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Local and General.

♦ St. Albans Mittcat. Impeoveitent Asso - cia'l'iok. — The usr.il wretly meeting of members was held on Friday evening last, the Bow A. It. Fltchett ?n the cbaiv, but the afcteadanee wr.3 somewhat small. Consequent on this Mr Gordon's paper on " Capit? 1 FucXitnent" wai orly reed, the discussion being deferred untr! the nest meeting. Lttteiton Custom Hotxsb. — r j.ne business ha 3 been l'emovcd ti the Ja>"ge atone buddings known n H~-'c eaves' store, the offices being tenpo.. 'ly filled v.p for the purpose, fcneps w-U be shortly fiken to build a proper place comb^ing Castoms, Telegraph, and Post offices. Independent Oedeb op Good Templaes. — An address by Mr W. Mackune was deKvered on Thu^sd^y ever^ng in the Coloiv'sts' Hell, Lyifcelton. The attendance was veiy limited. At the close it was resolved to foini a lodge, some thriven pe-3ons joir ; ng it. -After some discussion, it was d" sided to reme the lod^e Oar Hope. St. Albans Pctblic Libbaby. — A meeting of the commiliee appointed at the recent wublic meeting was held on Friday eveivng iast, when a ll , the members "were present. Mr F. J. Ga nick was elected chaiiamo. and Mr J.L. Wi l son secretary. The subject of purchasing the old Wesleyan school propeiirr was discussed, and it was ultimately resolvd that, before incurring any responsibility on this head, on effort should be made to rscertain what assisiance the Govei^ment would give. .Au^ngements were therefore mad© for waitiDg upon the .Provincial Secreiaiy without any unnecessary , delay, aiter which the committee adjouvaed. Public Libeaby at Waltham. — The committee appointed at the recent meeting for the puvpoie of (-.iking steps to establish a public libiaiy have enteicd inio preliminaiy aivaugement'B for renting a bu ; ld.:ng with the right to remove it he- eaiter on to a siie wb ; ch will be puvchaied, if a good grant in aid is obtained fi'om the Government. ENeiiSH-MAOEi Newspapbb. — The Napier Telegraph, says : — " Tr> reference to the reported establishment of a third paper at Napier, we learn that the Maovis are liberally subsciibing the funds necessary to start and maintain a daily journal. The proposed newspaper, in addition to a daily issue in the English language, is to include a weekly edition in Maori, and if all we hear is true, we have no doubt that the venture will be a pecuniary success in the hands of its projectors."jj. Boyitin FiAX Mills. — The Wanjanui Chronicle says : — "We have a system in lull swing in New Zealand which is quite as bad, if not worse, than the " bothy •ystem " of Scotland, and one which, if allowed to go on Unchecked, will seriously affect the rising generation. We refer to the employment and accommodation given to boys at flax mills. From careful inquiries we loara that large numbers of boys and youth*, raugiagfrom ten to twenty years of age, are employed at the various mills throughout the colony, at wages ranging irom six shillings to thirty shillings a week and rations. All day long the boys are engaged at their various posts, and work hard ; they also swear hard, smoke hard, and not unfrequently drink hard ; in short, being completely their own masters out of working hours, they not unnaturally run wild. At night the evil is simply monstrous, as the boys huddle together in raupo whares and huts hardly fit for human shelter, in which they sit playing cards and indulging in licentious conversation to an extent that is a Wot upon our boasted civilization. Not long •luce a gentleman looked in on one of those •■aemblages, and saw some twelve boys occupying a filthy hut, rigged up with bunks one over the other as om board ship. Some of the lads were playing euchre, and us ng language that would puzzle a Van Demonian bullock-driver to surpass in obscenity and blasphemy • more of them were lying on their bunks with only their boots off wrapped up in blankets so filthy that the original colour could not be discovered, smoking vilesmelling tobacco, and occasionally takjn<» part in the frequent disputes at the card table, which, by the way, consisted of a box inverted over four stout stakes driven into tbe ground. In one corner of the hut were tin plates and pannikins, just as