REGULATIONS FOR LABOURERS WISHING TO EMIGRATE TO NEW-ZEALAND.
1. By the terms of purchase for lands in the company's first and principal settlement, dated Ist June, 1839, the jompany has engaged to lay out 75 per cent, of the monies received from purchasers, in defraying the cost of emigration to the settlement. According to those terms, purchasers and others may submit labouring persons, of the class hereafter described, for a free passage, for the approval of the company. In the selection of labouring emigrants, the company has undertaken^ to give a preference to applicants who shall be under engagement to work for capitalists intending to emigrate. 2. The company therefore offers a free passage to the colony (including provisions and medical attendance during the voyage), to persons of the following description : 3. Agricultural labourers, shepherds, bakers, blacksmiths, braziers and tinmen, smiths, shipwrights, boat-builders, wheelwrights, sawyers, cabinet-makers, carpenters, coopers, curriers, farriers, millwrights,
harness makers, Boot and shoemaker! tailors,, tanners, brickmakers, lime-burneri and all persons .engaged in the erection c buildings. 4. Persons engaged, in the above occupa tions who may apply far a free passage t New-Zealand., must transmit to the offic of the company, free of expense, the mos satisfactory testimonials as to their qualifica tions, character, and health. 5. They must be labourers going out ti work for wages in- the colony, of sounc mind and body, not less than fifteen, noi more than thirty years of age, and married The marriage certificate must be produced The rule as to age will be occasionally de> parted from in favour of persons having large families, whose qualifications are ii other respects satisfactory. 6. To the wives of labourers thus seni out, the company offers a free passage with their husbands. 7. To single women a free" passage will be granted, provided they go out under the protection of their parents, or near relatives, or under actual engagements as servants to ladies going out as cabin passengers on board the same vessel. The preference will be given to those accustomed to farm and dairywork, to sempstresses, straw-platters, and domestic servants. 8. The children of parents sent out by the company will receive a free passage, ii they are uncle* one, or full fifteen of age. at the ijme of embarkation. For all other, children three pounds each must be paid, in full, before embarkation by the parents or friends, or by the parish. It will be useless to apply for a relaxation of this rule. 9. Persons not strictly entitled to be conveyed out by the emigration fund, if not disqualified on account of character, will, in the discretion of the directors, be allowed to accompany the free emigrants, on paying to the company the bare contract price of passage, for the time being., The charges for children are as "follows : — •-Under, one year of age, no charge ; one year and under nine, one-third of the charge for adults; nine years of age and under fourteen, one-half the charge for adults ; but if the parent's be of the labouring class, the children will be taken out on *the terms stated in Regulation 8. ' ■10. All emigrants, adults as well as children, must have been'^vaccinated, or have had the small-pox. 11. Emigrants will be for the most part embarked at the port of London, but the directors will occasionally appoint other ports of embarkation, as circumstances may require. • 12. The expense of reaching the port of embarkation must be borne by the emi-. grants ; but on the day appointed for their embarkation they will be received, even though the departure of the ship should be delayed, and will be put to no further expense. 13. Every adult emigrant is allowed to take half a ton weight, or twenty cubic feet, of baggage. Extra baggage is liable to charge at the ordinary rate, of freight per ton. 14. The emigrants must provide the bedding for themselves and children, and the necessary tools of their own. trades ; the other articles most useful for emigrants to take with them, are strong plain clothing, or the materials for making clothes upon thepassage. In providing clothing, it should be remembered that the usual length of the voyage is four months. 15. On the arrival of the emigrants in the colony, they will be received by an officer who will supply their immediate wants, assist them in reaching the place of' their destination, be ready to advise with them in case of difficulty, and at all times to give them employment- in the service of .the company, if from any cause they should be unable to obtain it elsewhere. The emigrants will, however, be at perfect liberty to engage themselves to any one willing to employ them, and will make their own bargain for wages. By order of the board, John Ward, Secretary. New-Zealand Land Company's Office, 1 Adam st., Adelphi, 29th June, 1839.
— Mr Swainson, the eminent naturalist, authorizes us to contradict an announcement in the advertisements of the Committee of- the first Colony, that he is, to proceed with them to New Zealand. Mr Swainson, does not intend to proceed till next spring, hy which time he will have fulfilled the. literary engagements he has on hand.
