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THE SALVATION ARMY., Otago Daily Times, Issue 6636, 23 May 1883
THE SALVATION ARMY.
(Christian, March Sth, 1883.)
At the closo of the Key. S. Charlesworth's last letter in Tho Times were some* drastic strictures on the book of "Orders and Regulations for the Salvation Army." To this Mr Booth replied as follows : —
" I have great pleasure in submitting to you a copy of the book said to be secret, which nas long ago been noticed in the public journals. '• It has been sent by us to many of tjie clergy'and dignitaries of Mr Charlesworth's 6wn Churbh, and was recommended to the perusal of his clergy by his Lordship the Bishop of Durham, in his charge delivered on the 19th December last. It'was originally intended for cadets, but 2000 copies have been issued, and it ne'*er has been, in any such sense as Mr'Charlesworth suggests, secret. You Will observe'(l) that it is not a book of orders find regulations at all, but merely a catechism, mainly as to doC; trine ; (2) "that not ohe of* the monstftnis theories referred to by Mr Ch'arlesiyorth can pg found in it." ■ ' ■■••■'■ -•-;'
' We confess that we are ijnable tp und_e£stand thjs reply. There are two" books pub, lished at .''Headquarters": (1) ''The Doc, trines and Discipline"; (2) "The Orders and Regulations." The first is in the form of a catechism, the second is not.. Mr Charles- . worth named the second, though ha also referred to a passage in the first. It is the second which the Countess de Gasparin attacks; and , as we have been urged by correspondents at home and abroad to refer to it, we quote the following extracts, which have, alroady, been printed in the North British Daily Maifi It marks by italics the passages to which it specially calls attention.- — extracts. In the chapter "Searching out tho Land," the officer is told—" Look to your own personal appearance. While it is to the interest of the ■ service thafyou should appear anything but well-to-do, it is most important that you should impress people also as being careful, orderly, and businesslike, and thoroughly practical." " Keep your business to yotirsolf till you have completed some arrangement about which you can boast with good effect." ' When treating of " How to Choose a Town," it is said: " Tbo fact that there are gentlemen likely to help with money is not unworthy of notice, if there bo any large number, and proof of their having given freely before." In lot-king out for a building, "The only information we can rely on is that which you get by the use of your own oyos. An officer on this duly lias no business ictf/t bashf ulness or propriety. Re should never wait to know whether he may go here or there. If a theatro door be open, walk in and inspect every part of the building until somebody objects. Tho remark that you want to see the manager, and that you are a perfect stranger groping your way, will generally Satisfy everybody, aud will prevent officials from treating - you 'with disrespect. You can afford any quantity of apologies after you luive got: the information you wanted." "In talking .with anyone on business, always observe the eyes -closely, and take notice of tones of voice and I manner generally. - You will ofteu learn more in this way in a second than from what the man says iv ah hour. It is only by Buch observation that you can find out whether a man is really friendly or otherwise, and so know how to deal with him." *
" Sectiou 5. —Making; Friends and Spreading Alarm.—As a rule, it is best not to let anyone know what buildings you are after in a town, because there is a risk of causing others to either seek them, or strive to prevent your getting them, If possible, avoid making inquiries pf members of churcktt ; any «mw, you need not (ell theiti:what you are about, It is tt
painful fact that very often the ministers and —offieers^fthexhurches-are bitterly oppCSe'd"tt> our entering a , town. Ministers will, for politeness and decency sake, assure you that they take the deepest interest in your blessed work— - which perhaps they do, provided it keeps at a distance from them. But if, thrown off your guard by this, you inform them of your plans, they may either mislead you by advising against " the buildings where you would best succeed, or oven may goso far as to persuade peoplo to ref U3e ■theuseof theplaces you most need. Even if ever so well intentioned, their utter ignorance of the likely way to reach the people will bo almost certain to load you astray by any advice they give." "To make ministers and others engaged in church work friendly, you must dwell * upon the fact that we .attack those who are quite outside their range, and that front the want of education amongst us, we cannot be in competition with them." "Shouldyou meetwith -•• a gentleman ' interested in any good work, do "■- not he in too great a hurry to tell him all. L Find out what his own views are, and dwell upon the points in which we meet thr.m especially. If you find that he objects to some of our operations, 'female preaching,' &c, never argue, but dwell upon other points-above all, show the great results achieved by tho means and persons actually raised up by the Army, and who, from their past history, cannot bo expected to avoid errors in small things. In the chapter, " How to Capture a Town, we have the following: " But no one is fit to capture a town who is not abl6 to invent . * special plans of his own. Under ordinary circumstances, a daring, reckless, determined