they had deen thrown aside after the evening meal, and looking as though all the water in the race would not clean them. Our informant says the sight was one so utterly repulsive and discreditable to a colony like this, that he i'elt constrained to speak to the boys, and afterwards to their eatployera, from all of whom he received grossly insulting advice as to minding his adjective business, and not poking hia adjective nose into other people's. The great evil of the system, is this : boys are put to work and housed with men whose character is in many cases utterly vile, and who contaminate all who come within their reach ; things go on from bad to worse, until finally the boys are so corrupted that they are rip» for crime. Happily, as yet, the crop from this hellish seed has nofc fully ripened, but the time for its harvesting is not far off, and the sowing is never suspended. If the Government does not at once take cognizance of uhia terrible^ evil and legislate for it, the colony will, in a few years, possess a criminal population utterly out of proportion to the remainder. '

An Imfhovejient. — The Post says: — Few people who have been much in the Government Buildings during the sitting of Parliament, but have experienced the annoyance of a messenger running past ringing a large bell, and producing an almost deafening sensation. This nuisanceis to exist no longer, for a series of small electric bells have been arranged throughout the building, so that the clerk at the table, by a simple motion of Irs hand, can convey to every parb of the house the information that a division is about to take place. A similar system is in operation in the House of Commons, and it is a vast improvement on tb c method hitherto adopted here. Brunnbb Coal Mine Railway.— The Grey River Argus of the 9th says : — Eighteen months from the present time is the period ~ within which it is expected that the Greymouth and Brunner xiailway will, barring accident, be in full work as a means of conveying coal from the mine to the porfc. Such is the intimation conveyed in our telegrams of last evening, and the calculation is based on the satisfactory circumstance that the neces- j sary picric — locomotives, rails, and rollingstock, was shipped f i*om England in the month of May lest. With these necessary ingredients to the completion and opecing of the line thus eavly on tie way, there is ever/ reason for the Government promoting the work in all other details, and this they will, no doubt, do. A Wabhkg to Witnesses. — At the recent sitting of the Supreme Court at Napier, a charge of forgery broke down through the ' absence of a material witness, Mr Kirfccn, manager of the B-ink of New Zealand at 1 Poverty Bay. Mr Justin Johnston, who we^ on the Bench, wo 9 greatly irritated at Mr, Kirton's absence. It was shown that he cor Id' not, without gross neglect of duty, have, attended earlier than he did, and that the % irregular communication between Napier and: Poverty Bay was mainly the cause of hi b absence. Nevertheless, the forfeiture of £50 wl-s imposed, bis Honor refusing to hear a statement Mr Kivton wished to make. This appears to have been naturally regarded aa a hardship by Mr Kiifcon, who remarked to the Registrar that he should pay the money "under protest." This unlucky remark, involved the unhappy manager in another difficulty. He was at once brought into Court, and subjected to a terrific reprimand, coupled with the warning that he was liable to insiant imprisonment for an indefinite period for such scandalous contempt of Court. Using tub Kni7b.— Sentence op Death against two Men. —At the Auckland Supreme Court sittings on July 10th, Joseph j Eppwright and William Fisher were arraigned on an indictment charging them as follows : — 1 Eppwright with wilful murder, and Fisher witn being an accessory to the murder of Thouma Homy Garrity, the fourth mate of the whaling barque Buinbow, et Russell, on May 18th. Eppwright (says the Southern ' Ci'oaa) bed been heard to say that there would be " knifing that night." Fisher supplied him with the knife, and the evidence goes to show that Fisher was not only cognisant of the purpose for which the knife was borrowed, br.fc aho gave cdvice as to how and when the stabbing should