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Local & General.

♦ Yestorday a telephone exchange was opened in Timaru with 41 subscribers. A meeting of the shareholders of the Kaiapoi Woollen Factory Company will be held in the Oddfellows' Hall, Kaiapoi, on Monday, Oct. 2G, to receive yearly balance-sheet aud report, and to elect Directors and Auditors for ensuing year. On Sunday last, His Lordship the Primate visited Prebbleton for the purpose of administering the rites of Confirmation. There were twelve candidates. The morning being fine, the church was well filled ; over 300 were present. After the ceremony had been gone through, the Bishop delivered a very impressive address to the newly confirmed. Two residents iv Timaru, Messrs Chapman and Cornish, yesterday left to join thoTongarivo en route for Rio, where they intend settling and, if possible, opening up a trade with Timaru. Both were presented with testimonials at the Parsonage on Monday evening. Quite a crowd assembled at tho station to bid farewell to the young adventurers. Mr James Denham, who has been actively associated with the East Christchurch Football Club for several seasons, took his departure for Melbourne yesterday, and, previous to doing so, was presented by his comrades with a hand-somely-framed photograph of the Club's first fifteen. The Government havo resumed nominated immigration} and in future the Department will receive applications for the nomination of separate families, of relatives by relatives, of single women who are not related, and of friends not included in either of the above classes. As a rule nominations will only be accepted for agricultural labourers and single women suitable for domestic service. The charges (to cover passage, outfit, «stc.) will be JUO per head over twelve years of age, and £o for children under twelve years. Nominations of tradesmen and mechanics will only be provisionally accepted and confirmed under exceptional circumstances. Similar rates will be charged to farmers and agriculturists wishing to emigrate; but they will have to prove to the satisfaction of the Agent-General that they are possessed of .£IOO in cash, and also of .£SO in cash for every member of their family (over twelve years of age) coming out with them. The New Zealand Herald of Oct. 7 says : — " Those ponies which have caused so much trouble will leave for Sydney by the Rotomahana to-day, and we are informed that there is no doubt they will be allowed to land. The animals have unquestionably suffered to some extent from want of exercise, but a few days on terra firma in New South Wales will put' them all right." There seems to have been a misconception of the stato of the law in New South Wales. At all events, the Sydney Morning Herald says .* " Concerning statements which have been published respecting a number of performing ponies, the landing of which in New Zealand was not permitted, though it is to be permitted here, it has been pointed out to us that there never has been here a prohibition against tho importation of horses. There has, however, been a prohibition against the importation of, goats and doga, because in tho case of goats there is the danger of introducing the foot and mouth disease, and in the case of dogs the disease known as rabies or hydrophobia. The owners of the ponies have with them two goats and about seven performing dogs, but as those animals are never out of their owners' control, and as the prohibition against the importation of such animals was never intended to apply to cases such as thi3, the Minister for Mines (Hon J. P. Abbott) has granted permission for the goats and dogs to be landed here, the owners, however, giving a bond, with responsible sureties, that they will not allow the goats or doga to be loose or away from their complete control." One achievement, says a New York correspondent, must be credited to President Cleveland's administration which is of no small value. A month ago the Arapaboc and Cheyenne Indians in Arizona and the Indian Territory were in a ferment. The young men were leaving the reservations with their war paint on. Arms and ponies were being hidden away for hostile use. Bands of warriors were riding along the borders. White men, especially " cow boys," were being killed at frequent intervals. The neighbouring white settlements were in mingled rage and panic. The Government was called on to bring the Indians to peace by force, and some 3000 men were concentrated in the disturbed region. LieutenantGeneral Sheridan, chief in command of the army, and a noted Indian fighter, went promptly west, and the country was counting on another of the bloody and pitiful "little wars" that have followed previous outbreaks of the same sort. To the great surprise of the frontiersmen, General Sheridan proceeded, before fighting, to an investigation of the complaints of the Indians. He declared that they were well founded, that the Indian Bureau, by a forced construction of the law, had given licenses to cafftle men, for which a beggarly compensation was made to the Indians, by which the reservations had been so invaded that the Indians could not support themselves on them. He advised that the cattle men be ordered off, and the President promptly issued a proclamation to that purpose. General Sheridan also found that the Indians and the Government had