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A BISHOP'S RECIPE FOR MAKING GOOD CITIZENS. Bishop Welldon's recipe for the making of good citizens is to educate them —to lead out the faculties of our youth so that they become good citizens. His recipe, which he explained at the meeting of the British Association last month, runs thus : "1. That every child shall enjoy the opportunity of developing in full measure the intellectual and -moral faculties with which God has endowed him or her. 2. That no difference of opportunity, or as little, difference as possible, shall exist between the richer and the poorer classes of society. 3. That the supreme object of education is to provide good citizens citizens who,, in Milton's stately language, will be, able to.' perform justly, skilfully, and magnanimously all the offices, both public and private, of peace and war.' 4. That, as the personal influence of the teacher is a potent factor in education, it is the business of the State to ensure the highest possible efficiency, not only, of intelligence, but of character, in the men and womon who adopt the educational profession as their -life-work." On the question of religious education, Bishop Welldon said — 1. That religion is in - the long run the most potent support of morality; religious teaching is, therefore, a necessary element in .every sound educational' eystem; and any religious teaching, if it be but the belief in an Almighty Power, is - far better than secularism -or paganism. But it is the State alonenot any .Church or religious body,' but the

r 1 ii»n — rmtummm p———■>— » ■ ... State alone—which can ensure the attendance of all children at religious teachingsubject, of course, to exemption on conscientious grounds. 2. That if it is or may be held to be the interest of the several Churches to educate their children in watertight so that no child shall come; in religious contact with any child not of th© same creed as his own, that is not at all the interest of the State. The State needs that its citizens shall have learnt to know and respect each other, in spite ? of religious differences, to rub shoulders together, and to co-operate with each other for the public good. It needs citizens who are capable of judging even religions questions not without reference to the welfare of the body politic. It is probable, therefore, and I cannot say it is unreasonable, that the State, "-while freely allowing the different religious bodies, if they are able and willing, to provide for tho religious education of their own. children, will require some mitigation of religious differences in the schools supported out of the public exchequer or out of the local rates."

LEAVING AMERICA IN DISGUST. Frankly proclaiming that America is too crude and the American people too selfish and inconsiderate to enable a person of intellectual tastes to live in that country, Mrs. Anne Warner French, the popular authoress of " The Rejuvenation of Aunt Mary," and other stories, has shaken the dust of her native land from her feet and departed for England. For years Mrs. French has been the pride of the town of St. Paul, Minnesota. • Before her departure the interviewers asked her if it was not possible to establish in America a state of affairs socially resembling England. " Quite out of the question," Mrs. French replied. " Even if such model servants were procurable hereand they are not—there are other difficulties. The women in America are petted and pampered as nowhere else, but they are not expected to enter the real ' world of affairs, and tho men do not take them seriously.' . English girls, On the contrary, are trained as their brothers are, so that when they are mature they take an earnest, active, and intelligent part in social, political, and economic affairs. When lam in* London I am entertained delightfully by people who can talk most interestingly 1 on a variety of topics, but who do not

indulge in mere personalities. Here conversation is meaningless and frivolous." Mrs. French's complaint in America is that her friends do not allow her to work, selfishly encroach on her time, and deprive hor of repose and calm. "The European sense of manners is more delicate," she says," " because it is less selfish, and more considerate. The European is willing to

make way for another, while it is characteristic of the American that he remains

thinking only of his own pleasure, often inconsiderately inconveniencing many others." Mrs. French adds that if she remained in America she would merely offend the friends who fail to understand her need of seclusion.

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NOTES AND COMMENTS., New Zealand Herald, Volume XLVIII, Issue 14815, 19 October 1911

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NOTES AND COMMENTS. New Zealand Herald, Volume XLVIII, Issue 14815, 19 October 1911

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