be performed. The jury found boik prisoners guilty, but recommended Fisher to mercy, as not being the piincip.il, nor actually the bpnd which struck the blow. Possibly in the c?.se of Fisher the sentonco of death may be commuted to penal servitude for life ; but we should think no extension of the Royal prerogative will be advised towaids Eppwright. . The murder was as cruel as it' was deliberate, .and, if any means of lessening the use of the knife in this fatal manner is to be found, that means is the application of stringent punishment. In a planned affair like this — -by a man who was heard to boast that if he had a dollar for every day he had spent in prison he would be a rich man— no mistakenly sentimental leniency Bhould be shown. The gallows, no doubt, is an ugly institution ; but, in spite of. the advance of a too mild punitive system, the [time has not yet come for the abolition of capital punishment. It is a good " hangman's whip," as has been repeatedly flhown, and operates as a deterrent in many cases. Wo hope no such sentimentality will prevent the law from taking its course as respects the actual murderers. Improvements in Welling to;.*. — Th« Wellington correspondent of the Otcg'o Daily Times givro the following description of recent local improvements: — The new Houses of Parliament e-e nearly filched, but (urnot be regarded as altogether a success. Their,proportions avesqr.at, and the t ; !e ornamentation is t .wclry, rearrd?* one rathe.* of •* Music Hall than anything else. Of they; acoustic properties it is imr>o3sible to judge fairly uuL'l the rootrs are iin<shed and 2axoished, but the general impression is that it will be, exceedingly drEcultfor ptiy speaker to make himself heard The ascom* modalion for members and for the pubFc ft , of course, muoh better than in the old Houses ; but still it is a great pity that when building new houses they shoi'ld have been . patched on as it were to the old bivld'ngs, ' whioh now, from the number of passages and ' aHoya/ resemble a lubbit warren. Ii the city, building operations aye being caused on to an immense extent, and caipentera, bricklayers, plasterers, and indeed every soil; wovkmen, have far more to do than they cjflkfl manage to get through. Double the nutnbeT "" of tho3e who are here could find employment, for many people wlio aye anxious to build re- '■ train from doing so simply on account of the scarcity of labour. The reclaimed land is now fairly dotted over with buddings of various descriptions, from the new theatre to coal sheds, aud several very fine stores are in course of craotion. The construction of the reservoir for the waterworks is being pushc d on very rapidly, and the pipe> are being I»'"d down. It is expected that the works wi'l be completed in November. A plent > iul supply of good water will be an incalculable benefit t to this city. During the last few months the inhabitants have - suffered greatly from its . want, and the deaths have been unprecedented ' in number.

A Novel Scheme. — It is said that a com- J paiy haß been formed at Sen Fjcncisco for the : supply of steam to factories er i wo :ks J through a system of subier^nean pipes, 1 aiTjilrr to the supply of gas and water. j Communist Timals in E^ance. — A few ■statistics about the Commune Com 1,3 Mail"". 1 .. | There were 19,CU0 pilsone^s. cOOO indictments were quashed, and 2227 persons j acquitted; there were CD sea* rnees to death, ( and. 120 such pronounced against fugitives; 301 were banished, 6 mulct :d in fines ; there were 52 enfants vnder 16 years of age sent to reforma* ules, and the remainder of the thousands have been condemned to imprisonment* of various degrees ranging from one year up to for life. '•> Road 3ik Otago. — Cartage from Wmtori to Kingston (says the La7ce Wdkalip Mail) has risen to £6 10:. Goods via the Bluff from Dun. din cannot be delivered lender £13 to £14 per ton, accord inj to the nature of the article, and to obtain cariloge direct from «unedin, except unori nn increase of tHs |J tA is an imporsio'V • '. t"\ goods conrng Tfarid are more or 1c.3 linook i about, cia the state of the loada is barely desc.lbcd by the word frighilrr 1 . — they a.