ULSTER UNDER ARMS.
SMALL ARMS FACTORY TO BE STARTED. EFFORTS AT CONCILIATION. ( (Press Assn.— By Telegraph— Copyright.) LONDON, November 8. Mr Devlin (Nationalist), speaking at Rathdrum, and referring to Sir Edward Carson's condition, said the Nationalists were willing to go much beyond halfway to meet the Unionists to sign a lasting treaty of peace and goodwill. Mr Lloyd-George, m a letter to Mr Morton, regrets the division m the Progressive ranks at South Lanark, and says the only satisfaction reserved for the Laborite competitor is thati he will possibly succeed m manoeuvring a Liberal constituency into the Tory lobby to vote for land monopoly m Britain and support civil war m Ireland. The Nationalists at Dublin are displeased at the proclamation, as disclosing admission of the seriousness of the position m Ulster! Many, at the same time, declare that the proclamation is directed against the Nationalists volunteer movement rather than against Ulster. They claim that many thousands are enrolled, and they resent anything to hinder arming them. It is even intended to start a small arms factory. The Telegraph's correspondent states it Svas only m Belfast that a constabulary secret service man was specially detailed to watch gun-running, and the suggestion that the proclamation is directed against the volunteer movement m Dublin is untenable. A starving city cannot afford the luxury of rifles, and Ireland's contribution, to the Parliamentary fund, including £4000 from the Nationalist M.'sP., is £17,000, or £3000 less than the amount Dromore and County Down have guaranteed to tho Unionist indemnity fund. If the entire Nationalist Parliamentary fund were applied to the purchase of arms it would be of very little utility. Several Customs officers m Scotland have been instructed to take their bicycles to Ireland and keep a sharp lookout on the coasts for rifles and ammunition. A fireman was injured by an explosion of cartridges m a stockbroker's garage m Belfast. The fusillade lasted 20 minutes. Several newspapers, reverting to Mr Asquith's Manchester speech, consider that it marks the turning point m the direction of peace, and emphasise the urgent need for a speedy settlement. The Daily . Mail, while gladly congratulating Mr Asquith on his statesmanlike tone, declares that the speech can only be fruitful if the Premier recognises clearly that the inititive m negotiations must emanate from him. The Standard asks if ii is a firm offer. The Daily Telegraph says Ulster will not relax her preparations for resistance, but will go steadily forward, despite the proclamation, until she knows Avhat the Government is prepared to do, .and, a plan is submitted for tier acceptance and refusal. LONDON, November 5, In view of possible outbreaks m Ireland and the possible sympafchv of many British officers with Ulster, "the War Office has transferred the headquarters of tho Belfast military command from HHfast to Dublin. The commander is Colonel F. F. Hill, C.B. His district, which is now to be controlled from Dublin, comprises the counties of Londonderry, Antrim, Donegal, Tyrone; Down, Fermanagh, Armagh, Monafrhan, Louth, Cavan, Dublin, Kildare, Wicklow, and Carlow. The regular regiments m the district are the 4th, Bth. 11th, and 13th Hussars, stationed at Dublin, and the Royal Innigkillihg Fusiliers, the West Armagh Royal Irish Rifles, stationed at Belfast. Inquiries m Government circles! show that there is no disposition to belittle the earnestness and sincerity of the Ulster businessmen's demonstration yesterday. The Government realises, however, how futile is the threat to refuse to pay taxes. No business firm could persist m its refusal to pay the customs or excise tax, for, the customs officers would immediately paralyse its business by . withholding supplies. Belfast's great tobacco industry would thus be at once ruined. The income tax is collected at its source. What the taxpayer receives is his dividend, less the tax on it. The only chance of success would lie m the possibility that the Irish banks would become parties to the resistance and this is most unlikely. Ireland has no tax on dogs or manservants. Officials here say the only national taxes which Belfast could refuse to pay would be ' paltry sums collectable on motor cars, game keepers, public houses, and the like. Far more significant than yesterday's platform speeches which, after all, were ouly intended to keep the public mind occupied, is the fact, known to but lew-, that both the Government and emissaries now m Ireland, secretly investigating the 'possibilities of reorganising the Irish departments under Home Rule m order to give Ulster special autonomy with regard to education and agriculture, m fact, ■ Ulster Home Rule within Home Rule for all Ireland.