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As our contemporary the Gazette, in his last publication, has inserted the commencement of along letter from Dr. Martin to the Right Hon. l,ord Stanley on the effect of* a bad Government on. a good country, upon which we made {pme observations in our number of the fourth instant, we' think it but just that the public should be placed in possession of both sides of the question, and we- therefore insert the following critique upon • -some portions of the work, published by Mr. John Moore, of Auckland, in the Auckland Times. " This, is one of the paper pellets of the brain, which Lord Stanley and other minister who may succeed him in his present office, must expect, from time to time, to be pelted with, in expiation of the offences of his predecessor, Lord John Russell. We are only surprised, that many sncli demonstrations have not made their appearance before, and we are thankful to the author, so far as fre has accomplished, it, for the execution of that part of his object, to which, if he were wise, he would have confined himself, viz. ; ajust and bold exposition of the unexampled system of blundering which has marked every step in the career of the authorities, acting under home instructions, ever since they commenced their office in New Zealand. This was a fruitful subject of discourse, if he would have pursued it, and there was no occasion whatever for exaggeration in the exposition of it. The Doctor, however, has made it so evident that he writes with spleen and rancour, and he has so swoln, or distorted, almost every fact he has taken hold of, that we fear he will get but little credit for the real truth. It is likely that the kernel will be lost in the task of extracting it from the ponderous husk in which the Doctor ks enveloped it. This we shall have occasion Improve t in the mean time we beg leave to make a few remarks of out own upon this subject; and will then return to the pamphlet before us. The islands of New Zealand are not now, for the first time, that is," since the Crown of Great Britain has been a party concerned, brought under the influence of colonisation-^-on the contrary, as the list of " Claims confirmed" in the Government Gazette will show, they have, for very many years, been the" abode of British industry and enterprise ; reports of the great capacity of the country had long been rife in Great Britain, and* more- than one attempt had been made in London to set about a scheme of its civilisation upon a properly organised jlfan. Nothing,' however, of this kind was done, till the New Zealand Company, whose- present head quarters are at Port Nicholson, commenced their extensive operations ; the great success of their schemes, assisted by puffing, excited the cupidity of the pauper Whigs; the self-supporting theories of Wakefield gave additional impulse to their longings; Baron Thierry and the French Government seemed to threaten a rival claim; and the state of the peopleiat home, made everything that promised to .promote emigration desirable : aU these motives combined, determined Her Majesty's "Whig -ministers to assume the sovereignty of New Zealand. And how have they exercised it ? Th*e answer is plain. Gulled by the Wakefield theories, they have contemplated it only as a source of profit and of patronage. They had read the declaration of that pestilent busy-body, Dr. John Lang, who Wared that the only British residents in New Zealand were runaway convicts from Sydney, aid deserters from the whaling marine, who fere practising every description of injustice and cruelty upon the natives ; and catching at this, js an excuse, they perpetrated the monstrous injustice of cancelling, one and all, the pi e-exist- % land contracts between the Natives and the European residents, thus, at one blow, depriving ffty many industrious families, wha had been tag residents Here)] of the. fruits of half a lifetime of active industry. There were many inMligent speculators in the southern hemisphere, *ho had^foreseen that the colonisation of New Zealand could not be long delayed, and they c nne here to make purchases of the natives, in "Jticipatlon of a demand for land, some of them tt the. 'latest moment. They, too by this unH declaration, are deprived of their acquired ; among these Dr. Martin is one. Do not N, my Lord Stanley, or any other of his todere, take him for an old settler, as he would *ye you suppose. Dr. Martin is one of the tte purchasers, but the British Government *ye no more right to interfere with Dr. I^ar-

