the silver regions. The Totara Road Board, seeing the importance to tho district of developing the resources of the country, havo determined not only to complete the road to .'the "mines, from the point at which the last let Government contract ends, but also to widen .so much of the road as is .already formed. The Totara Board certainly are entitled to credit for taking this step, vvhich will tend, more, than anything 1 else, to attract population, and to serve the interest's, not only of 'Totara, but, indirectly, 1 of the whole Colony. The Raugitoto Silver Mining Company will shortly be iv a position to push forward operations with iucreaeed vigor aud facility. Hitherto they have kept " pegging away " with the pick, and done a great amount of work, under almost insuperable disadvantages. The chief of these will be removed with the formation of the road. The New Zealand Silver Mining Company will hear the announcement of this undertaking with considerable satisfaction, as they will bo enabled to push .forward pre-r liminaries for woiking their lease, with, we hope aud expect, profit and advantage to all concerned. A very important discovery wns made on Monday in the Princo of Wales drive in the Rangitoto Company's lease, wheu ft new and rich lode was struck half a mile towards the northern boundary.

We find, on referring to the various Acts constituting Harbor Boards throughout the Colony, that these bodies have been authorised to raise definite loans — amounting in the whole to £349,000, Avhilo in other cases authority has been given to raise unlimited sums on the mortgage of endowments. The Hokitika Harbor Board can borrow at a rate, not to exceed 7 per cent, on the amouut of the debenture. It becomes absolutely essential to raise money at once, to improve the port, and the Board, we understand, are fully alive to the importance and urgency of the trust reposed in them. And, we believe, they intend' to commence, not only in earnest, but in the right way. The first stop to be taken, is to get an accurate survey of the river from Kauieri to the sea, and upon this survey to call for designs for harbor and river protection works from competent engineers. The Board, we hope, see the utter futility of frittering away money, as has been hitherto done, on works not undertaken in order that a definite scheme may be carried out, but simply to meet difficulties as they arose, hero aud there. The river must always be the master when such a course is pursued, for if conquered at one point, it is certain to assert its superiority at another, iv stronger force. What the Board have vow, therefore, to do, is, to get the best plats, from the best engineer, ior getting the river into the best channel, and keopiug it there. The scheme must be complete throughout, aud as perfect as the best talent cau make ii. The proposed works may cost a large sum — perhaps not less than £100,000. The Harbor Board are only empowered to borrow £10,000, but when they have begun works for the permanent improvement of the harbor, on a definite and systematic plan, they can very well go to the Government and say, "Here is our design ; we are carrying it out substantially ; we have spent £10,000 on it, and now we want assistance to go on." Under such circumstances no Government would refuse the assistance asked. At Oainaru costly and expensive harbor works are completed, and the harbor is rendered an excellent one by the works executed. They began with only £5000. We have £10,000 to begin with, and with that sum a really perfect and complete scheme can be laid down, and proceeded with, to some considerable extent. We hope the Harbor Board will not let the grass grow under its feet in this matter. The work is there to do ; it must be done ; and the sooner a commencement is made, the sooner will the advantage and interest of every one on this part of the Coast be secured.

The half-yearly meeting of subscribers to the Hok'tika Hospital, will be held in. the Hospital Reception Rooms, on Tuesday evening at 8 o'clock.

The weather, be it fine, dubious, or bad, has always been in British communities a source of prolific talk and comment. On this Coast for the laßt few weeks it has been outrageously bad and unseasonable. Wo are accustomed to long Bpells of bad weather at certain scuaons of the year, but as a rule January and February bring with them a fine dry atmosphere. For days past, however, there has been scarcely two or three hours of deceut weather. We have been visited with thunderstorms of unusual duration, followed by exceptional cold Tains, varied occasionally with dull, foggy, oppressive weather. Yesterday it rained without intermission until late in the afternoon, and, us a consequence, the river was heavily flooded. Communication is cut off in every direction, and it is hard to say when it will be resumed. The Christchurch coach, due on Wednesday evening, has not yet arrived, and the West Coast portion of the inward San Francisco mail has gone no one knows whither. As a minor consequence of this blockade, we may mention that wo are without our usual files of exchanges, and are somewhat put to it for items of news, seeing that local matters are in a deadly lively sort of state. There appears little prospect of a change for the better, so that we are gradually beginning to believe that we are surrounded by similar atmospherical conditions to those -which once impelled a facetious person to opine that the zodiac was undergoing extensive repairs. [Since the above was in type, we learn that the West Coast portion of the 'Frisco mail left Nelson yesterday by the Kennedy.] | It was reported yesterday, that the Christchurch road had been seriously damaged especially in the neighbojhood of Otiia. We trust this is not the case, for if it be true, the Arahura Road Board will soon experience one of the many joys attached to their new and unexpected inheritance. A meeting of the Bonur Testiuiouiul Committee was held at the Town Hall, on Thursday evening, at the close of the public meeting, Mr James Chesney iv the chair. It was resolved, in accordance with the resolution passed at the meeting, to communicate with the outlying districts of Kaineri, Woodstock, Ross, Arahura, Stafford, Guldaborough, Kumara, Grecust one, Mtirsdeu, Greymouth, Okarito, and Jackson'a Bay, asking the co operation of these districts in the proposed object. Collectors were appoined for the different localities iv town, and Mr It. C. Reid was requested to act as Honorary Secretary aud Treasurer. The committee deferred determining in whatf.nm the presentation should be made, until after the next meeting, to be held iv a fortnight.

