IMITATION MINE RESCUES.
' DOCTORS READY TO ACT.
For the first time in the' history of English collieries there was witnessed recently a " demonstration" of scientific lifesaving on a most. striking scale, in which the conditions of a mine disaster were realistically reproduced. The occasion was the opening of the institution established at Atherton, Lancashire, at a cost of £12,000 by the Lancashire and Cheshire Coal-owners' Association for the training of miners in life saving. Amongst those present were colliery proprietors and .managers from different parts of the country, Mr. Cuuynghame, of the Home Office, mine inspectors, and a representative from Mr. Rothschild's Austrian mines. The tests commenced when Mr. Garforth's "team" from Norman ton, Yorkshire—who figured prominently in the recent Hamstead rescue work—wearing their wig or oxygen apparatus, competed with Messrs. Simons' "London . " team," who used the aerolith or liquid air apparatus. The work done by the competitors was of a remarkable description, and involved no little risk. It occupied two hours, and was ; carried out in an unbreathablc atmosphere '..throughout, being similar to the work required underground after an explosion. Smoke and sulphuretted hydrogen were poured into imitation workings, and the men. who. were watched through glass partitions by doctors, set props, built ventilation walls, removed heaps, fixed brattice cloth, and carried a dummy "miner" on a stretcher along narrow passages. For obvious reasons each of the competitors is medically examined before entering and on emerging from .the gallery. A doctor is present for each" man in the "mine-gallery," in case of accidents. The result of the competition 'will not be made known for some weeks," and then the apparatus finally selected by the committee will be adopted for use in the Lancashire coalfield. The idea is to train a permanent caretaker in the- use of the apparatus selected, so that he will be able to instruct colliers in its use. In course of time each colliery will have its own fully-trained team and sets of apparatus, to be ready to combat any outbreak that may take place at their works. Teams will also be able to assist each other in extensive outbreaks.