com-manding-officer can make himself known to 30,000 people in less than three days." tinder the rubric, " How to Get Collectors, we have this : "It would bo a good plan to announce at the first open-air services that those who wished to help in saving souls were invited to meet the officers at a certain place on the Saturday or the Sunday morning, and ' collectors could then be fixed on." The com-manding-officer is told that " ho will lose no chance of conversing with persona of all sorts, and getting them to prayer, and will </i»s discover their spiritual condition and notions on religious subjects. He will not seek ministers, .but should he be thrown into their company he will talk to them in such a way as to dis* cover their own spiritual condition and plans without saving more than is necessary as to his own." " iha'CO. must always remember that .everything done should be impressive, especially at the commencement of an attack like this, A large company of Boldiers will itself be impressive, no matter how the men conduct themselves. They can shout and laugh, and display the most perfect freedom. But two or three will not be able to produce a deep impression without far mors careful conduct. ■They must either make a rery great' show of energetic zeal, or else profound solemnity and intense conviction." .. Mr Booth does uot stem to be partial to Christians generally. Here are some of his references to them:—" Be careful in using Christians in any way to prevent their stiffening or injuring tho service Some forbearance must be shown to Christians in Salvation meetings at first, as they cannot know anything of our system; and, however sin- ' cere and earnest, need teaching before being severely dealt with. Do not be anxious as to Christians who oome up to help at the beginning, praying at too great length, or in a low, drawling tone. It will relievo you tih'.le dealing with tho anxious, and help the meeting generally j whereas to snub them or sing them down will not merely tend to make enemies , and lose the sympathy of people who may be rery '■■ helpful, but will also tend to destroy the good influence in tho meeting. The officers first appointed will frequently bo persons who have been Christians for some time, or persons chosen chiefly because they are the only ones possible from education and position at the time, though the CO. does not at all intend that they sfiould continue in office jehen converts arc to be found in whomthese trustscan bcplaccd." "Afield officer on taking command must always be firm in believing and declaring his Divine errand to the people, and therefore satisfied of his own value to them as a light." " Tho field officer is not obliged to follow any rule of other preachers, and need take no Scripture text." " He is at liberty to folloiv the guidance of the Holy Ghost, and to give to the people as from God whatever he feels bound to tell them." Under tho section *" Offerings " we have: "It is not well to make known the amount of offerings at first, and indeed at no time is it wise to publish them to tho whole congregation. The mass of the people will never smpect real soldiers, and it is therefore foolish to assume any possibility' of suspicion, or to make any statement with a view to meet ii." '•'There is not, as a rule, any need to refer to the fact of the field officers being paid; the expenses for rent, gas, &c. being scon by all to 'be heavy." To avoid getting into debt at first, "It is'generally only necessary resolutely to set about getting money from the people. They will give if the work is properly done and they are properly pressed, except in r_.ro cases. At the first, when receipts are low, is the time to get rents, &c. lowered. Tell proprietors, Sfe. exactly what offerings you have received, and press them to reconsider their price if you find them so agreeable as to be likely to value your permanent tenancy. Pressure put upon the people at the same time will frequently cause them to make presents of food as well as money, which a conscientious CO. will of course consider in drawing any amount for salary. From the first the CO. roust explain to his men how we hate the penny-tt-week system ; and by showing a good exam}_le himself, he will ensure a handsome custom of weekly offerings." Under the section " Management" we have: "Since the entire control and responsibility belongs to the C.0., it is never well to say or do anything likely to give men'an idea that they have power, by vote or agitation of any kind, to produce changes of any soft or to prevent them. Therefore no society or members' meeting is ever to be held, such as has been usual in churches and at somo of the older stations in the Army, and no divided vote is ever to be taken; that is, no opportunity is tobe given for voting in opposition to the CO. But a competent CO, will in no way display his ability more than in the skill with which he will carry all his force heartily with him in every operation, causing them at limes, if he judges it of value, even to vote for that which he wishes them lo do."
The appeal of Miss Booth and Miss Charleswprtlj agiyipst their expulsion from Geneva has beep rejected by the Council of State by a majority of ono. On Monday next the seoond anniversary of tho Army work on the Continent will be celebrated in Exeter Hall, whon J4iss Booth will narrate some of her experiences in France and Switzerland,
THE SALVATION ARMY., Otago Daily Times, Issue 6636, 23 May 1883
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