been cheated by the Indian agent, who had stolen something like one-half the money voted for supplies under the treaties. The agent was removed, and an army officer appointed in his stead. The Indians are now quiet, and there i 3 general satisfaction, except among the cattle men and the contractors. The Espiegle, Captain Cyprian Bridge, has arrived in Plymouth Sound, after an absence from England of nearly four years, during which time she has been engaged on very important duties. Although commissioned for the Australian station, she has really been employed on detached service, and no British ship of war has ever before visited so many of the Pacific Islands, amongst which she has been chiefly employed, as the Espiegle has done. She was commissioned at Devenport in October, 1881, and arriving at Adelaide in the following April, she at once began a series of cruises in the Western Pacific, during which she visited on both sides of the line no less than CO different islands, at several of which English men-of-war were before quite unknown. In no single instance wa3 there ever the slightest collision with any of the natives, with whom the most friendly, relations were invariably established and maintained. On four different occasions the visits of the Espiegle led to the termination of devastating tribal wars and to the oonclusion of peace between foes who had been fighting for years. With the exception of about three months, during which she visited Tasmania and New Zealand, the vessel has been continuously employed within tho tropics or in sub-tropical climates. At the hottest seasons she made the circuit of New Zealand, calling at j places where her Majesty's ships were un- : known, and was always received by the in- ! habitants with great enthusiasm. She I traversed tho waters inside the great barrier reef no less than four times, a great | part of thia being done under sail, and since 6he left England she has covered a j distance of over 80,000 miles. SJhe was in New Guinea during Commodore Erskine's ! proclamation of the protectorate. There j havo been 6ix deaths on board during the j ship's commission, threo among officers and ! three among the crew, and there have been 35 deserted. — Daily News. ' The Imperial Government have decided to appoint a Royal Commission to enquire into the education and the general condition of tho blind. 1 Recent statistics on tho comparative longevity of the sexes show that under j fifteen years there aro more boys than girls, but over seventy-five years there aro more women than men, and from the ages of ninety to one hundred the proportion is .about three to two in favour of women.

Mr H. W. Cambridge, of this City, has beeu appointed organist andchoirmasti-r of St Matthew's, Dunedin. At a meeting of the Committee of the Christchurch Regatta Club at the Commercial Hotel last evening a Canvassing Committee was appointed to collect subscriptions from the public towards the Club's annual regatta in February. The Secretary and Treasurer were empowered to draw up the annual report, and fix the date for the annual general meeting in December. At eight o'clock last night, an alarm of tire was given from box No. 5, at the corner of Colombo and St Asaph streots. A glare was visible in the south-west, and tho steamors and chemical engine of the City Brigade, with the handengine of the Railway Brigade, were soon speeding towards the scene. The latter went as far as the Sunnyside Asylum, when the men in charge were informed that some gorse was burning a considerable distance further down the Lincoln road. < At a meeting of the Vestry of Leithfield-cum-Amberley and Sefton it j was decided to have certain repairs ' done to the Leithfield parsonage. The members of tho Leithfield Church met at the request of the Rev J. Sheldon to consider the best means of raising funds to pay their proportion of the expense of the above work. It was decided unanimously that an entertainment should be held in the Town Hall, Leithfield, on Oct. 20, the profits arising therefrom to be appropriated as above. The meeting expressed a hope that the church members of the district will all unite to make the entertainment a financial success. A meeting of the members of the Kaiapoi Rifle Club was held on Monday evening, at which it was decided that Mr C. B. Richards' .prize should be shot for on the first Saturday of each month, beginning in November, seven shots at 300, 500, and 600 yards, Wimbledon targets ; prize to be won by best shooting three times at intervals, or twice in succession. In order to suit the convenience of all the members, it was decided to form a squad for those who were unable to shoot in the afternoon, firing to commence at 5.30 p.m. The names of those who intend to shoot in the evening must be given to the Secretary on the previous day. Two new members were elected, and the meeting adjourned. A meeting of the Committee of the North Canterbury Jockey Club was held at the Junction Hotel, Rangiora, yesterday afternoon, Captain Parsons in the chair. It was reported that the new raceground had been fenced, and the contractor for forming the course was making good progress with the work. It was agreed that the President and Treasurer sign all cheques drawn on the Club account ; and an account of i>34 2s 6d, for labour done to the course, was passed for payment. A letter