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LOCAL AND GENERAL.

The annual meeting of the Kaponga Horticultural Society will be held tonight at 8 p.m. in the Athenaeum Hall. In the month of March there was exported from Patea butter to the l^l-S* £5m and c^ese worth "fci.o,/70. .Mr C. A. Budge, returning, officer, gives notice that Mr J. R. Corrigan has been elected to represent Hawera subdivision on the Patea Harbor Board. Kapuni people are reminded of tne social to be held to-morrow (Friday) Sub mg ald °f the Kapuni Boc™l The Masterton Dairy Company is now using coke for the generation of steam at the local factory. It finds that, with wood at its present price, coke is the more economical fuel. To-night at Wilkinson's Hall, Eltham, a grand fancy dress skating carnival will be held. There should be keen competition, as prizes will be given for most graceful lady and gentleman skater, most original costume, and neatest costume (lady or gentleman). A band of twelve performers will play a series of selections during the evening. That the captain of a mailboat is no respecter of persons was well exemplified yesterday, says the Western Pacific Herald of March 22. The Makura had left its moorings at Suva when Sir Joseph Ward and family rushed along the wharf just in time to be too late, lhe Union Steam Ship Company's launch, however, came to the rescue. Quite peculiar circumstances (says the HawKe's Bay Herald) arose in connection with one census return which was made up by a resident of Gisborne. The schedule was duly filled up at the specified time, but on Monday morning it was found that the family had increased by one, and there was much speculation as to whether the newly-arrived member should be included. The subenumerator when collecting the return, was asked for his Sopinion, and promptly pointed out that the Act provided that travellers who arrived on Monday morning, and were not enumerated elsewhere, would have to be included, and, consequently, the little stranger was duly tallied. . The Otago Daily Times understands that a communication has been received by the medical superintendent of the Dunedin Hospital from the District Health Officer at Dunedin with reference ,£o the subject of prophylactic injections for the prevention of typhoid fever, with which it is suggested that the nurses who are engaged in the typhoid fever, ward at the Dunedin hospital should be treated, if they so desire it. Dr. Champtaloup (District Health Officer), questioned in regard to this method of treat-, ment, said it has been largely used at Home for some years past, principally among troops, and has now been perfected. In accordance with this means of preventing infection from typhoid, a preparation is made from cultures of typhoid baccilli, and those desiring to be rendered immune from typhoid fever receive two small injections at intervals, and the liability of contracting typhoid over the succeeding two years is then very slight, and if it should be contracted it occurs in a very mild form. The Health Department at Dunedin intends preparing this material for purposes of injection, and it will also be issued through the Department to the various hospitals in the Dominion. Eltham and Mangatoki dairy com-; panics advertise dates for receiving pigs. Gillies and Nalder advertise entries for their Auroa stock sale. Mr D. Hughes announces dates and places where he will deliver addresses on Harbor Board matters. N.Z.L. and M.A. Co. hold a stock sale at Stratford yards on April 25. F. de J. Clere, architect, inserts a notice to builders. What every man is asking for: A coat that will keep out the rain. J. C Gilletthas an oil canvas coat with . all latest improvements, which is guaranteed absolutely rainproof. Also the celebrated "Fish Brand" oilcoat. * Mr Wilmot Quinell, M.R.C.V.S., Wellington, is prepared to conduct classes ' for farmers in the various centres of this district. A minimum of 20 students ] must enrol. Fee £1 ls. To secure Mr , Quinell's services immediate enrolment jis necessary. * I Rubber Stamps, any design, made at short notice. Star Office, Hawera.