The Borough Council met at the usual hour last evening. A considerable amount of correspondence was read and dealt with. It was resolved not to make any reduction in the rent proposed to be charged to the Harbor Board for the use of the Town HalJ. The receipts since the last meeting were £22 6s lOd, and the payments nil. A report of the Public Works Committee was rend and adopted. The tenders of P. Watson for the construction of two culverts were accepted, £15 for Stafford-street, and .£1!) for Hanipden-atrcet. The messenger's salary was increased from £1 to £1 10s per week. On the motion of Mr Paterson it wan resolved " That this Council dike the necessary stops to secure as'' reserves and endowments certain portions of land within and without the Borough, as allowed by clause 350 of " The Municipal Corporations Act, 1876." The Council then adjourned until -four p.m. on Monday, in order to receive a report respecting financial arrangements betweeu the Corporation and the Harbor Board re the ivingdam. An extended report of the proceedings is held over. A general meeting of the Ilolr'tika Cricket Club will be held at Keller's Cafe National, at 8 o'clock this eveniDg. A Gazette notice intimates the election of Mr D. W. Virtue, as Chairman of the Hokitika Local School Committee. We have received the first number of the Australasian Insurance and Baut'ng Record, a monthly journal of finance, published in 1 Melbourne, a notice of winch will appear in a future issue. It is iv some respects a good thing for the public that the bridge over the Woimea Creek on the beach has been swept away by the present flood, for the structure has been iv a highly dangerous condition for some time, so much so, that it required great < ;utiou on the part of those who have been obliged to trust themselves to its frail supj.ovfc. As there is no boat to keep the traffic open 'v the absence of the bridge, the Road Board will doubtless have another bridge erected as soon as possible. The present condition of Hungerford's bridge over the Arahura, on the main Christchurch road, is most unsafe, and discreditable to the district nor would such a condition of so important a work on a main v ne of road be tolerated in any other part of the colony. When a county or disti.'ct allows its main lines of intsreommuuicatien to frll to decay without notice or effort, it is evideutly not looking or hoping for much progress or advancement, and certt«:uly need not expect any. No portion ot the colony stands in greater need of an outfit in the way of bridges than this ; tiic ferries at the Tercmakau and Saltwater River ought to bo removed and give place to bridges, for the use of ferrie3 not only involves risk and expense to the pub!ic, but a'"O a great waste of lime in transit, indeel sometimes, men have to wat for hours on the pleasure and convenience o£ the fenymen, aud it is in ameliorating such a condition of affairs that the new scheme of lo'-il government should, if fairly administered, show its advantages. The Hokitika river is flooded and large quantities of drift timber are' coming down.

The Prospectus of the Wainihinihi Water Race Company just issued, affords information of value Lo the Kumara district. It shows that the scheme is irliuentially taken up, and that now the sm /eys and estimates have been made, no greater difficulties than those involved in ordinary ditch cutting attend the work of construction, r ; very little flumJng is found to be necessary. The extent of the supply (50 sliv ce heads) and its permanent plane it in the front rank of the works in connexion with the field, and it commands not only the Kumr a, but a wide area of auriferous contiy which is now Im cor-se of development . Sue'a undertakings as calculated not only to secure great aid b^-rs prosperity to the raining interest.

but also to offer to the public a means of investment of a most remunerative rud enduring character.

