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AMERICA., Issue 48, 23 September 1865
Mr Soward had informed Mr Welles that Franco and England had withdrawn thoir concession of belligerency from the rebols, and that this proceeding' by Franco is prompted by tlio express- desiro to rovrvo old sympathies between tho two nations, whoso interest and traditions constantly invoke them to cultivate tho most cordial relations. England not having absolutely withdrawn tho 24 hours rulo, Federal vessels /will not pay tho customary courtesy to Vessels of tho British navy. Mr Soward had also written to Sir Frodorick Bruco, expressing tho gratification provalent at tho action of tho British Goyornmont, but ronowing his protest against tho joint Action.' of Franco and England conceding bolligorent rights to tho msurgonts as unfriendly and con« trary to international laws. Mr. Soward also regrets Earl Russell's reservation in favor of rebdl cruisors, and domnnds that they shall bo delivered up to tho United States, and declares tho right and intention of tho Federal Government to capture them undor whatovor ilag they may bo placed. Ho refuses to recognise any transfer of such ships that may oo mado. Tho President had appointed James Johnson provisional Governor of Georgia, A. J. Hamilton provisional Governor of Texas, and Judge Lowis E. Parsons provisional Govornor of Alabama, with powers to effect conventional reform and a conventional revision of tho constitutions of thoso states, and rcstoro them to tho Union undor the samo terms as North Carolina and Mississippi. Tho examination of witnesses in tho conspiracy trial has boon concluded, and
tho arguments for the defence havo been submitted by the Hon. Reverdy Johnson, counsel for Mrs. Surratt. Ho denies the jurisdiction of the Court, and cites in his support tho sth amendmont of tho Constitution, which declares that no person shall bo held to answer for a capital or otherwise infamous offence, unless on prosent or indictment of a grand jury, except in cases arising in the land and naval forces, or in tho militia, when in active servico in time of war or public danger. Payne's counsel admits tho guilt of his client, but assorts that ho was influenced by Booth, and that, as no one injured by him died, he can only bo convicted of assault with indent to kill. John Mitchell was consigned to his quarters in Fortress j Monroe on tho 17th. The " Tribune's" Washington correspondent^ asserts that he became a naturalised citizen of the United States in 1860. General Breckonridge, the Confederate Colonel Taylor, and Captain Wilson, aide-de-camp to President Davis,- had arrived at Havannah. They crossed from Florida to Gardenas in a ship's yawl, narrowly escaping capture by a Federal cruiser. General Slaughter has also reached Havannah in a Mexican steamer. Tho " Tribune " reports that the Confederate Secretary Trenholm had been arrested at Columbia, South Carolina, and was en routo for Fortress Monroe. The "New York Times" states that he had petitioned tho President for pardon, Mr Edmund Raffin, of Virginia, who fired tho first gun ' of the war at Fort Sumpter, in April, 1861, committed suicide by shooting himself through the head with a musket, at Dunville. 'In a letter found among his papers, ho declared that he could not survive tho loss of tho liberties of his country. Orders have been issued to dismantle the defensive works around Washington, with the exception of 22 forts and 9 batteries, which will be strengthened and permanently garrisoned. Violent encounters between the whites and negroes in Washington continue. Recently a soldier was instantly killed by a blow with a brickbat in the hands of a negro with whom he was disputing. A fight between two reghnentsof soldiers, in which a largo number of citizens joined, has occurred at Staton Island. Firearms were used on both sides, and four persons were killed. Tho lieutenant- colonel of ono of the regiments was mortally wounded by his own soldiers, whilo assisting to restore order. Mrs Seward, wife of Secretary Seward, had died of a bilious fever at ton. In consequence of this bereavement of tho Secretary, the State Department had beon temporarily closed. Immense numbers of negroes past work had been expelled from the cities of Georgia. Great mortality prevailed among tho negroes in Charleston. General Dix had arrived at Quebec, and had an interview with two members of the Canadian Cabinet. The New Brunswick House of Assembly had passed a resolution opposing the Confederation scheme, and favoring tho despatch of delegates to England to counteract tho influenco of tho Canadian delegates. General Leo and Mr. Stevens aro said to have applied to President Johnson for a special pardon. A mutiny has broken out amongst a body of colored troops destined for Texas. Thoy were finally disarmed.
AMERICA., Issue 48, 23 September 1865
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