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Taranaki Herald. TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 30, 1909. PEACE OR TROUBLE.

What's in v name!'' German diplomatists talk war, commercial rivalry and armaments in the name of peace until we are apt to forget the meaning of the word. The Kaiser iold us recently that tre'rmans were glad to bear arms and that their army was a rock of bronze on which peace was based. This particular "peace" of the Kaiser is difficult .to understand, but perhaps we shall trace its origin by examining the meagre cable news of the lußt few days. Herr Bernstorff, German Ambassador to Amerifca, in a sppech at Philadelphia, was reported to have said that Germany's foreign policy was purely commercial ; she had no territorial

ambitions or deep-seated designs

against othw states and the existing balance of power. He was nfso. reported to have said that the development^ of the German unvy was intended to protect commerce aiul'liet mercantile marine. So far his -demeanour appears to be peaceful. -But if we read the message with -the cable pub' lished last evening we shall see that _ warlike expressions have been withheld" from us. The second cable states th,»t Herr ISernstorff'n speeches in America are depneated, and that" "the war scare language. . . . has attracted ■iltcntifjii in Berlin, where it is •^f-unipd He it Dernstorff reflects Ilerr von Bethniann-Hollweg's methods. . . . The Standard states that the Imperial Chancellor has converted the Kaiser to his views." That is where the trouble lies. The new Chancellor has been looked upon as "v dark horse" so far as foreign politics are concerned. He had a respectable record of good administrative service as Minister of the Interior first for Prussia and afterwards for Germany, but no one knew whether he had any ideas of his own on foreign policy. Prince Bulow, it- used to be said, was indispensable, because he was the only Chancellor who could keep William 11. in order. An erratic Kaiser with a warlike adviser is a monarch/ that requires careful watching; a monarch whose "peace" should be looked at from several points of view and examined lest by accident it should mean trouble. We believe the people of Germany are anxious that their expenditure for military and naval purposes should not be directed against a neighbouring people, but that is not enough to justify our feeling secure with such a dangerous combination at the head of affairs. Our only security is in being prepared for emergencies. It kept France from war over the Fashoda incident, and made Russia insist in peace; and it is said 1o have kept certain European Powers from striking us when we were engaged in the South African war. An authority on armaments has said that Europe in general knows well enough that our fleet is not kept up for aggressive purposes. If auy proof were required on that head our behaviour at the present moment would furnish it at once. We might settle the whole contro-

vcii.y by wiping the German fleet out of existence the very next time it puts to sea. But we do not act after that fashion, ami no more conclusive evidence of the sincerity ot' our pacific utterances could be produced than the self-restraint which we exercise. It is essential for the peace of the- world tli;>< JJritain should accelerate her building' programme and that nhe should ask herself what's in a name? when the Kuiser talks " ffeuce."

A mooting of the Officers' Club will \yc held at the Drill Hall on Wednesday evening.

An examination in handiwork for teachers is to be held by the Education Department at the New Plymouth Technical School on Dccomber 18.

Two or three flags flapping listlessly against their posts, and the closed doors ot the banks and most of the Government offices, were the only indications to lesidents of Nov Plymouth that today was St. Andrew's Day.

In the Police Court this morning, before Mr. H. F. Russell, J.P., a fin>t offender was convicted ot drunkenness and discharged. Berkeley Bunbury, a second offender, was fined ss, in detault 24 hours' imprisonment.

Training operations on the Manawatu Hiver tor the professional sculling tournament, which starts this week near Foxton, arc going on satisfactorily, and indicate some exciting contests.

Mails for United Kingdom and Continent dispatched on October 22 (via San Francisco) arrived at London on November 27. Mails dispatched on same dati' via Sues arrived at London ou November 26

The warm weather which has been prevailing in New Plymouth for the past few days appears to be increasing in intensity. The thermometer yesterday read 76 in the shade, while to-day it was in the vicinity ot 78. Yesterday was hotter than Sunday.

The cost of compiling the main electoral rolls was £4b'll, and of printing them £3161. The highest cost of compiling was for the Christchurch North roll, viz., £103. The cost of compiling supplementary rolls was £6625, and ot printing them £3014. The highest cost of compiling was for Wellington Central, £293.

The Stratford borough revenue to date exceeds by some £1000 the amount of rates which was paid in during the corresponding period, of last year, remarks the Post. The fact that rates are this year being paid so much more promptly than usual indicates that nnancial matters there are fairly easy, and that there is no danger of the. "bottom dropping out" of Stratford.

At the Methodist Synod at Wanganui last week the allocations from the Home Mission were made as follows :— To Maori Mission £756,. Kimbolton £20, Patea £12 10s, Ohura £60, North Taranaki £75, Cape Egmont £40, Waitara £20, lnglewood £20, Stratford £20, Elthani £15, Aramoho £40, Taihape £25, Waimarino £35, Palmerston North £35. A resolution was unanimously carried in favour of the appointment of an order of lay pastors* to assist in supervising the spiritual interests of congregations.

It is astonishing to find that the men employed by the Christchurch City Council on the work of renumbering the streets are- meeting with objections by some who have a xuperstitiouß dislike to number thirteen, and it is reported that in one instance a~ householder resolutely declined to have that number placed on his dwelling. As arguments were of no avail it was decided to allot number fifteen to his premises, and the street in which he lives will be notable for the fact that there will be no number 13 in it. The Hon. T. Mackenzie told" a Lyttelton Times representative on Friday evening that he was introducing the commercial spirit, wjierever he possibly could. At Whakarewarewa, for instance, it was proposed to make <t charge of one shilling for admission to' the new pa that has been erecteu on the site of the ancient one that stood there in the days when fortifications were useful as well as ornamental. The oil pa had an interesting history. In the very old days, .when things we*e not as they are now, some sacrilegious Maori, -who had nothing better to do, set fire to the., historical Arawa canoe, which came at- the time of the great immigration to New Zealand. For a lonu time the deed went unavenged, but at last the avenger came forth . and slew the man who had done the deed of shame. The avenger is believed to have been a notorious* rascal, but his action was regarded as being so meritorious that the old fortified pa at Whakarewarewa was erected in his honour, and to keep his memory green. It is expected that the charge for ad* mission to the pa wity yield about £500 a year.

A gruesome chapter in New ' Zealand history is referred to in a letter which Mr. W. H. Field, M.P. for Otaki, has Teceived from Mr. Robert M'Nab. The letter, addressed from London, read as follows : — "Just a fcote -to tell you that I have found the jfai connection with the voyage of Captain Steward in the brig Elizabeth, when he took Te Rauparaha and Te Hiko from Kapiti to Akaroa. who "baptured.,,Tama I. Harari\ii, subsequently returning to Kapiti, where the last-named was eaten. Some of Steward's sailors were examined on oath, and a copy of their depositions sent to London, with a report on them by the Governor. These' papers I found. Several places on the mainland figured in the final scenes with the southern chief. At Hobart, also, I secured a report of the cannibal banquet, when the bodies brought up in askets from Akaroa were eaten. It was written within a few weeks of the incident by a ship's csptain who wit; nessed it. The information obtained leaves scarcely anything', further to recount. The story is complete. Feeling that you would not only be interested yourself, but that you many constituents would be -deeply interested in the news, I scribbled .the nbove." '

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Bibliographic details

Taranaki Herald. TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 30, 1909. PEACE OR TROUBLE., Taranaki Herald, Volume LV, Issue 14524, 30 November 1909

Word Count

Taranaki Herald. TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 30, 1909. PEACE OR TROUBLE. Taranaki Herald, Volume LV, Issue 14524, 30 November 1909

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