The New Zealander.
He just and lcir not: Let all the ends them aitn&'t at, be thy Country's, 'lliy Goo's, aiul '1 ruth's.
SATUR"DXYrAuVu£T 5, 18 48.
AurnouGii we have every reason to anticipate the most startling intelligence by each successive anival, the public mind appeared to revolt against the tidings which, on Wednesday, spread, like wild Cue, throughout the town. Europe, it was pioclaimed, was convulsed from one extremity to the other. livery Kingdom, eveiy State, was in open insuirection ;—; — Internal strife and external hostility prevailed ; and a furious war, was said to have been declaied by allied England and France against the tripartite confederacy of Austria,, Prussia, and llussia. Apocryphal as the somce from whence this last report was deuved, the conclusion was so probable and so plausible that few felt inclined to discredit its authenticity ; nor are Aye yet prepared to show cause why its veracity should be impugned, although we have subsequent information, through arrival of the April packet at Sydney, which, as far as we can ascertain, brought no confirmation of the report. The rumour was conveyed to Port Phillip by the MoiiAMKi) Sciiaji, the muster of which vessel states that he had spoken the French brig Benakks, which Img had been spoken by an English sleaLi frigate on her passage to St. Helena; and by that In gate the warlike intelligence was impaiteu, with the addition that an encounter had taken place, in the Channel, between two Engluh and two Uussian iiigales, which had resulted in the capture of the one and the sinking of the other of the Russian ships. Infoi nmtion so men icing had the effect of detaining, until ThuiwUy, II.AI. SlnpCuxioi-E whose crew, instead of heaving lound the capstan they weie about to man, were Ues-
pate hfd to take on board the powder and shot which, with the exception of thirty loimds pei gun, liad been landed on Monday, in compliance with an oider (or desire) that ships, during a period of peace, proceeding home to he paid off shall leave behind them all their disposable ammunition. It is matte i of compatatively trivial importance whether the mutual alliances and the mutual hostilities, said to have been entered into, have occuned, since it is hut too tine that Kurope is one mighty moial volcano vomiting (ite and flame. Crowns aie being bandied about like like shuttlecocks, and kingdoms and empires, knit with the cement of ageb, seem crumbling into dust. The populace of Berlin have conquered their freedom, and their monarch has proclaimed that " From this day foiththe name of Fiussia is fused and dissolved into that of Germany !" In Austria — that hot bed of despotism — the right divine has been disputed. 8100d — the libation to liberty — has been poured forth in the streets of Vienna, where the ancient Mettcrnich has been hung — in effigy . To the regeneration of Italy, the generous ' Swiizers flock in enthusiastic numbers: — and j with new born com age, Padua, Mantua, Milan, Modena, and the weary list of thialls, like the enfi.uiclused Gvii'vii, luve dashed their badge of servitude to cailh. The duchies of Schteswig and TTolstein, ever I inimical to Danish connection, ha\e sought to | become incoipoiated in the Prussian fusion. The fusors receive with rapture the overtures of the would-be fusees ; but Denmark says no, — and threatens all attempts at anni:x\tion with a visitation of the ships and gun boats which even a Nelson found it so difficult to subdue. The Nero of Hanover kicked hard against concession, but the tyrant finally became overawed, and gave an ungiacious consentto sundiy organic changes, the infallible precursois of other am] woic important ones. h eland is in a state of malignant sedition. Chaili.sm in England upieais its ill-omened visage ; and the beginning of revolution alleady faintly shadows foith how sanguinary may be its end in France. Poland — devoted Poland — hopes all ; and its Puissian provinces have already been declaied free btales. Such is a biief precis of the news we have been enabled to gather. Since then, the dry ok Poonati, from Sydney the 21st ultimo, has come into poit. She brings no mail, but we aie in possession of a Hkiialo of the 20th, the only and the latest paper we could piocure. In reference to the particular declaration of war, said by the brig jßknaiu^ to have been proclaimed, we