Dietary of all but Cabin Pessengers; the Passengers to be in .Messes of Six. or more, according to the following Scale for one Adult : —
Extract from the Instructions given to Colonel Wakefield s the Company's .Principal Agent in command of the Preliminary Expedition .; — "You will constantly bear in mind thatthe profits of the Company must, in ,a great measure, depend on the judgment which you may exercise in selecting places of future location. As all the world is free to purchase lands in New Zealand upon the same terms as the Company, it should be your especial business to acquire spots which enjoy some peculiar natural advantage ; lands, the possession of which would bestow on the pany, or hereafter on those who may purchase from the Company, some valuable superiority over the owners of ordinary lands. Of merely fertile land there exists so great an abundance, . that its possession, however useful and valuable, would not be peculiarly advantageous. Mere fertility of soil, therefore, though not to be overlooked, is a far less important consideration than natural facilities of communication and transport. There is probably some one part of the islands better suited than . any other to become the centre of their trade, or commercial metropolis, when they shall be more fully inhabited by Englishmen; and there must be many other spots peculiarly eligible for the sites of secondary towns. The shores of safe and commodious harbours, the sheltered embouchures of extensive rivers communicating with a fertile country, the immediate neighbourhood of powerful falls of water which might be expected to become the seats of manufactures, — these are the situations in which it is most to be desired that you should make purchases of land. And especially you should endeavour to make an extensive purchase on the shores of that harbour,, which, all things considered, shall appear to offer the greatest facilities as a general trading dep6t and port of export and import for all parts of the islands, — as a centre of commerce for. collecting and exporting the produce, of the islands, and for the reception and distribution of foreign' goods. In making this selection, you will not forget that Cook's Strait forms part of the shortest, route from t the Australian Colonies to-England, and that the best harbour
he in that channel must inevitably become the yr most frequented port of colonized New Zeale land. A mere harbour, however, whether there or elsewhere, might be of but little value. There is not in the world, perhaps, a safer or more commodious harbour than Port Hardy in D'Urville's Island ; but the smallness of the island renders its harbour of less importance than several others on the shores of Cook's Strait. That harbour in Cook's Strait is the most -valuable, which combines with ample security and convenience as a resort for ships, the nearest vicinity to, or the best natural means of communication with, the greatest extent of fertile' territory. So far as we are at present--informed, Port Nicholson appears superior to any other." * * * * " Considering the excellent sailing qualities of the Tory, and that you are amply , supplied with provisions and water, we trust that you may reach Cook's Strait, without touching anywhere, b)' the end of AugustAs soon as you have completed your business there, which we are in hopes may not occupy you more than two months, you will proceed to Kaipara, and thoroughly inspect' that harbour and district. You will also take the best means in your power of ascertaining whether there is; to the southward of Kaipara, a spot more suitable than that port to be- . come the seat of the commercial capital of" the North Island; and if you should discover such a spot, you will endeavour to make an extensive purchase there. " At Kaipara you will exhibit to the natives tlie original contracts of LieutenantM'Donhell, and will claim, on behalf of the Company, the lands therein named. Youwill also inform the natives, that Lieutenant M'Donnell, intends to, proceed to New- Zealand ere long; you will deliver to, the chiefs? the letter, whereby he informs them of his having transferred his lands there to theCompany; and you will take whatever steps, you may think most expedient, to obtain possession of this tract in the name of the Company. " Supposing you to have selected from any. purchases that you -may make in Cook's Strait, or the neighbourhood of 'Kaipara, or in the district of the Company'slands at Kaipara , that spot which you shall deem the fittest for a first settlement, — that spot, which shall present the most satisfactory combination of ' facility of access, security for shipping, fertile soil, water-communication with, districts abounding in flax and timber, and falls of water for the purpose ,of mills, — and where the native inhabitants shall evince the greatest desire to receive English settlers, and, appear |most anxious to obtain employment for wages; there you will make all such preparations for the arrival of a body of settlers, as the means at your disposal will allow. Amongst these it occurs to us that the natives should be employed at liberal wages, in felling the best kinds of timber, taking the logs to the place which you may have marked out for the site of a town, and alsoin collecting and preparing flax and spars asa return freight for vessels which may convey settlers to the place. You should also* make the natives thoroughly aware of the nature and extent of the intended settlement,, - so that they may not be surprised at the subsequent arrival of a number of large ships. And at this spot, when you quit it, you will,, of course, leave such persons as you may be able to spare, and shall be willing to remain, for the purpose of assuring the natives of" your return, and of pursuing the labours of preparation. On quitting this spot, you will proceed directly to Port Hardy, in D'Urville's Island, where you will remain until some of the Company's vessel shall arrive from Eng- • land. By the first and subsequent vessels, you will receive further instructions. It, is of essential consequence that you should, if ' possible, reach Port Hardy by the 20th of January next, or, if that should not be possible, that you find means of transmitting tothe Company's, vessels, that will be directed to touch there by that time, a full account of the spot on which you may have determined as the site of the first settlement."
