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AREIVAL OF THE ENGLISH MAIL,

REJECTION OF THE PANAMA ROUTE BY THE HOME GOVERNMENT.

THE DERBY AVON BY MACCARONI.

GREAT BATTLES IN AMERICACONTINUED SUCCESSES OF THE SOUTH.

DEATH OF GENERAL JACKSON.

S S. Alhambra from Melbourne, arrived at Port Chalmers at 4 p.m. on Thursday. She brings the English May mail, which arrived at Melbourne on the 1 4th inst. The following is the letter of our London Correspondent: —

Slay 23rd, 1863.

Peace or war is still the question : it's about even betting, and Europe looks to the silent man at the Tui'eries for the "tip."

Russia has replied fo the remonstrances, but Gortz. c'aakoff, who is Al at diplomatic humbug, adopts such mystifying lan^iwge a<* to give us no answer at all, The unanimous censure of the wo: Id has been conveyed to Petersburg, and is thus coolly disposed of : ~ England is conciliated, and an offer made to go into the question of treaties on the bases of constitutions and political principles. France is politely soaped over with thanks for the good offices of such a gallant nation; a few dark hints to N. 111. about territorial boundaries are then popped in, ani a promise to granteverYthingthatmayb3Couc2cled with dignity, &c. Austria is facetiously chaffed about her own dang?, rous position, with sarcstio reference to the mines which are ready to explode in Hungary and Vcreiia; —while Spain, Sweden, and lUly are cordially thanked more or le : s for then- friendly interest; and all parties are in formed that when scveriiy has crushel out revolt, it will !;e timo t to think of clemency. What a nerve, to talk of clemency from a Government that could organize an unlawful consumption, nnd arbitrarily s:ize for foreign service 2000 of Poland's best men in one ni^ht. Thu«, with an apparent desire to end the strife, and submit all questions to European congress, Ru-sia expects lo choke off the busy bo'ies from active interference, gain ftm2 thereby, an.l eventually— instead of anything like clemency — tl.e victim's fetters will be more firmlj rivetted. Meantime, slaughter reigns supreme throughout devoted Poland ; and although the insurgents are continually victorious, we all guess the end - it's clearly a mater of endurance : those who hold out longest must win.

# Russia "»eems blind to the magnitude of this (juestion; all European states, with one infamous exception, protest against Cossack rule in Poland ; and when the three western poweis, with consent of the peop'e, transmit lo Petersburg, Ibis wide spread public opinion, tha Czar may ba said to have received a "Note" from every community. We insist that the constitution "of 1815 shall be re-esta-bli-hfd; and iv spite of Mr Gortz's talented ciicumlocution, it's easy tT perceive this will never bs granted ;— his reply suits neithpr the facts of the case nor the temper of our remonstrance ; and Poland will listen to no promises, engagements, or amnesties coming north. Russia has worn out the faith of her victims, an \ they outlive the fear of their t> rant's power; the country now bristles with a national defiance which leaves but little for concession. Noble and peasant are alike fairly in for it ni reskived to fight it out like men ; they d mand the independence of Ylll as their maximum -the union of Husso-Polish provinces to their kingdom, a national Diet, n '.ministration and army as their minimum ; bttween maximum nnd minimum there is not much • bJfjr^iice, but Deith.r will bo conceded e\cppt by fo cc of arms ; aid ns the Poles are aware of this they p-cftr to have their d; sLiny decided by war, which will enable them to renew tho argument at sonic future time.

The levolutionaty national Government in Poland is getting sttonger than Ru-sian rule, which renders he action of Imperial officials very difficult; their fidelity in fact 13 dubious, and any day they may resign in a body Apain, there must bo somr- 1 icit sympathy between the Poles aud the Itus-iau soldiery, how else can we accountforthecontinualsueceisotjthe insurgents? also they have in Warsaw itself publishing ctfices for th*ir newspapers, an' foundries for their cannon in spite if the dreaded Russian police system; guerilla warfare is mutually adopted, bet >keuing a protracted fi^ht, and if all this goes on much long-er belligerent rights must be acknowledged, and the question then will be not what does Master Aleo mean to do, but what is the duty of Europe to Pol.md as a nat'on.

The amnesty expired on the 13th instant, and thp Russian Government considers itself now arme.l with additional powers of coercion, and may, by the adoption of new cruellies, begin a system of extermination that shall sweep rebellion from the face of the earth. Even now worn"ii and children are ordered out of harm's way into Russia Proper. There is some ta'k of setting fhe to the forests, and the Grand Duke Coastantine is superseded by General lierpr, whose antecedents are not quite of a milk-and-water nature. All tins looks as if bloody reprisals on a large scale were coming off in quick sticks. In f.iot the huge Empire is approaching a fearful crisis which may be national, politica l , socin 1 , and religious all in "one. Desertion of whole regiments from the Imperial ranks is reported. Accounts favor ible to the Poles contiuue to arrive ; and the Ist of June is fixed for a general risiug ; either way a few more weeks must t3ll an important tale, and at preseut things look well; but much as we all wish lor the resuirociion of unhappy Poland, we must not be blind to the inequality of parties. Should they miraculously succeed in this deat'i struggle it will be enduring glory to their own nntion, andji great boon to Europe in general, and we wish them God speed.

To discus? the progress of the American war is but the same thing over and over agaiu — crossing and recrossing the Potomac, ditto ditto the Raponhv.nock, strategic movements of renowned generalibsimocs without any result— millions ofdolhvs borrowed and squandered bey mil prospect of repayment, aud determination on boih sidts to continue an insaiu struggle which ha- already cost a million lives, and is fast d 'apgiug their fine continent and its peoples to dograiation and ruin ; and while we gaze awestruck at t heir gigantic mulnes-s we take many a leisoa of u-e-fulness which too surely will be needed ti cl?fend our own, before reason resumes its sw.iy. Nevertheless ti ansatl untie attain so rivet tlr- atleu'tion ot us all that we cannot help talking of th m.