extract the following from the Timks of the HOth of March. " For the consolation of panic mongers, we may as well observe, that even if CJiuiaus Aldkrt, or the Provisional Government had invaded the dominions of Austria, there exists no trealy upon which England could have been dragged into the quaircl. The tieaty of Vienna does not touch the question. The tieaty of Chaumont, in 1814, bound the contracting paities, then allied against France, to mutual defence against arbitrary violations of territory and right, but only for twenty yeais, the express object of the treaty being to ie.straiu the existing encroachments of France. That tieaty, therefore, has expired. Nor in there, so far, much reason to dread, any overt inteifcrcnce from France." Her Majesty, Queen Vieroiiu, Avas safely delivered of another princess, at Buckingham Palace, on the 18th of March. A trealy of peace between America and Mexico had been signed by Mr. Tmsrn, but the prevailing opinion was that the House of Representatives would decline latifying it. Such are the principal features of the intelligence last received. For the details, which we have copied as largely as our space will peimit, we icfer our readers to another column. In Sydney, the commercial horizon still continued clouded, but the rumour of a Russian war appeared to have created a sensation. Tallow and wool being sure to advance in 6uch an event. Theie is little colonial news, the journals being engrossed with the movements of the foilhcoming general elections, at which, a great change of men and seats, it is expected, will take place.
The Government Gazette, published yesterday, contains a Proclamation from Major General Pitt, as Lieutenant-Governor of tho Province of New Ulster, intimating his having assumed the reins of Government during the absence of the Govemor-in-Chief. The following appointments, under date the first instant, have been made by the Governor-in-Chief. — Major Gray, J. P., Royal New Zealand Fcncibles, to be ajßcsident Magistrate ; Thos. Beckhavn, Esq., J. P. to a Commissioner of Police j William Davies, M.D., to be Colonial Surgeon and Coroner for the district of Auckland ; Lieutenant George Dean Pitt, 80th Regiment, Private Secretary to the Lieutenant-Governor. All official communications to the Governor in Chief are to be forwarded under cover to the Civil Secretary. Sundry packages of Tobacco are advertised to he sold by the Customs, at Rich's Bonded Warehouse, on the Ist of September. The Supreme Com I will sit for despatch of criminal business on the Ist, and for civil business o« the 7th proximo.
Titk suggestion, thrown out in oui last, as to the propuely ot a public address from the inhabitants of Auckland, echoing the vindication, by Lord >St'ANu-,Y> of the " vi:rsonal. character" of Captain Fir/RoY,has subjected us to a [severe castigation from our ancient correspondent " X." The long arrear of charges preferred against Captain FuzlloY by " X," have all, nioie o> less, referenrc to the gubernatorial caieer of our late niler ; and as our suggestion sought, to convey no mdre than what it professed to do, — namely, a wish to see justice dour to the honour and integrity of the man, we leave to others to leply to the .stigmas cast by " X" upon the Vici'roy. The echo of the Anglo Maori Waritrr may be Irish, or it may be Greek, Its echo and the motives of its echo are matters beyond our controul — but in insinuating that wk are animated with a hope to convert the honest defence of Captain Fit/.Hoy's private character into a weapon of offence against Captain Giiky's official one, "X" does us an injustice, which we beg to assure him is wholly undeserved. We can perceive no reason (stranger though ivc Ik-) jioiwiLli-iUuidmg all the allegations of " X, " uhy the colonists should stultify themselves by a single-minded address ; and no still trust to .see .such an one prepared — since, whatever his failings as a Governor, Captain VirzlloY ])o.ssessed many high-souled vhtues as a man . — and, although misled, we have'good leason to believe that he had the interests of this colony sincerely at heart
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The New Zealander., New Zealander, Volume 4, Issue 228, 5 August 1848
The New Zealander. New Zealander, Volume 4, Issue 228, 5 August 1848
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