A case of considerable importance to the mercantile interest of this port was. brought before the Resident Magistrate ye3teriay. The plaintiff, who is master" of'the-Tiger schooner, sued the defendant, Mr. Campbell, for tli3 sum of £16 3s. 6d., the charge for lightering goals from Port Chalmers to Daixo.lin. 31 r. Keayon, who appeared for the defendant, sUtoJ tli.it the case had' bsen brought into Court ibr ths special purpose of having the Uw on t!is subject clearly defined. The defendant admitted that tin a:njunt charged for lightering was correct, but he -maintained that the plaintiff was not the person entitled to charge for it. The lighter had been engaged by the agents of the vessel, and there was no contract whatever between the plaintiff and the defendant. It transpired that sums of tha jjbois of the defendant h;id been damaged ; aud tha decision of the Bench in this case will also fix the person proper to.be sued for the damage of the goods. His Worship took until Tuesday to consider his judgment.
It is an old saying " that ones shonM go abroad to hear news." The Bendiijo Advertiser of June 3rd, says : —" The following letter lias boon sent to us from sin old Sandhurst resident :—'Duncdin, 17th May, 1862. —Dear sir,—l never hoard whether you received my letter from' Canterbury or not. Dimedin has received another stroke of good luck in the discovery, by my friend B —, ot a rich quartz reef, with fine alluvial diggings. Thereis a regular vnsh from this place to these new diggings, the Shag Valley, some forty-five miles N.W. from Waikonaiti, a small sea port twenty-two ruileß northerly from Port Chalmers. The last news is from a party of men who came down last night for sluicing boards ; they brought gold with them for sale, and a beautiful quartz specimen chipped from the surface, containing about three ounces of gold. They report that the miners are making an ounce a day per man. Of course it is difficult to believe all the rumours, but one thing is certain, that valuable quartz reefs exist in the region of the Lindiss,.aml that. Otago is only just beginning to shew her mineral wealth to the world. I shall be happy to afford you the latest news from this part of the world, so far as lam able. P.S.—B-^ says that there is ample water power to work crushing; mills for the quartz reefs just discovered, so that steam engines and fuel can bo dispensed with.—W." ' A telegram from Sydney in the Argus says : — " Sub-inspector Bruyeres was accidentally shot today, at Mudgec, by a police-sergeant, and is not ' expected to live. We observe that a number of men have been put to the work of cutting High-street to the permanent level. We are given to understand that during the absence of the Superintendent, to attend to his duties in the House of Representatives, Mr. John I Hyde Harris will act as his substitute in Otago. We are sorry to have to make public to-day a fact with which a few have for some time been privately acquainted. The report of our Police Court will show that Australian warrants are mere waste paper here, there being no Act in existence by which to give them force. Here is another instance of tb c advantages of a distant Government, whose whole attention is devoted to Maori affairs. The commonest attention to domestic matters would have produced an Act long ago, giving force to warrants from the neighboring colonies. We do not know whether it can bo done by Royal Proclamation, but ifnot,theHoßse, at its meeting, should not lose an hour iv passing an Act through all its stages. The absence of it will make New Zealand a very Alsatia—a refuge for the blood-dyed, crime-stained desperadoes of the neighboring colonies. To touch New Zealand ground, and then bid defiance to the outraged laws they have left behind, will be a tempting inducement to the criminal element of Australia and Tasmania. And when, in addition, it'will be known that the Judge of the Southern Provinces, with a clemency, which in all respect, we cannot he!p characterising as ill-judged, apportions sentences of scarcely a third as severe a nature as those apportioned in Victoria, the consequences may be better imagined than endured. Mr. Commissioner Brannigan's sphere of usefulness seeres likely to be enlarged rather than diminished. . In order to define more particularly the scope of the Diseased Cattle Act, 1861, his Honor tho Superintendent has, by Proclamation in the Provincial Government Gazette, aeterrnined that after this date " All Districts, Places, and Ports wheresoever out of the Main Land of the North and " Middle Islands of New Zealand, shall be deemed " to be infected Districts within the meaning and "for the purposes of the above-mentioned Act f -' " and that no cattle after the date, hereof, until " further notice, shall be imported into the Pro- " vince of Otago from such districts : Provided, "however, that the Superintendent of the Province may allow any cattle to be landed from " vessels from the Idands of Great Britain and " Ireland, subject to such conditions and restrictions as he may deem expedient, and the cir- " eumstances of any case, may require." This proclamation will prevent any further importations of stock from Norfolk Island—a Tecent shipment of which caused some alarm amongst the stockowners here. A proclamation in the Sydney Government Gazette, under date 9th May, prohibits the introduction of any horned cattle whatsoever from Victoria into New South Wales, except only such horned cattle as may cross the River Murray at Albury, at Moama, at Swan Hill, and at Euston f respectively. The proclamation is to be in force for six months from its date, and its infringement may subject the offender to a. fine of fifty pounds and forfeiture of the cattle. • .