was read from the C. J.C., stating that Messrs M'Bratney and W. Kerr, and the horses Supplejack and Marshland, had been disqualified for two years. It was resolved to endorse the disqualification. An offer was received from Messrs Hobbs and Goodwin, to work their totalisator at the Spring meeting, and it was agreed to accept the same. The Secretary was instructed to apply to the railway authorities for the usual special trains on the race day. It was resolved to invite tenders for the privileges in connection with the races instead of putting them up to auction. A few other matters of routine were arranged and the meeting terminated, The Committee of the Christchurch Horticultural Society met in the rooms of the Agricultural and Pastoral Association last night ; present — Hon E. C. J. Stevens, M.L.C, in the chair, Messrs Armstrong, Marsh, East, Strauge, Jones, Allen, Guntrip, Davis, Anstey, and F. Whitmore Isitt, Secretary. Mr F. H. D. Jones and Mr Whiteside were elected to act with Mr Donald as judges at the pansy show. It was determined to invite Mr Hobbs and Mr E. D. Reese to act with Mr I Cullen as judges of cut blooms at the spring show. The Secretary was instructed to have the tressles overhauled and necessary repairs made. Messrs Crooks, F. Jones, and the Secretary were appointed to arrange for erection of tent, &c. Messrs F. H. D. Jones, T. Allen, A. Triggs, and Strange were elected a Staging Committee. A letter was read from Mr R. Triggs, relative to the destruction of rosebuds by the chafer grub, and asking the opinion of the Committee as to the best remedy. Several members of the Society having joined the Committee, Mr J. G. Davis read a paper en pansy culture. A conversation ensued, in which Messrs Guntrip, S. Anstey, Whiteside, and Armstrong took part. The President expressed his pleasure at the recommencement of the custom of reading papers on horticultural subjects, and moved a vote of thanks to Mr Davis. Mr H. R. Webb supported the motion, and it was carried unanimously. "I don't object to your going to a funeral once in a while," said a city man to one of his clerks ; " but I do j think," he went on, " that if I allow you to go every time you ask you might sometimes bring me a fish or two the next morning ! " It says something for the sensitiveness still possessed by that city clerk, that, as hi 3 master finished, an unmistakeable blush spread rapidly over his face. Two officials at the Newcastle-on-Tyne Infirmary had recently a nocturnal visitor, whose appearance at first caused some speculation as to the class in creation to which he belonged. Upon investigation, however, he was found to belong to the human species, but his identity had been considerably obscured in an unpleasant manner. It transpired that he had rendered himself obnoxious to the friends of a young woman, and by them had been captured, divested of all his clothing and liberally covered from head to foot with tar and feathers, in which condition he made his way to the infirmary. After two hours work with vaseline, turpentine and hot baths, his plumage was sufficiently removed to enable him to be sent home. The operators iv this case evidently did their work more effectually than Mr Sydney Muir's assailants. The Athens correspondent of the Standard sends that paper some information which throws a little light on the rising in Albania : — The province of Epirus (Southern Albania) especially near the Greek frontiers, has recently been the scene of frequent outrages by brigands. A band of 25 of these outlaws entered Mezzovo, and, although the place is guarded by two battalions of Turkish troops, they carried off into the mountains three Greek ladies belonging to the wealthier class, for whose liberation they have demanded alarge sum a3 ransom. Letters from Lower Epirus complain of the oppressive conduct of the Ottoman authorities. Having resolved to construct certain new high roads, they are levying cruelly heavy contributions and corvi'cs, or forced labour, on the Christian portion of the population. The labourers are left without the means of subsistence, and the sufferings, more particularly of the women, are terrible. Cases of extortion by violence are of constant occurrence, there being not a few Greek subjects among the victims. Many of the Christians, thus ruined by extortionate violence, have appealed to the Hellenic Government, imploring the mcdi- j ation of the Powers under the terms of the Treaty of Berlin. I The forecasts of the weather bureaus of Franco were verified last year in ninety cases out of every hundred, the percentage having steadily risen from 81 in 1881 to 83 in 1882, and to 87 in 1883. Out of 189 alarm signals sent to the ports, 128 were j verified, 24 were fairly correct, 37 were incorrect, and only two gales were not foreseen. I During a higb wind on August 8, the roof of the Huddersfield railway station, which was under repair fell in. Three men were killed and several severely injured. At St Oven, in the outskirts of Paris, tho extraordinary spectacle was witnessed last month of a cemetery on fire. The conflagration broke out in a piano manufactory, and the wind carried the flames to the cemetery. The firs and cypresses burnt like torches, and the flames soon descended to the tombs, where thoy consumed the wooden crosses of the poor and tbe funeral wreaths of the rich.

