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North Otago Times. MON DAY, AUGUST 28, 1882.

There are two classes of peoplo in America — >Amoricans and Yankees, The first aro made of gold that does not glitter abnormally, and tho second of abnormal glitter that is not gold j tho Qrst aro tho disciples of intogrity, the second tho apostles of shoddyism, This might perhaps bo said of the peoplo of ar.y country, but tho second class hero mentioned are in America so aggressive that tho saying applies with particular forco to tho United States. And as it is with the people, so it is with the products of tho great republic. To its commerce and its art the world owes much thnt is altogether excellent and exquisite, but to both these departments of its activity it is indebted for not lebs that is absolutely execrublo. Tho phrase "wooden nutmegs" conveniently and correctly represents tho charactor of thousands of tons of stuff yearly foisted by tho Yankees of America upon a gullible world, while of their shoddy ism in art wo have a just illustration in the hashy, trashy, tawdry litoraturo which their hack book agents palm off upon tho unsophisticated denizons of oven thefio remote colonies, The amount of literary trash left in Now Zealand, and of good money taken out of it in this way, is so great that it may bo worth while to direct public attontion to tho average Yankeo book agont, his modes of procedure, and his wares. To begin with tho agent himself. He is generally agenteelly dressed, clean shavon young man with a low forehead and his hair parted iv tho middlo. He is nevor boorish in his manners—indeed, he may be patdoned if ho himself ia diflpo&od to consider these tolerably insinuating ; but ho w, nevertheless, impertinence personified. Those whom he approaches ho approaches with shows of external defcrenco ; but in office, house, church, hotel, street, alley, or thoroughfare, at marriage, christening, or funeral, and whatever subject may bo first broached as botwoen him and his interlocutor, he novor allows any mau, woman, or child to escape without an abominable rote-delivered catalogue of tho virtues of tho book ho is vending, followed by a request for a subscription for it, sofc off, perhaps, with some depreciatory innuendoes about any similar piece of literary shoddy that may have boon hawked about the town or district prior to his benignant advent. Such is tho man aud hifi mannors — now for his modes of procedure Theso aro extremely ingenious and thoroughly well calculated to advance his cause with the gulliblo portion of mankind. When some onterprising cobbler or bootblack turns his attention to tho manufacture of a patent medicine, it almost always happens that at or about tho samo time an illustrious list of colonial knights, Arab sheiks, Italian counts, and British dowagers tako to writing testimonials anont the now euro as a sovereign remedy for all tho ills that flesh is heir to. In such a case as this tho lie is gross, tho cheat is plain — to the disci iminating, but tho million seldom hesitate to swallow either it or tho medicine. Tho Yankeo bookagent's art is a much finer ono than that of tho patent-medicine man, Ho gets testimonials, it is true, for though theso aro generally as worthless as the book ho vends, they appear to bo indisponsablo to his success. In America, unless wo are misinformed, he generally writos tho critiques himself and gota thorn inserted in the nowspapors — for a consideration : while in the colonies his plan is to geb tho nows papers to write laudatory notices and clergymen puffing testimonials — also for a consideration, at least wo presume so. Of this at anyrute wo are certain. Whon theso agonts call at a newspaper office they, as a rulo, though not invariably, put in a small advertisement notifying their arrival in tho district and the business thoy are prosecuting, At tho same time they invariably wait with demonstrative politeness on the editor or sub-editor ; treat him to a fluently-spoken account of their book ; insinuatingly ask for a favorable notice in next day's paper ; and obligingly romark that, if their modost request is complied with, thoy will, in return, send that literary functionary a freo or half-price copy of their invaluable publication. Sometimes they will placo before the potentate of the pon a fow sample sections of their book, intersjiersed with steel-plate illustrations; and, wo regret to say, in tho majority of cases, without any more ado or enquiry, tho agent generally gets what he wants — a critiquo pitched in tho key of his own frothy jabber about the excellence of bis printed shoddy. Of course the conductors of really creditable papers novor demean themselves by puffing

