From the Instructions of the Board of Directors of the New Zealand Land Company, to Lieut. William Mem Smith, Royal Artillery, the Company's Surveyor-General, as contained in a j Letter from the Secretary, dated Aug. 1, 1839. I Your surveying operations should at first be entirely confined to the site of the town. In laying gut the plan of the town, you must as closely as possible adhere to the conditions on which the land orders have been sold, as expressed by the enclosed copy of the terms of purchase, — providing, at all events, that every holder of a land order obtains one full acre of land within the town. The directors wish that, in forming the plan of the town, you should make ample reserves for all public purposes ; such as a cemetery, a market-place, wharfage, and probable public buildings, a botanical farden, a park, and extensive boulevards, t is, indeed, desirable that the -whole outside of the town, inland, should be separated from the country sections by a broad belt of land -which, you -will declare that the company intends to be public, property^ P n condition that no buildings be ever erected upon it.
The form of the town must necessarily be left to your own judgment and taste. Upon this subject the directors will only remark, that you have to provide for the future rather than the present, and that they wish the public convenience to be consulted, and the beautiful appearance of the future city to be secured, so far as these objects can be accomplished by the original plan, — rather than the immediate profit of the company. It is of essential consequence that the town lands should be made ready for lallotment as soon as possible. You will consult with Colonel Wakefield as to the day when the allotment ishall take place. It should not take place, however, until a reasonable time shall have been allowed after the plan is finished, for the settlers to compare the map with the ground. - Public notice of the day of allotment should be given ; and the directors desire me to impress on you that everything like concealment, or ■even the appearance of it, should be carefully avoided in all the proceedings of your department. The first ships with isettlers will convey to you instructions in duplicate, as to the mode in which the choice of sections is -to take place, according to the priority determined by lot. As soon as the survey and plan of the town are completed, you will proceed (to the survey of country sections. You will observe by the " Terms of Purchase," that the company undertakes that the eleven hundred country sections shall consist of the most valuable land at the disposal of the directors in the first settlement. ***** The directors trust, at all events, that you will adopt that' mode of proceeding by which the holders of the preliminaryland orders will most surely obtain the most valuable land in the first settlement, and by which the priority of choice determined by lot will be most strictly observed. In case any order or orders should not be presented to you at the time when the opportunity for choosing occurs, it will be your business to choose for the absent holder. The directors feel assured that they need not impress on you the necessity of being careful to select, in suchcases, the very best land then open to. choice. This last instruction applies to the town as well as the country acres. With respect to the town acres, however, it seems indispensable that the whole should be surveyed and mapped before any choice is allowed, and that the allotment of the whole should take place at one time. It will be your duty to choose the reserved sections according to the priority of choice which has been determined by lot. With respect to your proceedings after the survey and allotment of the lands already sold, you will receive instructions by the first emigrant ships.
Town Acres and the stjrhouitdino Rural Sections. — There has been a considerable degree of speculation in the lands at from ten to eighty per cent advance upon the upset price of the company. Certificates of choice for town acres have been sold from 101. to 801. per acre. The real value of these lands cannot be ascertained till the colonists shall have arrived in the colony; wad have been joined by the large number of wealthy persons which it is reported are preparing to proceed immediately to settle at the first and principle settlement of the New Zealand land company. Port Phillip has been inhabited some six years. It was settled without design — is unsupported by any important English connections — is subject to the curse of convict slavery — has now but some 1000 persons, yet the town lands have been selling at 1200?. per acre, and the rural lands in the vicinity of the town at 151. the acre. The Sydney people are the purchasers, and the superior advantages of the New Zealand colony will not fail to be immediately apparent to them. The, New Zealand Land Com^asr?^ ■—The capital is 100,000/., and a|L.'%e,g^ stalments will have been paid by $keosts Jf January next. The proportion ofHWS^tiffi} derived from the sale of land upJ^jffie>#je?N; j sent time, which is reserved for tl}'§ |xseris|s* and profits of the company, exceed "a&OM^
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