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London, February 13. _ ANOTHER GERMAN WHITE BOOK. While the air is ringing with the fall of Khartoum and the death of the hero to whom the eyes of Europe have been turned for months, the keen-public attention hitherto given to questions of Colonial interest is for the- time suspended. Were it otherwise there would perhaps have been a more profound sensation caused by the latest German Whitebook than by anything of the kind that has preceded it. This one has evidently boon preoipitatod, as the events of which it treats aro atill pending, and, like a chapter in a sensational novel, it breaks off at the most critical moment. It discloses the diplomatic I communications which passed between the German and English Governments relative to New Guinea and tho adjacent islands, and throws a livid light over events that have hitherto been shrouded iD obscurity. I shall refer only to tha more salient features in the correspondence, premising that portion of the comments of Prince Bißtnarck are couched in terms of studied discourtesy, and that it clossa abruptly'with a protest against the more recent annexations of tho British Government on the north-eastern coast of New Guinea. As in the case of previous controversies of tho same kind, the German Chancellor was moved to action by the complaints of German traders in the islandß, and the excuse for German action is that England had expressed the intention of not covering with her sovereignty certain districts in which trading settlements were being formed. That the British Government thus invited the German annexation which has taken place is uudeniable, for on August 9 last Lord Granville informed the Gorman Chancellor that the "extension of British supremacy in New Guinea will only apply to that portion of the island—the south coaßt—which haß a special interest for the Australian Colonies, but without prejudice to any territorial questions beyond those limits." This, as was entirely natural, was followed within a few days by instructions transmitted by telegram from the German Government for the annexation of the north coast of New Guinea outside tha Bphere of Dutch and English interests, as also of New Britain and the other islands now under tho German flag. The mischief being now perpetrated, here commences the backing and filling of the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs which has made thi3 New Guinea embroglio more vexing even than the trouble over Angra Pequena and the Fijian claims. For, a month after the German Government had issued instructions for annexing tha north coaat, intima-' tioa was given to that Government by the British Charged' Affaires a,t Berlin thatinconsequence of the negotiations which had passed between England nnd her Colonies, the Government had determined to " proclaim and exercise the Queen's protection on all the coasts of New Guinea not occupied by Holland; with the exception of tbat portion of the north coast lying between 145° east longitude and the eastern frontier of the Dutch possessions." To this announcement the reply was that it had been received with surprise by the German Government, which reserved its opinion ; and in a few days the British Charge d'Affairea was instructed by Lord Granville to declare that her Majesty's Government had resolved to restrict the British protectorate in New Guinea to the southern coa3t, including the adjacent islands, instsad of proclaiming it as at first intended.

paat in relation to the South Sea islands. Indeed, in commercial circles in Germany, and more especially in Hamburg, it has for Eomo weeks baen generally understood that wo shall shortly hear of. the German flag-being raised ia several other groups of the Pacific, and in the present domineering spirit of tho Grerrmu Chancellor it is hardly a matter of surprise that a telegram from the Antipodes to-day announces the report of a German annexation of an accomplished fact. It tho report is oorroct, no doubt Princo Bismarck's plea will be in the spirit of the latter portion of the correspondence in tho last White-book— namely, that the British Government his rjceded from engagements and understandings in relation to New Guinoa, thus exonerating him from tho obligations of all treaty engagements or understandings in relation to Samoa, It' there in a determination to pursue a certain course, the Chancellor is not a man to bo baulked by I ha absence of excuse, The abrupt turn which events have takon has somewhat nonplussed the Agents-general, and caused them to pause in their persistent knocking at the door of the Colonial Office. They had a meeting on Monday last, at the office of the Agent-general for Victoria, to take counsel together as to what action they should take, or what advice they should tender to their Governments in face of the damning disclosures of this White-book on New Guinea. They came, however, ta no definite decision in the meantime, as a Blue-book ia to issue immediately on the meeting of Parliament, in which the Government promise to correct tho erroneous impressions conveyed by the ex parte statements of' the German Government.

