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THE EARTHQUAKE.

ALARMING EXPERIENCES.

GEYSERS SPOUT THROUGH SAND

■ >i?^ S, °, f P. am P«rs at Waikuku beach bad alarming experiences, (writes :l r!:L f? n? , Christchurch corres, pondent). Immediately after the eartKquake ceased cold water geysers corniced to >P out from the * sand .various places, fissures haying evident-1 J ly beenmaae m the grorind down to ~ the artesian water strata. The water , commenced gush out Sk* ■*££ streams, and fearing thatthere m' wor^e to follow, possibly a tidal ware, those-with motor cars made off as speedily^ as poss ibTe. In one case a ;i geyser started below a car, causing, the -machine tosink in the sand to a con.^ei^kydepth. Only the strenuous .ettorts of a crowd of people on a tow gp^avejd it from being deeply .eni! picnic i party had a unique experience, and one so alarming that it i wfl a; 1? dy:fflemtier 't°. faint. A cloth : had been laid on the sand for afternoon tea ■: when the - earthauake^ Recurred,, Suddenly the ;'. table elgth -;- commenced to ri S e, , a ge yser j^j^ ; burst through m the 1 centre <of it , | 1 here ,was a hurried resbue of the* \ comestibles and a rapidstampede. ,^aranaki .Creek- in the- vicinity,, whjch before .the was £!■'■ cJear , afteiWards becameV floods ;.^ra..': mjiddyv wa#,; caused no i\donbt ,by, the.'qnake Opening 7figures , and ; ;tetting np;the w-ater fromjbelow j> Captain;': J.'' . VeUenoweth,v -pf the■Union Steam ;Ship, Company's steamer- ; Jiartangata, underwent a • strangs '-■■&- ;p^iepc^ Jbhe Steamer was six ,;milps- pff ;Lyt-beltori Heads a sensation•;was felt -similar; to, that ?of the Vefl^l' being changed; from fuU speed ah«a*f& tull speed astern.' ; There was a bump^ •^g^as, though the <sternhad grazed, a. ■ sandbank, thejwhole ship beng shaken and the? niasts quivering. It was at ifirst thought that' a 'serious?;' mishap 'had;Voccurredin the engine-room, but, ltvsbori .becajtne apparent that all the■ship was e'xiperieri.cingivas a ; strange. :phQnpnierion: of an earthquake at sea. ; .''lt is interesting to note," stated'-itifcv-E- .*. Skejj director of the Christchurch magnetic v observatory, ."that- : the earthquake is evidently of .an har-, moriic. series.).: In, jihe 'Christchurch re- ■ cords of the earthquake in North .Canterbury in November,. 1921, this is evident; '.'ln that series there. fvei^two pairs :of; consecutive . shocks, . :;'sei)arated-.."by-; intervals of almost ex- ' actiy 53f; minutes', and the whole series .-' /.was.: evidently; compounded 'of'v sub-h ar;, mpnips pf.peHods' of7 13 Seconds, -I? probably 21 ■ seconds,. ;coripledrwith the harmonics of the day. It' may not be! generally known that'. i bnly Ijast: recently Professor Turner, jsecretary .of the: Seismological . Com--■iniftee of the British Association, "announced .'that .-in the world records of" earthquakes for the past four years, which had been discussed by him it aiipeared that a • very definite 21- ---' minute period existed: He Had stated; that there could be no possible -doubt; that onr earth is in a state of contiritious vibration,;, probably of the nature of a pulsation, which could be • maintained by Variations of tidal forces acting on the solid earth." ■ " The 21-minut© period,":; sifted Mr, S^kej, "is very approximately the ob-- : served: time •in which' an earthquake wave can traverse one diameter of the earth.; I consider that further shocks are (extremely probable, but the timeof their taking place is as yet indeterminable. It will be remembered that such shocks were observed after thegreat 'quake of November', 1901.''' ' It was on the morning of Saturday, I.November 16, 1901, that the last big. j earthquake was felt in Canterbury. On I that occasion-the shock was, of such severity that the Cathedral spir^ was; j thrown out of alignment, and it was •■; thought for some time afterwards that - j the spire would have to be removed . j and rebuilt. Widespread damage was; I done in the city owing to tanks Over- •■ flowing and crockery and plaster fall--s ing. The heaviest damage occurred ;lat Cheviot, where the township was; ■ j practically derastated. The. • tremors ■ continued intermittently for sev reral I days/ until not a chimney or window- ', pas left hitact. The people were- **. |bhro<vn 'into a state of panib, and many ' residents vr|ho were rendered homeless.: '■ had to be igiven temporary shelter in ' Christchurbh. ;•-. The earthquake which resulted m ' the total destruc'Eion of the upper porII tion of the Cathedral spire occurred :-«n I Saturday, September ; 1,. 1888; TWs " was the most severe within the iriei|pry' of Canferbui-y pilgrims, but altnotfek the damage extended as far as H2n- - mer the loss of property was not nearlyso severe as that which occurred a!fo Cheviot thirteen years later.

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THE EARTHQUAKE. Hawera & Normanby Star, Volume XLII, Issue 0, 28 December 1922

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