Extract from the Instructions of the Board of Directors of the New Zealand Land Company, to Lieut. William Mem Smith, Royal Artillery, the CompanylsSv/rvey or- General, as contained in- a Letter from the Secretary, dated Aug. ■ 1,1839. ] Youk surveying operationsshould at fiist be entirely confined to the- site of the town. In laying out, the .plan ofithe town, you must as *closely as possible adhere to the
conditions on which the land orders have been sold, as expressed, by the enclosed copy of the terms of purchase, — providing, at all events, that every holder of a land order obtains one full acre of land -within the town. The directors wish that; in' forming the jplan of the town, you should make ample Teseryes for all public purposes ; such as a •cemetery, a market-place, wharfage, and probable public buildings, a botanical garden, a park, and extensive boulevards. It is, indeed, desirable that the whole •outside of the town, inland, should be separated from the country sections by a ""'broad belt of land which you will de--clare that the company intends to be public property, on condition that no •"buildings be ever erected upon, it. The form of the town must necessarily be left to your own judgment and taste. Upon this subject the directors will only Temark, that you have to provide for the future rather than the present, and that they wish the public convenience to be -consulted, and the beautiful appearance of the future city to be secured, so far as these objects can be accomplished by the -original plan, — rather than the immediate -profit of the company. It is of essential consequence that the lands should be made ready for -■allotment as soon as possible. . You will consult with Colonel Wakefield as to the day Tvhen the allotment shall take place. It should not take place, however, until a reasonable time - shall have been' allowed after the plan is finished, for the settlers to compare the map with the ground. Public notice of the day of allotment should be given ; -and the directors desire me' to impress on you that everything like concealment, or i • even the appearance of it, should be carefully avoided in all the proceedings of your department. The first ships with settlers will convey to you instructions in duplicate, as to the mode in which the .ch'oiee of sections is to take place, according to the priority .determined by lot. . As soon as the survey and plan of the lown are completed, you will proceed to • jthe survey of country sections.' • -, You will observe by the-' ''Terms of Purchase," that the company -undertakes that the eleven hundred country -section's .shall consist of the most valuable land -at the disposal of the directors in the first \ settlement. The directors trust, at :all events, that you will adopt that* mode of proceeding; ' hj which the holders of the preliminary land orders will most surely obtain "the. .most valuable land in the first .settlement, : - and by which the priority of- choice delermined by lot will be most strictly observed. In case any order or orders should not "l)e presented to you at the time when the opportunity for choosing occurs, it will - be your business to choose for the absent 'holder. The directors feel assured that /they need not impress on you the necessity of being careful to select, in such cases, the very best land then open to > .choice. This last instruction applies to the .town as well as the country acres. Waik respect to the town acres, however,■it -seems indispensable that the whole ■should be surveyed and mapped before any. choice is allowed, and that the allotanent of tthe whole should take place at 'Oneitime. ' vltv lt will he your duty to choose the reserved sections according to the priority W choice which has been determined %ylot.
