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QUEENSLAND, NZ Truth, Issue 520, 5 June 1915
Thcgreat Northern State of the Australian Commonwealth is destined to play a worthy part m the future councils of the great English-speaking continent m the Southern Seas. At the present crisis m the history of Europe, and its problematical effects upon the world's future, it is well to remind out readers that territorial aggrandisement is at the bottom' of the lamentable business. The German Empire, which • lias a pbpula-
tion of 60,000,000 located on an area of less than 210,000 square miles, requires elbow-w>om for its fast increasing millions. What a contrast the Queensland figures present! Here we lind the area 670,500 square miles, or more than thrice ,that of, Germany. But alas for population — the great Australian State can show about 650,000 persons, roughly one to the square mile, and but a ninetieth of the learning; ' denizens of the Kaiser's domain. Queensland is over seven times greater m area than Great Britain, while Germany, France, Spain,, and Portugal could be dropped within
Hh borders without wholly cclipsinß Us available surface. The countries mentioned each pokhcss a population worthy of Empire, but vlr-Kin Queensland has scarce enough to populate a city of second magnitude. And yet this favored land extends over IS degrees of latltudo. r.mbruclnjf the tropical nnd subtropical rcKlons, contained between the Hth and 2!Kli parallels, while from the cant coa«t about the 153 rd meridian it ranges westward m the widest part to the 136 th. averaging about 15 degrees oi longitude. MARVELLOUS PROFrsiON OF Kill' lTS. And what v variety of soil, clinmt<\ ami opportunity :i/e wrapiu-d up within Ux> puruUclis auti muridluns niuncd! The
ROOM FOR MILLIONS
The Resources of a Wonderful Country , v
ARTICLE NO, 11
humid eastern seaboard, extending over 1200 miles, produces SO different varieties of. fruits, which grow m marvellous profusion. . It is the , ideal home of the orchardist and , his dependents, and seems ma. land almost where primitive man may have lived without work except for a little exercise at the beginning of things. It is a far cry m Iruitland from the luscious pineapple to the Japanese chestnut and the walnut, but
there they arc, sometimes aide by side In the same orchard. In the coastal regions, too, the sugarcane gives forth its sugar m quantities which gladden the heart of the refiner, and cry aloud to the husbandman to go forth and plant greater areas as the seasons roll en. Within the coastal belt also there are huge butter factories coping with the supply of cream from an ever-in-creasing herd of lowing kine, and before we tako a look at other parts it is as well to say that within a hundred miles of tho coast there have flourished some of the richest mineral fields the
wide world has known — thi> lamed Mt. Morgan pold mine and the almost fabu)c»s wi-alUi In the precious metal dug from the earth's bowels at Cample, and Charters 'Towers, with xliffht allusion to the coal of Ipswich und tho copper of Chllagoo. IICFIKTITE VARIETY. Tho great central zone of Queensland, extending from the Gulf of Carpentaria, m the uorth to tho Marunoa ranges In the Houth, may be said to Include, In Uh hundreds of thousands of square miles, a dlvursillcd country adminibly tidapted to the twin lnduHtrleH of the paKtorallKt and Die htmbandmun. There are Inllnue varieties of koII, und cUmaic In thlH r«Kion. »n^l on the whoU: a «ufllclcnt ralufall— lu aomc parta more
than sufficient. It is more or less heavily timbered with scrub and •. forest growths, and m parts there aTe rolling plains for miles with scarce a tree except'the bright green bands which der note -a creek, river, or iJillabong. In many places, as also, in the coast district, the timtier is of high market value •to the builder and the carpenter, and the sawmiUers follows a lucrative calling. The men engaged m them lead 4 a rough life, but it is far from a life steeped m the bitter waters of penury. Provided he looks after No. 1, which m all walks of life is by far the most important numeral to the individual, he need not follow sawmilling, with its hard knocks and healthy outlook, to the end of his days. Other avenues will open .wide to receive and multiply his savings, and he may, indeed