The siege of Charleston ended as it began, which our funny friend of Fleet-street illustiate's with a billiard table, -vc, the immortal Punch himself sorrowfully marking "the great cannon game" between old Aboaiid Jeii; anyway it was but a two hours battle of hundred pounders and all wns over; iron against iron, ships against forts, 2 ve-sels sunk, nnd 3 or 4 score men slaughtered, when the Federal fleet damaged and crippled, retired from a place which Beauregard's care and skill had rendered much too hot for all the iron-clads in the universe ; and as tbe attack has not } et been renewed, we may say so much for siege No. 1. The father of waters is' now the centre of attraction ; Vick&barg claims our attention • and no doubt we shall see what siege No. 2 is to effect in th ' Mississippi.

A short while back Banks and Grant were achieving wonders around and about devoted Vicksburg. I'firragut and Porter had effected a naval junction despite Confederate batteries; and Fighting Joe Hooker was the chosen man of the day to retrieve Buraside's disasters at Fredericksburg— iiichmond was on the eve of capture, and the calculation at New York was that the rebels were settled. Of course old Lee and Stonewall Jackson were fast asteep during such heroic performances, ro the Federals (on pape*) had it all their own wiy; but a very different story soon was (old. Old Joe, like Burnside, Cfr ainly di I cross over unmolested with his all-conquering army but he found the enemy wide awake, and after two days slashing work with big guns and little minies, swori and pistol, and a little amusement witSi the bayonet by way of a change, the victorious Federals were driven up in a corner, quietly waiting the next day's performance, and throughout that long and auxious night wishing them?elves somewhat uearor to the place they started from— and that was thoir comfortable portion when we lqat heard from tha Kappahannock. If it was worth while asking what will stop this horrid war, oijq might suggest a relenting of mutual hostilities, exhaustion of msn, bankruptcy of iutans and credit, some tremendous blow placing one aide at tlie other s meroy, new and unexpected perils dangorous cou/ipuacie*, fresh secession, apprehension of uiteifepence, or the accession of a new government opposed to a war without example for the sacrifice of }ite and treasu c j but speculation, is usejes*, and all {lathis, yet taken plsj-e is &ai<l to be only the preZude of a still more abhorrent contest now approaching. The desperate stats of Northern affairs is well known, and the South are reported to be suffering every horror but actual famine- both sides in their extremity look to us and nurse a quarrel with us ; and poor old England, while wishing well to all, is seriously threatened with war by South and by lJqrtlf}.*The, appointment of Vfilkes to his present gojn.m,aad js ratjjer sjgoifysant, aad we ftre " pft&ieatiy

waiting the awards of their prize Courts on the PeterhoCF, Adela, and Dolphin (besides other ships since pilfered), But we have now pent our Warrior. Black Prince, Defence, and Resistance, to Mr Wilke's neighborhood, and if they don't keep him in order for the future it's tarnation strange to all of U3. Looking at things from any point of view, there ia at present no sign of pence, on the contrary, human hecitombs are every day offered to the d»roonj of strife and war, but come peace when it will, a great change in American institutions is inevitable, let us hope it niiy be allowed to talce place without two or tlaee more years of frightful misery and wantou bloodshed.