JEI&&T COLONY OF NEW .ZEALAND. COMMITTEE, , ' WITH POWER TO ADI> TO. THEIR NUMBER.; George Samu^ lEvaJls > D.C.L., Chairman, 'Hon. Henry Te. tre * . [ Captain JDaniell. n : Dudley Sinclair, L s^' v I Francis Molesworth, Es £ ' i Edward fietts Hopper, - • bsq * ' : 'George Duppa, Esq. Henry St Hill, Esq. George Hunter, Esq. - ' i ' H. Moreing, Esq., F. A.S. £>. Biddiford, Esq. -Samuei; Revaws, Esqv " Se °' Under the aoove designation a Socie **£** been formed;; in connexion wfth th e r v
Zealand Land Company, and consisting exclusively of heads of families and others, intending to settle permanently in New Zea-. land on lands purchased from the 1 Company. The object of this society is : tc promote co-operation in the numerous' measures of preparation requisite for establishing a prosperous settlement. The Society already numbers a considerable body of gentlemen, who have determined to emigrate with their families andproperty. Others, who may entertain similar views, are invited to join them. Qualification of a member of the Society, thepurchase of 100 acres of land ; of a member of- the committee, 500 acres ; including, in both cases, part of the first town. The greater part of the purchase money to be expended by the Company on the emigration of the purchasers, their families and servants. Members admitted by ballot only. The Colony will l depart in a body during August next, 1 - so as to reach their destination about Midsummer (in the southern hemisphere), when the site of the first town will have been determined and prepared for their reception by a preliminary expedition now on its way to New Zealand.
EPISCOPAL CHURCH IN NEW ZEALAND. COMMITTEE. , j Hon. Francis Baring, M.P. Sir G. Sinclair, Bart., M.P. J. Ivatt Bxiscoe, Esq., M.P. Wijliam Hutt, Esq., M.P. J. Abel Smith, Esq., M.P. , Rev., Samuel Hinds, D.D. G. S. Evans, Esq., D.C.L. Rev. W. Selwyn, M.A. E. Halswell, Esq., M.A. H. Moreing, Esq.., F.A.S. Captain Daniell. Henry St Hill, Esq. E. B. Hopper, Esq. BANKERS. Messrs Smith*, Payne, and Smiths. , The members of the church of England, connected with the first colony of emigrants , about to settle in the islands of New Zealand, , beg respectfully to submit the following proposals to the heads of their own church, as well as to christians of every denomination, who may be willing to support the only attempt that is likely to be made, for some time, .to found a Christian congregation in the projected settlement at New Zealand. It is unnecessary to contend for the am portance of laying, as early as possible^ the foundations of those institutions which will give the tone and character to future societies ; and,' above all, of providing for those moral sanctions ' which true religion alone I can furnish-for the subjugation of conscience ' to the authority of law. It is hoped that, in the nineteenth century of the Christian era, the spectacle may not be exhibited of a large body of emigrants, I culled in due proportion from all ranks of, the mother country, moving in a social or-, ganization perfect in all other points, savethat which, could alone distinguish it from a.' community of unbelievers or .pagans. The large majority of the emigrants ace attached to the church of England, and they are desirous of quitting their native lands under the sanction and benediction of their mother church. There are others also*embarked in an enterprise which draw mentogether and make many differences, once! exaggerated appear insignificant, who. cheerfully contribute to the formation of one large' and united congregation, rather than, split themselves into small and feeble commuaities. They feel that there are occasions, when faith itself may give place to charily,,, and confess that some of their most formidable objections vanish, in a colony, inhere there can be no question of predominance, because there is no establishment, and where every church must depend upon the voluntary zeal of its own adherents. Although the colony, as sacb,. can take no cognizance of these matters, yet, as it is' practically the case -that the majority of its members are connected with the church of England, they have consulted as to the best means of securing their religions objects. After mature deliberation, they are satisfied that the mos'i safe and orderly way of proceeding is /to place themselves and their subscriptions at the disposal of that venerable corporatic/n,' which the most perfectly embodies the doctrine, the discipline, and the authority of the' church of England; and which., of all others, the most " naturally cares fox thern^' having been' formed,' for such special purposes, in times the most propitious to co-
