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The Exhibition Ts?hicb was to -have "been held, in Edinburgh next year to_ eoriimemorate the •bi-ce'ntenafy 'of the Uttion of England an"S Soafclaiifl, is postponed till 1908. This step "has Veen " SJk^n In^ Siefereri'<se to the stronglr-«x^essed i whores 'of 'the promoters of an International Exhibition which -is to be held nexf yoxr in -fciiblin. They urged that both exhibition \i'"6ti!cl 'be Sailures if they were held in the sahie .year. People are too much absorbed with ■-eloetioneel'ing 'just now to think much about 'exhibitions, but on 'Ifhe! whole -I "fih'in^L Edinburgh is rather glatl of the postponement


' *6wnfg to^-a, v frarre < iiy $ 'causes 'the 'Gnris'tmai and New Year holidays have been of -aii -x&LngiiaAljr , <jatei- S^^cxyipbion'- In /act. I 'ndver reWembe^* seeing t*hem so cfuiet i« 'Sbbtlattd, fatid most'-pebi^e ■'day "the 'game. Although "a -lovely /day in England, Christmafsfßtty A^s in Ge-Wfral-'Serafondthe'dtdlest ; anniversary of tho day known there for a generation. It was dark in the extreme, and a :fine , drizzle -made everything dripping land flirty. Most of "the principal shorfe *Wtfr'o 'closed, a!ftd this made the .streets still darker and drearier. Most of tho golfers who went ,out , to , the Braid ifKfts -fo' Jfsfee ~jl ' pl&y '•n'fepe --at ;al'l possible ( *ijjned 'Hjnck -.Hi *^ts?nst4 rlsut '67 dauntless 'heroes^ of 'the- ,club ».bad -game, in spite of all .the wet and gloom. The Post "Oijnce, "return's 'Showed ,a"ii inc'fease in the ntrtrfbers (?f leifters %nd 'parfeels -dealt witn. ; l and tke i*Btea»e«l ' vfei^ht df the parcels vea^s <v\ t en' imovewioitic4aible. •. sThe 'hiteTening Sun^av. "however^. -was of the -greatest service in facilitating' {he sorting, so that »thenc 'was \bttt dfeiay jin JeKvery. Jt is -nofcieeil this' r-yfear 4isw -email -a -demand those flias beau both . sraese »and tne time-ihbnouveß . rpaS't beet. 'The fSUDjplies "of ' -ttirktjys' yox% .^noi'xrr^us, and tho 'birds woto nn fiswcfti i£ood 'eemaifSon so mocierit'te'Jin. prico, '■ibjtct Irhey-catmed <ewjrythi&g boto^c thsm. ; /Tjatle -xapadlj' idkang'es customs noWadaVs.

."Befece -New : sS"-earJs 33ay -the tweatlier sud- i denly changed, -became dry a«d ex- j fcremeJjy X^ld, so that theriJ wa« skating on i the smaller ' ponds sifter only two days' I frost. '33aiiy 'df the pubKchouses were- shut | jail 'day, stnd aonr of -them -\veve open .after ,| 5 pjn. 3Dbis fhad a daoneßcial roSeci Mpon the «pubiic sobciety, -. thairgh • there -is stSl - much room -for improvement, as, in tho words^of 'the "Scotsman, "it was regrettable to -tfote'lihe 'large i?ereentag-e of Touths and pirls '«ndor 'the irtflHenoe, -of 'drink." A day i6r .two later there seemed to bo /more visible drunkenness, as men tired of idlenp^ and too\- rolug-e in the priblichouses Jo j wHile away thr £hne. To my miird there 1 aiv r f^w sights -more ;drearv than -tho streets J -of iEflfiubui^gh on >c .s^nwal btfKday. 'Fathers ; and mothers# with their offispring, wande/ j aimlessly about, not knowing what to do j -Avith '^themselves.; .anil if they get home ! sdbov *%h^y a iare tivad to jdoath -with doing ', rolhln,"-. (Il -jt jiia-v be T>w|ing to the com- j binefl influence of their temperament and i -their ■uplovmgm'j. but. Whatever the. cause ' •the " Stotdh • eertaittly do not know haw to ] 'make >a "holiday a egasftn of real and j national een-iownent, especsiafty in the <wdnter. One gratifying feature must be noticed. 'TbSs .year we have been snared the customary "tragedies in low' life which have aimuaMv shadowrcd -the general rcfoicing. on]ff. - the onscom&rv aninor aoßcidents haA'c needed to be treated at the ,Hoyal Jnfirmary. tho worst being the case of a jgirl ■who fell - and Ibcoke 'her wra-ist.

mmiL Tmos® ei^rk-s.