The Fabian p 'licy of Bonaparte's ernck lieutenant in Mexico was somewhat disgusting the army, and (xcitin^ ridicule; awkward comparisons bein^r rudely drawn between Preuch inactivity before Provincial mud works and American fcotl's dashing camp-i<n Uxtcn yeirs agn, in the plateau of Anuhnac ; but the future Mareehal of France must make a shew of romethin? for his title, and he was suppesed to be waiting for the Imperial " jriHin" to go id and win h : s spurs. At length news comes from Peubla, dated April 12tb, and it appears ts have been a tou^hUh job after all, and w.is not, then over. The Franco-Mexico cannon game coramencrd 29fc!i March, aud lasted saveriil days ; th n the breach— the hand-to hand fight— and 800 gallant Frenchmen hire the dust, and many thousands brave Mexicans aie laid low. Tha native garrison still holdout, bat had evidently st en enough of Will 8b tkspsare's grim-vfcaged war, and flags of truce went flying; b';t Master Forey would listsu to nought save unconditional surrender, without; wbici! he probably thinks bis eldest arm will never luxuriate in the proud tit 1 c of Due de Petibla, No. 2. Indeed, hs'd bestsettle thi* job .uiykly, an Uo right- 1 , 0- when he get* back to the Tuileries he'll hive one 1 the nose that v;ill make bis eyrs water; fo." h s frbnd N*p is anxious to get on to the Polish question, about which Johnny Crapaud is befominpr u^rorious and pliin-.«poken, and it's pretty gene: ally believed Austria, Sweden, and Italy are Boney's pals in a moment, if he will only extend IU Imperial paw. The French legislators have just been released by the bland Do Mornay from their onerous functions Gt* doing as thy were told, anil the freer nd independent voters aro now going to perform the periodical Uree of re-electing the bits deputies ; the stern Per-igny having issued the custou ary address to the Prefects, telling them how important, it is that Govrmnent. cmdidatea sh.-uKI be returned if it makes no diffdfpr cc, as imperious Caaar want* no addition to the Opposition five of It si session— but a'l this is needless; the food pnople un-'leistand tolerably wtll what is required of them, and " purity of elecfon '' disturbs not the cons< i i-Mic3 of our lively do ghbora like it doe* !li3 stupid matter-of-fact folks in Endand aid ch-'whero— nevertheless, the Emperor is ill at cue; opp'sitton candidates jump up in every town. Thiers and maay of the old ceiebriiiei are in (he fl ild ; and while Government and Opposition are regnlaiiy in fur a pitched battle we are all interested in t c stiugpfla. For good o.- for evil, France has a mighty part to pay in the world's destinies, and out o' three ques'ions now agttat'ng that cmntiy, viz., Mexico, Poland, and the Elections, we know not what may nrise. _ But it is n't all gloom, aud darkness acros3 the ciunnel notwithstanding; horseiacinj, ste"plechasing, an r l all sorts ot gambols and gambling have lately abounded at Longchamps and Chantilly, at which N. 111., in spite of all his cares and troubles, might be seen daily if not gaily, sometimes taking the odds on the quiet, and at other times with wife a idson cheejingon tie little Jocks to victory, as though h» were again in the din of battle at Bo|ferino or Magenta. Our foreign cou-ins are getting quite f>:idof the spoit; aud the race nounds were so crowded on tbe late occas"ons, accordins to the Entrlidi critics, especially when the French Derby camn 0 F, as to remind them of our own famous national festivity. At all events, Epsom charges and impositions prevailed at the Sandwjch booths, a^.d there's too much reason to fear our quick-witted friends will Sieediiy be, flit fait, at the more questionable practices at present so notorious on the English turf. Prus-ia ha«, by the Russian alliance, got isolated finni European counsels, which tends much to the complication of aft'iirs generally; and considering the position of our Princess Royal, we cannot help noticing, without alaun, the critical state into which the childish obstinacy and indolence of Mr William, a d the presumption and insolence of the precious BUmarck have brought the Kingdom. The Tomfoolery, and unseemly squabbles, between Ministers aud Deputies, take the place of real question's of national life or death ; and, instead of going soberly to work on the great subject of the day, wo hear only stupid threats of committal on the one side, and impeachment on the other. The foolish Kicg backs up his triiitor chums ia all their evil doings, and the Litter gentlemen cheek the people aud their representatives almost beyond endurance. None but the passive Germans would tamely submit to be thus b Ulied and ill-treated, and as there's no hope of better manners from the lunatic premier, we must soon hear something ratiffliaLlrom Itoyalty ; or, master aud man~beihg both dubbed incurable, a sudden revulsion v, ill startle us all some fine morning, and the Berlin wool shop be found shut up. This is really a vary serious inaH v ; for, siiould France and Austria slnke Inud3 on the "resurrection of Polaud, European sympathy will be so far with them as to render success a moj al certainty, aud the partition of Prussia, m ght be considered a fitting reward for Continental philanthropy, with no oue to say it nay. Poor Garibaldi is so far restored to health as to contemplate leaving Caprera to complete his cure at t !i c German spas ; his recovery is anxiously looked for, ps Pontifical brigandage is villainously rampant, and La Marmora with his 80,000 rojal troops can't p'tt it down. Whether Garibaldi when he gets well enough will lend himself and his good right arm once more to his treacherous King-pal in this emergency, is doubtful— "put not your trust in princes," is a siving worth remembrance, and perhaps the red shirt h ro will have sufficient seuss for the future, to leave It >lhn troubles to those who get better rewarded. The King h being seriously called to account ju-t now fir the_ general insecurity of person, life, ami priperty in his dominions; and the Italian prisons of the present day are nearly akin to those of the infamous Bomba and his darling son. It is well known V. E. don't like much trouble about trifles, but he had better look a'lout him and see what's to be done ; tb^re is* fmy chance now for regenerated Italy to take its proper place in directing the affairs of the Continent, and this gentleman iv common with others is bound to recollect that exaltal station, place an I power, have their duties as well as their rights — if he don't, he mu^t be s-;cn to.

The little Greek question is not yet comfortably settled ; the Denmark Hpyals cannot see their way cleirly through sundry ticklish matters of finance, succession, and security, aud until they do they are in no hurry to vault into t ! ie empty chair of state at Athens; but the Greeks are waxing wrath at being s.iubbed so long, and arc getting unruly and dangeious; they have sent a deputation to Copenhagen, giving another fortnight to decide ; ami then, if such v thing- a* a king can't be bad, they'll iry to do without one, an -1 go to work on their own hook; but us tluy have already taken to brigandage, plun(le • and violence, their little game b 'jrins t'> look unpleasant ; aud the King of Denmark must be coaxed over with an extra do-e of soft siap. aud the grunting of those substantial guarantees of protection he dein nds, anil without which he won't do business ; and no fool eithpr.

