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Daily Circulation, 1565. The Oamaru Mail. WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 30, 1892.

A TELEGHArmc message from Timaru states that protests are being raised against the dumping of sand ballast from foreign vessels indiscriminately about the foreshore. There is more in this complaint than meets the eye. Last week a live snake and a toad were discovered in ballast discharged from the barque Cumbrian at Timaru, and though both were speedily despatched, who is to say whether or no the sand already deposited does not contain a dozen similarly unwelcome pests. It is quite unnecessary to descant at length upon the which might, easily accrue if pests of this sort, escaping the notice of the lumpers, were to acclimatise themselves and to breed. We know from bitter experience that, once established, it is no easy matter to got rid of any bird, beast, or insect, our climate being emminently suitable for the propagation of most forms of animal life. One of the great charms of our country, from the holiday-makers' point of view, is its freedom from noxious and venemous pests, and a little laxity may easily be the means of wresting from us this blessing, which has, in the past, been so jealously guarded. The danger does not, however, stop at animal pests; for we gather from the Timaru Herald that quite a quautity of strange plants are to be seen growiug along the sand-tip at Timaru. Several of these have a suspicious appearance of being fast-spreading weeds, the introduction of which might be fraught with most serious consequences. To go no further, it' iapproved almost beyond a doubt that the notorious Bathurst burr is growing opposite the passenger station luxuriantly, and seeding away unchecked. In a pastoral country like South Canterbury, or North Otago, to allow this insidious pest to spread is tantamount to the loss of thousands of pounds annually. It smothers the grass wherever it obtains a foot hold, and if its seeds once get into the fleeces of the sheep, the value of the wool will deteriorate permanently pence per lb. It is thus easy to see that this matter of discharging ballast is one that demands immediate attention. We are glad to find that our Timaru friends have realised the gravity of the situation, and have at onoe put themselves in communication with the Agricultural Department, who, it is to be hoped, will take immediate steps to suppress the weed, and prevent its further dissemination. It is unfortunate that the sand containing the burrs lias been carted far and wide for the making of garden paths, and it would l)e well for private individuals to realise the magnitude of such a disaster as the spread of the weed, and to personally take steps to destroy any samples they may discover. An examination of our own sand-tip would not be amiss.

Mr Dunn will address the electors in the Atliemeum Hall at 8.30 to-night, and Mr M'Dowell, a second candidate for the mayoralty will speak at the same time in St. George's Hall. The Oamaru Lodge of the Manchester Unity will hold an ordinary and degree meeting in the Oddfellows' Hall to-morrow evening. A match was flown from Oamaru on Saturday, and, considering the wet weather the birds met with at this end of the journey, the velocity made was very good, The winner was Mr Jakins' Unknown, velocity 1014 yds per minute; Mr Earnshaw's Donovan, second, 1004 ; Mr Smith s Winchmore, third, 1003 ; and Mr Jackman's Rainbow, 999, fourth. A match was flown on Saturday week for junior members, and very good time was made. Mr Buist's White-feather was first, 1154; Mr Sime's Stepniak, second, 1141 ; Mr Bull's Silverbell, third, 1121. The club have to thank the stationmaster at Waikari and Mr J. Jack, at Oamaru, for liberating the birds.— Lyttelton Times. We have a number of bank notes in our possession which were picked up on the morning of Thursday, the 17th instant—the first day of the show. It is a very remarkable thing, seeing that an advertisement in reference to them has appeared daily for a fortnight, no owner has yet been found for the notes. Mr E. Dawson King, the temperance lecturer, who is touring the colony, will deliver two of his able lectures in St. George's Hall on Thursday and Friday this week. The lectures will begin at 7.30, and admission will be free, but a collection will be taken up to defray expenses. The New Zealand Loan and Mercantile Agency Company, Limited, have received the fallowing cablegram from their London office :—'f The wool eales opened with spirit to-day. There is an average advance on greasy of about 5 per cent, and on scoured of about 7i ner cent, on last sales' closing rates. The attendance of both Home and foieign buyers is good. The total quantity available, including wool held over from last series, is 238,000 bales, 20,000 of which have have been forwarded to the manufacturing districts direct." Mr Neil Fleming will judge draught horses, Ayrshire cattle, and crossbred cattle at the Southland show next week. To-day, being St. Andrew's Day, was observed as a semi-holiday in town, the banks and merchants' offices being closed. The special correspondent of the Canterbury Times pays a high tribute to the management and arrangements of the Oamaru show, and recommends other Associations to try and manage theirs on a similar basis. The London Society of Compositors have recently admitted a woman as a member. Mrs Pyne, who thus leads the way for the sex, is employed as a compositor, at the same rate as the men, on the K.elmscott Press, Hammersmith, which is under the direction of Mr William Morris. This is a proper recognition of the rights of women. If they are entitled to work, they are entitled to receive wages in proportion to the amount of work they do, which means, in the case of the printing business they should receive the same pay as men. We learn that the proprietor of the Auckland Star, recognising this fact, pays the female compositors in his office on the same scale that he pays the males, The Wellington Post Bays The Premier continues to improve, but is unable to seo anyone. Only two of the Ministers have seen him since his return. His colleagues have endeavored to induce him to take a sea voyage, but he cannot see his way to leave the colony. Members of the I Battery who have not gone through volley and class fifing will parade on the Hi fie Range at 2.30 to-morrow afternoon. An inspection parade of the Garrison corps will be held at 7-'5 p.m. on Friday. A gentleman who is at present on a visit in Canterbury (says the New Zealand Herald) writes as follows to a friend in Auckland : The season has been a good one here, and the outlook for farmers is excellent. I was talking yesterday with a prominent lawyer here ; he says country settlers have all been steadily improving their position and reducing their debts during the past year or two. The rapid increase of the colonial dairy trade (says the Loudon correspondent of the Sydney Morning Herald) is beginning to alarm the British farmer, who recognises that in a few years Australasia may become an even more dangerous rival in these products than Denmark and other European countries. A noticeable agitation is arising for the better training of persons who undertake the manufacture of butter and cheese. Some of the technical colleges are preparing to give a course of instruction to the travelling teachers on dairying. The great annual dairy show at Islington affords an admirable opportunity for the colonies to make a display of their dairying industry. Something of the sorb was attempted, though imperfectly, by New Zealand this year. An enterprising New Zealand firm setup a stall, and exhibited .a quantity of Waikato and Taranaki butter wnich remained over from

