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A Socialist Survey

You must not mistake George Eilio'_ of cement notoriety for Howard Elliott of the F.P.A., f-lthough. their politics are similar. * « # » Answer this question, gentle read•cr, please: Are you cue penny bet-' ter off because you atmexeel Samoa and the manttre of Nauru as your share of the booty won by tlie "war for democracy?" •» _• * -« In reply to a Question about the £500,000 of "German gold" he brought home with him_ Mr. Massey made a ! ■very interesting sta-temea.-'. Said Wil- i liam: "It was not (German indem-! nlty). As a matter -ox fact many owed was not indemnity," but; reparation, and strictly the -half-mil- i lion was no repa.Tat_i?_t, because it | wa.. paid to meet the cost- of keeping i the N.Z. contingent on German soil ; after the end of the war." Now, : Henry, the meaning of this ig that,! as y_i, .N.Z. has received neither in- j demnity nor reparation; all that we.; hare got is a deferred payment of ' our out-of-pocket By the ' time we get any reparation we'll he : dead. j •» «? # & I We have rea-cned the point in cap- j itaiism where the capitalists -would! rather detstroj human society than j remedy injustice. You want a proof?! Read this then: "Regarding the mm- j er-r wages percentage dispute. Sir: William Pleader, who was appointed \ arbitrator, ruled that the coal -own- j ers must surrender the nat aggregate | profits realised during August,, also : that they cannot carry forward de-! heiencies in .standard profits against; future surpluses." This is from a! cable last Wednesday, The uoal own" . ftrs retorted by closing down the \ mines. Thus, when the Government j orders them to implement their own . agreement -in favor of the miners, ■ . tuey refuse to employ the miners | or to let the nation use their coal, j If the nation owned tha coal where: would the profiteers be? Mr. A. D. McLeofl, the Wairarapa squatter, had a fling ar the "disloyalists" in the address-m-reply deflate and very nearly approached delirium in hi s denunciation. The beI Righted man evidently confuses loyalty with support of Mr. Massey for he said: "The Labor -extremists in New Zealand! were in the habit of saying : that the Government did not repre- . sent the people. But it was clear that the extremists were as disloyal to their' own Government-'* in Aus- ; tralia as to the Reform Governb-ment, i ia New Zeala-ad." WvN ii! distaste '• .for Mr. Massey is disloyalty this - : paper aamits the soft impeachment, i 'aud we confess our aversion incur- i able. Probably Mr.. Mc'Leocl was ' raerely working off „ .politician's M stunt of coining votes out or "pat- j ! I'iorism," and if st) W3 apologise for . i U'cbig him so seriously- M I "■ v.- ..- .. i . '. The Hon. E. P. Lee is a lawyer and j ' doubtless he considered the cement,- < go-slowers completely justified when | j be quoted from "Pollock on Con- . tracts 7 ' thirty-six years ago. defining i renditions in which business organ- ' isations trading in the same country J 3 ■could come to an agreement to share, < • trade between them in sucn condi-j t tions that t_h_3-.-co_ira.-ct' was valid and \ 1 entorcable at law: Apart fro-m the! 1 tact that much water has flown under I the bridge since Pollock wrote his _ 'husty-xau-sty- volume, Mr. Lee seems i 1 to nave entirely missed the point, _ * which is that, while the workers were i I%^'' on to produce more and i $$■$^ ! -_T"ST^ tJie P a ' liacea £° T -s-'i'-- the t flesh is heir te, the. t combine, IN ORDER TO _ fa.jf 6(_E PROFIT, sacked- 120 workers t declined to allow them to pro- t I -uee. .We ' admit that ' Mr.'-Lee <as i r; »unsel for the <;oinbine), expressed j c |; "sympathy", for those deprived •of'j'3 I RJ.eans of iivelihootl, but even croeo-j c 1 4'!es have been known to we ; ep tears. ] i.

