[from our own correspondent.] October 11, 1884. Mr Bowron gave one of his very instructive lectures at Orraondville laßt evening. Owing to the weather being unfavorable the attendance was not quite so good as the lecture deserved. Mr W. Harfcer occupied the chair and introduced the lecturer in 8 brief address, in the course of which he stated that having been written to on the subject of establishing a cheese factory here, he had come to the conclusion that if he could prevail upon Mr Bowron to lecture ou the subject in this district, it would by interesting the inhabitants of the place in the matter, greatly facilitate the establishment of the proposed industry. It was therefore by his request that Mr Bowron was. present this evening. Mr Bowron would show how their produce might be prepared for, and he (Mr Harker) hoped to be able to arrange for putting it in to the market. The chairman resumed bis seat amid continued applause. Mr Bowron then addressed the meeting at considerable length, the main points of his lecture being substantially the same .as already published in the Herald. He travelled over some new ground which concerned small bush settlements, though on iltis occasion they were intended for the benefit of Norse wood and Ormondville. He would not advise them to try cheese-making, as at present the roads were too bad, the holdings too small, and the diatriot too young. By this he did not mean to say that the age of the grass had anything to do with cheese-making, as i
tho first or Becond year's grass i made quite as good cheeße aa could be I made from grass that had been laid down for many yeare. The outlay for a butter factory was small; they could have one for about £200, while it would cost about £1200 for a cheese factory. Then the cost of working would be less, one skilled map could manage twenty butter factories. If he were asked what he thought of New Zealand butter he would answer that some of it was tho worst butter in the world, although with proper mauagement it could have been made the best — aye, even the worst of it could have been made the best in the world. If a butter factory were started now, and through change of circumstances they found themselves prepared to "'carry on" a cheese factory the first outliy would not be waßted, as the building and plant could be utilised for making cheese ; they would only have to aid to what they already had in hand. The superiority of factory over hand- made butter consisted in all the butter being alike, so that by tasting the butter in one firkin you knew what the whole "lot" was, whereas in hand-made butter if you wished to taste, say 28 firkins, you would have to examine every firkin by itself. Tbe first butter factory was established in Sweden, and so great was the demand for the butter manufactured there that purchasers had often to wait for ten weeks from the date I of their ordor until their turn came to be supplied. The fact was that people in London wanted good butter, and were willing to pay a good price for it ; when they could not get it they then bought a mixture of tallow and butter, technically known as "bosh," ,some of which was made in America. that sent butter to England 'ikept the best of it for home consumption, as people in those countries liked good butter quite as well aa Englishmen did. Now if good butter was sent from New Zealand the quality of the butter would Boon become known, and it would be in demand, so that the other countries would have to eat their inferior butter and their " bosh " themselves. There wa^ only one factory in the colony that made butter ; that was at Edendale, and the contract price at which that factory Bupplied butter for a term extending over the whole of the season was one shilling and threepence per pound, those who bought the butter being quit^ content to pay that price for the ariiole He spoke in high terms of the capabilities of this country, and drew attrition to the insignificance of the colonial debt as compared with the undeveloped wealth of the colony, after which he invited questions on any subject (in connexion with the lecture) not sufficiently explained. In answer to a question from Mr Webbe, Mr Bowron said that the excessive charges for freight both on the railway and on the ocean unduly interfered with the proper development of the cheese-making industry, but he hoped that the present Government would listeu to his representations on the matter, and that shipowners would yet be brought to see the importance of foatering an industry which bid fair to assume gigantic proportions. Members of Parliament had already given their attention to the subject, and it was through a former Premier (then \Tr Whitaker) taking such an interest in this matter that he (Mr Bowron) wsb now lecturing, he having been engaged by that gentleman (who had engaged him at his own rißk) to lecture on, and assist in, the establishment of cheese and butter factories in this country. Mr A. Webbe, in a few well-chosen words, referred to his deep interest in this colony, which would be the adopted home of hia children. He would leave the practical part of the matter to business men, who would be better able to deal with the question than he was, but would (if those present would permit him to act as representative for them in tho matter) proposes vote of thanks to the lecturer and chairman in their names, After the vote had been carried, Mr Wilding made a few short, practical, and business-like remarks, advising the formation of a committee to cauyasa the district for support to the projected undertaking, and as a consequence the following gentlemen were elected as a committee:— Messrs W. Harker, J. Brabazon, R. R. Groom, J. J. Browne, O. R. Baines, G. Fothergill, H. Wilding, G. E. Sass, J. Peterson, O. Eriksen, Preacot, and Hobson. Mr F. C. Shugar was elected hon. sec.
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