Article image
Article image
Article image
Article image
Article image
Article image
Article image
Article image
Article image
Article image
Article image
Article image
Article image
Article image
Article image
Article image
This article displays in one automatically-generated column. View the full page to see article in its original form.

North Otago Times. PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING. WEDNESDAY, JULY 8, 1891.

It is strange how little peoplo ofton mean by their words in politics as in other things. Ono of the objections most commonly in god against tho Property Tax was that it was inquisitorial. But tho men who wore loudest in their condemnation of that tax on that account aro now bawling out their .support of an Income Tax, Now if anything in this world is certain, it is that an Income Tax is much more inquisitorial than a Property Tax. As a rule, it is possible to find out tho extent and value of our neighbor's property without much prying into private affairs. Property is, in fact, ono of the things that cannot be concealed. But it is very differonb with incomes, except of course where tho whole income is derived from property. This is however, the case only to a very limited extent anywhere, and particularly in a young country. The truth is that nothing could woll bo more inquisitorial than an Income Tax. It may be quite just, but it is most certainly objectionable in that it compels a man to make a return of tho sources whence lie derives his income, and of how much comes from each. Nor is there anything more distasteful to tho Briton than such practically prying curiosity. John Bull may be pleased enough, like his friend Parson Trulliber in Foilding's novel, to be thought " warm," but he would rather almost do anything than te,'J the exact contents of his purse. It is aV corcUn gty n0 g reat wonder that the propel °* fcno Government to substitute a Lai?d » ml Income Tax for the Property Tax s.Wd meefc with niuch opposition. The f»l wonder is what we have just stated, that tho people who objected to the latteT on account of its inquisitorial oharaoiW should approve of an Income Tax. Bu\ f ' fcnele is no end to the inconsistencies of *' ie party politician. Wo notice that Mr' Ballance has stated to an interviewer thot the Government aro going to stand by their policy in all its main features. This is what they ought to do, and we hope the Premier vrill bo as good as his word. Ho talks, indeed, of modifying the Income Tax, and of giving furthor roliof to improvements and raising iho graduated land tax, but if he sticks to his resolution ho will refuse either to drop his proposals or allow them to bo altered beyond recognition. This, wo say, is as it should bo. Tho Stout-Vogel Government and the last Atkinson Government wore both far too ready to abandon their measures. Party Govurnmont was thus brought into discredit. The present Ministry had four months to get their policy pub into shape, and we are glad to learn that they think it worth lighting for, iustead of regarding it as a moro tast of the temper or oonvictions of tho House. Mr Ballance professed evan to aUndJ upon a prinoiplt, that of

graduation in taxation, and he considers it quite certain thao ib will bo adopted this session, and honcoforfch bo a, flxod and porraanont rule in tho colony. Wo havo alroady stated our opinion on this principle, that it is in itself porfectly sound, but liablo to be abused by noedy or unscrupulous governments. A vast amount of non•soikso, however, lias boon talked in Now Zealand about tho sensitiveness of capital, and the danger of driving it away by special taxation. It is not the difference of five-eighths of a penny in tho pound on the valuo of largo estates that will scare away capital. The tissortion, which \ro havo recently seen in some of tho colonial papers, that graduation to that extont — that ib from Id to ljjd — is confiscatory and amounts to a breach of faith with tho proprietor is simply fatuous, as if land us woll as other kinds of propo ty were not acquired on the understanding that it would havo to bear its duo proportion of tho public burdens. A professedly " bursting up " policy would, however, bo very injudicious, to ( say nothing of its unfairnoss, though wo do not believe there is any danger of Sir George Grey and Mr Earnshaw leading tho House ia this direction. Mr Ballanoe is certainly no revolutionist, and wo suspect the most of his colleagues are much more Conservative than Radical in their opinions, at least when they como to carry thorn into efl'oct. The greatest objection to tho Government policy is not that it bears too hard on the propertied class (howover opinions may differ as to the rendjustmonb of tho direct taxation), but that ib shows far too little consul oration for the great body of tho working people. Never had any Government a bottpr chanco of lightening fchoir burdons, but nothing of tho I kind seoms to havo occurred to Mr Ballance and his colloagues ; or if they thought of such a measure it was only to postpone it to a more convenient season. There is no necessity for reducing the inland postage, but thero is tho utmost possible necessity in these dull times for reducing tho duty on such necessaries of life as tea and sugar. It is to be hoped that something in this direction will be forced on the Govornment before their financial policy is finally se tied, so that the people may have reason to associate the notion of a surplus with that of an addition, however small, to tho comfort of their homes. Ib is moreover time that our so-called groat liberal pat ty should do something for those whom they have hitherto only pretended to patronise