^ next to impassable. Tattbanga. — R^eci/ng the largely extending cultivation of wjeat in th 3 T~u;. nga detect the Bay of Pis. it if Tlnzs of the sth : .ist. says: — Ifc is plcasi i<* i i f nd that the Natives in the neighbourhood, of Tuuranga contemplate again putting :a large quantities ol wheat. We have heard that 2C3 seeks of seed v. i 1 '. be used for planting this next Beason by our sable friends alone. Europeans woiV.d do we 11 to follow their ?cod example, Mr Ryci, the engineer, ;'s gob a here — with xrost of the machineiy for the floav-mill on the spot — and 'we trußt he may see sr.'Bcient inducement ':.> at once er^ct the m : ?l cz o\'sin^\y intendrd. It would be a boon fa the whole (''•-ttict, a j incentive to the grower, a convenience to the ■consumer, and, we believe, a profitable investment to Messrs Ryan and Co. Westland. — In the Couny Council, on the ever'ng of Jrly 24, Mr P...rff read a telegram from Welling! :>n, vi respect to the proposed change of Govei'a-iieiifc, in Weßtland, to the following effect : — Tho.BMI is net yet decided. Probably its provisions will make the Comly a Pro\lnce with a Council of fifteen members and a Superintendent, elected by the peonle ,who is to have a scab in the Counc?'. 'x'Jie Council to be elected for four years, and to enjoy the same legislative powers in local offa"-s as the other provinces. The Act to come in- force at once, and the existing Council to decide the electoral districts and to apportion the representation, ■when it will be dissolved and a fresh election take place for the new Cor.nei 1 . PArEB-HAKING. — Paper-making is liLely to Ij3come soon an established industry in New Zealand. A few days a^Ojin the Otago CouncH, Mr Robert.3 ask-d the Government if the bonus offered for the esf i-bHsbment of a paper mill had been srcu'."ed by any one j and, i? so, had the Goverrmenfc any bond from those to whom the bonus had ■ oeen secured that the woris they underlie to c..v./ oap would be carried out :a teiojs of the e^;=eement? Mr Io?oiie said that tho Government hai liken every precaution, with a view to the estab]:i»h•ing of a paper mMI to the ; v s^Ligfaction. They had extracted a bond from tlie gentleman who had undertaken tho esiab.Msbment of the manufactoiy, end he had p^io s~3r"-ed the sit 3 for the n?iU. Muhdee.— A statement which will excito the indignation of a?l true spoilsmen who do not wish for the eitiipation of native game fs made bj the Siverine Herald : — " It is high time that the Government made some amendments in the Victorian Game Laws Statute. Our readers will scarcely credit that within the short space of eight weeks the murderous awivel-gun has been used to such an extent on Luke Cooper, in the district of Corop, that its unmanly owner hr.3, through its wanton use, been able to cons'i^n to Sandhurst, Melbou< no, and other places, fix>ni the Rochester railway station, nearly 12 tons of wild duck. .But this is not the worst result of this wholesale slaughter. Our informant states that tho water round the edges of the lake is absolutely putrid, in consequence of the accumulation of the decaying remains of deud wator-fow], which have escaped .'mmediat? death from the fowler's gun, but have subsequently died from wounds received. v A Colonial Breach op Pbojiise Case. — The Wellington Independent of July 15 says : — Locality appears to exerc : sa a great influence in determicing what amount of injury marriageable women sustain through blighted hopes in their anticipated metriinonial arrangements. New Zealand colonists clearly do not appraise at a vei-y high figure the pangs experienced by virgius who have been the victims of misplaced confidence. An instance of this was furnished yesterday in the Supremo. Court, when the jury awarded Miss Johanna Josephine Casey a solitary shilling as a solatium to her outraged feelings ; and niggardly as the amount wa3, it appeared that they would have denied her even that much if .it had entailed costs upon the defendant. Neither party appeared in •Court, the breach of promise being admitted ; anything in the shape of documentary or oral evidence to prove it there was none ; and the lm admission seemed to have been made purely JfKtA. moral principle/ After Borne difficulty it \C*3 elicited that if the young lady had not been over discreet in su ; ng