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The •Wellington Advertiser' summarises tho news from this province as follows .— We learn from a private source that the whole of the subsidy (£1500) voted by the Council for steam communication is to be given to the White Swan. The advantages of a competing line are well shewn in a letter addressed to the ' Herald' by J. A. Smith and Co., of Napier: " As a proof of the desirability of competition in the steam navigation service we need merely observe that that between this province and Wellington, where that competition exists, the owners of the White Swan have reduced their rates both of freight and passage money; while between Napier and Auckland, where the trade is monopolised-by the White Swan, her charge both for freight and passage are nearly double those of sailing vessels. Mr. J, N. Wilson, solicitor, has been appointed crown proseoutor for the Province of Hawkes Bay. E. G-. Wright has been appointed Director of Harbour Improvements, /at a salary of£3ooayear. H. B. Scaly has been appointed Registrar of Deeds, at a salary of £'250 per annum. The estimated income for the Province of Hawkes Bay,-—viz., £42,410,—amounts to little loss than the estimated income for the Province of Wellington for the ensuing year ! The receipts from land sales for the quartet ended Sept. 30th; amounted to upwards of £6507,

<*r*TKhodes had been unanimously elocted j[r. Jo^PIJ. f two gu i neas per diem, during cSlsit, gA sum after the rate tii" 1101 SiVm was voted to each member who r»ided w had been held on the land question, Amf "..jes of resolutions had been proposed, at^Tu:!!; definite arrived at. At this meeting butf SemlcUaid that it was not intended in 3lrJl Sow open any land unless it was first future to w» icu i tum l portions reserved. sur^f;!,,, thought that the rough hilly land . "^, hMeft odufo? tho survey; and might be l s|lflIl! n lv and fairly leased, not let, as sheep ' fftf ]*% injustice would thus bo done to the *"""?' „ restrictions would, bo placed u^on tho puU'c; "° au d a revenue of thousands might be P^llVoni'a source which now yields no more dcl n'inal return. Under the present system than a» ° coU | ( | h 0 bought out at any moment. a ru u-lioiu . iiducement whatever for him to imThere *as ' Then why nofc g j ye } x [ m certainty l»'° ye Leciftllv when, by so doing, a steady !of tenure, ci ' thousands mny be derived trom i income 01 ■ • w jjj n0 purchaser for scores t hß d for which thuemjD^ sh?u , d v o f years )«• , ricu i t , u . e; the Executive had, totally unhUo> o te the fcwo dMgeg of lundi j n wW vrZ blocks, instead of regarding the ca9e,- °J-,!'- tint had been made three or four years «PPi lie; ltl° 1 .vi have it surveyed, and the agr.cultuba«k, he «on'{ "' fc d divided into sections. The wll lOrt'°nUnn tluTis, land that could not be aoo^gncuouu , purposes than sheep: Ft the leases of such up to firming, he uw P as a vongh couutry • "S'^olSea d tricfc,' there might be no. advance in tl c ilonaua« ' t j ofc l, er ca ses from obtained on the piesw laaie, i,,, F oveaport»n oU» «■• case mi ht b(! . JSd the executive had been to supply the Ws of Si-pwdodng population. (Cheers.) The government was determined, whatever agriculture land came into its hands, to reserve it or actual occupation. (Hear.) It was his wish 0 have sales ofland every quarter, and only such-quantities brou"bt forward as would supply the legitimate demand- no encouragement would-be given to the cormorant to buy up for the purpose of re-sale. This system, if fairly earned out, would remove many difficulties to new comers.