•*>'!. The following quantities of rural land have been sold during the month of May : —Oamaru^ 129 acres, L 129 ; Moerald, 39 acres, L 39; Dunedin, 417 acres, L 422; East Taieri, 291 acres, L 291; Waihola, 62 acres, LG2; South Tokomairiro, 600 acres, L 600; North Tokomairiro, 25 acres, L 25; Waitalmna, 5220 acres, L 6659; East Clutha, 1475 acres, L 1515; West Clutha, 1700 acres, Ll7oo. T0ta1,"9358 acres, L 11,442, purchased by 48 individuals. Included in these purchases was one of upwards of 4500 acres, and one of 350 acres. Of town land sold during tho month of May, there were 54 sections and 39 purchasers realizing a total of LIO7B 10s. Three sections-in Oamaru, fetched L4O; seven in Port Chalmers, Ll9O, 10s. ; twenty-three in Waihola, L 450 ; and 21 sections at Molyneux, L 398.1 The new theatre next to the Criterion Hotel is rapidly approaching completion. It will be an elogan t and admirably adapted structure when completed. It will not be opened, as at one time hoped, by Lyster's opera compauy, these talented artistes having engagements extending to the end of the year. A very good company has, however, been secured, numbering amongst it three or four notable Australian stars. Amongst these we may enumerate Mdme. Marie Daret and Mr. Le j Roy, whose roles are especially the sensation dramas of the Collin Bawn, and Octoroon, and other pieces of the kind, which have been so well I received of late years. We believe also, that a new piece, very favorably received, the American Cousin, will be produced. The Princess' Theatre iv Melbourne, where' these pieces are having a ■ great run, is crowded every night. Mr. and Mrs. Clarence Holt, longkuown favorably in Australia ia legitimate drama parts, are also to be of the i number, which is, besides, to include an efficient stock company. A succession of fresh " stars" is from time to time to come down. It has been suggested that before the theatre should be devoted to its intended Thespian purposes, it should for one night be dedicated to Tcrphsicore in the shape of a select subscription ball after the plan of those at St.Kilda in Victoria, which went off so successfully. The idea, we believe, is likely to bo carried out. . ' ■?.
The Melbourne Yeoman has the following in a late issue : —" We noticed last week that a ropewalk would shortly be established near Melbourne. Since then we have been given to understand that the enterprising colonist who is about to establish this manufacture has got a fanner near Geelong to sow an acre with hemp seed by way of experiment. It is to be hoped that in experimenting oa
tho growth of hemp every item of expense, as well as of profit, will be lawfully noted and published for the public benefit. We believe the present time is the proper season to sow both hemp and flax—the earlier these plants are sown the better. The native flax always springs up after the first rain, and continues to grow throughout tho winter." Why do not some of our fellow-colc-nists try their hinds at rope-making ? The New Zealand flax is extensively used for this purpose in the North Island.
In connection with the Chinese question, which is being agitated in Victoria., it is stated that.in rather over four years, no less a sum than ,£SG,3Go has been paid by the Celestials in Victoria, in the tax upon opium.
A gentleman informal us yesterday that while ■walking on the banks of Peliehet Bay, he distinctly saw a snake gliding a:nong3t tha scrub. Ha described the snake as being about 18 inches to two feet long, and stated that on attempting its capture, it dartoJ. swiftly across the road into the bush. There are no reptiles of this species indigenous to New Zealand, but it is just possible that small snakes may have found their way in some of the vessels from Australia. If our in formant was correct in his opinion of the reptile, it is to be hoped that it will bs destroyed, as the naturalization of two or three snakes in New Zealand, would soon lead to a large number of these unwelcome visitants, the dense underwood of this colony affording so much protection and concealment.
The " Lady of Lyons" was repeated last night at the Princess Theatre, and, with the exception of some little fan I b in the first act, went of really well. The leave-taking scene, where Claude, having made his peace with Pauline, tears himself away, in order that he may earn the right to claim tho happiness of which he does not find himself worthy, was capitally played. The farce of " Nan the Good for Nothing" concluded the evening's entertainment. We. understand that a complimentary benefit to Mr. Tom Fmvcett is to take place this evening.
We understand that there was a meeting of the Chamber of Commerce yesterday, but as we had no intimation of it, either by circular or adv rtisement, we had norcporter present : indeed, we heard nothing of the meeting until it was over. . ' \ In an article on Colonial Defences, the Melbourne Weekly A.ge thus speaks of the anomalous position held by the officers of the Colonial war sloop "Victoria," which rendered such valuable service during the late Maori war : —"We have recently been engaged in a hostile enterprise, which seems quite to have escaped the notice of the House of Commons. Virtually, we have been conducting offensive operations for the defence of another British dependency. The Maories do not happen to have a fleet—that is, nothing larger than gun-boats, armed with fowling-pieces, and therefore our war-sloop hoisted the Southern Cross without reference to maritime law. And the General Commanding her Majesty's forces was content to take a passage under our piratical flag, for lack of any other mode of conveyance A large detachment of her Majesty's 40th Regiment of Infantry also were indebted to the same means of transport. In order to bring the officers and crew of the Victoria within the protectioflßjf the law, we call them 'policemen.' Commander Norman is a superintendent of police, and, until the colony became economical, had actually a forage allowance for the horse he is supposed to use in promenading the weather side of Ms vessel's quarter-deck. The other officers are inspectors aud sergeants, and the crew aie presumed to be the genuine policemen of commerce branded distinctly and numbered consecutively' to preserve thorn from spurious imitation. Such is the absurd position in which the colony is placed in its efforts to provide for its own defence." '
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