'Tis now the merry month of May, and our London sermon is in full swing. The poor Queen has gone to hide her grief in the genial seclusio » of Balmoral, and lelt the \ oung ones to do duty at St. Jamea's. Royalty now sets the f uhion ; anl all who delight ia such vanities go shopping nnd suht-seeing ami gad about anyhow ; our future King and the fair Dana patronise Lords and Commons, railways and steam« boats, playhouses and parks, gardens," exhibitions and do£-shov.\3, and, together with the f smaller scions of Royalty, are to be seen everywhere. . The Princess's pivsents have been publicly exhibited ; and, to judge from what we saw at South Kensington, tb.3 Prince will henceforth find it difficult to select a novelty for his spouse's birthday. Of course, the museum was crowded daily ; and many a fair dame of England must havn looked with longing eyes at the glittering phalanx of Lrac -lets, tiaras, an I necklacgs. The 28th of April was a red-letter day in theatrical chronicles, for on that evening the Queen commande I a crand festival at the lioynl Italian Operu, to which. F. M. Albert Edward to -k his wife in state. * Fabulous prices were freely paid for a p^ep nt royalty • and .such a gorgeous sight has rarely been witnessed within the walls of a theatre; and critics, do affirm that Alexandra's sparkling eyes did far ouHrine the jewel? which surrounded her. Early nexf month they take *ut tie soup and rei burgundy at Guildhall, when 1501) guests are invited to the feast of reason and the now ot soul It's to be hoped Mr Lord Mayor Ross can trip the light fantastic toe, as a .grand ball forms pait of the eveniog's amusement; find our lovely Prints, graoious a3 she is, aii^ht be squeamishly fnstidious as to the agility of her partner at such a nice tea party. True, Civic preparations arc being made for this affair ; indeed things ra'ust be all serene if you want the prince for a pa! j he's pood at a iVed, an! can make a spteoli too— they had him to dinner at the Boyal Academy list week, at which he played his part like a man, spo'te ala Cicero, anil pledged the support of Royalty to Jh-j fine arts — a few day j afterwards Jse did ditto, ditto, when he took wify to a spread at Ai)3ley House, where the second Wellington shewed his father's tiopliies, tried to speechify, and "wished that Heaven had made Mm such a man." There's no mistako about it, Victoria is a Queen, aud her eldest son's & Prince of Waiei. He had a hard dnv's work lately by the bye, on the presentation of Corporation addresses at" Aiarlborongli House; no lo.<-s thau 180 of those prosy and right loyal dosumen's were presented by jut so many fussy local authorities, and the Prince inu-t hive beau heartily glad when, the per? >nuauce was over although he was too polite to say so. Partie3 disposed to be somewhat lachrymose oa the prospect of a humdrum Session have been waked up 4 bit lately— our Ministers get leathered night after night ; but they'll keep their places nevertheless for nobody wants a change in the present sfate of worldly affairs. Gladstone's budget on being pulled to pieces is not so rosy after all, and he has had to eat the leek financial more than once— he tr'ed it oa to t®* Charity fund* nud West End Clubs; 0$

Charities would have yieHfl a qua' Vr of a million yearly; but this wna'a blunder which w us mule more consj'icious by tbe biiilnnr tuibeiliahiiitfnt of his e!oquen;ein defcmJing it ; for th^ Heir >pparent was in tbe House on (h's evntlui evening, .uul when the orator rose to piote'.t hi-s dear little bu^iiet; "with the light ot battle in hU eye," Ie rather walked into those deathbed phil inthropi-ts w!;o <u> vn good while living, but give alros at t ; c \^t pinch A ca'riage deputation of remonstrance had besiepvd the official residence from mjrn till dewy ere, and i;i debate our champion Ciiancellor was ilooied. Tl'.it suitsuttlcd, (Jiuls we^e trnrnp'. aid this an awful game. The tixi'self would only produce acoup'eof thousand, and as it was piopostd to enforce a liceustj which would level ho=e aviate cratic gAn.b in" kho s with vulgar tap-houses, jou tmy believe the P.UI Mall clubites wero down up n uno-.i him like a ton of bricks— rumor says the cla^sxrd innovator vvis once upon .a time black-balled at the Ctrhon, and t'r.3 was his Roland for their "liver; anyway rhet.ri'j availel him n ught, and Gladstone ate another leek Next night Government reopened thcoH sore, " Alvilition of church rates," and eot lcatheicd again. Then came " Ama'gamation of Metropolitan and City Police," and here was a s hower of ii'Sulted corporation dignity on thedtvitel held of Grorgey Groy ami Dicky Mayne; the )me i : ei in those e'lli^u'enel I days of Government interie'e ice with ancient charters, vested rights ,md 1-jc.il snup-gsries, was too Ijni-J of digestion tor delicate alderman v* stomach 1 ?, ai<l Gog aud Mayig triumphed. Bu*. in spite of nil thN. the country's hand aud glove with Pam. aud Co, and as yet the Tories have net the ghost of a chance.

Our dramatic slars, Chas. Kenn and Mis ditto are taking lo's ot faiewfl! b iififii.", h.ie pre\v.us to their departuie, in July. 0.1 an Anti['o r '.e\u t"ur. To Me'» bourue thf> are bour.d a n c3rdin!j to ))ro^ramm' 1I1 I a"d perlia> s with a Mtle coaxing 30-1 can have thorn, i.ta price, in Duiiedin. Su^h fi'ent r;ev?r went so fir in search of fame. Programme ftnther htates their abseiice will rot excesd a twelve-month ; they will then do some more farewells in oil England, and finally shut up shop in the year of grace lSo'4

The two siateis Adelina anl Carlotta Pa'ti are a'l the go in music. d cire'es ; and a3, in ad lition to their wondrous powers, there are some touching inci.'eu s in tneir domcu; life, the furore will pi\>bab!v 1 n>g continue. We have likewise our old friend Jenny Lind singing fi-x'is f r chiritible institutions with, ail her former unrivalled sweetacts, and, if possible, increased attract on - tbe nightingale for <-ver ! Dion Bjuci'anlt is &'£\m ia hot water, an'l has a bad chance this time oi burning his friers. Mr .u-d Mrs Jordan, the American performers, weie engaged by J). J3. at Drury Line, which led to c-lo^e int'in .c} and warm friendship, a.d ultimately to asepa'aHuii between man and wil<\ Mrs J. then suldutly se turned to her friends in Americi, bat not before D. 1> had been discovered in the tanely lodgings of fie miprotecled female, the consequence ot whic!i Was t reats of assault and battery, investigation befo c the magistrates, trial at Jay,-, r.ew3jiaper contr.nvri-y, and contemplated ulterior pr jceednigs. As yet xh?. fi>H pirticulars of this scandal do not appear, but moiality claims a large share of attentio,. just no v, and as royalty ipaiu patronizes the drama, our managers, will have to di-rlay clean hands ere they arc consideied worthy of " holding the mirror up to patuie," and otherwise dealing with vice and \irtii" Charles Glover, the composer, Las just died. He was the favorite son of the orce popul.u-actrjss, who held her svray on the metropolitan boar.ls longer than almost any of her predecessors, contemporaries or Buccessois. Many pretty ballads have been immortalised by the genius of Master Charles who had a happy knack of hitting the public taste ; and it is ■aid that liis celebrated " Jeanetteaud Jeaucot" alone. sold for £5000.

