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the exchange. Messrs McKay Brothers report of actual sales on Saturday last— Poultry—2lo entered ; hens lid to Is 2d. young cockerels 8d to Is Id, chicks 3d to Bd, ducks Is Tel to 2s Id, geese 2s 9cl to 3s Id. Pigs—Suckers 13s to 15s 3d. weaners to 17s Gd. Potatoes—£s to £7,; onions 7s ; oats lls ; wheat 14s 6d. Fruit —Bananas lls, pears 9s to lls, pines 8s 6d, plums 21 d to 31 d, peaches 2ld to 3 Id, nectarines 3d, lemons 20s, oranges 8s Gd, cooking apples 3s to 4s, dessert apples apples 7s to 9s. THE RIALTO. Messrs Wm. Todd and Co. report the following sales on Saturday last Poultry —Fine entry. Hens Is to Is lOcl, roosters (young) Is. larger Is Id to Is Bd, clucks (young) Is, larger Is 7d to Is lOd. goose 3s to 3& sd, turkey gobbler 9s 6cl. Pigs'—Suckers 6s 9d to lls 9d, larger 12s 9d to lls 3d, / Potatoes—Market glutted; very few sales’ Onions —7s 6cl per cwt. Wheat—lls per bag. Oats —8s Gd to lls per bag. Linseed meal —18s per cwt. Mill Seeds—2s 6d per bag. Teviot Fruit —Plums 21 cl to 3d, local apples 2s to 3s per case. and turkeys wanted. INVERCARGILL HORSE MARKET Messrs J. A. Mitchell and Co. report that on Saturday last they sold useful draughts at £5-17, £36 10s, and £32 10s ; aged and stiff at £27 to £ll ; and quote sound, young, active draughts at £35 to £ls. Hacks and Light Harness Horses.— Upstanding young horses always command a fair figure, but weedy and aged horses are wry hard to quit. One filly, 3-year-old. bro.kcn to ride, brought £ls : one gelding, 5 years old, broken to saddle and harness, £ls ; other useful sorts £l3 10s downwards, old and stiff to £2. AIR REQIHRED BY COWS. ft is pretty well understood (and the understanding too frequently goes for nothing among farmers) that cows whose business is to use theirfood for something else besides heat and fat must be protected from severe weather to do their best. It is not so gvnerally understood, however, that we can go to the other extreme, and confine the animals too closely. As a writer in the Twentieth Century Farmer says, when you put your cows in the stable, bear in mind that each animal requires as much air as ten persons. Then, in a stable where twenty-five cows are kept it should be provided with enough fresh air for 150 people, and in a barn housing 100 head it should be ventilated for 1000 people. You know- what it is to be in a hall where 1000 people are seated, and the condition of the air even at the end of two hours. It is such an air that breeds tuberculosis, and is it any wonder that both man and beast are

in danger of this dreaded disease when too closely confined ? Breed has to do with tuberculosis, but the fresh air has, and any animat is liable to contract the disease when this great preventive is shut off.

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Farmstead., Southern Cross, Volume 14, Issue 51, 16 March 1907

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Farmstead. Southern Cross, Volume 14, Issue 51, 16 March 1907

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