It will bo a sourco of groat gratification to protections s in New Zealand to know that tho olectors of Now South Walos havo returned a majority of mombors pledged to carry out a policy of protection. Tho New Zealand protectionist will suflor by tho change in Now South Wales, but who would not suffer for tho advancement of a principle and tho furtherance of a good causo 1 The New South Wales workman has boneGttod by tho policy of frootrado that has been peculiar to New South Wales of all the Australian colonies, but that samo working man is occasionally misguided enough to think that his position will bo improved by having to pay moro for the necessaries of lifo. If we aro to judge by tho oleetlon returns of tho sister colony ho will bo afforded tho opportunity of testing under which system ho is best off — under that of a cheap food supply or under a system whore ho is called upon, through the customs, to pay an enhanced prico for all he consumes or uses. Wo will admit that many of tho New Zealand working men aro not so enamoured of protection as they wero before its effect had been fully foltby them, but it is a weakness in human nature to hanker after a change. Protection in New South Wales will bo a blow to Now Zealand, inasmuch as it will shut many of our products out of that colony, without bonoGtting the miss of Now South Wales colonists. Wo havo only to turn to Victoria to find that protection is not tho panacea for all tho ills that workors have to battlo with. That colony at tho prcsont timo is in the throos of a depression that Now Zealand's at its worst, could not bo compared with. Yet the condition of that colony is apparently not a sufficient warning to New South Wales to avoid a similar state of affnrs, New Zealand will await with some anxioty tho outcome of tho roturn of a majority of protectionists to tho Now South Wales Parliament.

It is calculated that some 2,500 tons of flour aro required in New Zealand every week, and there is sufficient milling plant in tho colony to produce 3500 to»8 a week. That means that between 40,000 and 53,000 tons of flour must bo exported annually to keep all the mills going otcadily. At the Courthouse yesterdnv, before Mcaera Aitken and Milne, J. L\'s, the Oamaru i'orough Council suul Lady Sea field for L 6 Bs, amount of rates duo on a property. Lady Seafiold, by counsel, pleaded not indebted, aud asked for an adjournment for a fortnight in order to communicate with tho responsible party. The adjournment was granted. The Now Zealaud Loan and Mercantile Agency Company (Limited) have received the following tolegram from their London office, dated 3rd instant: "Tallow — There is littlo demand, fine mutton ia worth 26s Od, and good beef 25s por cwt. Now Zealand hemp — There is more enquiry, medium is wo»'th L2l 10s per ton. Frozen meatsMarket unchanged ; New Zealand beef, for forcquarters there is littlo demand, but for hindquarters tho demand is rather hotter." Tho dispute between the Minister of Lands and Mr Richardson an to thoadminis* tration of the Stock Dopartment (says the Daily Times' parliamentary correspondent) is likely to come before tho House in another fotm. Ml 1 Richardson, who thinks that .'ho personal recrimination botween tho two ,' nCl -iibors lias gone far enough, will now adopt fhe plan of asking for returns as to theadministration of the Department during his term of office and the condition in which he loft it. It wai tho common talk in town yesterday that Captain Fairchild, in the Hinemoa, could have made but an indifferent search for tho Kakanui at tho Auckland Islands on tho occasion of bis visit th.oro, inasmuch as tho crow of tho wreck- d Compadro were there 103 days, and ho did not ace them. Wo may mention that tho Hinomoa visited tho Auckland Islands some time beforo the Compadro was wrecked. Tho Compadre was wrecked in Moroh, and the Hinemoa's visit would bo in January or early in February—writing from memory. Tho following team will do battle for tho second fifteen of tho Excoleior Football Club in their content ugaiiusl the Moeraki Foot I) ill Club on Thursday. Fullback : C. Huia ; three-quartera, G. Crawthaw, Ah Toug, Alexander,- halves, Hiuton jind J. Heron: forwards, J). Horou, J.. Huia, Robins, Wylio. Ummoraon, Knott, Ferguson, M'Taggart, Bakor. Kosorvoß-More. dith, The match will bo played on tho Chelmer »treet Reserve at 2 p.m. sharp, when every man ia requested ,to be on the •pot punctually • . ._ ... . ._ i