• Something like a run on the Federal Bank took place in Sydney in the first few days lof the present month. It was found that : the demand for payment in gold at the . Bank had been much greater for the week ! ending Oct. 3 than during any other in the Bank's history, and it was considered | advisable to ascertain the cause of the occurrence, when it was found that a telegram was • sent a few days before by a bookmaker in j Melbourne to a tobacconist in Sydney rej fleeting on the Bank. Tho recipient of the telegram showed it to a number of his custo- ! mers. All demands on the Bank were met immediately, and every other possible proof was given of the stability of the institution, but notwithstanding this there wero further withdrawals. Some of the depositors merely called for information, and were satisfied with an official explanation as to the security of the Bank, when their demands were promptly met in gold. To allay ony uneasiness the doors were kept open long after the usual Bank hours, to give depositors the fullest opportunity of withdrawing their accounts. Investigations having been made a compositor named Trotman, employed in the Victorian Government Printing Office, appeared at the Melbourne City Court for criminal libel, in having sent a telegram to a friend at Sydney, stating that the Federal Bank was broke, and advising him to draw out his money. The telegram was shown to the manager of the Bank at Sydney, and hence the proceedings. There is at present no abatement (writes a London correspondent) of the public feeling on the subject of protection for young girls ; and the excitement out of doors has imparted a momentum to the Criminal Law Amendment Bill which can only be compared to that produced by the force of public opinion in the case of the abolition of slavery or the repeal of the Corn Laws. It is said that the circulation of the Pall Mall Gazette has increased to 100,000 a day, a substantial solace to the proprietor and editor for the attacks made upon their journal both in and out of Parliament. It is said that the principal revelations in the Pall Mall Gazette on this subject are due to Dr Mussabini, an Anglicised Greek journalist, who has been well known in newspaper circles in this country since the period of the Crimean war. He is now said to have left on a mission to Antwerp, where it is known that there is an organised traffic in English girls of the worst kind. An impression prevails that he may be in personal danger in that city, and I hear that his life has in consequence been insured for a considerable amount. As Dr Mussabini has had much experience of campaigning in the Russo-Turkish war and in Egypt, and has therefore often been in personal peril, he is not likely to be intimidated by any of the dangers incidental to such a mission as that which he has undertaken at Antwerp. An observant employee in the office of the Registrar-General at Melbourne has lately been the means of unearthing a very scandalous case of deception. The sudden exhibition of a placard at a house in Napier street, Fitzroy, announcing that " births, marriages and deaths" were registered there, then the arrival and departure of a young couple in a cab, and then the sudden withdrawal oi the placard attracted his attention, and prompted him to further enquiry, particularly as he happened to know that no new registrar had been appointed there. The landlady Of the house said a room had been hired by a gentleman who said he was a clergyman about to marry a young couple privately, then the cabman was found, and from him it was learned that he had taken the couple to Richmond, after the "ceremony," in which be was enlisted as a " witness." The police went to Richmond, and there found two persons, one named Turner, the " bridegroom," and the other Riley, " the bride." The upshot was an admission from Turner that the affair was a sham, that he had paid a person a sum of money to personate a clergyman, aud that the room had been hired for the occasion. It is said that both the parties are theatrical people ; that Turner is in reality a married man, and that the sham marriage was resorted to to allay any qualms of conscience of the female, with whom he had beon intimate. Mock marriages have been the recourse of gay Lotharios in every age. In politics almost everyone has short memories, no doubt ; but M. Emile Ollivier, whose election address has just been published, is surely making an overdraft on the forgetfulness of his countrymen. They can hardly fail to be amused at the man who sent them into the war with Germany with a light heart, lecturing the Republic on " the cruel lot which it is preparing for the people whom all my life I have not ceased to serve and love." The Times correspondent does well to recall the advice which Prince Bismarck gave M*. Emile Ollivier from Versailles. "If I had the misfortune," he said, " to have brought on my country all the evils which you have brought on yours, I would pass the remainder of my life on my knees asking pardon of God for the crime I had committed." That is all very well ; but not everyone has the resignation of Guinevere, and M. Ollivier, like the rest of us, is taking to the more congenial task of trying to make other people repent of our sins. A little while ago I was standing in the Library as two foreigners came towards me. One of them at least was evidently a German— he might have been a Professor from his appearance — and the smoothfaced youth who accompanied him looked like a pupil. He was evidently pointing out to the younger man the