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THE EXCHANGE.. Messrs McKay Bros’ report of actual sales on Saturday last : Poultry—l6o penned ; hens Is _ Id to 2s Id, cockerels 2s 2d to 2s 3d, ducks 2s to 2s Id, turkey gobblers 8s 6d to 10s, 6d, turkey hens ss. Pigs.—Suckers 13s to 16s 6d, stores 695. General Produce. — For potatoes there was practically no demand, nominally £2 to £2 10s per ton ; onions 7s to Bs, wheat 18s 6d, oats ■lss 6d, carrots 2s 6d to 4s bag. Fruit.—Bananas, green, 11s 6d ; pines, 9s ; oranges, 6s to 7s 6d ; mandarins, 6s to 7s ; lemons 10s ; apples (Hobart) 9s to 11s 6d ; passion fruit 6s 6d. INVERCARGILL HORSE MARKET Messrs J. A. Mitchell and Co. report having held their weekly sale in the Prince of Wales saleyards on Saturday last. Only about twentyfive horses of all classes were entered. Amongst them were several good draughts, which sorts were in belter demand than has lately been the case. A number of these changed hands; at highly satisfactory prices. A fair proportion of the entry were hacks and light harness horses, several of which showed signs of wear. For best moving young animals the demand was good, the majority of the likely sorts selling at full values;. Figures : Draughts £43, £4l, £4O (jfor best sorts), useful to £3O, aged '£2s to £6 (for old stagers), light horses £2O to £l4, (useful but light) £lO to £5. FARM POULTRY. The hen that roosts in the trees or draughty sheds, won’t lay in the .winter. All the food they eat goes to create warmth. If there is none over and above this the hen can’t lay the egg, for she cannot make something out of nothing.. If you want winter eggs, which bring in the money, get someone to put up sheds that are warm and rainproof. These shelters will go a long way to help you. Give the hens plenty of food and lots of meat. If you can squash up a sheep’s head, give them the pieces, for green or raw bone is about the best known thing to produce the winter egg. These two things—warmth at night and plenty of animal food —should give you winter eggs from the young slock. Every time when a hen hatches out a clutch of chickens toe-mark them. You will then know every year which birds are old and which are young. A punch for marking costs about Is 6d. r ~~ FEEDING LAYING HENS, Among the very many unsettled questions concerning the feeding of fowls, one of the frequently recurring ones is that in regard to the relative amounts of ground and whole grain that can be fed to the best advantage. The following is a summary of experiments made by Dr. Peter Collier, director of the New York Agriculture Experiment Station, with a

view to gaining information on this subject :—l. Two lots of laying hens, of largo and small breeds respectively, having their grain food only dry and whole, ate more food at a 'greater cost per fowl and for the live weight than did two similar lots having about 37 per cent, of the grain 'ground and moistened. 2. A pen of Leghorns, which had for the year 37 per cent, of their grain ground and moistened grain, produced eggs at a greater profit than did an exactly similar pen fed on whole grain. 3. Of two like pens of Cochins, the one fed whole grain produced eggs at much less cost than the pen having ground grain, which insult . is attributed partly to the exercise assured in feeding whole grain. 4. With the kinds of whole grain ordinarily available, it is not possible to feed a largely grain ration having as narrow a grain ratio —that is, containing as large a proportion of the nitrogenous food 'Constituents: —as is perhaps necessary for best results from laying hens. 5. By using some of the highly-nitrogenous by-products with ground grain it is possible to feed a somewhat narrow ration without feeding an excessive amount of meat. 6. With hens fed similar rations, when the hens of smaller breeds give only the same egg-yieid as the hens of larger creeds, the eggs are more cheaply produced by the smaller hens, but taking into consideration the cost of raising and the ultimate poultry value of the liens, the profits will be equally or more favourable for the larger ones.

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Farmstead., Southern Cross, Volume 15, Issue 24, 5 October 1907

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Farmstead. Southern Cross, Volume 15, Issue 24, 5 October 1907

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