At tho Rosidont Magistrate's Court yon- ', torday, before H. A Stratford, Esq., R.M.. I tho following civil oaso was heard : A. J. Adams v W. Welsh, claim L 6 17b 3d on a judgment summons. Defendant was ordered to pay the amount by tho Bth hist., in default seven days' imprisonment. It was a Scotchwoman who said that the butchor of hor town killed only half a boast at a time. It was a Dutchman who said that a pig had no marks on its ears except a short tail. It was a British Magistrate who, being lold by a vagabond that ho was not married, rospondod, "That's a good thing for your wife !" It was an American lecturer who solemnly said one evening, 11 Parents, you may havo children, or, it not, your daughters may have." i Recently tho Auckland Hums Club solicited Judge Fonton to give a lecture on "Scottish Music." Tho secretary of tho club received the following reply : •' I feel much honored by tho request which tho Burns Club have desired you to convoy to mo, As to giving a lecture on • Scottish Music' I shall bo most happy to comply with tho request on tho understanding that I may choose my own opportunity. As a Yorkshiroman I havo a right to fool interested, as you observe, in things Scottish, for were not both Wallace ana Bruce of Yorkshire ancestry ? In the Land Bill to be submitted to the House by tho Government, tho freohold system of tenure is maintained, with conditions of improvements, and tho deferred payment system is also retained. The porpctual lease syitoin is inado one strictly of lease only, the power to purchase which exists at present being taken away. There is provision for tho establishment of village settlements, and special sottlomont associations. Residence is a compulsory condition for small grazing runs ; but residence is not necessary on lands purchased for cash, but tho owners will havo to make improvements. Tho area of small grazing runs or pastoral lands hold by one man is limited to 640 acres in tho case of first-class land, and 2000 acres for second-class land. Full provision has been mado in tho Bill for tho prevention of dummyism. Land boards are empowered to make enquiries and to institute prosecutions for offences, and any person found guilty is liable to imprisonment. — Daily Times' Wellington correspondent. Tho following appears in an English paper, under the heading of " Vegetable Wool : " Now Zealand and Peru, iv the South Pacific Ocean, aro tho places where tho (jossypium herbaceum pemvianum is produced. It is an article used very extensively in Europe for the manufacture of woollen goods, with which it mixes readily on acaccount of its rough, strong, and long fibre. It is produced abundantly throughout the Now Zealand islands and in some places in tho Republic of Peru. Che plant is arborescent and perennial, and after fully developing continuoi producing cotton for five or six years iv succession, provided there be some moisture in tho ground, needing, however, very little of it, on account of tho deep rooting, thus reaching moisture at great depths. Tho aoil where tho cotton is produced is wonderfully rich, and has been under cultivation by tho aborigines fiom timo immemorial ; and its fertility is kept up unimpaired by tho slime (limus terra) whicli is abundantly deposited during inundations that happen often in those regions. An American, manual of otiquetto.with the emphatically brief title of • Gentlemen," hails from New York. It is curiously com prehensive and distressingly minuto. It teaches le a gentleman" what to wear when ho goes to church ; where to put his hat when ho •' proposes ;" how to write a letter ; when to «o without a cano ; when to carry his coat. The inestimable value of its contents may bo appreciated from two or three specimen passages : "In giving a lady soda-water, or other cooling drinks, do not allow her to uso her own kerchief, but insist upon her using oho of your own ; a gentleman should always carry two." "If you aro a total abstainer f>*om drink, you must not turn your glass upsido down." "If you chanco to bo at all uuder the influence of liquor, do not attend a reception or dance." "Iv bowing, tho hat should be carried quickly down to the right, or loft if left-handed, till the back of tho hand strikes tho hip, then slowly replaced on the head. Tho *aking-off ia to be accompanied by a slight forward inclination of the body and a smile of recognition." The real cause of the heavy shipments oi gold from America is tho subject of much discussion in English financial circles. It is attributed by the best authorities to the heavy balanco of trade created in favor of Europo by the McKinley Bill, which ha<i caused an immense import of European Koods into the United Slates. It is tiu« that in the eleven months which ended February Bth there was a difference of about 3l,500,000dol8» in net exports compared with the previous year. But this n scarcely sulHciont co account for tho heavy shipments. It is fiuitlcss to look to ordinal y quarters, for the reason that gold liai been exported in defiance of oxch-mgc and tho balance of trade. It is perfectly plain there will be an enormous balanco in favor of America next fall, and that vory heavy shipments of gold to New York will then become inevitable. As tho matter stands this will bo a grave danger to tho money markets of Europe, for, unless Russia is prepared to release largo sums, it will be practically impossible to find gold enough to satisfy all domands. The half-yearly meeting of tho Court Pride of Oamaru A.O.P. was held on Monday night in St. Andrew's Hall, when there was a largo attendance. The business before tho meeting was tho election of officers and the confirmation of (ho steps takou at a previous meeting re plurality of doctors. Tho auditors' report showed that tho sick and funeral fund had increased by L 74 during the half year, and now stood at LB6O, the total value of the Court fund being L96G. The total number of members is 123. Tho auditors complimented tho Court upon its steady increase, and tho Secretary (Bro. W. Cairns) on tho satisfactory manner in which he had kopt tho books, The election of officers resulted as follows : C.R., Bro. J. Thomson ; S.C.R , Bro. Gco. Paterson ; Treasurer, Bro. John Mackio (re-elected) ; Secretary, Bro. W. Cairns (reelected) { S.W., Bro. G. S. Jones j J.W., P.C.R., Bro. Hart; 5.8., Bro. Rivers; J.8., Bro. Gavin Paterson j Assistant-Sec-retary, P.C R. Bro. James Murray (reelected.) Thanks wero returned by tho officers elected, and the returning C.R. was voted tho usual testimonial. A strong committee- was appointed to mako all the necessary arrangements for celebrating the Court anniversary about the end of August Bro. J. Porter was prcsontod with an emblomatical sash for the services ho had londorcd at the past anniversary. Several other matter^ were dealt with, and the lodge was closed in tho usual manner. The Public Trust Commissioners say they treated tho witnesses with the utmost courtesy and consideration. The Cliristchurch Press, referring to the matter, says : As for tho alleged "courtesy " of tho Commissioners, wo havo made dilligent search through the evidence but fail to find any traces of it. We have, however, discovered a good deal of hostile criticism of evidence, abundance of oncers and personalities, and coarse attempts at jocularity, There is a reference to Sir H. Atkinson in tho evidence, and a witness is asked if ho"had sold any hobnailed boots. Rofemng to tho fact of Mr Do Ca?tro being in holy orders, tho Chairman asked tho Publio Trustee whether that was " with the object of giving greater sanctity to tho business of tho office/ Ho also desired to bo informed whether the rev. gentleman " was required to open the office with prayer." Mr De Castro himself in the course of his evidence, had occasion to refer to a coat, whereupon the chairman — ovidently as \\ rare stroke of facetiousncßß —asked him if "it was a coat of many eolois?" A messenger in the [department was asked if Mr De Castro was " very religious." Questioning Mr De C<wtro about the books in his dopartmout the Chairman urbanely remarked. "Well then, giving you plenty of margin— 'and rope — there are I at least six ledgers you knew not of." The Chrtitohuroh Pr«i« tayi that a meet. (ng of. tht •x«outfr«of th« N«tv Zulmd