: Me. J. Cbackoft Wilson and the Indian EEBEuroN.— The 'London Gazette' of October 7th contains a letter from Lord Canning, which is officially termed a' Minute of the Governor General of India regarding the services of civil'officers and others during the Mutiny and Rebellion. 1 Its opening passages are as follows:— ... "1. The bloodshed, strife, and general disorganization consequent upon the mutiny of the Bengal army, which declared itself two years ago,; are drawn to a close. '» ■ "Here and there a few hands of turbulent '•■ and disaffected marauders still remain in arms; but there is no unity among the enemies of the State, and, although the complete and universal security which prevailed before the outbreak has not in all places returned, there is no part of the Queen's Indian possessions to which civil government i has not been restored. "A day of solemn thanksgiving for this happy resale has been appointed. "2. This being so, it becomes my grateful, duty to bring to the notice of her Majesty's Secretary of State the names of those earnest, devoted men by whose abilities, sound judgment, and unexampled labours the civil authority of the British Government lias been upheld or re-established. "3. Although civilians by profession, or holding forthe time civil offices, the duties which they have performed have been, for the most part full of peril aud toil. " Only some few of them have been called on occasionally to take part in the operations of the army, and have thereby had the satisfaction of seeing honour done to their names in the ' Gazettes' of the day; but there are others who have been distinguished by conduct in front of an enemy which would make any army proud of them. "They have organized levies and led them; defended stations; kept in check large disaffected communities; reassured the. wavering, and given confidence to the loyal. "Many of them have, in the service of the State, carried their lives in their hands for months together. "Their position has been such as to try not only their physical courage, but the judgment, intelligence, and self-reliance of each individual, and to Keep these qualities unceasingly on the strain. ''4. The most anxious part" of their long task is now at an end, and I confidently claim for them irora her Majesty's Government the same respect, "annration, and gratitude as have been as deservedly wstowed upon their fellow-labourers of the army. Alter a list of the officers of the Bengal Government, whose services were conspicuous, the Gover-nor-General says:— fJL 16" S is now m? dut? t0 recommend to the fflSt? 5 ?? nBl. deration ofHer Majesty's Government the following officers :— ■ . T Mr>i Cracr°ft Wilson, Judge of Moradabad. ii?» i V • Sentle"i™ first, because he has the en-. S™ T ionofhavin& by his 0^" obstinate lS Pe«everance, saved more Christian enilT ™y ™" in India' He did this at the Slv niminent Peril of hiß own life- He lias andliV w Se xTVice of the Indian--Government, He ha tf ° New Zea'and, whither I respectfully Jpe that the favor of the Crown may follow him." AHEKICan GUANO ISLANDS IN THE PACIFIC mi w OCEAN. . ■ follow!; ™ J Wk' Journal of Commerce' gives the in Zv '? c terestln S of the guano islands "'Dip. worked by American companies :— pectinJ7 Sa"guine belief at first entertained resWands !R XIS ence of lar Se depositß of guano on ci 1 the l acific Ocean, available for commerport 2' Wf much abated b*tbe adverse «*" C f f?J made by Commodore Mervin; seemnVf i! Vldual" more immediately concerned and hi ?ve been in the least to be disheartened besides? ■ y senfc horae car^oes of Suano» ftrfuhJ! cumn S considerable expense, as a basis ibrmHi °Perations- Two associations have been still „,■! P ■of the one first existing, the oldest VmZ™ mh ih? name of 'Amerfcan Guano ihS. tITf claira t0 Baker'B and Jarvis> tlw'UnHoioi at« more recent °«S'nis called wnsUu "f fi, • Gaano Cora Pany-' Its property depoi nßhta of tlie ttwowren to tile guano occupancy Tth'jf -° ? c]m™ X^U oE * Name Allowing islands :— Howlank Latitude. Longitude. Christma^ aSO North 176-33 West Maidenl U8 " 1f17.38 " Arthur*) 4.15 South 155.0 " All £"."••••• 3.32 « ,76.5 « Valuatle' fortr- are, ve Preßentea as containing ts B lir ng/. ub? anceß- The former commaterial, f'" OHt- I tools and hug* for laborers, b^wto ,r' rai Ma? trAck ' andhaa moored te«d AnoTb 8 t° l affold a hold for '••been Stl7\«» Mary Branford, al)°ut a dozen T • Sail ,m a few days with ch «in S and lit?? T 10° tonß of be riS i W°-I arge iron one of mbe "gged wth a mast, be 3 ideV other

materials. A report to the stock-holders just issued by the United States Guimp Company, signed by Egbert Bohton, President, says this company havo entered into a very liberal contract with one of our extensive and enterprising firms to transport agents, men,. and material* to the islands belonging to the company, and for the immediate importation of a large quantity of guano, whioh they propose to soil at about half tho present price of Peruvian guano.' The report also speaks of the 'immense and almost incalculable valile of tho deposits on the Pacifio Islands.' Howland's Island alone is estimated to contain not less than 3,000,000 tons, averaging two feet in depth over a lavge portion of tho surface. Christmas Island, independently of its value for other purposes, is represented as central between California and Australia, and affording a harbour of the largost class for shipping, with a safe anchorage. Affidavits to this effect are appended from several sea-captains who have visited the island. We are informed that, in order to give ships remunerating return freights this company are granting a limited number of permits for ships to load at their islands at $1 per ton. Whatever may be the actual value of these possessions in the remote Pacific, it will probably soonbe determined beyond controversy. Ships have been sent out to load by. both.the companies above mentioned, and Captain J.L.Pendleton, agent of the United States Guano Company, has sailed for the islands in the Californinn steamer.

