NOTES FOR JUNE. VEGETABLE GARDEN
Garden work may be likened unto farm work in that it is never done, although at certain seasons of the •year the weather and other circumstances forbid a too active prosecution of labour in this direction. June may be regarded as a slack time in both vegetable and flower garden, as beyond keeping the beds and flowers in an orderly state, very little remains to be done, except that any part of the ground which is intended to be left idle during the winter will be greatly benefited by being dug over and left in a rough state. Rhubarb beds should be forked over, cleaned of weeds, and a good mulching of manure placed over each crown ; this, besides protecting the crowns during winter, assists growth in the spring very considerably. Keep the soil free between growing crops and where required, re-make and renew paths, lay down turf, and make and trim edgings. Parsnips, carrots, and other roots, should be ■lifted and stored or otherwise protected from frost. Kow is the time also to transplant or make new beds of rhubarb, seakale, asparagus, etc., and all sorts of hardy herbs, such as sage, thyme, mint, marjoram, etc., though these may also be procured in a slower way from seeds sown during the spring. FLOWER GARDEN. The directions as given last month will also apply to the present one, only that the planting of bulbs —hyacinths, tulips, narcissus, lilies, crocus, etc., should not be deferred longer than possible, as it is already getting late, if good results are anticipated. No class of flowers is more welcome on its appearance than the very varied and beautiful one of bulbs, and flower fanciers are recommended to plant these largely, either singly, in masses, or in edgings, iwhen very satisfactory results will be obtained. The borders should be cleared by this time of all the past season’s growth of weeds, and wherever practicable, but especially in the case of herbaceous plants, such as dahlias, phlox, paeonies, etc., covered over with a layer of stable manure, as recommended in the case of rhubarb. Now is the time also to make alterations in the formation of the garden, or to lay out new beds, etc., and in the shubbery the planting of shrubs and coniferae should be proceeded with, macrocarpa and other hedges trimmed, and fresh ones planted ; while, if a top dressing of manure be spread on the surface over the roots of both permanent and newly-planted trees, the benefit -will be very substantial in the growing season, and will also protect the roots from frosts. ORCHARD AND PARK. Whenever the weather is favourable advantage should be taken of it to proceed with the planting of all fruit trees and bushes, shelter hedges, etc., and with the pruning of the same. .The favourite style of pruning standard fruit trees is to remove all surplus growths from the centre so as to leave it open to sunlight and
air, to stop back the heads of leadshoots, thereby inducing the tree to form vigorous fruit spurs. Winter dressing to destroy the various kinds of blight which affect our orchard should also be applied either by spraying machine, syringe or brush. The former will be found of most service to owners of large orchards, but in the case of the majority of small growers about Southland the latter is the most general and inexpensive. In the past considerable doubt has existed as to the utility of making a success of apple growing in Southland, but experience is demonstrating that our nurserymen can now supply a long list of varieties quite suitable to our climate, provided the soil and planting be judiciously attended to with a fair amount of shelter available, and that an attempt be made yearly to combat the ravages of scale and other blight, which are becoming prevalent here as elsewhere, and which can be mastered with a moderate amount only of time and labour.
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The Garden, Southern Cross, Volume 15, Issue 8, 1 June 1907
The Garden Southern Cross, Volume 15, Issue 8, 1 June 1907
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