Bands' Association was hold on Saturday evening at the Wellington Hotel. Present : Messrs R. T. Soarcll (vico-prosidont, in the chair), M'Loan, Paintor, M'Cullough, Gordon, M'lntosh, Taylor, Mausoll (hon. sec), and also Mr Vfills, of Dunedin, who attonded on bohalf of the Dunedin bandsmen. Tho latter gentleman gave an account of affairs in connection with the forthcoming contest. It was of a most assuring nature, tho amount of support already givon and the prospect of its being further augmented were specially gratifying to tho members assembled. During the course of his re marks Mr Wills stated that the Dunedin committee hoped to be able to offer a challenge cup for future contests. Tho committee would do their utmost to inaugurate it, and had every prospect of success. Mr Wills stated that tho committee would conBi«t of residents of Uuucdin, thereby relieving bandsmen of much responsibility. Correspondence was received from each affiliated band ro a notice of motion standing in Mr Searoll's name, and on the ballot being taken was found to bo against the alteration of rule 0. A letter was received from Messrs Wright and Round ro tho test selection, which is at proaent in tho possession of Mr J. Carroll, Mayor of Dunedin. Tho entrance foe for the contest was fixed at LI Is. The question of dato is to bo relegated to the various affiliated bands, November 28th and 29th and December 20th and 28th being tho dates submitted. It is expected that the English and Continental firms of instrument makers will send out special prizes for soloists. The date when the selection will bo distributed was rot decided on. Ninian Hyslop and Co., Tea Merchants, Christchurch, solo Proprietors and Importers in Now Zoaland of " Imperial " Teas.