With reference to the , telegram, however, which announces in London to-day the alleged annexation of Samoa, which has caused so much excitement in New Zealand, the value of it has been already discounted by a semi-official statement that it will have no significance. It is alleged on sufficient authority that whatever has taken'place at Samoa—of which doubtless you have fuller particulars than have yet reached this country—the proceeding has been taken by a subordinate official of the Germau Government, without authority from headquarters at Berlin, and in a manner and with an object which will ba Bummarily disowned by the Government of the Emperor of Germany. TUB POSTAL UNION, The anticipations formed by some of the Australasian Colonies of a satisfactory entrancq into the Universal Postal Union have bean doomed to disappointment. The Congress which had been postponed from October last met last week at Lisbon, and the delegates from tho Colonies had not oven the honour of being invited inside. Tho Congress was formally opened on the 4th inst. by the Portuguese Minister for Foreign Affairs, Senator Barbosa dv Bocage, and was presided over by the Portuguese Postmastergeneral, Senator Barros; M. Borrel, representative of Switzerland, being Vicepresident. There was a very full attendance of members, and among the very first subjects discussed was the question of tho position of the delegates of the Colonies of Australasia, those in waiting for admission being Mr Garrick (the Agent-general for Queensland), Mr Corbett (for Victoria), and Mr Forman (representing New South Wales and South Australia). It was contended that the Colonies had. each its own independent postal service, and conducted their affairs generally as sovereign States, and that a single representative of the group, as urged by Germany, could not adequately represent their diverse interests. But the proposal that each Colony should have separate and-distinct representative was stoutly combated by the representative of Germany, and it was ultimately decided thai the group of Colonies should have only a collective vote and a single representative. The Australian delegates have come away in high dudgeon, and for the time, at least, the Colonies will not enjoy the advantages of being included in the Universal Postal Union. It might have been anticipated, in the present state of mind of the ruler of German interests, that scant favour would be meted put to the aspirations of the Australian Colonies, and at no more inauspicious time could such a claim have been preferred. But apart from this, Germany had an additional object in defeating the desire of the Colonies for separate representation, as it was very well known that the express object which the English postal authorities had in moviDg the Colonies to this action was that their representatives at the Congreeß might aid England in resisting the motion submitted to Germany for cutting down the permissive surcharges on ocean-carried letters. Although tho affairs of the Postal Union are not supposed to be of a political character, still the rejsction of the plea is very much of the nature of another snub to England and her Colonies, THE OEBJIAN STEAM SBBVICE BILL. While Prince Bismarck is thug so potent in spreading troubles in the path of his neighbours abroad, one can hardly help feeling a wiokad pleasure in noting how systematically he is thwarted at Home. The feeling is scarcely lessened when it is even over a matter of suck considerable interest to the Colonies as his Steam Service Bill. Over this measure, so important to his colonising schemes, he has at the last moment been signally and ignominiously defeated. He had used every means at hiR disposal to induce the Reichstag to vote £285,000 a year for 15 years to establish Gar-, man lines to the Bast and Australia and Western Africa. There was every indication at first of the proposal meeting with acceptance; but by ( a combination of His opponents of all parties the scheme was rejected by the Committee by 14 votes to 7. .There in little doubt that the portion of the scheme which contemplated a line via Suez, Adelaide, Melbourne, Sydney, Auckland, Tonga, Samoa, Brisbane, and return, would have beep calculated to benefit the trade of the Colonies; but in the present feeling in the Colonies naturally arising from the German Chancellor's highbanded dealing with Australasian interests, the capsize of the scheme will hardly be a subject of very great regret. THE LATE MARCHIONESS OP NORJIANBY, The funeral of the lato Marchioness of Normanby took place on the 31st nit., and a touching incident in connection with it was a telegram from tho Premier of New Zealand expressing sympathy with the Marquis in his bereavement. Letters of sympathy were also recaivoJ from the hands of her Majesty, the Prince of Wales, the Duke of Edinburgh, and the Princes Albert Victor and George. The remains of the deceased lady were interred in the family vault at Lythe Church, in Yorkshire, and there was a very largo attendance of residents in the surrounding districts and tenants on tho Mulgrave estate. Besides the Marquis of Normanby, Lord Henry and Lord Horvey Phipps, his sons, the Earl of Bilesmere and Mr Vivian Hampton, his sons-in-law, Captain Le Patourel, aud Dr B. M, James, of Melbourne, who had accompanied the Marchioness from the Colonies as her medical attendant, were among the mourners. I regret to say that the health of the Marquis of Norinanby himself is still extremely precarious, and he has been ordered to the South of England, where hs is staying at present, at Dorking. - AN ANGLICAN BISHOPBIO IN FIJI. ' There is quite a flutter of excitement in Wesleyan circles over the proposed endowment of an Anglican bishopric in Fiji. I stated in my last letter that a wealthy Australian had donated £10,000 for the purpose, and since that an additional sum of £1000 has been granted by the Society for the Promotion of Christian Knowledge. Although it can hardly be supposed that'there is contemplated an aggressive advance on the islands, at the same time tho Wealeyans not unnaturally ask what it is all about. It appears there are but three organised Episcopalian congregations in the islands, with only two clergy, one of these being only in de»con's orders, while of Wesleyans it is alleged there are 1200 congregations, with 11 European and 51 native ministers, 32 catechists, 1070 bead teachers, and 1730 local preachors, besides class leaders and school teachers; and that the natives are Methodißts. to a_ man,' having been rescued from savage practices by continuous and devoted misßion work during 50 years. Whether- a protectorate or annexation is intended, the Wesleyans do seem entitled to some explanation, and even the Governor, Sir G. W. Dcs Voaux, has gone to the trouble of expressing himself as strongly opposed to the proposal. It ia understood that the appointment, if made, will bo very distasteful to Wesleyans, yet the Archbishop of Canterbury has just given his approval to the creation of a bishopric in Fiji, and at the same time he disclaims any intention of interfering with the missions of the Wesleyans, or attempt-