' A cable says thai: interest in the Sydney eight-hour day demonstration is waning. We should, think so too. Make it six' hours to buck up the flagging enthusiasm. _. •& <- „■ It the purpose -oi the Washington? -Disarmament Conference is to limit I armaments why this stress en its in-i.-ention to -discuss Chinese affairs— unless China is to be partitioned and fleeced? ' - •X- -s # •> It Is rumoured that the Government has banned __ Frank Anstey's | "Money Power," because the banks j don't like it. If Mr. Downle Stewart | will rise in hi s place and declare J that "rumour is a lying jade" we j will straightway advertise this e_- ) eellent book for i The solution of the cement com- | bine problem is not a prosecution for. | restraint of trad* —by the way every i employer who sacks a worker rei strains trade. —but tlie social owner- ' ship of the combine's property and ! its operation by -the cement workers ! for tho use of the people instead of •-.for the profit of Messrs. Elliot and | Co. « » _ „ j Capitalist politicians these clays | take a cheerful view of tilings when ■ they can -borrow money from some- ; body to keep the pot boiling. "Our ! credit is good," says Mr. Massey, and. j his evidence is that H we can't bor* -row cash from. London, Wall Street ■ will lend us some. When things are ■ bad change, your pawnshop seems to ! \ be the latest .development in capit- ] : alist policy, but—there is usually a j ! sale of pledges in the end. j ; -a •*■ a * j [ A leading article in last Wednes-j : day's "Dominion apparently fore-1 \ shadows intended amendments to' ! tiie Arbitration Act .governing the : i election of the workers' representa-j | tive. The registration of the A.S.R.S. | I under the Ace is to be cancelled, and j the quota per vote in the Unions ia j to be raised from 50 to 500. A Union j of 20.0-0 iri.eniber s now cast"' 40 votes, but under the "Doi-iia-on's" proposal (probably the Government's) it would only control 10 votes. The squatter*' "Dominion" is all for encouraging the j "weak unions" and, in their biter- j ■ests, for .stabilising the Arbitration | Court. There's a reason. i „ # *•-*-■ j H'-enry, this- point 13 very interest- j *.ng and If we can make it clear to ! you, your heart will -ache with sympathy for the poor capitalists in their present painful dilemma. Mr. McKeima, Chancellor of s the Exchequer; In the late Asquith Cabinet and now j a banker, said recently that deflation \ ot moivry values down to pre-war j levels would necessarily mean a! doubling of the income tax. Suppose ' the annual national income is £4,000,- j ("00,000 and £700,000,000 is'raised in! income taxes to meet national *>_.- j penditure of "£4.00.000,000 oa war loan.! interest, £200,000,000 on mii-.aris__. | Una £100,000,000 ou. education. This j means tha J . one-sixth of the national j income is collected in income tax. | Well, now, suppose money values are l deflated one-half to get them back to j pre-war levels, this will mean that j your national income will be only j £2,000,000,000, and as you still have j to lay out £700.000.000 in the above. payments you will have to collect one-third of the national income to do it. You see, Henry, taxation will have to be multiplied by two, and even 'if the £200,000,000 on militarism IS NOT SPENT AT ALL it will make precious little difference —the taxation will still be enormously greater. Now, Hfeivrj*, you will perceive what a lis the capitalists are in. To get -down the cost of'living they must deflate the currency, but ; the deflation of the currency will in- - evitably increase taxation. The above figures refer to Britain and wiil explain to you why some of your capitalist kinsmen of non-Socialist in- •' elinations are rather anxious for a ': "imitation of armaments " and the > ever so little relief that will give s them. _ ' \

; j Tho 'dignity of Labor! The only l j dignity about it is the indignity. > j The idle monopolise leisure, and j the diligent possess all the rights, to i "-York. _ • I 'J ' "ff w •£*• ' j Sir Hii«-?-hry Davy declined to pat,- ---' j erit his lanip and thereby rejected a j fortune. He wanted to save workI iag men, not icake money. ' -| »________________________