tin's purchase, made before their assumption of authority, than they have to deprive the oldest planter in Jamaica of his patrimonial estate. But the injustice perpetrated against Dr. Martin, as compared with that against many other claimants, is as a petty larceny contrasted with a capital felony. The British Crown having thus been metamorphosed into the only territorial possessor, as well as supreme ruler, of the new kingdom, of course it must- set up some form of government. We might have been forgiven for supposing that the one Adopted wonid have been composed of persons 'acquainted with, the state of the country ; that it would have been somewhat conformable, in its machinery) and in its cost, to the circumstances of so young a place. How far this obvious propriety has been respected, we are spare 4 the trouble of detailing by the pamphlet before us. We only repeat ourselves, when W£*say that the interferfence of the British Government hitherto, has been a check, and a hinderance to the colonisation of New Zealand, it has stopped every thing that was usefully and wisely progressing, it has afforded an opportunity to land ■sharks, by means o£-.the auction system, to 4 fleece every bond fide settler among the new comers, Government officers especially among the number ; and what has it rendered as an equivalent ? Have the Home Government been anxious to send a single emigrant to the Colony of their adoption ? No I Have they shown a disposition to encourage emigration by a liberal regulation of the land sales, for first comers, who have all to do in the wilderness ? — On the contrary — the land regulations are formed only so as to serve the purpose of exaction. We laugh at tliem, however, as a thing gone by ; they have wrought our ruin and their own burial at one and the same time. If Dr. Martin had dwelt upon these obvious topics only ; if he had relied upon the native strength of his materials, and not travelled out of his way, to indulge personal jealousies and dislikes ; he would have been an able advocate, and we might all have been obliged to him. But he has neutralized his " nostrum," for Lord Stanley cannot fail to penetrate the feelings, which pervade every page and paragraph, and. after he has rejected his assumptions, and pared down his descriptions till he has reduced them to facts, he will doubt them so much, that we .shall probably derive no benefit from his com- j munication at all. "We proceed to suggest to the Author some passages that require, at least, revision. — In the very first paragraph, the Doctor tells Lord Stanley, that ' the Government of New Zealand, during the last two years, has cost one hundred and twenty thousand pounds.' His lordship is in possession, of course, of more correct information than the Doctor can pretend to ; it would be prudent, therefore, that his first mathematical assertion should be correct, because upon that circumstance much of his future credit will be built. We only say, we doubt the fact. " We next notice, for we go regularly through the book, the circumstance of the Doctor's actual residence in the Colony before and since the establishment of British authority. The information is scanty ! how long before 1 ? If the Doctor wishes to enforce his claims, he must condescend to particulars — it was the neglect of this obvious propriety, which gave him so much trouble, w&k $he, Chief Police Magistrate. " Page 4. — The Doctor knows very likely, more than we do, about Port Essington, and it may be all correct, for any thing we know to the contrary/ about our paraphernalia being modelled upon that which prevailed there — but we cdnie to 1 a dead halt about the Mounted Police being recency founded by Sir George Gipps; the mounted police were in active operation in New South Wales^ long before Sir George Gipps set foot in Sydney \ "Page 7. — It is rather loosely asserted, that fifteen or twenty thousand pounds have been spent upqn Gov.ernrapnt House. There is a great cleal constantly said about the outlay here, and tWe <ajp#,jfew local subjects respecting which we are more curious for accurate information. Fifteen or tWeh^y thousand pounds ! it is quite clear tne Doctor tell us exactly. " We come now to Dr. Martin's philanthropic demonstrations about the natives ; and we can fancy how he laughs in' his sleeve while he reads this over, and chuckles at the thought of a Downing Street ignoramus giving him credit for sincerity. Poor things ! how much they do require the Doctor's protection against the^ wicked cupidity of the Local Government, who are so much frightened at them, but who are nevertheless able to bamboozle them with blankets ! Pshaw ! Why don't the Doctor set forth the particulars of his own purchases, as an "example for less conscientious men*, i^ to,t&£ fearful massacre at Taurwjp£~ouj A u sQ r JHM&t as well blame the moon' as tfoe GpHfrnor, Poes , he suppose that long-rooted national customs can be plucked up by the <wo*d of ;comifia7icl, and forgotten, as if they had' never been. r Naturam expeUas furca", tamen uaqueyfccurrit. " It will be many many years before we fi^all make even the immediate neightowhpod* of Our own settlements as peaceableas Ifaddj^sftpn! We come now to the Doctor's account oCland jobbing of the poor officials, whom he mauls