Mrs Foster, Ihe actress, so well known jn theatrical parlance as Kate Saxon, also diad a few weeks baok, seed 86.

The Cockneys' Carnival came off on the 20th inst, and must he termed a national calamity, for it was wet and cold. Epsom Races commerced on the 19ih, and were ushered in with weather nust gloomy ; the rain was incessant, and a perfect hurricane swept the course, cutting fantastic capers alike ludicrous and destructive. Fancy some two or three hundred lucklegs adventurers taking refuge from the howling wind and pitiless storm in the hospitable booth of friend Careless, comforting the inward man aad quaffing goblets to mutual success on the morrow, when tuddenly enters Old Boreas — tiie canvas root is rent in twain, and the affrighted gueßts treated "free gratis for nothing" >o such a dose of liquor as they never ordered, and didn't want — friendly greeting and good wishes vanished instanter, and helter-skelter was the otder of the day. Neveitheicss, in spite of wind and ■weather, the true-born Englishman would not be done out of his Derby Day, and the Downs presented a sight for a philosopher, and aUo for a Prince of Wak s, who, with the crack Lord Clifden, monopolised the principal attention of the vast multituds, although with this difference, that while our youuL'Fisld Mars-ba ia still A 1 in the market, and retains the honor and admiration of us all — the other hero, with the prince of jockeys on his back, suffered defeat and displace at thft hands and heels of Challoner and Macaroni. The last time Royally had honored Epsom was in 1840. when Prince Albert wiinessed the triumph ot Little Wonder, and personally rewarded Mac ionald Vfith a whip of 'ome price j on the present occasion, no doubt, the heir app trent will avail himself of papa's example, and fraternize with little Challoner in a similar way. And thus endeth the Deihy for 1833, henceforth and for ever to be known and distinguish; d throughout tiie length and breadth of the land as Macaroni's year. The same horse and jockey also won the " Two Thousand ;" and while Mr Nay .'or is justly proud of these great deeds of man and neest, Macaroni will long be unto him aB ft household word, and probably a favorite dish as well as the popular ioait.

To win the Derby Js everlasting fame !• all con cerned — nas and owner— trainer and joek — are all immortalised. It is the covettd honor, and rnanv a prince of England has bid high for it in vain. The Order of the barter and other distinpuihhii.g badges ot greatness can, at times, be had for the a^kinpr, bur the " blue ribbon" of Epsom no crowned Head can bestow. This year tbe cvci green Fahnerfton had a Bhyfor it with "Baldwin," and, like a kid, trotted 4o_wn the road on his pony, sixteen miles through rain, uiud and slu-h. Even to bach the winuer ot the Deiby is a thing to boast of; and oar Prince of Wales, on Wednesday la=t, with humanity's infirmity thick upon him, chanced a fiver on the " Gillie," but 'twas not ordained for " the first gentleman in Euiope" to take home to his wife the news of his success on Epsom Downs. He got the wrong " tip, 3 ' and lost hi-; money. And I have no more now to say about the 84th edition of the Derby day.

But we must not forget the fair sex. The weather fortunately cleared up, aud on Friday th-j ladies of England had it bright and warm for their fete clay, the Oaks, to which they did full jujti^e, and pui in" a very respectable appearance. This race was win by Lord Falmouth with an outsider " Queen Bertln," and the noble owner and his fripnds m'ght have won heaps of money, as there was no difficulty in getting 50 to 1. Why this nobleman sports in'lhe name oi " Mr Valentine" is a secret not jet entiusled to n:e —but it is surprising nevertheless, a : ; liuudrch of high sounding titles are now to be found in cnnnfction with tuif ruatte r s : perhaps hib lordship hesitates to associate his honorabh nan.c with the ideally transactions at present abcundinp; — "cleinse me the Augean stable" quoth he, "and then I'll be Lor,: Falmouth on your racirg card-." Sh u'd this be the lofty seniiment, " Mr Valentine is des'iiud to live frorue years jonger, or some of us make a gieat mistake.

Your colonial races are about being enlivened by the presence of one of our cracks. Captain Chri tie's "Gardener," five years old, ias been purchased lor LIOOO, expressly for New Zealand, and will be dispatched forthwith.

