OUR MAIL BOUDGET.
SUMMARY OF WORLD'S
HAPPENINGS. LONDON, December 5. General Bothii mado a speech last week iii which he ©poke of the great Empire to which South Africans "were proud to belong."'' Foundering off Wei- hai- wei, the small Japanese steamer Gcnsei Maru (478 tons) was lost with alt* her passengers and. crew. ■ — A model mine at Mariauna, Pennsylvania, was wrecked by a gas explosion, and 125 minors are supposed to have been killed. Three men were killed and £25,000 stolen m an attack by armed robbers ou th© mail m the province of Transbaikalia (Siberia). A town m Western America has been saved froim inundation by deflecting a swollen river through th© use of dynamite. A Java woman lias just died at the ag© of 154, says the Java Bod©. Mr Roosevelt has taken measures which have the effect of removing 15,000 officials from politics. The German Emperor has decided to impose greater restraint on the newspapers which publish details of his private life. No few fir than 12,000 motor cars now carry the British * Automobile Association badge. A party of about it dozen men Waylaid a polio© patrol m County Gal way. A desperate fight, m which the; police had to use their revolvers and carbines, took place. Twenty -seven persons have been killed by a landslide near Belluno, Italy, which partly destroyed the* village of Pra. Tlnrty-five Japanese fishing boats havo been wrecked m a typhoon, and it is reported that 350 fishermen were drowned. Eighty-one vessels.' representing. 160, 000 tons of shipping, are at present laid up on the River Tyne. The slave trade m the Red Sea. and on the East African coast is stated to be increasing m extent owing- to the absence of British* cruisers. All hope of rescue of the 180 men entombed m the Rachel mine, near Pittsburg (U.S.A.), was abandoned yesierday, when fifty bodies were brought up. Vice-Admiral Finni? declares: that during tli© recent manoeuvres, he, as Admiral of the "German fleet," "landed" .70,000 men on the coast. The arrangements for the English Church Pageant ate progressing, and it is expected that all the 3000 performers will be enrolled m a. iew weeks. Special iists have gone m a special boat to meet the Duke of Westminster, who is on his way back from South Africa, md is suffering from malaria. Mr W. O. Steadman, M.P., who has just returned from a tour m Germany, declared that the German workman is -happier and (jets more' joy . out of life than the British workman. .It was decidted! m the law courts that weddirig presents, unless they are specially given to tlve husband, belong to the wife as much as to tho husband. •'• The clause of the Licensing Bill which prohibits the presence of young children m bars has been saved by • the'pHouse of Lord©*' arid drafted on the Children's Bill. .Moscow journals confirm the report of the discovery at Diitriatciis of some three thousand, "pages" of MSS. dating from the time of ■> Christ and . throwing light on events of the period. All the ;61ergymen m the zinc producing districts of Kansas and Missouri offered special thanksgiving day prayers for ., a higher tariff , on zinc. A report on the lumber industry m th© Russian Far East states that the Amur and maritime provinces of Siberia have 509,000,000 areas of forests which are practically untouched. . The, Lord * Mayor appeals for money to provide meals for underfed children m London' .during tlie coming \ winter. A sum of £25,000 is expected ti© be required' for . this purpose Lady Bathtirei, who, under the terms of her. lathet's ydlljibocomes proprietor of th© Morning Post, is th© first peeress, or certainly one ,of £ 7the -few peeresses, to enjoy such a distinction. Tho output ,of the Clyd*o/ehipbuildirtg yards was normal again last inohth. Ther©. will still, however, be un ©norm? owe dccliii© over th© whol© year. A young man named Brett , who was going horn London to: Ireland with tec., ret papers, was found! "m a Loudon and No_j_W- Western t&iin with his throat cut and the papers gone. Ho is npw lying at Bedford iii a .serious condition: Sir Hiram Maxim said at the- Society of Arts that tlw aeroplane Avould be a formidable fucbor m the warfare of tli© future, aiidjwould be able to attack Engl^li towna Without ©i-countcriug 1 the navy. 1 . The Geihian array is regarded 1 as perfect, and ;the estimates havo been cut down £1,000,000. It is now intended to make the nayy invincible,, and th© estimate© have, 'been irici"©ased £4,000,000.. - Six houi-s After th© Roissian Ckweiii. merit had . contracted for salving tli© cruiser Oleg, sh© refloated by 7 her own means. The salvage ooihpdiiy- is- now claiming -625#P0/ the contract pried of th© salvage, from tlie Government, > The coasting steamer Ponting, earcy,ing laiborcrs from to .the Philips pine rice fields, struck on a : _ i*ock ond sank last, night. It- is estimated that about a hundred; passehgersN #nd ©new were drowhed. , ; " ''■*.' Th© Russian naval authorities have decided' to institute criminal? ? proc©edii_3S igainst the naval correspondent of the Novoe Vreyma for hi© continued articles ittackih^ ' tke •naval administration. The White Star liner Georgic is being 3ued m tho United States District, Cdmrt it New York for- £36,400 damages for the loss of tli© Panama^ liner Finance, ■ wliich sank near -Sandy Hook after xoh liding with the; Georgic. An inquest was held ut Antrim on. a shild which was thrown from th© window of an express train* travelling at th© rate of 60 miles an hour. It fell on the railWay platform /atid was instantly killed. The body^iad not been - identified and no arrest has- been ma4o. ;, ;. .. -_. Archdeacon Sinclair announced at (ho meeting of t|i© Metropolitan Hospital Sunday Fund that ihe fund" woiilcf ! receive .altogether between £600,000 and £700,000 under the li.to.Mr George Herring's will. '.