Advertisements have appeared offering .sections, for .sale, and stating, as an inducement <to purchase, that buyers' are -entitled to free cabin passages to New .Zealand. Had the advertisers, read the ier-ms airtder which the sales were made by the company, they must have known that .the privilege could not be asserted after the 25th July. Nor can a party who has asserted the claim transfer the free passage on selling the land. This point has been raised, and so decided. Were this., privilege continually to attach to the purchase of land, the company would not be safe in granting a single free passage to any one of the labouring class ; for they might at any moment be called upon to expend upon the person of the proprietor that fund which is mainly desrtined to enable the labourers, mechanics, and their wives, to proceed to New Zealand. The important principle upon which the colonization of South Australia and New Zealand is based must never be lost sight of for a moment. The purpose of selling the land at 11. per acre is to obtain a fund with which to convey the industrious classes there in sufficient numbers. They cannot get there unless their passages are provided for them, and the land is valueless without the combined services of labour and capital. The price of 1 1. is supposed to yield a fund that will convey four persons for every hundred acres sold. The fund, though sufficient for that purpose, is not sufficient to perform it and to carry out capitalists or employers j and if they claim free passages to that extent they diminish the supply of labour. If they dissipate the fund beyond a certain extent, then labour may attain to a price which will make the colony a place of unprofitable investment to the capitalist. The evil would cure itself, doubtless — but at the expense of the prosperity of the colony. There will never be any difficulty in securing to the colonies a sufficient number of the employing class . The difficulty always has been, and must be, in 'obtaining Ha sufficient number of the class to be employed, to cause a state of society mutually beneficial. '. The creation and preservation of this due proportion is the striking feature peculiar to colonies having a system of land selling, ' furnishing a fund with which to grant free passages to a sufficient extent, and those which have it not, or not in a sufficient degree — and hereafter it will be found to be the great cause of their superior prosperity. Instead of invading this fund, the colonists, if alive to their own interest, will hasten to devise means by which it may he increased. Were the South Australian people to regard their own interest, they would further augment the emigration fund by an annual impost of 6d. per head on sheep, and Is. per head upon cattle. Whatever is done to supply labour in a sufficient quantity to the colony, to be done successfully, must be done, upon system. It must not be voluntary — all must contribute in a like degree, or the attempt must be futile. The plan of deriving a fund of the kind through the first sale price of land has this as its basis. Some may state, were the fund required not contributed in the nominal price of land, it might be expended in an independent manner by each proprietor. But if left to the sense of justice of the individual, would this contribution to the labour fund be made ? Would not each hope to derive labpur at the cost of, his neighbour? Has thaj; not occurred in a thousand cases already in the colonies? If there were no system by which all were obliged to contribute to the conveyance of labour, in. the degree in which they became purchasers of land, some would be foolish enough to convey servants, as many have done, to America and the old Australian colonies, at their individual expense, trusting to the gratitude and sense of justice of those whose condition they, had thereby so much improved. They would ihe, as others have been, disappointed. Hhose who had not incurred the expense of conveying the labourers to the colony •are tifee persons who could afford to pay the highest wages. They would make <offers \wiich would be accepted, and the aresuit -srould be that disgust which would mat arise af by a system all were obliged tte contribute to the labour fund, in
the degree in which a demand was made upon the labour market — that modey or the mode which is the nearest to' it, is selling the land and devoting its' proceeds in the manner pursued by South Australia and the new colony of New Zealand.
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New Zealand Gazette and Wellington Spectator, New Zealand Gazette and Wellington Spectator, Volume I, Issue I, 6 September 1839
PRELIMINARY SECTIONS. New Zealand Gazette and Wellington Spectator, Volume I, Issue I, 6 September 1839
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