-Ir, is -that the Eltrl of Elgin, jiot.bis >ne*v 'Gcwermnent appointaneat, -is ito .-continue Jx> act as chairman of the .Chui'ch 'Commission. 9?his is very satislactory, for liis .retirement from the latter .post -wDul'd mean tlie 'loss of .much time and -money. &s 4t is, there is -plenty of ihe latbe-r going ffco Jthe dogs—^bat is to say, -to -the larttyers. A statement jhas been published within ,£he last few -days to the effect that the United Free Church alone ha.s"' already paid £18.000 in law expenses, and is .pretty certain -to have to pay '£7000 more before it is out oi ,th> ,weo3. This is a jmpderate -estimate compared wish son?e oi ■ihe earfcer ones. He-ainvhile, especially -fn *he -north, tho, ill-feeling continues to "be felt j ■and -manifested At Lat-heron, 'Caithness, j the other Sunday the- .members of tb© Fice"] resist-ed the entrance of the Rev. G. | D. .Stratjiairn, rhe .United Fi«oe minist>er, j ■and -a 'battle 'taok place in »which men wn*? | ,woun.ded anil lvotncn faint-od, and Mr , Strathairn was -driven out of the church, j Siad the door of the church ihall looked , Jiisa, and nad to cpld a brief eorvie©

on the road. These are the kind of doing! which are rapidly alienating the sympathiei even of the friends of ihe Free Church. OTHER INDUSTRIAL IfOTES. The great coal industry has done wel during 1905, taking Scotland as a whole. ! In Fife the output from the ports of the ; j county amount to 4.300,000 tons, which is , i some 650,000 tons above last year's total. . j These figures do not include another halfi I million tons which have been shipped from i j the Clyde. Owing to the strike in West- ; I phalia there has been a suddenly increased ' I demand for Fife eoaf-1, and the docks at Methil arid Burntisland have recently been :< congested with steamers awaiting- their turn .-■to load. The number of coal miners in .■ Fife has greatly increased of late years. and is now estimated at 20,000. Many of these are from the West of Scotland and j ■from England, but there are said to lj^ . not more than a dozen Poles, who are very numerous in Linlithgowshire and Lanark- ! shire. In the Lotbla-ns ' many new pits | have been opened during the year, and I further extensions of the coalfield are ex1 pected. In Midlothian and East Lothian , there are now 45U0 colliers at work, and M lc th© total output of coal last year averaged '' 'abaut 300,000 tons a month. In the West of -Scotland the coal >trade' has been fairly 1 gofid, thoafcb not in any way a noteworthy yield. The Scottish iron , and steel trade was 1 quiet uhtil July, when a rise was seen to be at hand, and duriag August, September, ! arid October prices rose again and again in j c<w&equenee of the sudden boom in shipbuilding. Iron and steel makers then cold k| rfuaterial in such quantities that they were i obliged to decline further ofders, as there ■ was no possibility of 'these being executed within a reasonable thne. It is stated that ' no new orders can be attended to before I July. The significant note is added that I this" country has cmite kut its premier posi- ! tion in the iron and steel industry, and now | stands third to ths United States and Germany, and' its local conditions are largely dominated by the position in these two , countries. I Other industries "which have thriven i during 1905 are the paraffin oil trade and the jute trade of Dundee, though jute has bo'eu high in price, the spinners and raanufa'ctilrers have been a-ble to obtain good profits. Fishing has had a very good year — in fact, at the great trawling centre, Aberdeen, a record lias been established. The total quantity of fish landed there by trawlers was 88,000 tons, which is 1500 tono above the total df 1904. Owing to the J enhanced prices of the fish, however, tho ! superiority of 1905 ife much iftore noticeable in money than in quantities. In 1904 tfie value of the fish landed at Aberdeen 1 was £785.484, but it is calculated that this figure is £100,000 less than that for 1905. As I anticipated in my last, the successful fishings by Scotsmen, off the English as well as the Scottish'' 'coasts, have