In the cabled report of Mr. Churchill's Dundee speech ,a fortnight ago, there was no mention of his i proposal, a i*i Austin Chamberlain, | that America should forgive Britain | her debt proviiiir.g Britain forgave her debtors, and we onlj- heard of it last Thursday when, in another j c.-2-ble, we were informed that Chur- j chill's suggestion had "precipitated the demand by the Usited States for the repayment of £-972,000,000-of war debt, ON WHICStI 'THREE YEARS' INTEREST IS DUE, and the whole of the principal is due on demand." We. are told that Churchill ha s provoked "a storm In the American papers," and it is not very difficult to understand why? Although unable for. three years to pay interest on her American debt bankrupt Britain has just decided to spend £30,000,000 . -on four battleships; for use, don't forget, AGAINST AMERICA. This paper foretold only a few weeks ago that the squandering of millions on battleships while debts to' America remained unpaid would result in per-«erapt-ory demands f<sr payment, and that our prediction was safely: grounded 'is aow -apparent..

'] The following- advertisement appeared in the London morning dailies of July IS last: We wish customers, . J who in the future order Rolls-Royce i Chassis, to eujoy the benefits arising from the reduction of -wages and cost : of material, For them, the price of • the Chassis will be £1850, ■s- v> a & The British Catholic Federation has issued a ukase that a Catholic ' cannot be a Socialist and that all ■ Catholic Trades' Unionists are to re-firs-j to pay the Parliamentary ler_and oppose the aSil-iation -ol unions with the Labor Party and Socialist . Internationals, on the ground that the . former became a Socialist Party in 1918. This getting- into line with the P.P.A. attitude will do the -church more harm than the Labor Party. w # * ' * Morgan Jones, the Labor candidate who won the by-election in -Caerphilly . in Wales, some little time ago. was a conscientious objector during the war and served -a lengthy term of hnprisonmeiit for his convictions. Remarkable, is ir. not, that in Britain j conscientious objectors may be elected to Parliament while here they are disfranchised for ten years' „*•■}■* The City of London (the haunt or Big Finance) is "dismayed heeause Churchill wishes Britain to "shirk its financial responsibilities.'-' and proposes that the "12S inTllions of gold should be shipped to the United States" because "it is of no value here." In the same day's cables from London we read of an unemployed procession down Piccadilly (many exservice men, wounded, and women who bore the marks of obvious poverty end hunger, several weeping] and others pushing porambulators"i j afterwards to be truncheoned la. j Trafalgar Square by police. is it! not shameful and abominable? The! .. Empire that breeds these .conditions j is diseased and corrupt. ! &■&&•„ j I Last week's capitalist crises took \ J place in Germtiny- England. In ' the former the mark slumped with a tfickoning thud and iv the latter jthe j coal industry went smash. The pos-j i.iou with respect to coal is almost | exactly .similar to that which would! result from a national strike or lock- ■ out. Although miners' w'tger' have: ueen reduced, trade, which was to! Improve immediately on that happy! •consummation,- has simply gone, to j blazes, and mines are closing down ] In all directions. Tens of thoasauds j of miners will thus be added to the] nearly 2,000,000 already unemployed.! and the condition of the coal Indus-j try will be reli-ected in every cl-ve-:. j Victory which compels the vanquish- j ed to supply Britain's pre-war coal! i market, and the chaos of capitalist ] profiteering, are responsible for this' frightful mess of human suffering and there ia no hope, of remedy until ] Britain accelerates her pace towards j j Socialist Revolution. ] According to tha Balclutha "Free! jpress" -of 30/9, _1. Messrs. Poison,; | Colbeck and Jack (the official "agit-j 1 ators" —we beg pardon, "mlssionar-; ies" —of the Farmers' "Union) have j been stumping the country and say- ] ing very nasty things about the pub-! lie service,, shipping- rings, banking! institutions and Labor. For instance.,! Mr. Poison said "he was opposed to J preference to Unionists, which he re- ] g'ardeci as a pernicious system, in- 1 volviirg a minimum of work for a- ] maximum of pay." (Quite a number of Mr. Poison's political friends believe in this maxim.) Mr. E. C. Jack (the Farmers*. Union Dominion, secretary) was very frank as to the Influence they' had with' the • antiLabor Party of this country. He said "the politicians liked to get the credit but their efforts were often instigated by officers of the Union, WHOSE WORK WAS SUB ROSA.". Just so,' but how does this square with, the statement ths.t the Farmers' Union. is ; not a political body organised f&T ' the benefit'o_ tha party, now ia power?' ' _. _. - ;.