for damages, she had at least enjoyed a fair number of years of discretion. Probably what weighed most with the jury waß the fact, which, by-the-way, leaked out somewhat irreg^arly, tbp.t during the time this action was pending this maiden of equivocal age actually accepted anothc offer of marriage, which was orly broken off by her intending husband attempting to dissuade her from -proceeding with her action, as he said "he did not want the mau'a money." Miss Johanna Josephine Casey, fcowoYW, with traditional feminine obstinacy, would have her own way in grasping at the shadow. It is to be hoped she will ducover the moral andjprofit

A Vast Dif.?ebence. — There was a difference of no less than £281,C33 between the highest and the lowest tender for the erection of the new law Courts m London. The | h'ghest was £1,0C0,C30, end the lowest \ £119,000. | The Goyeexoe and the VoLtrsTEEES.— j The Post of a recent data, says : — " His Excellency the Governor is evidently determined not to countenance the fre9 pnd easy manner in which volunteering hasbeenconductrdhere. | It will be remembered that on (he coercion of j the levee he declined a guard of honour formed from the vavlous comparu's, on ascount of its piebald appea" ancc, We now observe that the "Veteran Company alone furnishes the guard of honour to-'norrow, and we believe it iB made an essec Ik point that the guard shall be at least 40 ctron^. The Highlanders are to supply a guard on the occasion of prorogation o'J Parliament, but under similar condition as to stiength. In ins'sting on th?s his Excellency 19 acting strictly in accordance "with the military rule, as in the regular service a guard of honour invariably consists of a single company." The Pbince op "Wales at Messss Milss and co.s establishment, queen sqjabe, Bristol. — It had been arranged,, says the Bristol DalljPo-t of March 24, on Thursday night, that the Prince of "Walc3 shoald visit Queen square on 7 Friday and pavtake o? the hospitality of the Messrs Miles, his Royal Highnes3 having honoured Mr Cruger Miles, the chairmen of the Bace Company, by accepting his invitation to do co previous to taking his departure for London. As it was desired, in accordance with the private character of the Prince's visit, to avoid anything like a demonstration, the matter wa3 kept a3 close a 6ecret as possible ; and tj only a very i'ew persons was it imparted in the strictest connj dence. Mr Superintendent Handcock posLxl a few police in th 3 neighbourhood to provide i against overcrowding, and he himself assisted in cleaving the way by riding unobtrusively some distance ahead of the Prince's carriage. I His Royal Highness was accompanied by Lord nr>d Lady Fitzhardiuge, General Probyn,tho Marchioness of Hastings, the Countess of Westmoreland, and mo3t of the distinguished party who, du'ing three days of the race meeting, had been the gaests of Lord and Lady Fitzhardinge' at Berkeley Cas- ' tie — the party numbering in aH twentyseven. They left the raccourse in three carriages and a four-horse break, and went via "Victorian street and the Welsh-back. In Queen square some three or four hundred people quickly (membled, but thanks to tbat good conduct which had been so characteristic of the Bristol crowds throughout the la -c I meeting, no inconvenience was experienced, J and but little assistance was required from the body of police on duty under Mr Superintendent Handcock. The Piince, who wn: accompanied by Mr Cruger Miles, was received at 61, Queen-square, by Mr P. W. S. Miles. The repast was laid in the di awingroom, under the divcotion and tasteful arrangoment of Mr and Mrs Kemball, Mr Kembali being the resident manager of the business cf Messrs Miles. Without attempting to vei-Ji'y the rumour that " poached eggs and ham" was the special dish selected by the Prince as ! the best strengthener for a long journey, we may add that he was particularly interested in xnakiug inquiries relative to the memorable scenes in the Square fOl Ly years 050 ; and before he left he expressed the gratification which his visit to Eiistol had afforded him.

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Local and General. Star, Issue 1690, 28 July 1873

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