A reminder is given of the grand concert by Miss Robinson's pupils in the Kaponga Athenaeum to-morrow (Friday) evening. A dance will follow. A Masterton house agent informed a representative of the Age that he had sis enquiries for houses that day, and had not been able to satisfy one of them. _It has been roughly estimated that a sum of between £90,000 and £100,000 was put through the totalisator at the various race meetings field in New Zealand on Easter Monday. A Masterton rabbiter informed a representative of the Age that the rabbits have been most prolific in the district this season. It is no uncommon thing to find a doe with a litter of ten, and he has found as many as twelve young rabbits in * single burrow. It is not generally known that any person purchasing a railway ticket, and not using the return ticket, can obtain a refund of the amount paid, on application to the stationmaster frtfnvwhom the ticket was purchased. Printed forms for this purpose are obtainable from any stationmaster, and the refund is made from the head office Henry Myers, aged about 45 years, who was on Monday removed from a stable in Little Recent street to the Hawera Hospital in a very low condition, died in the instituton early on Wednesday evenng. Deceased was a remittance man, and is s;*id to have relatives in the Old Count, y. A certificate of death ha\ing been" given, an inquest will not be necessary. \ A census enumerator i:i Eeu'th Canterbury has communicated i > the iooai paper an item of news wi*:-***. i_ hi.;,-...., interesting because of ,the light it throws on the conjugal conuf'.ion of the rural population in New Zealand. Within a radius of ten miles oi j? air he he discovered 64 bachelors, each of whom is in Ngood circumstances, owning an average of about 300 acres. Each of these is well able to support a wife, and yet they are contented to live in single blessedness. A wood mine is something of a novelty, says the Auckland Star, but there is one situated at Alfriston, about three miles from-Manurewa and Papak'ura. The Papakura Sawmilling Company has the project in hand, and it works an area of about 1300 acres of swamp land, which is covered with kauri remains. The timber, which is well preserved, is cut into lengths in the ground and hauled to the company's mill. The work pays well, as there is a big demand for kauri, and this timber is of the best grade. Eaters of pork may derive some satisfaction from the fact, says the Wellington Post, that practically all carcases are now closely inspected before being allowed to go into human consumption. Pork going into bacon factories is also inspected for disease, and Rejected if unsuitable. Formerly there was no inspection of pork except* for export. The local consumer is now placed on the same footing with regard to New Zealand pork as the consumer overseas. Despite the decision of the court upholding the validity of the new city bylaw regulating the holding of meetings in Cathedral Square, Christchureh, the Salvation Army held their meetings on Saturday and Sunday as usual. The Socialists also held a meeting on Sunday night, and the names of two of the speakers, Messrs F. R. Cooke and C. Smith, were taken by the police. Mr Cooke informed a reporter that the Sc^ cialists were determined to insist on their right to free speech in the square, and the meetings would be continued as usual. They recognised that even if they consented to hold their meetings on a site allotted to them by the Council, that would only he the first step to their total exclusion from the square. "There are 100 of us ready to go to gaol if necessary," declared Mr Cooke, and "more to follow, if necessary." A tragic illustration of the trials and sufferings frequently experienced by back-blocks pioneers is shown in the case of Mr and Mrs Erni and their family, residing in the Mangaohutu Valley, thirty miles down the Wanganui river from Taumarunui. Last week one of their five children was stricken with diphtheria, and died before it could be brought to the town. The body, however, was conveyed in by tne father and mother, after a long and weary boat journey, and interred in the Taumarunui cemetery. Returning to their home, the parents found that two other of their children had become afflicted with the disease, and, without waiting for a boat, horses were procured, and the patients were brought in to Raurimu, a distance of 28 miles, and then on to the Taumarunui Hospital, where another of the children died. It is a sad case. For some time past a rise in the price of tea has been expected in Auckland, says the Star. Extensive areas, formerly planted in tea, are now growing rubber, and'the Russians and Americans have taken more to tea drinking. These are among the causes that have led to lhe present position of the world's demand almost overtaking the supply. In consequence the tea merchants in Auckland have found it necessary to increase the prices of the lower grades by about a penny a pound, and the retailers T"*ill follow their lead as soon as their present supplies are exhausted. Speaking of the rise a local merchant, said that it would affect the Auckland people more than those of the o*£!Ter centres, since Aucklanders drank very poor brands of tea. When asked how he accounted for this, he said, "Oh Aucklanders will take anything as long, as it's C_3G3,p« Mr E. Cohen, editor the Dunedin Star m an interview, said: "The Racing Commissioners have rudely overturned every precedent of dignity and leisure in which Royal Commissioners have clothed themselves. By motor, steamer, rail, and coach the five gentlemen appointed, who may fitly be labelled 'some gentlemen m haste,' have covered close on 50,000 mdes in one month, and visited practically every racecourse on which the totalisator is infuse in the two islands. Their usuat conveyance was a motor car in which they travelled 2,473 miles. By its agency they were enabled to inspect a course, and at once take the road for the next, regardless of time-tables and slow-travelling local trains. And it was a common practice to take a hamper, and make their meals under hedges at the roadside. They became known as the record-breakers, and by their erratic movements evaded the efforts which the postal department made to keep their mail up to date. Once when obstructed i at Bealey by an unfordable river, they | gained another victory over the enemy Time by separating, and within sixty hours three of the members were at Rotorua, and the other two at Gisborne. Again, on the West Coast, a few days ago some of the party were in a motor car from 7 a.m. till after midnight, and had only one meal —at 8 p.m. In that i day they hurried through West-port, Reefton, Greymouth, Kumara, and Hokitaka,and then returned to Greymouth. It staggered even the hardy West Coasters. The exact distance covered in the Commissioners' tour of inspection was 4802 miles—2473 by motor, 1469 by rail. 778 by steamer, and 82 by coach." There will be no class in beekeeping on Friday of this week. * New Zealand Loan and Mercantile Agency Company will hold their Stratford cattle sale on Tuesday, April 25. Sale commences at 12.30 sharp. i

Mount Egmont has recently been uncovered with snow, except for a tiny spot in the crater. Mr J. Davidson conversing with a Star reporter on theincident, said this is the first time in forty years that he had seen Egmont naked. 0 A correspondent m the Otago Times m correcting a statement about Francis Bacon, makes the following interesting remark-.—New Zealanders should take a special interest in Francis Bacon, or Lord St. Alban, as he would be called, for he lost his life in experimenting nearly 300 years ago regarding what is now one of tjie greatest industries of New Zealand. It had occurred to him irom his scientific knowledge and researches that meat of any kind mio-ht be preserved by being frozen, and while driving home one snowy day carrying some dressed fowls for his own table, Ire got out of his carriage and stuffed a fowl with snow in order to test his theory,* but while doing so he contracted a chill which caused his death. His idea was the germ of the frozen meat industry, so lawyers sometimes do some good. Tlie proposal that there should be an organised system of bonfires on the' evening of the Coronation deserves, Country Life thinks, every support. The' bonfire i s one of the oldest forms of rejoicing in the world, and used to be the recognised manner in which Great Britam celebrated her victories. Nevertheless, it has to be admitted that we do not do these things as well as our forefathers did. At the Coronation of Kino--idward VII. a great deal of muddling: occurred. Some of the bonfires were. ! ignited in open daylight, and consej quently lost their effect. Others waited' j tor a signal that never came, and.were j v. : ut until everybody had gone to bed. , Ino great thing to do, if bonfires are too_ us .a generally over the country, v* toarrange beforehand that they shall be lit a& *.*. g^-aa moment.

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LOCAL AND GENERAL. Hawera & Normanby Star, Volume LXII, Issue 0, 20 April 1911

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