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MINING.

We have seen a sample of the gold which is feeing obtained on Mr Kitchener's property in | the Hampden district. The gold is not much "waterworn and does not appear to have travelled far. The ground was visited last week by about 50 persons, but nearly all came away again without even trying it. To avoid mistakes it may be as well to state that persons wishiag to try the ground must pay Mr Kitchener, the owner of the land, the sum of £3, which, under the circumstances, may be considered a not unreasonable amount. There are at present only 14 men engaged in mining.. These are divided into five parties. It is as yet too soon to speak of the prospects of the field, but those engaged at work are very hopeful. The rain of last week interfered -with the work, but it has provided, a plentiful supply of water. following telegram from Palmerston is published in the Melbourne Argus of the 9th inst.: "The Northern Territoy Times republishes a telegram from Cossack, which has been published in Adelaide, stating that all the men on the Kimberley goldfield are getting from §oz to 3oz per day, besides nuggets. Yesterday's arrivals from Kimberley disbelieve this, and nothing has been heard about it at Wyndham. These men seem decent hard-working men. Borne of them are going south, and many are expecting work on the railway contracts. They expect large numbers to come here seeking work. They report that one vessel which had arrived at Cambridge Gulf with a large cargo of 6tores, material, &c., owing to the discouraging reports, returned without discharging her cargo. This week's escort brought 1050oz, including 3920z obtained from 26 tons of quartz from rich leaders at Mullen's Christmas claim, which represents several months' work. Twelve men for one month's work got 1290z from 22 tons of stone." A gentleman who knows the country in the neighbourhood of Big Bay, which has attracted so much attention of late, supplies the Lyttelton Times with the following information : — " Red Hill is situate about 11 miles inland, as the crow flies, from Awarua or Big Bay, which lies about half-way between Jackson's Bay and Milford Sound, on the west coast of this island. It is on the provincial boundary between Westland and Otago. In February 1883 and February 1884 explorations of the district were made by* Mr Mueller, the chief surveyor of Westland, with the object of getting a good topographical map, and also of ascertaining whether it was possible to obtain a practicable line for the extension of the mam road to Martin's Bay settlement, and so a connection with Lake Wakatipu. As a result of these explorations, a fairly accurate topographical map has been prepared, and as far as 'road communication was concerned, no difficulties presented themselves; on the contrary,. Mr Mueller states that 'a splendid inland line of road from the Cascade Plateau to the junction of the Pyke and Hollyford can be had,' while other roads 'will be found easy of construction.' Of the geological formation, Mr Mueller says: 'A great part of the Hope Range (situate to the north of Red Hill, and some 12 to 15 miles from Jackson's Bay) is auriferous, and along the whole course of the George river the " colour " is found on washing a dish of stuff. I believe that when once made accessible the George country will" prove a great field for hydraulic sluicing; the getting the necessary water supply there will not be difficult. Almost all along the coast line from Barn "Bay to Martin's Bay the beaches and coast terraces carry gold. Some of these beaches proved very rich in the ear^ days of the Coast, and are still being worked. Coarse gold in considerable quantity was found at the mouth of the George river (which has its Bource in the Hope Range). A party of two men, both known to me, lifted 430z in less than a week from a patch 10ft square. The colour of gold is also got in several of the tributaries at the head waters of the Pyke river.'" According to the Palmerston Times, about a dozen men are engaged in mining on Mr Kitchener's property near Hampden. Each person is required to take out a license before he breaks ground, and to afterwards leave the surface in a condition as near as possible to what it was before. There is nothing very rich about the field, and the average earnings are stated to be from 10s to 14s per day. As against this statement, however, we learn that some of the men left the field on Thursday, having arrived at the conclusion that they could do better elsewhere. Ballarat has a flutter of pleasure (says the Argus) in the circumstance that the diamond drill at work on the slope of the Black-hill Flat has brought up a core of auriferous quartz from a depth of a little over 1000 ft. Rich quartz has been obtained at 2000 ft at' Sandhurst but the drill has struck a lower reef than any now worked at Ballarat, and congratulations are being exchanged accordingly. There is no doubt that the prospecting of the future must be conducted down below the present mines rather than round about them. The places where there is most hope of finding new reefs and. new fields are where reefs and fields are being worked to-day or have been worked before, and it is to be hoped that the distributors of the prospecting vote, whoever they may be, will not fail to remember this principle. The Western Star reports that a quantity of stone brought down from Longwood by Mr C. A. Port caused some excitement. The stone was impregnated with gold in some places, while generally fine gold can be seen through it. The Mount Ida Chronicle states that two splendid quartz specimens were discovered recently by Mr W. B. Leader at the Woolshed Diggings, Blackstone Hill. Both were plightly water-worn, but had not apparently

hal ° "* * n wei S^) was h a^ < l uarfcz an< * - gold, and was a fine-looking specimen. Numbers of similar specimens have at odd times been found in these workings, and the opinion is expressed by practical men that there exists in the vicinity a very rich reef which must have supplied the alluvial gold of the Woolshed. When the weather sets fair we understand it is the intention of one or two parties to put in a few weeks prospecting the range. The Upper Waikaia correspondent of the Tuapeka Times states that Ah Pugh and party have just taken off a paddock containing about 140oz of the precious metal. The correspondent states that by sending their gold to China the Chinese realise 7s per ounce more than they could get in the colony.

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MINING. Otago Witness, Issue 1813, 20 August 1886

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