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The Taranaki Herald. NEW PLYMOUTH, DECEMBER 8, 1852.

The Barque St. Michael, arrived off New Plymouth on Thursday moruing. In Hie afternoon the pilot, Mr. Watson, boarded her. The barque was four months and a half from London, having sailed from Gravesend on the 14th of July. She had called at the island of Madeira for two families and some cargo, which place she left oa the 2nd August. She sighted Tristan de Cunba and Van Diemen's Land ; and brings fifty-two emigrants for New Zealand, foity-scven of them we have the pleasing duty to announce are for New Plymouth, together with 220 16ns of cargo. The voyage, though piotracted, was a pleasant one. The barque was detained in the tropics on account of contrary winds, but the weather was so beautiful that for 83 days, the voyagers were able to take their meals on deck. The English news brought by the St. Miciiaci, has been forestalled by previous arrivals, via Sydney. We are informed) however, that the lion. E.B.Poutman brings important despatches for the Governor-in-Chief of New Zealand. They ate presumed to relate to the New Constitution, which we may consequently expect to hcai of early, in an official shape. She has brought one of the largest mails that ever came into the settlement. The Passengers speak in high terms of the Officers, and we have much pleasure in giving publicity to the testimonials and rcp'ies in our shipping intelligence, proving how well satisfied all on board were, with the treatment they received from the principal officers. It is long since any vessel hits

come direct to this place from England, and we believe the settlement is indebted to the good report nnd interest taken in its welfare by Mr. ViCkerS, Messrs. Willis's agent for this place, for this unlo'jkcd-for event, We cannot over-estimntc the a<lv antageathis place will derive from an arrangement which might give her a fair share of first arrivals.

Wn congratulate the settlement on the appearance of an official notification fixing the 10th of January for the opening of the Bell Block. This accession of land is donbtless a great good, but unfortunately, from the number and extent of the claims to be satisfied, it i goes but a short way to meet Ihe wants of the settlement ; and there does not seem to be any 'immediate prospect of more being , obtained. It is much to be regretted that this prcssfn% want does not receive more consideration on the part of the Government. Some ' effort sh ould at once be made to relieve us in this particular for it must be apparent to i evety one, that tho difficulty of buying more , iand from the natives 'is every day becoming greater; and what might some time since have been obtained with fease, and at a very low price, is now become a business of difficulty, and if to be acquired at all must be bought at a considerably increased pi ice. It is impossible to magnify the mischief which the want of cheap available land is working upon our interests, and the prosperity of thyscltlcmcnt ; from this cause many are leaving, and still more prevented coming to us. Were it advisable to hide this fact, concealment would be attempted in vain ; disappointed and deceived men will make themselves heard j will exercise the last privilege open to them, namely^ to cdmplain. This drawback, if permitted to continue much longer will become insupportable ; and it Will be well (o discriminate the mischiefs which have arisen, and will inevitably increase if a remedy is not fdund, and more land brought into the market. This want presents nn almAst insurmountable barrier to any considerable incrcasa of the Euiopean population of the settlement, and operates consequently, sadly against our prospects of peace and security. Again it presses almost to extinction on our means for internal improvement, and circumscribing trade, operates a corresponding prostration of the people's energies ; and thus materially qualifies thert^sources of the settlement for every purpose. It is asserted that there is p'enty of land to be had. It may bo true|t^at high prices would tempt many to sell, but it must be borne in mind that this soit of exchange produces no general good, no wholesome amelioration. Those who come to such distant colonies as these, arc not usually overburthened with capital, and the high price of land, apart from all other circumstances is productive of great evil to such indivi- ' duals, for a snlall capital is soon swamped in the purchase of the land, and the wherewith to live, and improve and cultivate it, can , only be obtained by a mortgage of their all at a high rate of interest. : On the question of cheap land^lso hinges ■ all impiovements— our harbour, our roads, ) the efficient working of all our internal mar chinery — must come in part, at least, out of • ' this fund. I ' The question presses more closely than many suppose. It must not be overlooked j that the natives arc cultivating most exten-

sively j that they arc becoming rich in horses and cattle, and arc making good use of the knowledge they have gained from us in agricultuial affairs ; are every day getting more sensible of the value of available land, and will consequently be more difficult to bargain with. They are beginning to know the profit to be derived from agricultural pursuits, and are already sufficiently alive to the necessities which surround us on the point of more land ; and that by standing out they will get an increased price. It is true that the acquirement of properly by the natives is a most pleasing and desirable feature, and the best guarantee that can be had for peace and order. Every head of cattle bought, and tvery acre brought into cultivation, is another step towards permanent good understanding 5 but we cannot overlook the fact, that they, the natives, are every day on the increase in these districts, nnd that all the land purchased elsewhere has only the effect of making them more numerous here ; while on the other hand — from not having land to supply any large increase of European, settlers — wo are adding but little if any to our numerical strength. A short time since it was reported, aid we have some reason to believe the report that the Tapual natives were Willing to dispose of their land — some ten or fifteen thousand acres — that a price had been named, and that the parties here were satisfied with the price, but, that the consent of one or two parties, then absent, must be obtained. Every exertion should now be madeylo bring this business to a close ; if pressed to a conclusion now, it may be practicable, but if rime be allowed to go by, it may be found otherwise. Surely a representation to the Governor,' setting out the disadvantages which the present want of land is operating ; and how seriously it may presently menace the tranquillity, as well us the prosperity of the settlement — wduld receive attention, if all parties were to unite in th-* representation. We believe there is ljut one opinion on this important subject, nnd no mistaken de. Hcacy about the mischief of ptib'icity should stand in the way of remedy j nothing can operate greater mischief than the repoits forwarded home an 1 elsewhere by those who come to this settle ment only to meet with disappointment, loss of time, and money, — There has been too much of an inclination here to imitate the tactics of the ostrich, which having poked its head into the sand, is said to have a most ludicorus idea, that no one sees its body. So with New Plymouth and its grievances, it is wasting its time in Idle attempts at concealment instead of putting its shoulder to the wheel and working steadily for a remedy. It is only needed, that one or two more vessels should arrive 'direct from England, with a large number of passengers, while the settlement is in its present posiliou as tegards land, to bring its prospects of progress to a stand still for the next few years to come.

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Bibliographic details

The Taranaki Herald. NEW PLYMOUTH, DECEMBER 8, 1852., Taranaki Herald, Volume I, Issue 19, 8 December 1852

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The Taranaki Herald. NEW PLYMOUTH, DECEMBER 8, 1852. Taranaki Herald, Volume I, Issue 19, 8 December 1852