led to many "marriages. AWut 100 such unions were celebrated in thfe nc*tb>eastern fishing ports "at the esid of December, so that the New Year wai a spfec-ially happy one 'for xnaxxsr of tker -^fislier -folk in those plafces. Not all /industries, 'however, have been thriving; 'but v dt is without a shadow of isgv&t 'that aanong ' such I specity thjj. ! manufacture 0f whisky. Everywhere it see : ms to \>e Struggling hard to at least maintain its position, but nowhere do these etforts appear to be successful; and though the decline may not in all eases be large, yet it is steady. At Campbelltown, for instance, the whisky export in 1905 shows a decrease 'of 49c234 gallons' as compared with 1904. -while the latter -year's total was -85,633 gallons 'less than that for 1903. At Aberdeen the granite trade has had but a moderate year. Many masons ha-ve gone to -Atntfricn*. -aiwl yet the discharge of others "is. -expected. Norway and Sweden are < sending increasing- quantities of raw ( granite, ancl tne closing of some of the' quarries is feared. The jpoliskcfd gcaiaite i .-exported in 1905 amounted ' to 91&4.t0n5,' being a decrease for the year ; of -336 tons. . ' At -tßrechin, as the result, it is stetad,., <n Hus MSK-inley -tariff, roan's of the weavers ; have )hacl to .go in., pearch <rf work else'•Hshece, .causing' -a loss, in wages «to tbe . ancient city of £K>,T)OO 'a year since 1902. Foreign tariffs "have hit Arbroath still more severity. Tiie number -of -factory hands has {alien .from. 1200 -to. T6OO, and no less than £22,500 a year in wages "has ■ been Jost to i ihc town. Many having gone elsewhere io, I look for work,± there aure 600 houses standing " |i<>mpfcy» And mow 300 wo|?e workera hatre .just been 1 tliwywn out of employment <by tho failure of the -dld-esibJblished iirm «jf A. HJordon and Co., flax spinners, of ©ucnside Works, ->w.ith Stabilities -estimated at £70,0|10. r The confusion in Russia was the finishing stroke in this case. ■COAL-PIT GIRLS. | ' Though womcnVfi not -allowed in these ! daj's to 'woa-k dowui belovr in ceal-pits, they 1 are bfvuig-duerea&argLy emiilojecl at the pit I banks '• for ecGnomical r-easons. Tliis 'is 1 much resented by the men. At rhe anntfal I conference, held in Edinburgh the other [ day, of --dh-e Scottisai '3tlinsrs' .Federation, the i mattai- was bz's-uglit up i>y Mt Gilmour, | who --said ihe girls were pointed to by | ofti&r girls a^ being defiled and degraded j hy then- woi*k He thought -suda labour was not -suited fen- females. Mr Kelly (LanarkI shire) said no such girl could retain her I seK-r«?peot for any length of time. Mr Muruin (Srirlinssliire) asserted that the girls ' were- as "pure as those -in any other occupation. The "President {Mr Smillie) bade them eons' der the -language tfeoeo girls heard from morning to nieiit. *Na one, howe-ver, -bujggested tkat an effort should be made ; to purily the language oi the men, which is .about as defiling to the inner man ras < contart with roar! is to the outer. OBITUARY RECORt). I All Scotland lea-med with great regret , on £)ecembe.r 22 that the great South Afri- ; can .mis£jonarv educationist. Dr Jaraes ' •Ste-wart. of liovedale, had passed awaj. : -He twas borei --in Edinbungh on 14th February. ZLB3I, was educated at Perth High ', and the Universities of St. An- i drejv's and Edmbuugli. Bte held two assistant miuiirterial charges, but then studied ■ medicsne, and -took his M.D. degree .at Glasgow in 1860 l*he Foreign Secretary, • Lord Wotiehouse, at ihe instance of the I Free Church, placed him in comunication with J^yit! Livingstone, with whom he help^^^to open up the Shire River and -Lake Nyfrsa. In 1866 he wa« appointed to succeed 3'lr 'Govaai ai Lovedale. wh<?re *h© ! developed tfc'e spleadid institution whe&o fanie world-wide. Sir (icorgc Gr-ey, I when Governor of Cape C-oloi^y, co-opprat^d niost bcarHlv with him. It v, irc--=ly acknowledge*} that Dr Stevfart'-s labours \ anxl ii^Suenoe among the KaSnrs aad Basutos "largely contributpd to the natives | rc»na,ir.Lng loyal -during <fhe Boer war. I vßmozci'v-'iv ttsll the pucgent letters to tLa

