THE WORLD’S GREATEST DIAMOND. The Transvaal Parliament recently, agreed to present to King Edward the gem known as the Cullinan Diamond, valued at £150,000. It was a glint of sunshine that led to the discovery of the great Cullinan diamond (writes the London Mail). An official of the Ztremder Company one day saw, a bright facet gleaming in the clay on the mineside. He went to the spot, and dug out the diamond with a case-knife. This was on January 26th, 1905., * SOME BIG DIAMONDS. In only one way can the immense size land remarkable value of the Cullinan diamond be appreciated, and that Is by comparing it with. 1 the other big diamonds of the .world.;
The largest diamonds known' are : Cullinan—3,o32 carats, uncut. Excelsior—969 carats, uncut. Regent—4lo carats, uncut. Great Mogul—2Bo carats, cut. Orloff —193 carats, uncut. Koh-i-noor —900 carats, uncut, and 106 after the second cutting. The Excelsior, the most recently, discovered of these, was valued at £1,000,000 in its natural state, but it has now been cut up into nine smaller stones. The Great Mogul has vanished since the seventeenth century, and is generally believed to have been purloined at the sacking of Delhi in 1739, and broken up.
The Pitb, or Regent diamond, is the most valuable stone in existence, next to the Cullinan. Though by cutting its weight was reduced to about 137 carats, it was siold by Thomas Pitt, grandfather of the Earl of Chatham, to the King of Franco for £200,000, and is now valued at £450,000. It was discovered in. 1701 in the Parteal mine by a slave, who sold it to a seaman, who later sold it to Thomas Pitt. For some time in the crown of Houis XIV., it was later pawned to equip an army, and ,n 1798 Napoleon wore it on his sword at his coronation. It is still in the possession of the French nation.
The Orloff diamond was, it is said, stolen from the eye of an Indian idol, and now figures in the Czar’s sceptre. It was purchased by the Count Orloff for £90,000, Catherine 11. of Russia paying this sum and an annuity of £IOOO.
The Koh-i-noor, perhaps the most famous of all diamonds, became the property of the late Queen Victoria, in 1850, when the Punjab was annexed by the East India Company. In 1851 it was injudiciously cut in Hondon, the process occupying 456 hours, the weight being reduced from 186 carats to 106. It is valued at £120,000.
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Diamonds., Southern Cross, Volume 15, Issue 27, 26 October 1907
Diamonds. Southern Cross, Volume 15, Issue 27, 26 October 1907
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