Buoh literary ware as that we aro reforring to, and it is only the marrowloss minions of tho proas who desoond to such services. Bufc it is done, basely done, and oxtensivoly too ; and the public are the real sufferers, for they aro thus misled into buying as a matter of excellence the veriest trash imaginable. Bufc it is not only tenth-rate journalists who sin and mislead tho public in this respect. Bishops and othor clergymen appear to take to tho work with an aptitude worthy of tho vorioab penny-a-liners. As wo writo there lien before us a shoot containing twaddling puffs by the Bishops of Wellington and Ohristchurch and nineteen other clergymen, all about a book of which they can have seen no more than we ourselves have aeon — a few samplo sections and some steel-plato illustrations. Still some of these clergymen have consciences so accommodating - that they apply to tho book language which could only be consistently applied to a work of the highest genius which had been maturely studied by its eulogists. We aro sorry that some of our 'local clorgymon have stooped to follow this vicious and contomptible example. Is it tho insinuating importunity of tho bookagon t, or the mess of pottage in the shape of a freo copy^which induces so many othorwiso worthy raon to writo stuff that is utterly discreditable to themselves and most misleading to those who may from whatever reason tiust in their judgment 1 ? Wo prefer to leave tho question unanswered. Bub this is certain — those clericJ critiques aro just ns much to be trusted as tho testimonials in a patent-medicine man's advertisement. Ib is unnecessary to say more. What we have written in writton in tho public intorest. And our concluding advico to our readers is — Whenever you are askod to buy a Yankee publication which has been gup ''i'»ly piwhed in tho press and eulogised by ponny-a-lining clergymen, icmember Punch's advice to those about to marry— Do lt; that is, unless you wish to was'e your good money in tho purchase of toothless twaddle suited to the intellectual capacity of nurse-girls or of village gossips whoso minds aie equal to nothing more exalted than a lingual encounter over a back fenco.

Nominations for tho election of ono councillor for oach of the four wards in tho borough will take place on Monday noxb at tho various places mentioned by an advortisomoufc in anothor column. It will bo seen by Iho latest telegraphic nows from F,gypt that Arabi Pasha, having abandoned his position at Kafradowar, contemplates making a stand against tho British forcc3 at Holiopolis. A general meeting of shareholders of tho Oamaru Baths Company will bo hold to. night; at Mr Oroonfield'a auction mart, to consider tho advisability of winding up the company Tho examination of tho scholars attending tho Woaloy Church Sunday Hohool took pLve at tho ITi<2;h Hohool (tho use of which was kindly granted by the School Oommitfcoo) on Friday evening. Tho scholars wero divided into throo grades, and oxaminod on New Testament subjects. Tho Rev. W. Morloy will deliver a loefcuro in Wesloy Church on Thursday night on •' Jobn Wcsloy." Tho subject ii ono of great interest to all students of ecclesiastical history, and Mr Morloy will doubtless do his subject full justice. —■ Homo timo ago tho polico collected samples of milk from tho various dairymen in Oamaru nnd forwardod thorn for analysis to Professor Black in Dunedin, As a result of the analysis two dealers in milk will bo prooeoded agninst on Thursday next at tho Migistrato's Court, under tho Adultoration of Food Act. ( In reforring on Friday to tho San Fran, cisco mail sorvico, wo spoke of its prcsont cost to tho colony as boing L 33.000 a year. What wo impliod wns, of course, tho amount paid as subsidy by tho colony to tho Pacifio Mail Company. That subsidy is in preci u o figures L 32 500 per annum, Tho total co»t of tho sorvico for 1881 was 1.41,073, but ns its returns to tho Governmont amountnd to L3'),714 12a 4d, the next cost to the colony did not exceed L 5358 7a Bd. The net co t to tho colony of tho Galle-Brindisi sorvico was for tho samo year L 4706 3s 4d, A football match was played on 'Saturday on the old cricket ground, botwoon tho past and present of tho Oamaru Hi<?h school and all-comers. Tho game was played in four spoils of twenty minutes oach ; and after a good deal of woll-oontestod play, resulted in favor of tho all-comers by four trios and a goal to nothing. For tho all-comers, M'Kellar, Snow, Clayton, Coatos, and IToudry playod woll ; and for tho High school— Bee, T. Howat, D. Howat, T. Stool, and W. Gronfell did good sorvioo',' A concert was givon on Friday evening la^t in tho Pukouti schoolroom, for tho bonefit of tho flohool. There was a packed audionco, and the chair was occupied by Mr Wallace, who Introduced tho porformors. The entertainment was in overyway n «uccpfii, and was followed by a d »nee, with Me Cook as M,C. Tho following ladios aud gentlemen took part in tho concert, Mr Kinoh acting aa accompanist : Moodamcs Dumbloton, Adams, and Runioals ; Misses Borcham and Watson ; Messrs Durwood, Tic J, Ross, Kilgour, Finchor, Mitchell, Moikle, Hodges, Broolsio, Ooopor, and Master Ooopor. Tho long drought (says a corrcpondont) is beginning to be felt in tho Ngapara district. Rain is needed now to givo a start to tho wheat crops and grans ; in fact all vogctation is being very much kopt baok by tho sovcro frosta experionood. Grass it» much required, especially as tho lambing season is on, which Boason, by tho way, promises to bo a profitable ono to some shoep breeders, many of tho owes giving birth to twins, and in Homo cases triplets. Housewives aro in great straits for want of water ; a drop of soft rain water is a groat soaroity, and many aro having to postpono washing days long pact tho usual timo. The railway dopartment has more than onco had to sond up tanks full of wator, and it could nob do bottor than ropoat tho favor just now. Tho following is a synopsis of tho business dono in tho Houso on Friday night in Committoo on tho Land hill, after our message was sont from Wellington : Mr M. VV. Groon, in clause 3, moved to omit tho words " put up to public competition," with a viow of inserting tho words " open for application." A long discussion took place, and ultimately tho original words woro retained by 25 to 24. Tho clause was then passed. Clauses 21 and 22 woro struck out, and tho remaining clauses woro passed without ma torial alteration boyond tho amendments snggestod by tho Waste Lands oommittoo. Tho bill was reported as amondod, and ordored to bo read a third time on Monday. Ihe Resumption of Laud for Mining Purposes bill aud tho Reserves in Mining Distriots bill wero read a third timo and passod, Tho Houso roso at 4 30 a.m. Hurlingham is at length attacked boldly in front, Mr Anderson, who against much opposition oarriod a measure in the Imperial Parliament prohibiting betting advertisements, and who suppressed the miserable raoing meetings which made it dangerous to live in certain suburbs, has at length attacked pigeon-shooting, and got tho first reading of a measure which makes tho shooting of pigeons let loose from a trap a penal offence. If passed (and a legislature which oould throw out suoh a measure whilo legm? latiug agaitut vivisootion, would surely bo