-■'■■•■'; ' At Guildford Assizes Max Dalloz, motor earrdriver to Lord 1 Nowborough,; convicted of the manslaughter of a boy named "Lardy, by knocking him down with a car, was sentenced- to 12 months' hard labor. 4 " Penny postage- rates between th© ; United States and. (Germany ; will oomo into operation next year. Tho cohdition v tluit letters must7b© despatched only, by German boats saUihg froni New York is likely to create complications. Vienna's brilliant celebrations of the Emperor's jubilee wer© ' marred by a, tragi© mishap. Enormous ©rowds gathered m the streets to witness tli© illiuaninations, ..and m th© terrible crushing, whiah resulted ,four persons lost th©ir lives and 100 wore injured. The opening of tlie Amherst'; sale at traded a great gathering to Sotheby's, and a sum of over f £10.000 Had been l-ealised before the. day's bidding closed. | Among l-emarkabl© prices was £2000 paid' for a 1456 Low Countries * 810-.k---book, and £2050 which Mi Quatricli gave for the 'famous Mazarine Bible. EARTHQUAKE AT SEA. The captain of the four-masted barque Australia, which, after figuring . on tho overdue list, arrived at Falmouth yesterI day. report* .' that he experienced 1 an earthquake shqpk on -August ;17, when about 1000 miles off Valdiviu. It commenced with low rumbling sounds; whioh increased until shouted orders could not b© heard, and th© vessel trembled and seemed suddenly to stand still. A loud gratirijg sound succeed ed, us if the ship was crashing into rocks. SCHOOLS .FO& AERIAL FLIGHT. Tho Germim Government is considering tli©\ establishment of .''-.p^essofifil cliairs for motor airship navigation a,t several, of th© .technical high ■ schools. The University of Gdttingein is specially singled out, as it ppS6©Bßes on© of th© largest physical institutes. -'■ .•".■■ £_,00,CKX),000 AjPPEJAL. Th© amount of'property involved -m a. colonial appeal before the Judicial Committee' of the' Privy Council was .stated by one of the counsel, Mr Dohckw&'ts, X.C.. to b© poKiibly as groat as £100,---000,000. Tho litigation is between the
Dominion Coal Company, Limited, on one side, and the Dominion Iron and Steel Company, Limited, and the National Trust. Company, Limited. Th© action had been tried m th© Nova Scotia courts. . The appeal is expected to occupy several days. INVALID INSURANCE. According to reports just made to the Reichstag ' the Gorman old age and invalid insurance system at thu close of 1907 liad a capital of £70,000,000. The income during 1907 was £11,300,000, and disbursjements £7,000,000, or a net profit of £4,000,000. The system is managed -'through 31 branch offices with a stall' — including 7400 collectors'-— of 11,390 persons.. Last year 112,000 invalids were added, and 10,800 old age nensions paid at att aveiagc of £8 iis per head. £6,000,000 RAILWAY SCHEME. Railway development m Canada goes on apace. The newest railway for Avhich a charter has been obtained is the Huron and Lake Ontario -Railway, and we understand thiit negotiations are now being conducted m JUmdon for the purpose of raising capital to construct the line. Nothing definite has 'yet been arranged, but a stun of £6,000,000 is mentioned a_ the amount of capital now. under consideration. The charter covers th© construction of 864 miles of line. The first section to be undertaken will be that from Toronto to Owen Sound, a. distance of 183 miles. GREAT HARBOR SCHEME. Tho work of: opening the eastern entrance of Dov©r Naval /Harbor, which •marks the jttnail sftagw of thia great scheme oil which some £3,500,000 hay© been spent, was commenced this week. Th© heavy gantry carrying the contractor's railway: across ■to th© detached break watep* ; Tius closed this entrance for a few years past, causing &am© difficulty to shipping. With the opening of th© eastern entrance tliis difficulty will disappear, as '--there will be two entrances available. 7 NEXT EXHIBITION. Mr Kiralfy's scheme lor another exhibition at Shepherd's Bush next year has now taken definite form. The exhibition will be devoted to the display of the special products and 1 manufactures of the British EJmpire and of foreign nations With their colonies and d©pen-j dencies. " MILLENNIUM FROM CHINA. Sir Robert/ Hart, who was welcomed publicly at Lisburn, where he spent liis Ooyhood, said that m p century or two China would be as strong m arms individually and nationally as Germany is to-day. ' ■ •,' Then China would turn to the world and say "There must be no more wa_.*." She would combine with the country which was 1 attacked against the one which -made war, and m- this way the millennium -would com©. A MARITIME HERO. Captain Littler, the master of the El-lcrman-Papayanhi [ litior Sardinia, whicli wad burned off .Malta w*ith suph serious loss of 7 life, exhibited marked bravery, for, when driven froim 'the bi'idge by th© flames he still attempted to steer his iship to the slioi'e by means of the spare wlieeL m the stern of the vessel. ' . H© luidoii'btedly lest his- life as a- result of devotion ' W duty, yot, by th© torins under which.it was establishedj tho dependents of this lier9ie master would appear to stand outside the Scope of the Curnegio Herb Fund. .The founder's -Idea 7 was to pjrovid© veoognition for dfaeds of special gallantry m this country aud the ."waters of : the British Islands. Malta is d British possession,/ hut itcaii hiwdl-y* be described as a British islan^. Notwitlistayding th© cii-cum^anoes: ofi Captiiin Littler's death have been brought to Mr CUrnegio^s liotit© by th© Imperial Islercliant; Service Guild.