s press in which h-s then exposed the Boer 5 methods of treating the Kafiirs. He was tho lost moderator (in 18S9) of the Free Church prior to the union in 19C0, . ' which has led to fo much trouble since As <t bit of extra work he founded the | j Kikuyu Mission of the Church of Scotland ' in the Ea«t African Protectorate. He leaves ' a widow, a son, and daughters, who are all ■ , devoting themselves to th-e welfare of the dark people of South Africa. His succesL | sor at Lovedale has been appointed, in the ' ' person of the Rev. James Henderson, of ' 1 Edinburgh, who has ha-d 12 years' experi- ; ence in the Lake Nyasa region, where ho 1 has organised a system of primary and 1 • high schools, which is rapidly transforming 1 a. vast^ajea qt country. The appontment £ hieetG" > m'6h' universa.l approval. • !'-ssffhe -Rev. ISimcan (J. Maokcllar, of Broompark U.F. Church, Denny, died sudg\ -denly on December 22, aged 45. He had been 17 j r ears in his charge, and was held in high esteem. All the shops in Dennv were shut on the occasion of his funeral. j His body was taken to Glasgow, and i cremated there. Mr Mackellar was an ' ardont temperance i>eforinef, and at his ' death Was Grand Chief Templar of Scot- • land He leaves a widow, a son, and two j daughters. ! Cold weafjher has been- snapping "«ff very old people as x usual. I note, for instance. I the deaths of -Samuel Brown, at Gateside, Prestonkirk. aged 102 ; of Miss Janet Jackson, Croftlands,- Biggar, - aged 94, who had been for 8?, years in the service of the same family ; and of Mr James Fleming, ironmonger, #ged 89, one of the oldest shopkeepers in Dundee, as he began : business in 1841, -and continued* at his post till a week before his death. { /GENERAL NEWS. The general returns show Chat 1905 was decidedly drier and somewhat 'warmer ! than the average. Thus -far the winter I has been abnormally mild, and in some ! localities snowdrops and crocuses are ; already blooming. I At the annual Christmas dinner to the poor in Glasgow, Lord Provost Bilsland urged J his hearers to keep their windows half open all day and open 12 inches at night, m-ging that that was an effective way of combating consumption. Scotchmen, however, dread fresh air more than consumption. \ In cautious* Scotland public motor ears are slow in coming 'infco use. A service has -just been started, however, between Miisselburgh and Tranent, And the cars have been packed from the first day. AH the schools in Sreenoek undter the School Board nave been closed, owing to an epidemic .of ' measles. - The cases of llloess considerably exceeded 1200. A .stocking containing part of a human leg lias been foubd -on the railway line near Buckpool, Banffshire, and identified as part i of the body of a fisher lad who was lost at ! ecu a year ago. The gruesome object is supposed to 4iave been nast up by the -sea, whitrh is boMeted by the railway at the point. Thongli J3212,-800 r> has l^en subscribed iot I the new Technical College- in Glasgow, £10,000 is still rcouir«d. It is expected that j this will be granted by the corporation, I which has already contributed £10,500 -to j the college. i According to the city missionary who ] visits the 'Edinburgh brewery Bnrployecs, ! there are 30 breweries in this city, giving ! employment to between 5000 and 6000 '. hands. | Owing to -tariff pressure, Messrs J. and G. ! Cox (Limited) have given up making glue at their large works at Gorgie, Edinburgh, «.nd" have transferred 'their of>eKitioas ,t© new works near Gothenburg. Glue is.largely used in the Swedish match manufacture. Gorgic thus. loses. JG3OOO a .year in wages. . Mr "W. K. BicScson. advocate, has been appointed 3cee?se.r of tbe Advocates' Library, 'j E9rnbur«h. Hi<*suc*ession to Mr J. T. Clark, who .recently retired from old age. During a kinderspiel at Grangemouth one of -the performers -had to discharge a pistel. To his horror, it proved to Tse loaded with aoball oartridse? and "the bullet rebounded from ±he wail and Buried' it?elf in tbe • neck ■of ■ a |girl aged '13. - She .-was taken" to -EdiwburgU 'Royal Infirmary, where the bullet was extracted, but slie died on the follcwmtr day. M*, Thomas "Wilkinsjm, of Drutrvbie Farm, Upper Nitfisdfiie. rhas Jo»t 25 young- dairy £O*rs, valued -at '£500, dn a distressing -manner. They were fed with Indian meal, and in 10 minutes were seriously ill, and in !'2O niinutfcs more were dead. Six cows { rwould not touch the food, and one which ate -only a small handful -sickened,, but e.uri vived. • A "post <inorte.m examination revealed acute' inflammation rh t-he Stomach. , ' It is *armounc»d that tlie Thike-of Ri«h-jn-crad sis going;, to seH his famous herd of shorthorrfs at ,'GordoE Castle. ' * The following personal estates have beten recorded since mv last f — Mrs Elder. Glrs- , gow. £175,427 : Mr Robert Glen. Glaegqw. ! managing director of Bulloeh, Lade, an-J Co.. distillers, '£162.380 ;• Mrs 'Wieland, jvi-dow oi the late ahairoiau of the North I British Rsihvaytt- £126,612 : Mr Thoz. Milhtr, ! shipowner, Glasgow. £58,145 : Mrs Ramsay, of Kildalto-n. widow 6i a distiller, £57,000 ; Mi- Wm. Bannett. win-o and spirit merchant. • Govan. £53,186: Mr A., of (G.( G. tTnrjstie (Ltd.), brass and copper Wire ■ drawers. Govan, £32,877; Mt Francis More. C.A.. of Messrs Lindsay. JajTtieson. and i Haldane. lidhibursh. £24.3^7 : Mr? Rainy, j wife of Principal Rainy, Edinburgh, £1526.

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EDINBURGH EXHIBITION POSTPONED., Otago Witness, Issue 2712, 7 March 1906

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EDINBURGH EXHIBITION POSTPONED. Otago Witness, Issue 2712, 7 March 1906

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