June 16th will bring to pass our boat race for the championship of the world and four coo! bundled boys. Both men are hard at work, find accounts from training quarters bespeak them well-behaved and fall of confidence. As 1 said before if Australian Dick beats Newcastle Bob, it will very much surprise the learned: at present any odds on Coaly.' Wuile on aquatics, you miy as well know that tii» 11. T. Yacht Club his lost its genial Commodorp. For many years Lord Alfred Paget was at the head of affairs and all went well ; but whereas slight differences have arisen they now dissolve partnership, and the memb rs may think think themselves lucky in finding another old salt to do the amaiable as Alfred ustd. Our celebrated bottle-holder, Viscount Pam, just fresh from the Derby, says the British public thai! not be deprived of their cherished innocent pastimes. Accordingly, Mace and Goss punctually post their tenners lorwhat will, no doubt, be termed a gallant mill fir middle-weight supremacy. While Ileeuan and King fork up their huge fifties once a week, with all the grace imaginable, for the coming giant fight. These worthy repie3entathes i.f the bonu and musjle, blood and pluck, of thtir respective countries duly Imo on surh interest n? occasions ; and uime host, Ol the ' Ugly Customer," reaps a bountiful h uve&t f Oin difconrai. ating melr.ipolit ms and provincials, who flock in shoals to see the renowned upholders ot English science and art. The battle of Balaklava hns, after much anarv feeling amongst " officers and ge-itlemea, 1 ' nt la^tto be fought over asain in her Majesty's Cou-t of Queen's Bench, at We4ni!n«tfr. Colonel Calthorpc 9 scufes Lord Cardigan oftutnirighishorse round, before the batteries were reached, and taking sp»ch!ca'.e of No. 1 ; and now the big wigs wi 1 have to decide between heroism and poltroon ry. Birt it is suggested that the gallant charge ot the brave six hundred will prove to be as_ nothing, compared to the gl rlous charges of solicitors and other learned gentlemen of of the force fcrenric, in the way of costs. The Exhibition building and its fate now occupy the attention rf the le.irned in such matters, but what to do with it is a regular poser, Kconomi ts sny th it " Fonke's tolly," ugly as it is, cost too much huul coin to be levelled with th ; dusf; ; so they prop -se to Yalae the thing at the prit c of old mat rials, and pu*. qhaseitfox sonn neroisnent national purpose; and as all the wise men of the Ea3t and the West have , \o be consulted on this important affair, much disctis- ■ lion is in store for the curious. Whatever the result >-n»ay be, we live in hope that our fair name will ba pared a similar b>t on utura occasions, when we

invite the world ti an inTefnationaf Exhf'jttio'rT.* 'I'h^v mvnpge these things better in France, as the s*ory goe^.

'ihe Lx-ea^hiro oceraiives are about to be remove from the p'iii|vr list, at. I.m twe are goin^ to try at it. Gjvernm' nt i, deteuu ned <ot tn'di'al i;i em'frra'im, neither to promote or binder it. Co-n manners an; sent t> the distrrs-ed district- to find Wai labor for i be unemplojed, in til! s>hape <f dwuins lan 1, impi oving streets and towns, &c. if this w. rk p'-ovi-s s i t-ibl-*. and is sufKoi«-ntly lvmunpraltve, fie poor creatures may thus be lu pt at home apirt fr-'in idleness and e|no'raliztJ.ion.e | no'raliztJ.ion. The ge'icr .1 b-'linf, howevor. is n^ in^t it ; an ; if, aft"r .a /.ar fhl, tho opeiv.tivci shoul'i &"i 1 i'lsis 1 ; on cir.iarttion, tin 1 voice of a mi'lio'i p2o.de will 1 rt p'eul m v.iin, and Gownmoit will b> ecnrvl,'i.\ to al n»r tlni, remelv w'u'oh t'aa vuffeiers fl<. m < l-.v* siiL r ;-bt and which is si clary tho most ifi-'Cfu-il; for It i; pif>ut t) ;,ll who have not m n .de \ip th>.ir minis i~> be bhnd tj fLe f«vt, that th^ 001o 1 ton tr<do h,is deputed, aud 'iiif iiincshiie wi'l ne"i}!' bo Lini'ns'iir. 1 a^.ilu ; and to rxp ct by m^ie tool w.>rk or ta-k work p pn^ile fu loO^O'^O niliiitr.ou 1 ?, at-'ebtdiel m"i, ij iiu.lv \^- suiil, fur it mu^t n.itu'a'ly be hateful a.d disita'.eab'e to them as .1 !ab-ir uhioh only estd.oli -lies their tiilf t"> b'» rcn-ideje I 1 aip^is. Emigrati >n O-nurii-j-) nn i"i fv vry indus'rious hcrp. T:io Briti h Oionn sailed fro.n Livnrroo. <n the 2n ! i'ist wt!i4lo Lv. cis'i're pior for Ciiite:1 u r y, N.Z. Ti c So'iti ei'n Ocean i.s al-o en her way (0 the antlpo'k'3 with ann'her ii r0;r 0; nnd t\.o more ships are eh lrtcivd /or tho convcyauc of einiamit-", vj'z , the t'ev m owl Ho Thciesa, wh'ch wdl Ir.up Fr^Linl ihe fir»Mwik iv July; and iudo'iendent 'f all tliis, within the !a-t i>i mt'i abnve 20,000 einiarr i' ts li'ivi' Ut\> tl'e Mer-ey lor vaiiou-! deifiii.i'i'm-j. I h pc the m tioritv h.ive pone ynur wiy ; at all .--vents, yo t frtind well iv t' e ma'ket, and woulfl be higher u;i still if it v,e r o not for t'>e feirful Maori w.irs. Y.iu really mii-t square ;:)) ihosediff^rfticfs somehow, and brills ah nit an amicible under tan lm^ wi i 1 th' 1 natives which s'la'l b» lasting. lmmi'r>atio'i of t 1 c rfcht sort will then tetin, an ' vmn 1 beaut Fill c<>uiur/ no longer a v.ihl°infSs. slnl 1 be as a pLi''e kn wn t^ ;i1! rno-i. You aro m- hihW aware that tho -M"iA"^ of Npu- ZeaUn 1 «civ late'y di-fUHeI in the Houss of Lon's. whmi tiie Duke of .Newcastle distino'ly st-ite I tint the Briti h r 3 d-eoit^ will soon be removed from ili° colony, iini <l>at e\en as ye are -tvi-e enough t'> lesi>!ate for yo ir-cho-, so inu-t ye be e\ppcrrd by jour strenstli and m uihco-l t? Pr tcct y ue own good? and cVt'td-. ngaii^t sill cotn'r-", without that p r rmanent ail I 0111 moi er-country with wh'ch you a c now provided. So 1 )ok to your nntioiai uiiif r>a ray hrave co'ouials. and prfive youiselvea a worthy proguy of your s anted mamma.