A crime is always illegal."--—Host, E.P. Lee in his whitewashing speecli in defence of the cement go-slowera. And nobody laughed ironically.- --- * '" ** It is a great indication of progress in virtue to transfer our judgment to action, and not let our words remain merely wonts, but to make deeds "ol them. —Plutarch. -3- » tt <;> Mr. K. E. Holland was *>3King ©_ the Hon. Anderson, Minister of La* tor, for some figures about mines,, and after replying- th?.t he could not. supply them the Minister said, "I'd afraid that when the hon. gentleman comes into power he won't be so kind to mc as I have been to him." In that case Mr. Anderson will bo treated with ferocious cruelty. >v -;;- "? „■■ hi Sweden last week the Social Demot rats. Left Socialists and Communists gained 24 seats in the general election at the expense of the Tories, Liberals and Farmers. The Social Democrats are by far the largest. parrr -in the- new parliament. Tha funny man in the squatters' "Domin-* ••ran*' made no jest about this. A .painful lack of humour. 9 * „ _ yi he cotton crop In America is r«*» ported to be 42 per cent below nor* ma!, and 12 per cent below the worst; previous record. If this had -hop? pc-Mied in Pvii-jsia the Bolsheviks would have been responsible, but as it is in the United States the boll weevil sets the blame. However, as our cement combine knows very well, _% limitation of output is gocd for ea_j*italist prices these hard times, e_> in cotton things should be looking i.p„ What with the British Government* law limiting cotton cultivation ia Egypt to one-third .of the normal ..-icreage, aad the accommodating op-cratio_-5 of the Americau weevil, tho price-mongers should do. well though. tne rest of us go bar*. * «■ - •* . Members of The Worker staff foregathered week to males a presentation of a fountain pen aad a wallet, to Mr. H. Braid, one ©£ our lynotypists who is leaving for -fresh woods and pastures new. Tha - presentation was made by Mr. J. Glover. Worker manager, who remarked upon Mr. Brail's good qualities a™ a workman, and on behab. of his comrades wished him the best of luck in his new occupation. Mr. Braid suitably responded. Our comrade left for Blenheim' last. Wednesday when the staff were at the whariC to bid him adieu. -■-;■ •£■ -s. 4! The squatters' "Do .-.ln'on/' mad® inquiry of the Civic League as to certain statements made by 'Tlie MaorMsi-M- Worker in connection with money collected at the State Printery for the League's unemployment fund, and says that "the Government Printing Office ha s contributed £40/16/-, and there are 165 contributors oil the lists returned," With reference to this "On _ Who Knows" writes as follow;-: "The Civic League's appeal was received frora the heads of the Department and waa Very poorly-responded to. Some ot those who did make a contribution (.:;*t a day's P a y in zziy case) realised, 'when it waa too late, that they might 'be subsidising a fund which. ' would., be used to bring about a re?" auction in the award rstes of pay for the -work performed. There workers called a special,, meeting of their : Chape!' and passed the following resolution: 'That no collection o2 such funds be made until the Companionship Is assured that the money collected will be expended in the employment of persons at' siot less than the award rate o£ wages.' Up to. the present the wrlt"-r of this note Is not aware whether the civic band ot political flat-catchers? has been able to give the guarantee.". In reply to the "Dominion" we may point «*•„£,,-. the feverarnent - Prbrztiag Office . employs jns-t over 4-90 aad -the Civi© [_eag_e says, that 165 .contributed. Wa . leave It At that.

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A Socialist Survey, Maoriland Worker, Volume 12, Issue 243, 12 October 1921

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A Socialist Survey Maoriland Worker, Volume 12, Issue 243, 12 October 1921

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