An advertisement of Messrs J. Bullcid and Co.'s, intimating a cheap sale for Saturday, the 4th, appears on the first page. We understand Mit Maodonald, Zealandia House, has returned from tho^ markota with aomo wonderful valuoin Winter Drapery, Any one favoring lrini with a call we are suro will not be disappointed, as tho goods are not only cheap, but of firatclass quality. Pktkr Cormaok is busy taking orders for now summer auita at from L 3 10a up wards. Having opened out a lot of special tweeds for the season ho is prepared to oxe- | cute orders on the shortest notice at lowest rates.— Peter Cormaok, Tees street. Gentlemkn should have ittle difficulty in electing their winter suits and overcoats this season at James Gemmell's Tailoring [Establishment, tho variety of roliablo and fashionable first-class wooUon and worsted suitings, overcoatings, and stylish trouserings being very extensive. Gents' suits to oidor from 70s upwards. Waterproof overcoats at lowest rates. Important Notice.— William Waddell begs to intimate that his now goods for tho coining season are now opened out, embracing, besides his usual selection of good sound Oamaru tweed suitings, loading specialties in worsted auitfaas, coatings, and trouserings, from best English and Scotch makers. New hats, scarfs, tics, gloves, shifts, and seasonable underclothing at very low prices ; specialty— waterproof coats, all sizes, ready-mado or made to measure.— Glasgow Clothing House, Thames street. How an Obstinate Cough was Cured.— An aged lady of my acquaintance was for many years troubled with a chronic cough, so severe that she seldom had an hours' quiet leop. After spending all her subatanco in medicine, she was persuaded to tryD .{tor's Lung Preserver, which, under God a blessing, noon cured her. Rev. 3 So lars.— Vido "Hook for Every Homo. Baxter's Anti-Nouralgio Pills aro a positive euro for Nouralgia. Price, Is Gd per box. Post free for 19 atamps.

This article text was automatically generated and may include errors. View the full page to see article in its original form.
Permanent link to this item

https://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/newspapers/NOT18910708.2.7

Bibliographic details

North Otago Times. PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING. WEDNESDAY, JULY 8, 1891., North Otago Times, Volume XXXV, Issue 7182, 8 July 1891

Word Count
3,758

North Otago Times. PUBLISHED EVERY MORNING. WEDNESDAY, JULY 8, 1891. North Otago Times, Volume XXXV, Issue 7182, 8 July 1891

Working