Thon follow tha annexations, which are succeeded by the most remarkable incident in all the strange eventful hiatory,' for the proposal was made by Lord GranviUe that En* land should have, the exclusive protectorate over all New Guinea outside the c aims of Holland, that Germany should ta*e the New Britain, group, Samoa and Tonga to continue neutralised, and that Now Hebrides should 'be handed over to France. It is only fair to say that this last and startling portion of the programme has boen contradicted, and that explanations have como from Berlin to the effect that mantion was only, mado of the posabilities of New Hebrides being handed over to France under certain eventualities. Moreover, the proposal was rejected by Prince Bismarck, And then comes a scene of warm racnmmation, in the course of which England extends the annexation over a portion of the north coast to Huon Bay the interchange of accusations of inconsistency and surprises, seeming to close with the protest of Germany against tha supplementary annexations, .and a threat that " linghah and German interests would come into collision if the measure thus announced were earned out. All this has palpably come to pass through the dilatoriness and indecision of the British Government, for it is apparent that at the time when proceedings were iirst taken by the Colonies for the annexation of New Guinea nothing whatever barred the way, and had the Home Government either sanctioned the act of Queensland or formally annexed the wholo island, no claim could have been set up by Germany. It is only fair, at the same time, to admit that the indecision of the English Government has been ably seconded by the divided counsels of the Colonies, and that the -multiple control of Colonial questions has .been unequally matched with the prompt, decisive, and single mind of the Garman statesman, The prospect of inducing the German Government to cede their recent acquisitions in New Guinea ib not despaired of yet by those in London who are best informed on the position of affaiiß, but it is admitted that this can only be effected by concessions that cannot be otherwise than very distasteful to the Colonies. At the same time, in the preßont irritable stato of the Gorman Chancellor's mind, it is difficult to Bay what may be the next, sudden move he may make; for, asserting as ho does that the British Minister hBS gone back on his engagej ments, he will probably not feel himself bound Iby either treaties or understandings of the