make practical demonstration of the truth of the remarkable statement of the late James Tyson, the greatest of Queensland squatters, who averred that his , first £500 took more making than all his millions. Who can doubt that Tyson, uttered a great economic truth, and that, on the wide, unsettled plains of the great tropical State, there are still the foundations of fine fortunes to the thrifty worker who husbands his sayings at the right time and applies them • afterwards to the right industry. THE WESTERN WOOL KINGS' home; Then there is the great Western belt of Queensland — a region as • diversified as the bottom of the ocean itself. There are miles upon miles, multiplied by hundreds upon hundreds and thousands upon thousands, mostly represented by great rolling 1 plains, upon which the sun beats fiercely during the summer, sol 7 stice, and the earth opens up m places m great cracks, as. though some wrongdoer were to be swallowed up. And m this region, too, there is a plentitude of sand m spots where the soil appears to have succeeded what m bygone aeons of centuries might have been the shores of a mighty sea, whore prehistoric man took his matutinal surf-bath prior to committing assault and battery upon the hapless kangaroo or pterdactyl of the period, so that the man and his lubra, likewise his picaninny, should not remain hungry during the day. This region is now thtf ,home of the Western wool kings, and it calls for more of them to make the rolling plains a woollen footstool. Though its aridity is one of its features, the Western division of the State, for that very reason, j is best fitted to be the homes, of a pastoral community, operating on big blocks of land of a minimum of some- ; where 'about 30,000 acres. In Gregory i North, indeed, it would seem as though j 50.000 acres would not be too much ! whereon the -owner or lessee would 1 carve out his competence per medium of the golden fleece and the sharp shearblades. The sheep is an animal which thrives not m a damp climate. Where the water lies about the surface, and tho long grass, from incessant rains, becomes permanently damp, sour, 1 1 and stagnant, the "woolly" develops ! long, twisted hoofs, wnlks on his heels receives into his system fluke and other ; 1 intestinal diseases, becomes # haggard i and "thin, and dies, a hide-bound wreck, j carrying a lustreless fleece of- light weight. These facts are worth noting when considering tho apparently arid Western 'plains, with their occasional j burst of torrential rains and remarkable I growth of herbage after it, seem p:irt ■ or Nature's scheme to make her Queensland nationally and commercial-' | Jy great as the days become absorbed i.ll the weekH, the weeks m. tho months. j the months In the years, and the years m the decades. MONEY FOR THIS SKTTI.ER. After traversing a groat portion of Queensland, tho writer gives his deliberate opinion thut up to the present the surface of that great State has barely been scratched. Thu British, or Gallic, or Teuton workman, hemmed m on all sides by the ever-encroaching hordo of his neighbors, can tlnd room m big, healthy Queensland to stretch his limbs and ya^vn without disturbing t^e status quo of his village. Thunks to tho democratic legislation of the State, he receives wages commensurate with the high state of civilisation which ha. finds around him. A beneficent Government advances him up to £200 at an absurdly low rate of interest, provided he sciures a block of hind whereon to build a home.. Many honest workers and t<irut?gling settlers have, been assisted on to their feet by taking advantage of . this splendid legislative enactment, tho Government Agricultural Bank being ■ the via media by which the assistance \ is rendered. In no* other sum* of lh>? * Commonwealth ure the. land laws generally so paternal us m Queensland, and 1 settlors from the more oonpttstod cenr trcs of Victoria and Tasmania, also from the Dominion of New Zealand, whom Queensland welcomes with noon [. arms, arc coming alon^ m increasing L numbers to ha cla-spd tv her browl bosom. In a subsequent number sonx* a of tho more prominent lulvantußes nekl ,» 014 to tho lnml-seirkor will lie. erystallay ed for Inspection. >
QUEENSLAND, NZ Truth, Issue 520, 5 June 1915
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