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Anniversary of the Settlement.—Yesterday the twelfth anniversary of the settlement of this province occurred, and was to have been celebrated in Lyttelton and Christchurch by out door fetes and otherwise. The morning broke dull and heavy' with rain, which continued to fall throughout the' whole of the forenoon, and part of the afternoon to the great disappointment of pleasure-seekers, but to the great advantage of cereal crops and garden vegetation. About noon the steamer Gothenburg gaily dressed, steamed out of the harbour, with a party of ladies and gentlemen on board, for Pigeon Bay, there to pic nic if weather permitted; but that failing she returned to heranchorage, and the guests on board were entertained by the hospitality of G. Buckley, Esq., one of the agents for the steamer. The shipping displayed their bunting, and fired a complimentary salute. The steamer Gazelle carrieda party of excursionists to the neighbouring bays. But with these exceptions, Lyttelton cannot be said to have made holiday. We have no news of what was done in Christchurch, but suppose the cricket-match and outdoor sports would be adjourned. It is pleasant to be able to say that at no period of its history has the material prosperity of Canterbury been more marked and substantial than that which attends its entrance upon its thirteenth year of provincial existence. Ships' Ballast.—A letter from the master of the brig Susan, refers to a serious evil which has been the source of continued complaint from those frequenting this harbor. It seems that there is no check upon the ballastmen in the port, and that no master can rely upon getting the weight he pays for put into his vessel. The money loss sustained in these cases is bad enough, but the danger incurred by vessels leaving port unwittingly short ballasted is far more serious. A simple plan would be for the harbor authorities to satisfy themselves of the tonnage of all boats carrying ballast and compel the owners to keep the number painted in large figures on the bows. A Truly Pitiable Condition.—We sometimes think this place badly off enough for fruit when we see the prices asked for cherries, strawberries, &c, but what must be the state of our fellow-colonists of Southland when the arrival of a few green gooseberries affords a theme of congratulation for the rival editors of the 'News'and the' Times. 1 We extract a paragraph from the former enlarging on this opportune arrival:—"We haven't got a monster gooseberry in hand to furnish matter for a ' local,' but we have to tell of an importation of several baskets of green gooseberries from Tasmania—landed in fine condition, and by this time in process of conversion into tarts —in this case a very appropriate name. For this treat, the good wives of Invercargiil have to thank Captain Thomson of the barque Eucalyptus." Steam on Lake Wakattp:—A recent arrival in Southland from Tasmania brought down with him an engine intended for a saw-mill. The discovery of the Wakatip diggings has induced him to alter his mind, and he now proposes to build a boat on the lake and turn the engine to account in this way. The following description of what is intended to be done is from the 'Invercargill Times':—"The steamer will carry fifty tons of general cargo, and will have comfortable accommodation for about forty passengers. We have inspected the model, and, from the opinions we heard expressed by several nautical men, should think her a boat capable of attaining considerable speed—at least ten knots — which will enable her to make two trips a-day. She has also an advantage over the generality of New Zealand steamers. In place of firing at the end, as is usual in our small coastal boats, her boilers will be raised, thus affording a means of firing from below. By this method steam can be got up in a very short time, as nothing but wood will be used—a very great desideratum in such an undertaking. Her engines are of twelve-horse power, and capable of being worked up to sixteen or seventeen, and the proprietors only await the arrival of a few small castings from Dunedin to despatch them at once to the Lake. To show that the projectors do not intend to talk on this subject, we may state that Captain Sinclair left town yesterday morning, with all the necessary tools, workmen, provisions, &c, tot carrying out this project, and we are given to understand that the steamer will be fitted out and running in about six weeks." Land Sales and Revenue in Southland.— The following Information, from the ' Southland News' of 3rd December, will prove interesting to our readers. It will be observed that the splendid prospects held out hy the recent gold discoveries have not as yet re-acted upon the land market:— "At the sale of rural land last week, about 2000 acres were sold, and the sum realised was somewhat in advance of a pound an acre; one or two lots fetched from 23s to 24s an acre. At the sale of town sections on Tuesday (by postponement from Monday), at the Land Office, 35 sections, in Invercargill, Campbelltown, and Wallacetown, were put up for sale. The effeot of the all-prevailing gold fields excitement was noticeable both in the slackened attendance of purchasers, and in the comparatively languid character of the biddings; for it is a curious fact, that when the prospect of speedily u picking up gold " is trailed before the eyes of a population, it has the effect for the time of blinding them to the safer and sooner reproductive investments open to them nearer home. The total realised by the sale was about £734, showing an average of about *2j per section. The average for Wallacetown was £U 8s; for Campbelltown, £15 14s 6d; for Invercargill, £28 Bs. After two or three months, the competition will begin to grow keener again. As it is, the purchasers of yesterday, especially in Invercargill and Campbelltown,*have both made very profitable investments. The land revenue of Southland for the past month (November) was £5665 Is lOd—a very respectable sum. If we continue at this rate, we need not be afraid of venturing upon a railroad to the Bluff. Quite a Gardener's Climate.— A recent 'Argus'states that "The late hot winds and last week's hurricane have left their 'ruin-trace' upon the Botanic Gardens, which, up to that time, were flourishing gloriously in that perfect epiend >ur which belongs to early summer in Victoria. ThftC

.everal smaller shrubs Were torn up, and one.tall tree two feet thick in the trunk was blown down, are auite small matters, but it is sad to see innumerable rose and other flowering, bushes, erewhile covered with promising buds, now only bearing scorched ,and drooping leaves. Lachlan telegram, in the * S. M Herald,' of 18th November, states that" On Friday during a terrible thunderstorm, the Wesleyan and Catholic churches were blown down. The Wesleyan church wasoecupied by a teacher and a number of children. A great number were more or less hurt, but no bones fractured, and all are now convalescent. The Standard Theatre, and many houses were unroofed." . - ..'

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TOWN AND COUNTRY NEWS., Lyttelton Times, Volume XVIII, Issue 1054, 17 December 1862

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TOWN AND COUNTRY NEWS. Lyttelton Times, Volume XVIII, Issue 1054, 17 December 1862

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