most terribly, btit he should stick to facts . At page 14, lie talks about Mr. Porter's purchase, of Mr. Shortlands allotment, for 1200/., which cost about 3000/. Now, Doctor Martin ought to know, if he does not, that Mr. Porter's twelve hundred pounds purchase included other land besides 1 Mr. Shortlands three hundred pounds allotment — he knows, besides, that improvements had been effected. It was known to Mr. Potter himself that the original cost and outlay was #otir 700/. — we liave nothing ourselves to $ty*about the transaction, but the truth should be respected. The uncburteous mention of Mr. Porter himself, that gentleman, we should hope, has the good sense to despise. — The statements which follow aresadly jumbled, we do not stop to disentangle them, but refer our readers to our paper of the 19th instant, in which we replied to ' Justitia' on this subject ; we notice, however, that Mr. Ckrke and Mr. Cooper have got the whole of one bay, although Mr. Churton has got a part of it I And a little further on, " The fifth, or Iniquity Bay, sometimes called the Judge's Bay, is entirely in the hands of the Judge and Attorney-General, who .have manifested mjjre cupidifcyihan modesty, in appropriating to themselves the whole of this lovely bay."' The* fact is, that this lovely bay is a place so inconveniently situated, that if they had not gone to live there, from an especial desire of retirement from the town, nobody else would ; the bay contains, at least, thirty acres of land, of which the Judge and Attorney-Ge-neral have three each ! The Judge's land has not a water frontage I So m tßh for the iniquity of the thing. " Page 15. — 'The best lands that were exposed to sale, in accordance with this plan, were all withdrawn without a single offer, excepting two which were bought by the Colonial Treasurer.' The Doctor knows that this is not correct, for he caricatured the last land sale, in his own office window, with the Colonial Treasurer as one buyer, and Mr. Porter as the other ! These are sonic of the inaccuracies of Dr. Martin's statements— we have not space now to pursue the subject, but may perhaps return to it. There is no qtrality in a public writer so necessary as disinterestedness ; but the author before us betrays his- bias, we were going to say — we mean his total onef-sided preponderance at every step of his argument. We bow in reverence to the Doctor's superiority — -a common genius takes pains to ascertain, but a superior mind assumes. There is a deal of patriotism, which will earn a deal of popularity in this pamphlet ; but to produce airy advantageous effect upon the mind of the nobleman to whom it is addressed, it must carry home more of that useful ballast — « Proof!' Dr- Martinis assistance upon general views we shall acknowledge with gratitude upon the part of the public of Auckland.'*' —

The Convict Francis under Sentence dv Death. — After his conviction, he appeared completely unnerved, and it was nearly two days before he recovered anything like compo- ! Sure. * He is now, however, much restored, and ! exhibits much the same appearance he did previous to the trial. He has been removed to the cell he occupied before his conviction, and ! turnkeys are with him day and night, as is customary m the case of persons under sentence of death. The Rev. Mr. Carver, ordinary of the prison, visits him several times in the course of every day, and the prisoner has frequently expressed his gratitude to him for the kindness and attention he has paid to Him during his imprisonment in Newgate; and' although, of course> the rev. gentleman has refrained from questioning the. wretched young man in relation to the charge 6$ which he has been convicted, yet it is said that Francis has frequently voluntarily brought up tire subject, and has all along persisted in declaring that there was not only no bullet in the pistol, but that it contained in reality nothing but a small charge f of gunpowder and some paper, attd that he never had any intention to* hurt the Queen. He appears now to be fully alive to the consequences that might have resulted.frotn his crime, and his conduct and demeanour while in the prison, have gained the good opinion* of all the officers and the other Authorities' with wftbnV he hai feeen brought in contact.

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DR. MARTIN'S PAMPHLET. New Zealand Colonist and Port Nicholson Advertiser, Volume I, Issue 29, 8 November 1842

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