I «pnd yon n r : account of the court-martial hell af Portsmouth, in cin'icption with the wivck of the Ori'hens ; al^o an official list of tho^e who unhappil.* pcis'ipd. Tlio Gfvemment enquiry into this di>mal cilaraity is not at al siti-fict iry ; wh-thcrthi lioiitl cf Admiialt " his to bo fhi ld^d from blain", or trom whatever eaus" 1 the cn'i'iiry i< con-i lered paMial an 1 inc<Mup ; pie, with an evident de-ire to screen the culpable r.avties The disclyline'l and tlausitle-s-5 heroi-m wit'i which the ill-fit-d crew f iced dta'h. and did their duty, hns created unbounded sympathy ; and the subjr'ct mii-t bs du'y in\e-t'gjted, ho»ve\ei*ui» pleasant it m y be to thos • who would rather h"ar in more about if. We learn by your paper th it tiie remiins <.f the hapless Commodote Burnett hive h< en rerovpiod, and borne tothegiavewith funeral honor-; also, tha^ on the Coroner's verdict a request wi« cndoise 1 that the proper authorities shoul I cause sti ict enquiries to b' 5 made into eveiy particular connect -d with this awful ca-unlty. Ail this Uas it should b3; and depend upon it tiie re]uest will not be disregarded : it is our only safety for the future.

AnoMicr dreadful affair happened on the 27t.h tilt, off Cnpe Raie, during a dense tog. The Anglo S ixon iron screw--tearaer, 3000 tons Captain Burgees, cleared fiom Liverpool for Quebec on the 17ih, and was wrrckel wheu within three days of her destination ; all the tnai's and 237 livos are lost. It is said this oalamitv, like many others, v principally owi'ij; :o the anxiety lor shorteninor voycge3 and savi-.;; expen^ The Anglo Saxo.i is the sixth ves'el which the Montreal Ship Company have lost sicce 1857 ; and they will pro!>abiy now isme more cartful instruction-? to thm* captains ; for surely th 2 con ■rquence of a dny or two, more ov less, at sea should noi be allowed to operate against the welfare and safety of valuable life and property.

The New Zealand mnil just arrive! states that the Ida Zeiiler lecently left Auckland with, eleven Jlajii Chiefs bound for England — let them come, aud may they arrive sat> and sound. The British nation is sensible of th° humane sympathy shewn by Native* o i the occasion of the late unhippy shipwrecks on t ! i r -ir shores ; an:l without arrogating tomyseif much influencpinthis c -untry, I can safely promise the bivve Ohieflains a warm reception, aud frieivliy greetin — and moreover, should their intelligencj be eqml to the opportunities afforded to them, lhey shall t:xke back t'> theip virions tribes unmistikeuble proofs of ouramioabid and righteous intentions towards then ; and at the f-nme time they will be enabled to convey some notion ot our general juality, whether as friends or enemies

Your readers will he g'alto he-ir pood tjdinßS of our old friends the Consul Petheriek, Captain Spoke, an'! Captain Grant, who have been engaged in the dangerous science of discovering the f-ourcs of the Nile, and who were all rono'te-l deal — they arrived safe at Oondokow on the White .Nile in Pebvu iry last; anl Lave sent home news of thtir complete success, to the effot that the great Like Yict'tia Nyanzi is tLe sour c ; and we shall soon be in possession of the interesting details of their Ipeii'ous wanderings. Tiie notorious YelviTton marriage cafe ha? at lenath got into the House of Lords on appeal, a.id will be are ued in July n°xt ; we -hall then possi >!y get at the truth and justice bftween lingiish and Scotch s r finbblfa on mat'imoni.il lecalities -and indeo 1 it's high time such anomalies, as at present txi-t, should be swept away j the iulijeut is a perf'ot scan lal ia civilized comniuiiitics, and the 1 e^t interests of society are left to Hie special pleading- tf hired advocates; 'the heavy fee of the guilty paity too ofoeu making the scale of innocei.ee and viitue Kick the beam. r * ihe smill pox hns appeared in several parts of London with such violence as to cre.itu univeisal alarm; a disbelief on the pait of the luwer or.ler^ in tho virtues of vaccination, and the unskiifulue«s or rejligonea ot th ' operator, are assigned as the ca. ses ofthe present visitation ; but stringent laws are s.ow being enacted to meet b th case?, and in the nn-in-time temporary suburban h^p'rah are erecte'l for tho reception of patsent^, aid olher arrongeruenls ar ■ effected to prevent the spr<'..d!nc; of this dant^erius disease. YeMiow lamentable to reflect that the im-reoitf-.l Jenner's indention should be thus di^ngaided, Jin 1 hfc inestimable contribution to the hum in race be rendered nugatory by iguorai.ee and prejudice. And now a few word 3on a subject whi';h ought to bring the burning blush of shame into tliu cheek of every ruler of this mighty empire. A hug>e sea- dal now ppitates tbv Eng'.j-h mind- no lest, iiidcel, than tl c abuses of Greenwich Ho-pital, nbi'ses so flig a it as to cause wonder that each suc^ee'ling Fir.^t L r 1 of the Admiralty should go through bis term oi'c h"e wit! out roakine the .slightest attempt to ie lily them. 'l,me after time are Koyn! Oommis-'ons tppoiii'ic! to iiiqrin.* into and ro)j rt upon tho.e ali.nneful iiijquitici wbiyh a;e so well known V- ux Tlipj have been laid bue and pliin bciuic s icc r :j-ive (loveminriits, z.ud thr 1 miutry has trusted to ie peatel j rotM^es e.f reform; and jet the hi leoiu reality letpaius of tint mrguificent Institution, uilh an income ot Ll5O 000, kintr used us a mere nest epg for the friends of h'gli officials. J)ecnye 1 s'ei.mcn and the widows and children, o( those wlio die m the seivice of their ni.tive land.arelln. bonafide recipients of the benefits of Greenwich Hospital; aud while we know there are many thousands uujus-tly depriwd . f their rights, we elsoknow that nearly one-half the funds are annually be?t.>wed on asilectstiff of use- • ess oiiiceis, clerks, commissionersj, s c, uho have no luoio lifzhtto paiticipate in the clririty than Turn Sayers or the King of the Cannibal Islands. The ho^pitil is rich enough to «uppoit and provide for all the woi thy objects for which it wjs originally endowed, word it* funds not thus disgracefully and cruelly misappropriated, and one natur.tlly asks why h thete not sufficient honesty and gmtitude left in Old England to piotect and do justice to the rtal heroes of the glorious Biiiish navy, their widow band j orphnnr.