lonization — " The S.ociety for the Propagation of the, Gospel in Foreign Parts*" That society,, which has always " consecrated the sources," and hallowed the progress, of civilization,, by planting a church- in every colony founded by Englishmen, since the date of its formation, has been in some degree approached, upon the subject ; and the committee are not without hopes that, if the settlers' come forward, boldly and liberally,, with a subscription, for building and endowing a church, and guaranteeing a moderate stipend to the pastor, the society would be ; induced to respond', by making some proportionate grant, and would,' in that case, incur the trouble and responsibility, so, satisfactory to the public, of becoming' the trustees to the endowment. In making this application, the committee will only follow the precedent of South Australia ; where a subscription, to the amount of 800?., was raised for the bunding of a church, under the patronage and superintendence of the society, and a clergyman selected by them sent out, to the universal satisfaction of the colony. The sanction this wouM give to the religious observances ,of the congregation, and the dignity it would reflect upon the colony itself, need not be insistedon, ; and it is hoped, therefore, tTiat the settlers, as well as all those from various motives interested in the undertaking, will at once exert "themselves to secure the fulfilment of these expectations. The emigrant who believes the doctrines, and loves the forms, of the time-honoured institution with which he connects, not merely the tender charities- of life, but the most august recollections of his country, will not consent to desolate and paganize his future home by the absence of the consolations which religion inspires. Considerations like this will actuate with double force those parents or relatives whose children or connexions are about to be separated from them, "far as. the poles asunder." The mere speculator will perceive that the colony itself will be incomplete, without such an institution ; and that no decent or wellconducted family would consent to settle in a country without a church. ' The subscriptions, will -be confined, in a great -measure, to the permanent endowment of the church, by the purchase- of one or more sections of landan the -principal township, of .the colony, to: the erection .of the necessary buildings, including a. house for the clergyman, and to the providing for him a suitable outfit. - • The. annual stipend- will be- secured by a guarantee on the part of certain members of the colony, against which they wall indemnify themselves by the. pew rents qf a part of the church: The sum of 10.1/,, if contributed immedir ately, will secure- one acre of building land in, the first town,, on. which, the,, church and| parsonage may be built, and 100, acres of : contiguous rural, land, wJtrich ;will form a ■ glebe, and the company will* give a free cabin ■passage to tha.- clergyman,, if lie proceeds with the first. colony. It is believed. -that five- or six hundred* pounds beyond this will be sufficient to raise such buildings- as- may answer for the first. 1 years of an infant society. For the future, ; the settlers will cheerfully trust in the blessing of the Almighty, to protect his own 1 church, which may, without indulging in any pictures of imagination,, be the means of spreading the light of the gospel from New Zealand aver the islands of the Pacific. To do this, would be to. compensate future, generations for the injuries inflicted on the past, -by the pestilential influence exerted by England, through her penal colonies, over the whole southern hemisphere. As the founders of the proposed, colony* acting on the principles of William Perm, have purchased, their lands from the natives, and have resolved by a uniform system to secure,, as far as possible, .a perfect equality and conjunction between the settlers and the aborigines^it.is to be understood in this, and in all other appeals made to the public by ' the members of the colony, that the natives are to, participate equally with themselves in all the benefits of the local institutions.
Saturday Friday Thursday Wednesday Tuesday Monday Sunday ;.. DAYS. 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 lb. Biscuit. 4 lb. Beef* * - * i lb. Pork.* * * lb. rreserved Meat. * A 4 2 ! i * i lb. Flour. i i lb. Raisins. 1 1 I oz. Suet. * * * Pint Peas. i 4 i lb. Rice. * V £ — lb. Potatoes i i i oz. Tea. * * oz. Coffee. i i * lb. Sugar 3 3 oz. Butter. i Pint. Pickled fabbage. 2 i oz. Salt. i oz. Mustard. • 3 - 3 3 3 3 3 3, Quarts. Water,
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REGULATIONS FOR LABOURERS WISHING TO EMIGRATE TO NEW-ZEALAND., New Zealand Gazette and Wellington Spectator, Volume I, Issue I, 6 September 1839
REGULATIONS FOR LABOURERS WISHING TO EMIGRATE TO NEW-ZEALAND. New Zealand Gazette and Wellington Spectator, Volume I, Issue I, 6 September 1839
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