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THE EXCHANGE. Messrs McKay Bros, report of sales on Saturday last ; Cows —Two entered ; no sales. Poultry—Hens 2s to 2s sd, roosters Is 9d to 2s 3d, ducks 2s 8d to Ss, hens and ducklings 8s 3d to 8s ;6d. Pigs—Suckers (small) 12s 6d to 'lss, slips 28s. Genei'al Produce Potatoes, very slow. There is an inquiry for Der,wents, but at a very low price, 40s ; onions, special quote, £-6 per ton, market glutted ; wheat 18s 6d ; oats 10s. THE RIALTO. Messrs ffm. Todd and Co. report the following sales on Saturday last : Poultry—A fine entry. Hens Is 8d to 2s 7d, roosters 2s to 2s 4d, white foghorn hens 3s to 3s 6d, buff Orpington cockerels 4s, ducks 2s to 2s 4d, drakes 2s 9d to 3s 3d. Pigs—Splendid entry. Suckers 13s [to 20s, purebread Yorkshire suckers 21s to 30s 6d, wearers 335, stores 34s 6d to 41s. General Produce —Potatoes 3s 6d so 4s 6d per sack, Victorian onions :7s 6d to Ss per cwt, wheat 18s 6d sack, oats 13s to 14s sack, rice pollard 7s 6d sack. Fruit—Local cooking apples 6s per case, Sydney oranges 6s 6d case, Mildura oranges 9s 6d case, Mandarins 9s 6d per case, Pines 10s per case. ■INVERCARGILL HORSE MARKET Messrs J. A. Mitchell and Co. report having held their weekly sale on Saturday last : —Our entry comprised over 30 horses, being draughts spring- carters and hacks ; also one dozen Clydesdale carriage and thoroughbred stallions.. The attendance as usual on parade day was large, and while some of the stallions were competed for to a certain extent not one changed hands by auction, but we expect to have sales to report in a few days. Amongst the working horses and hacks suitable for leading stallions, etc., there was very good competition, and a fair proportion of the entry changed hands at satisfactory prices. We sold ;—Draughts at £43, three at £4O each, other useful sorts at £34 to £2O, according to age and condition, spring carters £27 to £25, three year-old draughts (small) £2O, £l6, and £l4. Hacks £lO, £9, £7 15s, £7, and £6 10s. KEEP THE MILK CLEAN. There are two great stand-bys for New Zealand—(l) dairy produce, and 1(2) fat lambs. In either of these two branches of industry I don’t ■think we need fear competition, sa long as we keep up the quality. That is a sine qua non. It would pay the country to refuse to export anything but the best. It is admitted by everybody that it is only want of skill or experience or the necessary clean supply of milk, that prevents any factory from turning out first-grade butter. If the export of inferior blitter were prohibited, I am quite sure every dairy factory would soon bs able to turn out the very best. The State has done much for the indus-

try, ever since Che time Mr J. Sawers made such a success of his position as first dairy instructor in the days of the old raw methods. It is now realised that the factories have reached almost their limit of efficiency ; further advance must come from improvement at the source of supplies. There is every reason to believe that recent complaints of quality were due to carelessness at the dairies —in other words to dirty milk, the only enemy of the dairy industry to-day. The State should — and, indeed, intends to —make it impossible that anyone should supply to the factories milk which, by virtue of its bad condition, filth, contamination, or disease infection, is likely to deteriorate the quality of the factory’s output, and thus do an injustice to the other suppliers' and the industry generally. The Dominion has hitherto applied all its efforts to improving the system of manufacture, but has left the raw material unimproved. This is now to be attended to. Victoria has within the last two years advanced tremendously ahead of the New Zealand practice in this respect, and it is not wise for us to allow a serious rival to outstrip us in this way.—Mr Gilruth, Chief Veterinarian.

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Farmstead., Southern Cross, Volume 15, Issue 25, 12 October 1907

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Farmstead. Southern Cross, Volume 15, Issue 25, 12 October 1907

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