May SJGtli. Tiie American mail, just arrived, states that Bombastes Furioso and his grand army of invasion, after being tolerably well whipped by the rebeN, have achieved the gloiious victory ot a hasty mid-night retreat, and are once more on the safe side of the Rappahannock. Ho much for •• fighting Joe" and his triumphant march to ttichmond. The redoubtable Stonewall Jackson ia dead no Yankee bullet killed him tho'— the hero was accidentally Hhot by bis own men ; and w^ can judge of their grief sis \vp well know how he was idoii.-od. As u-Mial tbe Feilenl account of the ba.Uk 1 Cbancellorsville, in spite of all the disgrace and ignominy attending the p.rt tht-y played in it, is lull of exultation, self-puii^e, and thanksgiving; and a fresh eumpaign is leing ortfanfcnl under <,he joint command of Halleek and llotkev. The casualties in the k»t glorious afljur seem to be B'inethiug like 30,000- poor deuvnttd wretches; and yet they hav'nt had enough of it. The Federal iron clads are again at Lhcu-leston, and another pounding match in that quarter, on some improved principle, is t1)t 1 ) wipe out all forintr defeats, and bring ev< i lading liom r and glory to tho t-tnr-'•ranoled I tinner. But what says Air JBeauregard !— Wo pau< c for a reply. . Ugly minor* come from Peubla, dated Apiil 20th. Nearl> half tho French army i-i said to be destroyed, ammunition fchoir. rwuforceuienta demanded, an 1 the town not captured. Should all this bn ti lie, the advance Oil Mexico appears Impckss; and the bone? ot poorl\.rey hid totter lie in the giuomy \icini!y of maddest, tlia-i his Hvjiy parole leturn to Frawo w thout a^cou'iu t. I.'cwa f'om Paris aie to the effect, that the iilect-Qiis are pausing any amount < f anxiety at head quarters ; ?ud altoguther French affairs aro aot 83i ene.

kuropc-'s "rejected addresses" are undergoing scuuus confabulation in London ; and it is not easy to agree in what way the Western Powers shall now reply to Kus&a s last communication. Earl Kussell

publicly states his lull sympf.thv with the Po'.s and dt to-3*iitio 1 of lUu'cnile iiilmmiiiiy but v ider pro^tiit eircu'iistfi- co- a j Cii (!./ no iiioro than nro-tc-.c. Tlieie cm b' 1 fctle d.mht if Eiuop" 1 exliy means to succoar tho <•!>! r s«(>d there's not much tin.' to bp«ir? ; and fora!! tnat my Lord Joiu.ny m,iv -ay, let ».b but cure s> a the c.iuse of Poland ener-g-"tica ly adopted by ] A 'r<ince and Austiia, and tie WYrl I fall^.ll boon Nwtat&s huw materially we will help the lisrht.

Prits hTi coinp'i"itions aiv Rcttiny in<re awkivn-d •l-.ily. K'n^ W'l i..m his now step't in between the Miiii&teisa'id the Deimtws, and as he is deteimi-ed t> o;ji>re-s i.^ poople and uUio'd tho w ckH, he mu-st abide the C"ins.<iu' i nc's. IIi = most hoy At jeM.y In* whilp a 'jj.eeoh, and in opening bib rjyal mouth he h a pui his toy d i'o it in 15. himlai.d's miiitii" c'-amp'nn. P.M. Lo"dClj«e i-> rep rted i»io-t da i^ous'y ih — the '•yinptoins of hs mil.vly j.id'c\te I|i-c.i-t''of tie heirt; and vh'.ls^ h.uch al.irni is ncv.is ; .ine i, tlnj sjinju'liv (>f a'l I'- a,Lmd ia a f t'i^ vii i >r\ bjdii U>. Next mail I liopj 0 give you hotter tidi iic-i. Last iitrht <vis Hi- li"' cf three pni-ftp'manre' at Druty F.-nic i h>\ t v, for thp benefit 0? Ben Lund y, ih" fo-uer Is^m; 1 of llor IMaje? (y's Thea'ie. Pot Pen has b n en ;i i. down h'li l.'kly niuch fn^irr tiiPti d.d li'in aoo'l, and t!ii^ >\id pu* him on h s lc-^j an:ii'>, All tiie I Jcnc i> fupporanc; him, and if the Hri'/.jh pu'-hi; dt ih- '-a , c, it v. ill only lij a jum return 10 :i man v. hn catered for many vevs iii tl c mtv cj of tho a'isto.'iacy, and w"io cvMeutly s.^ntd hh }>atL'ons better th n he '-erved himself.

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https://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/newspapers/OW18630725.2.22

Bibliographic details

AREIVAL OF THE ENGLISH MAIL, REJECTION OF THE PANAMA ROUTE BY THE HOME GOVERNMENT., Otago Witness, Issue 608, 25 July 1863

Word Count
7,859

AREIVAL OF THE ENGLISH MAIL, REJECTION OF THE PANAMA ROUTE BY THE HOME GOVERNMENT. Otago Witness, Issue 608, 25 July 1863

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