principal features of interest in the room. As they passed me my interest was excited by overhearing the remark in English : "Now we will see where the English keep their national copy of the greatest book of the century." I followed the strangers with my eyes as they went round the room past shelf after shelf, until they stood in front of the section devoted to philosophy and science. Then my curiosity got the better of me, and I followed them, determined to see -what in the opinion of the German waa the great book of the age. He was taking out the end volume in the fifth row from the top. I saw them look at it thoughtfully, and turn over the leaves without reading ; then they put it respectfully back iv its place. When they had gone I drew the little volume from its resting place, where it seemed lost in the immensity around. It was Darwin's " Origin of Species." I took the book to my seat, for the remark of the German had given a new interest to its familiar pages. As I turned over the well-thumbed leaves of "the national copy," stained and worn by many fingers, there were many thoughts in my mind, and as I took it back to its place I was thinking that if I were a poet I might indeed choose many a meaner theme for inspiration than that same small item of the great national collection. — " Chambers' Journal." The Americans think they can boat us in advertising. The following is the way they do it in the North of England : — " Who stole the donkey? Nobody with one of B. A. Watson's Hats on. The men look too gentlemanly, the youths too respectable, and the lads too smart to do such an act." The Prince of Wales is stated to have been one of the most frequent visitors to the Inventions Exhibition in London, and to have explored it more thoroughly than anyone else. He often inspected it in the early morning, and at night for an hour or two after the general public bad gone i away. I Ovar 3000 women are employed in the | railway offices of Austria. They get from j£3 to £0 per mouth. Nearly all of them ! are widows of men who have died in the I railway service. j The Duke of Westminster has promised ; to build a handsome new church, vicarage, j and schools, for St Mary's parish, Chester, and to provide suitable site 3 for these j several erections on his property within the 1 parish. The church and rectory alone will cost his Grace .£20,000. ! The Liverpool Mercury states that when the telephone was taken to England by the agent of Dr Bell, the inventor, all the patent rights connected with it were offered to the Post-office Department for .£30,000. The offer was declined, but a little later the officials offered in vain .£540,000 for the exchange established* in London alone.

A Boston man is putting up a building i in Chicago, tho walls of which will bo of ; plate glass, and there will be very little ! material in the whole structure except : glass, cement and red slate. j [ There seems to be more religious intolerance to the square foot in Montreal [ and Quebec (says the Weekly Chronicle) ' than in any other places of the civilised world. Scarcely a week passes without ' reports of street riots or processions inter- \ 1 fered with by rival religious organisations. The never ending quarrel between Catholics I and Orangemen furnishes the chief incentive to these fights, which are as needless as they are barbaric. Seven hundred women are employed at the central telegraph office in London, and about 350 more at the different telegraph and "postal branch offices of the metropolis. The British Wesleyan Conference while recently sitting at Newcastle, England, resolved, after a long discussion, upon the spiritual destitution of London, to spend .£50,000 on remedial work. It is not generally known that General Grant's first name was selected by his parents out of six or seven written on slips of paper and put into a hat. The family had no special taste for the classical hero's name. A runaway horse dashed into a crowd of Sunday-school children in Northampton, knocking twenty down and causing injury to fifteen. Those carried to the infirmary i included a mother and three children from one family. A seventy-year-old New York State man, who attempted suicide recently'by cutting . his throat, gives as a reason for the act that he felt the inclination to go on a spree i coming upon him, and he did not wish to : indulge in one. ' Since Dr Tanner pulled through his forty ; days of fasting little has been heard of '■ him. He has since become a radical vege- . tarian, and does not even tolerate the . eating of eggs, milk, butter, and cheese. During a recent speech in favour of i cremation, Sir Spencer Wells mentioned ', that an epidemic of scarlet fever broke out ■ in a country town on tha opening of some , graves of persons who had died with that • disease thirty years previously. : New portraits of the celebrated Tich- ! borne claimant show a man quite unlike i the person whose face was so familiar years i ago. Now his countenance is seamed, lined, and angular, his beard and moustache • are irregular, and he has a coarse shock of ; hair. I Scotch shepherd dogs are now employed • at the Cape in herding ostriches, a work ■ which they perform" with great sagacity. l Two men on horseback and one dog wUI i drive a troop of 100 to 150 full-grown birds with as much ease as six or eight men ■ on horseback.

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Local & General., Star, Issue 5440, 14 October 1885

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Local & General. Star, Issue 5440, 14 October 1885