A public meeting of ratepayers of Hokitika is summoned by the Hon. J. A. Bonar, for Monday evening next, at 8 p.m., at the Town Hall. The meeting is convened for the pui pose of electing two mombers of the Hokitika Local School Committee, in the room of Messrs FitzGerald and Hardcastle. The members elected on this occasion will only hold office until the date when Messrs Hardcaslle and FitzGerald would retire, had they continued to act unt' 1 their period of office had expired. One of the signs of improvement and stability in a place is when the various Banks think it worth while to erect substantial buildings in a town. This is shown by the Union Bank, which has now removed into the new bank buildings opposite Messrs Roulston and M'llroy's, Seddon-street. The external design of the new Bank is not very imposing, but what it lacks in this respect it makes up in comfort and convenience internally. The Bank is under the charge of Mr Barron, who has so successfully conducted its interests since its establishment in Kumara. Perhaps the handsomest Bank building is that of the Bank of New Zealand, which would do credit to any town, and is uuder the charge of that well-known and popular agent on the goldfields, Mr Thomas Conneli. A lengthy and important suit was concluded in the Supreme Court, Dunedin, recently. The action was to set aside a deed conveying property worth £8000 to the defendant's son-in-law, on the ground that the execution of the deed wns fraudulently obtained. The case contained much that is interesting, and was conducted by an unusually strong Bar. A verdict was given in favor of defendant. The Otago Daily Times learns from its Auckland correspondent " that the quanmtined passengers by the Australia, have been released, but they are growling immensely at their treatment, and afc the accommodation provided for them. Their growls have taken the form of a letter to the Colonial Secretary, and an inquiry will probably be held. But 1 fancy, from what I can loam, that the thing is easily esxplained. The quarantine station was intended for iminigrauts and othe common people who come out by immigrant vessels. A small crowd of Australian and New Zealand saloon passengers is toute outre eTiose. One of their loudest complaints was the absence of blacking and brushes, though there was nothing to prevent their buying these and similar necessaries for themselves, which would, one cannot help thinking, have been the readiest muaus of meeting the difficulty.

A curious remark (says the Shanghai Courier), fell the other day from the lips of an educated Chiuaman, apropos,- of the well known resemblance between ceitain of the observances of Buddhism and Christianity. Beiug iv the foreign settlement of Shanghai in compauy with an English friend he expressed a wish to visit the cathedral. Accordingly the doors were opened, aud the two gentlemen walked iv. At last, after noticing the stained glass windows, the. altar, the organ, and the font, the Chinese took up his position in front of the pulpit, from the cushion of which hung a silken fall, inscribed with the sacred monogram IMS arranged in cipher: His attention was immediately aroused, aud calling the English gentleman to his side, he asked him how it was that a Buddhist symbol was permitted in a Christian church ? His companion was naturally somewhat perplexed, aid requested an explanation. " There, "' said the Chinaman, pointing to the letters—" that is what I mean. That is the sacred symbol of Buddha; and has been so from immemorial time."

" Sir Rowland Hill's claim to be regarded as the author of the ponny postage system of Great Britain is," says the Otago Daily Times, " contested very strongly by a gentleman at present residing in Dunedin, aud who formerly lived in Essex, England. In a memorial to Sir Stafford Northcote, the present Chancellor of the Exchequer, Mr Francis Worrell Stevens sets forth that, about the year 1834:, or duriDg the time Lord Al thorp was Chancellor of the Exchequer, he submitted to that nobleman a proposition for the establishment of a viiversal penny postage system, and also a penny s*:vmp for parcels. At that time, Sir Rowland Hill, who was private secretary to Lord Althorp, in the name of his lordship, forwarded a letter of thanks to Mr Stevens. As everyone knows, the penny postage system v/as afterwards successfully established, and Mr Stevens asserts that the only difference between the penny stamp in use and the one proposed by him is the substitution of Her Majesty's head for the Royal Arms. Mr Stevens says that, as he has recently learned that Sir Rowland Hill, as the supposed original proposer of the system, received a reward of £40,000 from the British House of Commons, he thinku he is fairly entitled to claim some recognition of his efforts as the real suggestor of a system which has proved so beneficial in every respect."

To four liquid pike down one's throat in the shape of fiery, adulterated unmedicated spirits, is to commit slow suicide. When your flagging energies require to be reinforced, use thiit safest, purest, and most invigorating of stimulants, indorsed by the most distinguished chemists, physiciaus and clergymen— Udoi>pko Wolfe's Schiedam Aromatic Schnapps. It is the only spirituous invigdrant and corrective which does not overexcite the brain. — Advx.

Holloway's Pills and Ointment. — In cases of chronic indigestion, disordreed J^ver, and general debility, these Pills are wonderfully effective. They indeed have so general and powerful an effect on the whole system that they clear away or ward off most of the ills that flesh is heir to They cleanse the bowels, purify the blood, correct the bile, give tone to the stomach, excite a healthy appetite, produce sound sleep, and impart increased energy to both mind and body. The admirable properties of these far-famed Pills are too highly appreciated to require any encomium here as they are resorted to by rich and poor of i very nation. The cures they effect are not temporary or imperfect, but they bring about a marvellous and most beneficial change throughout the entire body and enable it with renovated powers to resist the approach of all future attacks.

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The West Coast Time. SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 3, 1877., West Coast Times, Issue 2449, 3 February 1877

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The West Coast Time. SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 3, 1877. West Coast Times, Issue 2449, 3 February 1877

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