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(TO the Editor of the DAILY TIMES.)

; Mb^^EwiOE,~^Tlie icleartog^bf .thefshags' in 'ife V vf \ h&*<Wi tbi Molyoenx widi IhS;iPerry^ has at which arrived --jo.^th^OMUiaoa-theS'ind.ulUiao, and ■^.noyr^-yrark,tcxite&itiv pflefiuade by Capt. Grant Deeniacceptecl; ere tMa the st'ajner should TjaVe been ■ PyWg'o£:t.her|rerV?nnd^ ot performliig t% tTatisit: to:!the(Ferry daily, needed no clause to enrbree it.» Self.iaterestj would have induced the owners ti>: do so, and to have followetl up th*3 tradeio th^Tuapeka'as^quickly afcpcssible; but, retrospective views otalfahaa» only so far useful as they iftculeat^ more wisdo-d^or thevfuture. -Under existing cireumabtneesy:,, wliett,tha ; j^fecovery of the rich pid-fieUat'theheadoft jbo river,iwill canse; the Clutha to progress, as by'itewatere is the nearest way of, reaching^theca:; the clearing".of the snags being .cpminericea, iet ( tbc party who hsus: undertaken the ; task, be urged forward by a' bonus/ provided that the river l>e cleared: to the* Tuapeka within a certain time. : ; ■■ v:i:':-iVi':^;^-; V;V:>-'- v; ■■'■..!■.;;■:■■•:• ; -:.•■ l- ". - Let not delay take, place in accepting Capt, Murray's offer, the amount of bonus and subsidy being a mere bagatelle compared with the importance of the object to be attained; and as some twenty thousand pounds willr accrue to the Goveratddnt, by miners n«hts, at a moderate estimate of the rush which will proceed here from Victoria, on the arrival there of the Aldinga, with the'newscf Hartley's diggings,-~it ;is but reasonable that:oat of the moiiey they pay, a-portion-.of.it ehould bo investea in order to opeti a route by which they can be supplied with provisions at a cheaper rate than will bo the caste for some time, if they have to depend on land carriiige alone. That the road via the Shag Valley; will prove the shortest, will I think prove a fallacy. From Gabriel's Gully, several teams have^started; amongst tuein those of an old pioneer usually known by the name of Black Bill. He was one of the fii-st wlio came over with sheep from Tasmania, and lias travelled even more ot the interior lnvsearch of runs than almost any man in the colony. He has some forty good bullocks and several drays of his own.- The material is, therefore,1 not wantine and he is one who will find a line of rona from the Fen-y to shorten the distance, and avoid Gabriel's Guly The boats now employed convevine coods from the mouth of the viver aad Kaitancnta to the t erry, us soon as the steamers can ply to that place, should the goods from thence to the luapeka, or, if possible, m iar a3 the'rocks, and by one or more transhipments to the heart of the diggings. One hundred .and fifty pounds per ton is the pnea now fisked from Kaitartgato tv the diggings, and if the pbn^persfeamer and boafcrbe carried out, thuty pounds per ton will pay them handsomely. _ It » clear that the Molyneux Township, the Ferry, luapeka, and some other towns in embryo, at the head of navigation, must be not only the easiest means of conveyance to the new '* Eido'ado," but also .nflord at, the sams time, the desideratum of opening up, all the upper part of the river for agricultural purposes. Let the Government, therefore, appropriate all disposable funds, to opening up tho river communication, and the road from tlte Ferry to the Molyneux, to where it join* the main trunk road from Duuedin to luvercargill; and let the CusEtomg and police head quarters le at the proper place, the mouth of the river, We shall shortly have many vessels coming here direct from Victoria, and if they have to go up a branch of the river to enter and cltar their vessels, they will, like Dr. Johnson, say that the attic story, at least of the Executive here, is tbe worst furnished.

lhc coal at the mines here, is improving m quality and can be had in any quantity required, either for the steamers or for exportation. Iv addition to the mines at tho mouth of the river, another has been opaned near Kaitongata by Mr. Aitchiuson on his hud, withintL.v.6 hundred yards at the river: but for steamers to load there would make a difference of at leaft 2a. j>er ton to loading st Mr. Lewis's mines. There is another point of the utmost consequence to which the attention of the Government should be directed, viz.; to reserving all lands near (say within fifteen or twenty miles of the gold fields) lor the present, aud when sold they should be cut up into ten acre blocks.

I have previously stated that there "were good fields on the rivor, which would pay at the rate of lOj. per day; it was the Tuapeka flaw which I alluded to they having been tried some time backhand not worked —the rate of returns not being in accordance with making a pile, but there are lhauy of our Vietorfon miners, who wmild gladly avail thentK-lvrs of the opportunity of making n homestead for their families, and m the winter they could enjoy the eomforhof tho family circle—and improve and cultivate their ground, which would aiFord not onlysuißcientcere.il and vegetable produce for their own consumption, but a surplus for the market. The six months tine weather at the diggings supplying the one thing needful for all other want;, and enabling them to lay up somethintr for a rainy day. In Victoria the amount which every individual contributes amounts to £10 each, in} t-xesse' and a<M duties. Now we will say, 20.000 migrate from here to a warmer climate, to avoid the hardship of reading in tents, they return in the summer, butthesix montlis they .ire absent isalo*soi LIOO,OOO, which flows iato tliW victorian or Sydney .treasury, in lieu of into that oC Otago, This is only from the miners themselves, bat put the amount *n>ent by tUdr families, kc, t and it may befairlv doubled.

I phall conclude these remark?, like the lady's postscript to her letter. F.S.-—" You will see by the naina, that I am married since I last wrote you,"—-the first and principal point the Government bhould now attend to, is a competent survey of the river by tlie Government Engineer. Let him be instructed to survey tlie Clutha, givin" his opinion, in the first place, as to the plan for clearing the rock 3 Jit tFjo bar, aud hia oiiinion as to tho best means of so doing, with, an estimate of the cost. The clearing the snags being more a nautical point of view, is very property in the hands ot Capt. Thomson. The Engineer, therefore, will next come to tlie first bar of rocks above the Tuapeka. Thesaareall similar obstruction j aad should be treated in a similar manner to the rocks at the bar, by giving in his optnion as to the manner of effecting the objpet in view probable expense, &c. j and this should be done without loss of time. Hoping that I have not trespassed too much on the space or yoar columns under the press of matter for publication, I will defer further remarks to a future period, - J. 8. Kaitangata, 2nd Sept., 1852,

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(TO the Editor of the DAILY TIMES.), Otago Daily Times, Issue 235, 20 September 1862

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1,173

(TO the Editor of the DAILY TIMES.) Otago Daily Times, Issue 235, 20 September 1862

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