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FENIANISM IN IRELAND., New Zealand Herald, Volume III, Issue 647, 8 December 1865
FENIANISM IN IRELAND.
(From the Times, September 23.) Though Fenianism continues to be the topio uppermost, it is surprising how little feeling more than ordinary curiosity is displayed with reference to it. In Cork, however, the cicitement is rather on the increase. It is stated that numbers of the military composing the Cork garrhon are disaffected, and that tho banks are being run upon by the timid. Further arrests have been made in the county, and, among others, two soldiers, tho drum-major of the- Ist battalion 2d Regiment and a sergeant of the 99th Kegiment, treasonable documents being found with them. Othors ure said to be suspected. The Cork Constitution has tlia following :— " The arrests continue in this city, and doublees from the information of which the authorities are possessed, before they stop every person in the locality prominently connected with the movement will be taken into custody. Notwithstanding the quiet way in which tho proceedings are taken, each Fenian being apprehended without any noise or commotion, the fact quickly gets currency, and at each arrest the excitement of the people is increased. On Wednesday the subject wait uppermost in every person's mind—the prevailing desire was to get news about tho body, whose ramifications are now seen to be more extensive than was previously thought, and each successive day's arrests only confirm the fact. Since last report four persons havo been arrested — two soldiers, one a drum-major and the other a sergeant, and the third and fourth civilians. The drum-majcr is named Farrell, and belongs to the Ist battalion of the 2nd Kegiment; the sergeant is named Butler, of the 99tli. Both were apprehended for having Fenian documents about them and were committed to tho military colls. The civilians are John Hawkcs and John Cormody. Ilawkes is a man employed at Mr. Jonathan Kussell's establishment, Prince's-street. He was taken on Wednesday by Hoad-constable Gealo and Constable Carson, and. was committed to prison. Carmody, who is a slater and plasterer, was arrested in the evening by Ilead-con-Btablo O'Neill. Ho met him casually in tho South Muin-street, and took him to the Bridewell. A great crowd followed, but no opposition was offered. With regard t j tho military arrests it may be stated that an error occurred in mentioning yesterday that an acting sergeant-major of the 2nd Kegiment, a sergeant musketry instructor, and a company sergeant had been t'iken, charged with treasonable practices. It is no wonder that Biich statements should gain publicity, because, though it is known that arrests were made in the barracks, it is utterly impossible to get information, owing to tho reticence of the military authorities, tho resnlt of which i i that inaccurate statements are circulated, and in too many cases implicitly believed. There is no doubt, howev- r. ih::r. Drum-Major Farrell, of the 2d Kegiment, an i
goant Butler, of the 99ili, have been anv*?d i. r Fenianism, nnd there is no doubt cither tli.it other men in the garrison, though not under arrest, aro vary shirply watched, for their complicity in the Fenian movement is more than a suspicion. There ij a largo number of .Englishmen and Borne Scotchmen in ihe barracks, and a good deal rf bitterness exists amongst them, that any mail of their corps should bo connected with tho Fenians. The Confederate olTicer, M'Cafferty, who was arrested a few days ago in this liar our on board ona of the Inraan steamers, still remains in custody. It appears that lio was an aide de-camp on tho staff of the Southern General Morgan, nnd with him had passed through many a brush with tho Federals. There was taken from hia person on his arrival hero a wai9t belt with two six-barrelled revolvers, a vide, and four workt upon drill. One was Bri&adier-Ueueral Silas Casey's Infantry Tactics, three volumes; another LieutenantColonel Philip St. George l ook's work on military movements with illustrations by Lieutenant-Colonel George i'att n, United States Army ; the third the A. B. G. of skirmishing and movements lor infantry, by William Malton, late 2nd Royal Middle;ei Kifles ; a"d a fourth a School Manual, by Btephen Pickney, Colonel 95th New Nork National Guard Each book is well got up and appears to contain every information necassury for the management of troops. An investigation will bo held into the charge against M'Cafferty in a few days. Although everything is quiet at, Queenstown a great amount of timidity oxists regarding the Fenian movement, and Beveral English people staying there have within the last few days left tho placo, so fearful were they of a rising by tho body* For the past week one of the gunboats in tho harbour, with a number ol marines on board, proceeded daily to sea, in consequence of information received that some time since a vessel cleared out of an American port with arms for this country, and on Tuesday evening Her Majesty's steam tender Advice left this harbour with Mr. Ryan 11.X., and a party of between thirty and forty constabulary on board. She returned in a few hours, but left again on Wednesday and remained at sea until about seven o'clock in the evening, when she entered tho harbour, and afterwards came to an anchor opposite the Haulbowline. Mr Ryan iind tho constabulary thin left her. What her special mission was is not known, but . rumour has it that it was to intercept tho vessel oxpccted from America. While she was at sea, yesterday a party of iwenty of the constabulary, under the command of Mr. Carr, S.X-, Dublin, city for tlio residence of Mr. Jjuke Joseph Shea, J. P., The Kennies, ft the purposo of searching it. When they made their appearance they stated their object. Mr. Shea demanded to see their warrant, which was at onca shown by the officer in charge of the men. They then searched tho house thoroughly, but nothing criminatory was found in it, and they returned to Cork. In the Fenian Association everything appears to be managed with good order —the members have their signs and passwords, can recognise at a glance a brother, and almost as quickly know to what rank ho has attained. In the rules of the body letters aro used
for tliis purpose, for instance, A attached to a member's name signifies that he is a colonel, B denotes a oaptain, and 0 a lieutenant. Dunne, it is said, had reached a colonel's rank, and Lynch a captain's, but nearly all the remaining seven never rose above ' full privates.' The prisoners aro kept in separate cells in the gaol, but aro allowed to wear their own clothes and to provide themselves with two meals a day. Of Geary nothing since has beeu heard, nor does there seem the slightest chance of the reward of one hundred pounds leading to his capture. His escape is a mystery to the police. How he heard of the intended arrests of lost Saturday morning is whaf, perhaps, will never be known, but he did hear of them, and that ho himself was included in the number, is positive by his speedy escape, for although seen in the city late on Friday night he was not to be mot with on Saturday morning, and has not been Boen Bince. Erroneous as it may be, ho is believed by many not to be outsido the city, and tlie strictest vigilance is observed about him here. tho reported retreats in Skibbereen, further inquiries show there have been none, and that the town and locality are perfectly quiet. A military force iB, however, to be stationed there, and the men have probably reached by this time. A rumour prevailed on Wednesday throughout tho city that a large number of the constabulary had sent in their resignation*, particularly the sub-constables, but this is not the caso. The reason assigned for the resignations was tho expected hard duties in connexion with the Fenians, but this statement was quite erroneous, and no resignation liave been sent in." The Cork Examiner says : — "On Tuesday tho prisoners charged with high, treason at tho city gaol were brought up, at tho Governor's office in that building, for further examination. The presiding magistrates were Messrs. Cronin, E.M., and Macleod, E.M. Mr. 8. Gillman, Crown Prosecutor, appeared for the Grown; Mr. M. J. Collins for tho prisoners. The prisoners by tho recent arrests now number nine, and are—John Kenealy and Patrick O'Shaughnessy, draper's clerks ; Bryan Dillon, attorney's clerk ; Mark Adams, engineer; John Lynch, no occupation ; John Thompson, grocer's clerk; Michael Murphy, hatter; Patrick Crowley and Patrick Dunn, carpenters. The person on whose information the arrests were made was an ex-pensi"ner, named John Warner."
FENIANISM IN IRELAND., New Zealand Herald, Volume III, Issue 647, 8 December 1865
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