straining At a gnat and swallowing a camol), it is to bo hopod tho mo&Bure will I>p itn tatod not only in this colony, but iv alt Btifish dominions, for anything moro dastardly and dospiaablo than pigeon-shooting oould notbo classed under tho namo of "sport," which covers and is supposed to excuse too much that is disgraceful to our civilisation But pigoon-ahooting is so ufctorly cowardly that it in difficult to think how any Englishmen, that do not bolong to tho very lowest class of cockneys, can indulge ih it, Tho New Zealand Times says that a female nwidont at Otaki was a fow days ago finod LI and costs for burning a rat alive. It had been caught in an ordinary wire trap, and, instead of drowning tho animal, tho woman pourod koroscno on itn bick and thoo applied a light. Counsel for tho dofonco contends! that thero was no oruolty in thin method of killing a rat, and asked that tho 'me might bo increased to L 6 Is, to givo his client the right of appnal. The Bench refused tho application, and suggontod fchnt. as tho client had anothor rat in the cage, she should do tho samo again, when counsel might rest assured tho fino would be quito heavy enough for him to appeal against, Tho correspondent of The Times writes to that papor from Egypt : " Speaking to-day to a Turk, from whom I havo before quoted, and who, I boliovo, is extremoly well informed as regards Stamboul Palace politico, ho said : ' Lot mo bog you to givo this warning in the most emphatic manner you can employ. Stake your roputation upon itn truth, and if it bo attempted to disprove it givo my name, and I will give you proof uudor an authority which tho Sultan will not deny. Evory Turkish soldier that lands in Egypt — bo tho guarantoo of Turkey what it may— will bo within a month tho ally of tho Egyptian military party, and will bo opposed to European fntorforenco in Egypt in a far moro efficacious fashion than Ar'abi or tho whole party now in Epypt aro. Tho day that such troop t are sighted, X loavo behind mo Egypt, Turkey, and tho Rant, convinced that it oan only result in a Europoa" war which will torminato tho existence of Turkey.' " Tho result of tho sccoud Freiheit prosooution will, at any rate, make dear to thoso whom tho matter concerns, a truth whioh hithorto, even in times of tho fiercest political agitation, thoro has happily been no ncod of impressing on Englishmen. Amplo as is the freedom of speech accorded to all men, oitizons or aliens, by English law and usage, that freedom does not include tho license to justify murder and incite to assail nination, Tho Freiheit has boon of late published in German, and, until the recent prosecution mado it notorious, it seems to havo boon road almost oxolusi/oly by tho little group of foreign revolutionary spirits who havo fdund rofugo in our midst. It was the only journal in England which attempted to justify tho assassination of Lord Frederick Cavendish and Mr Burko. Iwpm O'Donovan Rogsa, with his keen enthusiasm for dynamito and subscriptions, did not go further than to refuse to blama tho murderers Tho Freiheit, howovor, not only justified thorn, v *t extolled them as heroes. Although tins Cornmittoe wrote bravely enough, none of thorn havo had tho courage to como forward and screon from punishment tho agent of publication. S'chwclm, tho man convicted on Juno 30, and sentenced to 18 months' imprisonmont, was a compositor. That ho was concerned in sotting up tho typo was not denied by tho dofonco, and though it was urged on his bohalf that ho was simply tho tool of others, thoro w.ia satisfactory ovidonro that ho took a prominent part in tho maoagomont of tho paper. Although he availed himself of tho somewhat technical dofonco wo havo described, he received tho sontonco in tho spirit of light-hearted desperation