ing to proselytise any of the native converts who belong to the Weßleyan communion, .._. p,, rm ,ATrn^ rdctfty Th o^Xof Bngfand have Turned their ff £ aa -^ another and possibly more practical H otion , which will ultimately^e of interest to N Zaa and , Taking advantage of the urgent senthnent at present existing in favour P . , f the relief of the conge 9 tion of ,& a very large and influential society l£.fc h ' in £ or p O b ratod f or the purpose of practically with the question of emigrag^ll^ 1 a comn f orcia i basis. The Canon of Westminster (Rsv. G. Protharoa) is chairman, ««3™ 8 v ationa of the Sodety aro in the ° inetan £ a to ba directed to Canada, where a "f n {j d h b aoql , ire d in ManifX. This has been selected by a prac- ™* f ° d th emigrant will be *°* jded wil ' h homo3t6a ds and assisted to P\° b^h th6mao i ve3 an d cultivate tha land, ™" Q Q f tQB ;tal Bnbaoribßd ia to be set . {or rovidiD £ t he settlers with religious iatratio^a unde r the auspices of the Society f tb(j p ropa g ation o f the Gospel. Agencies Mfl bain osta bliahad in nearly every town and village in England, and the movement, which ig ia f ended to embrace emigration to the other Oolonioa a3 we u aa Canada, promises to assume di ; OU3 proportions. An agricultural college jT or th b e tl . aiu i ng o f youn g man for Colonial purBn ; tgia among the objects of the Society. The firg( . tof sett i ers i eave(< for Canada in two montba and tne o th ß r spheres for colonising ti^nß wiu he opene d up successively, * miscellaneous. a capital paper on " New Zealand in 1884" has just been road before the Royal Colonial Institute by Mr Arthur Olayden, Sir C. Clifford presiding. There was a very large attendance, and much interest was awakened by the eloquent exposition of tho advantages and attractions of the Colony presented by Mr Clayden. The lecturer treated his subject under two aspects—the industrial position of the Colony, showing its extraordinary and mpid development as seen in the position in w hich it stood during the past year; and in the second portion of his lecture ho mirrored its social and political condition. Ono of the m ost telling portions of his address waa that i Q which be denounced absenteeism as likely t 0 reproduce in New Zealand the evils of Ireland ; and as the audience comprised a goodly number of those who bad retired out o f the hurly-burly of Colonial aotivity, ana

enjoy the dolce far nientc of the wealthy old colonist in England, tbo remarks were rathor home-lhruats. An interesting .discussion followed,- in which Mr Gisborne from New Zealand, Mr Thurston (Colonial Socrotary of Fiji), Mr Gaul (of the New Zealand Loan and Mercantile Agency Company), Mr Young (of the Colonial Institute)), Captain Scott, UN. (from Duaodin), the Chairman, and others took part.The indefatigable Mr Courtney, from Tara naki, is still vigorously presenting the claims ot' Hie Oolopy to settlers. He has delivered a lecture by invitation at Gloucester, in which bo creatod a sensation by his limelight cxhicions ot insw Zealand ecouos. He had tho Vicar of Gloucester in the chnir, and quite an influential crowd on the platform, and eubsequontly, by appointment, mot with a large uuinbar of gentlomnn at the offices of Me33rs Dowaett and Wood, great land agents of the place, to whom he expounded the advantages (if New Zealand and its attractions for settlers. He had another large meeting at Byde, and is announced for a lecture at Woolwich, in the rooms of the Radical Club. Aleoture on New Zealand will be delivered next Wednesday at the Trinity Presbyterian Church, Bslvidere road, by Professor Strong, LL.D,, of University College, Liverpool, who has personal knowledge of the Colony. This also will be illustrated with limelight, and views of the scenery and towns of New Zealand, the Agent-general's Department having fuvnifihud Dr Strong with photographs for the purpose, There is not much activity in Government emigration operations on this side at present," and the putting down of the screw on nomination by the high rate of deposit imposed has given a good deal of disappointment. These spasmodic changes have a bad effect on the regular flow of emigrants, One hundred and fifty emigrants go cut in the Kaikoura next month, a large proportion being single women. The counterfeit presentment of the Maori King is finished, Mr Frederic Sheldon having completed the bust of his Majesty, which is now being converted into bronze. The likeness is complete, the tattoo marks coining out iv strong relief, and the statue in brouza it is expected will be shipped to New Zonland in a few weeks.

