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| * According to the New York Tribute tho locality where the earthquake occurred is the great coffee district of * outh America. The region affected by the shocks covers five degrees of latitude, and is 500 miles wide. The shock extended iv a N.E. direction along the northern range of the Andes. It was felt very perceptibly at Begata, the capital of New Granada, Thence ,it seemed to travel uorth,gathering intensity as it advanced, until it reached the S. 17 boundary line of Magdalena where the work of destruction began, continuing as it advanced along the eastern boundary of Magdalena, following the line of the mountain range, and destroying, in part or whole, the cities of Cucuta, San Antonia, Elbos aria, Salazar, San Cristobal, San Caze tano, and Santiago. The destruction was greatest in Gramalo, Arboledas, Cucutillas, and Cucuta. Of the 14-, 000 persons who died from the effects of the earthquake only about 5,000 were killed outright. The remainder died in a short time from lever and lockjaw, which in that region nearly always supervene when severe injuries have been received. The first premonition of the terrible visitation occurred on the night of May 17, when a strange rumbling sound was heard beneath the ground, although no earthquake occurred. Next morniug a terrible shock occurred which brought consternation to all the inabitants of Cucuta. It suddenly, shook down the walls of houses tumbled down churches and the principal buildings, burying the citizens of the place in the ruins. Another shock completed tlie work of desolation, by throwing down the walls that still remained standing. Three more shocks followed of equal intensity. Shocks with lesser force seem to have been felt throughout the whole region for two days afterwards, extending to Cartagena and the western seacoast. The scenes that followed are described as being most fearful and terrible. In this hour of destruction, when men and women were praying ior relief and mercy, others who had escaped began an indiscriminate search of the ruins for treasure, and in many cases robbing the dyiog and dead. In /.some instances the robbers murdered persons who were caught in the falling timbers, and who could not extricate themselves, though only slightly injured. The . vaults of the banking houses were penetrated, and large sums of money stolen. Then, to add to the horror of the calamity, the Lobotera volcano suddenly began to shower out lava in large quantities, or as a correspondent writes, " It sent a mass of molten lava, in the form of incandescent balls of fire into the city." Some of these balls fell upon the German drug stores, setting them on fire. Immediately the flames communicated with the adjoining dwellings. A shower of lava set the ruins of the large city in flames, while the earth was still quaking. Affairs are in a terrible state. The bodies of the dead are becoming decomposed under the tropical heat, and the stench fills the atmosphere for miles around. The earthquake is considered the most disastrous of the last two centuries.

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THE EARTHQUAKE IN SOUTH AMERICA. Southland Times, Issue 2183, 13 September 1875

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