last season's supplies. The <|iu\tii v ~f ,i butter excited general surprise, ami had adequate representation been made prise would have been converted into ment. ' ' c Of the Bank of New Zealand's Inst Kalan. sheet the Trading World of October .Sinnke' the following«pprecintive remarks : _|, " be safely said that the Bank of \,, w land has completely regained its h,,1,i ,'j' New Zealand business, and is now pating to the full in the really wonderful progress that the colony is nuking, a cress not booming in any particular ipmrter but a solid subst mtial progress in the duction of pastoral, agricultural, ami mini,,, commodities, and a growing wealth nccruuie not to one class only, but to every nieiutn.f of the industrial community, ]Vo|,] P are outside the New Zealand eiivle enii ' hardly understand the revival that is taking place. The Australian business of this is being conducted on the most conservative and unambitious lines. While Mr Tennyson Smith was giving hi* imitations of drunkenness at the Korcstny Hall, Greytown, the other night (savs an exchange) an inebriated gentleman in tin. main street was giving imitations ~( Tennyson Smith. The War Cry enquires for llill, Thomas about 40 years of age; left l'otterne, land, for New Zealand, in the ship l'nrfnrshire, 1872. Was at one time working at Cave Valley, Oatnaru. Anyone knowing his present whereabout, please write. A local was published in these columns recently stating that a settler in the Forty Mile Bush had branded a cow some wedi'j before calving, and the calf on bcint; horn also showed tho brand mark on the same place as the mother was branded. In oo n . liection with this story a correspondent in. forms the Taranaki Herald that many years ago he and a brother cut a .sow's noso to prevent l'cr destroying crops by rooting up the ground. About four weeks afterwards the sow gave birth to M little ones, all of which showed tho cut mark on the snout. Mr Ritchie Secretary for Agriculture, has received from Messrs M'Nairu ami Co,, produce brokers, Glasgow, a letter strongly recommending the adoption of registered brands and Government inspection of N, nv Zealand dairy produce. The tirst rce»minendation is met by the Dairy Factories Act, 1592. The lirm statu that the <mtl.mk for New Zealand cheese in Scotland is more promisinij than ever, and they expected to realise during the season just, about to oommence when the mail left, oils to (ills fn; finest sortß. They had been in communication with the Agent-General and others rcspeuting tlic reduction of butter ami cheese freights, and anticipated a material reduetion much earlier than generally was expeeted. On the subject of adulteration Messrs M'Nairn state that though they have handled 5-Sths of tho New Zealand cheese, in Sentland they had not discovered a single ease of adulteration, and they sincerely hope thin state of tilings will continue, as upon tlui quality being maintained is dependent the retention of the high position which New Zealand dairy produce has obtained in (he Scottish markets. Mr .Shepherd Allen, of Allandale, I'iako, arrived from England, via the Smttli, per ss. Mararoa. He is accompanied by several members of his family, and intends to scHlii on his estate. It will be remembered that Mr Allen defeated Colonel Eraser for the 'IV Aroha district in tho last general election, but was unseated owing to ct rtain acts nf his agent, the election having taken nhu:u during Mr Allen's absence from (lie colony. It is by no means improbable that Mr Allen will again seek to re-enter public life. Ho sat in the British House of Commons as n Liberal for 20 years, and his sou is now una of the Liberal 'members for NeweasfltHi|imi. Tyne. Tho latter lias also the distinction of being the youngest member of the llmiso of Commons.—Auckland Star. Now that the sheep-breeders of Australia are anxiously seeking for fresh outlets for their surplus stock, it is satisfactory fwiys the Argus) to learn that a promising (loinruiil for stud sheep exists in South Africa. The s.s. Damascus, which leaves for Capetown, will take two high-class stud rams to < 'ape Colony. These two rams are from Mews Austin and Millear's celebrated \\ angaue//it stud llock, near Deniliquin, and have licra specially chosen in order to improve Ac standard of tho South African sheep. Early on Monday morning (says the Timaru Herald) a police sergeant from A«liburton arrived at the Timaru police station, after a night's ride from his post in pursuit of a criminal offender. Without giving much information about his emimj to lite local office, he asked thorn to send his horse back to Ashburton, and went on by the first train to Oatnaru. Inquiry being made of Qanraru, information was received thill with and such a person jvas " wanted," and, on the description given, Constable, Crawford arrested the suspect in Timaru. lie is » young man hailing from Oamarn, and in charged with breaking into a house near Ashburton and stealing a trifling sum therefrom. He was sent to Ashburton by tl» first train yesterday.

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Daily Circulation, 1565. The Oamaru Mail. WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 30, 1892. Oamaru Mail, Volume XVII, Issue 5446, 30 November 1892

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