Mr J. Kerry Nichols has been invited by the Council of the Royal Geographical Society to read a paper on recent explorations in the King country at the next meeting of the Society, to be held at the theatre of the London University, Burlington Gardens, on the 23rd of tho present month. Largo coloured maps of the district are in preparation for tho elucidation of the subject. In a recent number of tho Building Nowa there is given a very attractive view of tho residence in coursß of erection at Jtisoholra, near Ohristchiirch, for Sir John Hall. The design is by Mr Briggs, of Chelsea, and a large portion of the materials—slates, grates, glass, mosaics—besides tho furnituro, are proceeding from England. The explanation of the building being mainly constructed of wood because of the frequency of earthquakes in New Zealand is not advertising the Colony in its most favourable aspects. A very successful reunion of the Australian and New Zealand Underwriters' Association has just been held, being the tenth annual dinner of tho Society. Mr H. J. Bristow presided ; and among tho guests were representatives of the New Zealand Insurance Company, tho South British, National, Standard, Union, Colonial, and all other companies having their headquarters in the Australasian Colonies. The Agents general for New South Wales and South Australia were present, and took part in the proceedings. There was also a considerable number of the representatives of the leading underwriters' associations in England. The _ proceedings, which were chiefly of a convivial character, but which contained an interesting review of the past year's operations throughout the Colonies by the Chairman, passed off with much eclat, A wedding tour round the world and throughout the Colonies is among the signs of the times. Viscount Lymington, the heir to tho Earl of Portsmouth, is about to start on a tour of the Colonies with his bride, having . among his objects to make himself acquainted with the dependencies of tho Empire. He visits first the Weßt Indies, proceeding thence to Canada, and via San Francisco to New Zealand, and through the Australian Colonies Home. Such a tour will soon become the fashion from the stimulus given iv the very eulogistic terms in which the young prince, who has recently attained his majority, takes occasion in season, and often somewhat out of season, to speak of the Colonies. It ia in recognition of this that the Colonial Institute has.just forwavded an address to the Princ6 of Wales congratulating him on the majority of the heir presumptive, and expressing their great gratification that hu Royal Highness had the opportunity of visiting many of the British Colonies, and thereby acquiring such a perfect knowledge of their resources and people as cannot but prove of eminent advantage to the whole Empire. I regret to say that bo far as prices are concerned the frozen mutton trade ia still in a depressed state, The arrivals pressing on one another, as is too frequently the case, have not on this occasion been the cause. Still there is an excess on the market, which, coupled with the influence of bad times and copious supplies of meat from other sources, has kept the market down. Unfortunately the Kaikoura's cargo, which arrived on . January • 31, has not turned out a success, a portion having been found affected, and Borne 200 carcasseß being absolutely condemned. The prices obtained for the Bound mutton by this ship have ranged from 4|d to 4Jd per pound. - The quality of the lamb Bent in the Kaikoura is stated to have been not lip to the mark, and the same may be said of the lamb by the Coptic. The mutton by the latter vessel, which arrived on the 7th inst,, is ih.goqd condition, but has been bringing only from 4Jd to 4§d per pound. The beef by the Coptio has brought from 4Jd to 5Jd, The shipments from Australia during the past few weeks have been in very limited quantity. Still, as a set' off to the present depressed prices of frozen mutton, it is satisfactory to know that the trade con-

tinues to make its way in the., provinces, and shops for New Ziealand mutton start up before the traveller's eye in the most unexpected places. At Exetor. just under the windows of tho Constitutional Club, opened with bo great eclat by Sir Stafford Northcote a few months ago, a shop has been opened for the sale of New Zealand" mutton, and the place 13 besieged daily with intending consumers. ' '

The pleasantries of the market have.been expressing themselves in verse. I mentioned in a former letter that a firm of consignees had made an error in holding over a cargo for better prices, since which the market has been dropping. The incident *appears to have evoked for some reason an unusual amount of interest, spiced a bit with mischief, amougthe dealers in meat, and the butchers' muse has launched forth a doggerel by the name of "The Butchers' Lament," being a parody on "Par Away," which, whatever it may say for the literary taste of the order, appears to have been circulated in thousands, and to have given them an infinitude of amusement.

The largest consignment of dairy produce yet received from New "Zealand came by the Kaikoura—namely, 1500 caska of butter, for the mo3t part from Canterbury. I am sorry to say that it has not turned out in the most attractive condition. It has not the flavour of fresh-churned butter, and can only be expected to be sold as third or fourth rate. There is something still wanting in preparing butter in New Zealand for the London market, and it is the imperative duty of those interested in the development of the trade to see to it at once. Such import comes into competition with an article on which science, skill, and machinery are combined to produce the very choicest results, and in its inception of the trade New Zealand should beware lest its dairy produce should have affixed to it the stigma of being an inferior article,

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OUR HOME LETTISH Otago Daily Times, Issue 7217, 4 April 1885, Supplement

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