whioh characterised moil of his way of thinking. " Now for tho Social Revolution," ho shouted as ho was boing led from tho dock. Much agitation prevails in Norway, whore a movement is proceoriing for effecting a soverance from Sweden and establishing a Republic. Tho RuHsiin Aid Mooioty at Now York havo informo I tho Castle Garden Commission that they avo no longer rcsmnnstblo for Rusao • Jewish emigrant* arriving thojo. They now wa<<h their hands of all connection with thorn. Tlilp rosulta from tho iiidofoiisiblo conduct of theno emigrant I*,1 *, who think they will bo supportorl indefinitely without work, In tho cine of tho man Thomas Wal«h, charged with feloniously doling in rifles and other rti'ins an<\ ammunition seizod by tho police on tho lGfch of Juno, very curious evidence was given by a piunmakor called Morton, Ho had 1< uown Wai <h as a dealer in firearms ever since tho Franco - Prussian war, and had supplied him with Snider rifles, revolvers, and ammunition in varying quantities since that timo Ho thought Walsh re-sold what ho bought to ships' captains. His testimony showed that the quantities Walsh bougnt increased greatly a* tho disturbances in Irelani broke out The guns wore marked with tho Government " Crown and Tower " stamp, but Morton said they woro of his own mnrking, and that it was a " custom of tho trado " to put tho Govornmont stamp on weapons mado by private fnmi, 110 doniod m irking them with tho shamrock. Had ho been asked to put that stamp on thorn ho "thought ho would havo Rinolled a rat." Two mombors of the Irish Constabulary doposod that thov had aoissod sovol'al casks which Walsh hail sont to Iroland, all containing rifloi and bayonots Tho persons to whom thoy wero addressed seomert fictitious. Now Zealand (niHervos tho JJome Newi) has so many inducements to ofFor sottlers that it is a wondor moro peoplo of tho better or opalent classes do not omigrato there It is univorsally admitted that its elimito much rcsombles tho best woathor in these islands, that tho soil is fertile, and tho scenery lovoly. Ono English gontloman, howovor, has tho wisdom to benefit; by the many advantages offnrod by this now country. Mr Francis Atkvvright, who was M.P. for East Derbyohiro in tho last Parlia* mont, has, it is waid, purchased an estato in Now Zealand, aud intends to take up his permauont residonco in that colony. Tho Arkwrights aro an enterprising raco. The founder of tho family was tho woll-kno*n Inventor of tho spinning jonny. Of humble origiu — tho son, in fact, of a barber in Dorbyshiro— Richard Ark wri slit had the natural gifts of a mechanical inventor, and his early yoars woro passed in strenuous but long timo fruitless oflbrti to apply machiuory to tho process of weaving. T'lo succoss whioh ultimately crowned his ilforta aud tho groat fortune which followed thorn aro matters of history. Chief among ,tlio sights of tho bo.uitiful valo of tho Durwont is Willnsloy Castlo, tho family seat )f the Arkwrights. Closo by, worked by wator-powor, is tho cotton-mill of Cromford, tho first mill ovor built in this country, tho fororunnor of that important branch of English commercial iudustry. Tho villago of Oromford has sprung up by tho mill, and thoro is something patriarchal in tho boneflcont rulo of tho Arkwrights in thoso parts, whoro thoy are greatly respectod and esteemed. No doubt Mr Francis Arkwright will win for himself tho samo position in his new home.

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Bibliographic details

North Otago Times. MONDAY, AUGUST 28, 1882., North Otago Times, Volume XXVIII, Issue 3203, 28 August 1882

Word Count
3,307

North Otago Times. MONDAY, AUGUST 28, 1882. North Otago Times, Volume XXVIII, Issue 3203, 28 August 1882

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