Merit Rewarded.—The ' Globe' announces that the colonelcy of the sth Dragoon Guards, vacant by the death of Sir John Slade, is about: tb be conferred upon Major-General, the Earl of Cardigan. The colonelcy of a regiment is a sinecure office, worth about £1000 a-year, and instituted as a reward for old and rfieritorious general officers, whose income may require to be eked out by a pension from the public; it forms, therefore, a peculiarly appropriate acknowledgment of the brilliant services of Lord Cardigan, who it is understood will be allowed to retain his appointment as InspectorrGeneral of Cavalry, a post for which few officers are so peculiarly qualified as his Lordship. We are not surprised tb bear that there are already grumblers in the field, who complain that there are many generals who, having served twice as long as Lord Cardigan, and having neither a large private fortune nor a lucrative staff appointment to maintain them in their old age, can establish a better claim to the colonelcy in question. It will hardly be contended, however, that men who have passed their lives in remote and vulgar places in India, at the Cape, or in the West Indies, for instance, can be considered to possess claims to a pension equal to those of one who has served at Windsor or Brighton under the immediate eye cf the Sovereign, and in close proximity tb the Horse Guards.. So far from Lord Cardigan not having earned the• substantial honour about to be conferred upon him, we consider him every bit as much entitled to it as he is to the Order of the Bath,'which he wears, or the Victoria Cross, to which he aspired. Entering the service at a period of life considerably in advance of that fixed ; by the elastic regulations of the Horse Guards, seven years had barely elapsed before merit of no common order converted the oldest cornet into the youngest colonel in the army. As the commanding officer of a cavalry regiment, Lord Cardigan, then Lord Brudenell, was as much distinguished for the gentleness of his rule and the urbanity of his manners as he has since become for courage and generalship. As subordinate to those above him as he was considerate to his inferiors, he was alike beloved and respected by officers and soldiers, and ,his regiment became an example by which the whole service/has profited. But envy ever pursues the great and good, and Lor&Cardigan, sacrificed to popular clamour, was ignominiously reduced to- half-pay.' "A small mind would have resented such treatment; not so the subject of this sketch, who, wfien the Russian war broke out, forgetful ■of all his injuries, magnanimously accepted the command* of a brigade, and, rending asunder the gentle ties of home and family, embarked in his yacht and sailed to the field of glory. Noblesse oblige. What followed, from his first successful reconnoissance in Bulgaria to his last brilliant and unequalled feat of horsemanship at Balaklava, belongs to history; but full credit has not been given to the noble soldier for that humanity which rendered him unable to remain a witness to the sufferings and privations of his men and horses, and drove him to the solitude of his yacht, and the uncongenial companionship of a French cook. Yet even here envy assailed him, but a higher tribunal reversed the malicious verflict of the Crimean Commissioners. Justice overtook the slanderers of England's heroes at Chelsea Hospital, and, as Gay sings, . "The man recovered from the bite, The dog it was who died?" Lord Cardigan and his patrician fellow-sufferers were restored to their-, niches in the of Fame, amid the triumphant shouts of the mounted sentries at the Horse Guards, while plebeian Colonel Tullock was snubbed into a fever and reduced to a civil K. C. B. ship. Since the conclusion of the war Lord Cardigan has devoted himself to the arts of peace, enjoying in the calm retirement of domestic life the fruits of those laurels gained on the battle-field. No one. we trust, who reads this hurried sketch of the noble earl's military career will feel disposed to grudge him the lucrative sinecure now about to be conferred upon him, which is but one sprig added to the wreath which already ornaments his brow. He has won it well, and may he wear it long—doing equal honor to him that gives and him that takes.— Examiner.

At the Epsom court, some days ago, a Mr. George Woodroffe availed himself of an old and disused, but unfortunately a still unrepealed, law, to escape paying an innkeeper's bill. The plaintiff was Mr. W. Lumley, the proprietor of the King's Head, at Epsom, and the action was to recover £6 65., due from defendant to plaintiff, of which amount defendant paid into court £4 4s. 4d., and as to the balance, £2 Is. 10d., pleaded the old statute, 24 George 11, cap. 40, sec. 12, which provides that no person who sells spirituous liquor to a less amount than £1 at one time can recover the amount. It was contended for Mr. Lumley that the statute was obsolete, and had been indirectly repealed by subsequent acts; but this was shown not to be the case, and the judge said that the law prevented any publican from recovering the value of spirits sold at less than £1 at a time, and however hard it might seem, he was bound to give a verdict for the defendant.— Home Newsi Sept. 19.

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HAWKES BAY., Lyttelton Times, Volume XIII, Issue 747, 4 January 1860

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HAWKES BAY. Lyttelton Times, Volume XIII, Issue 747, 4 January 1860

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