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THURSDAY, JANUARY 8, 1920.

MINING IND USTRY.

T.iLE application of science to industry is one of the recognised needs of 10-cjj'jf. and recently A\e oil several occasions united with others in calling attention to this principle in "relation tv Me gold mining industry. This was Aviih reference more particularly to iby possibilities of more, fully teafciiig our products in our own country' by scientilic investigation. Before the war: the fact used to be lamented widely that in tli© higher branches 01 gold and other mineral refining work, the Germans enjoyed almost ay monopoly. To them it was a great gain as Avell as a credjt. but to us.it meant a considerable loss .of revenue and effi- \ ciencv both locally and generally, in- 1 consequence of the producers, as they again illustrated very recently, hay--nig to send away for treatment, weighty parcels of concentrates.- FeAV indeed formerly .knew much of the real value of the Jjye-prortuets secured from the concentrates by foreign refiners, until it. avjis demonstrated dur-. ing'the war that the 'process -Tuui v>rovirled r-cj>tain countries wi|-h iiiurli valuable copper and other metals. Tlio practice of sending away concentrates 1 a larcrp outlay, as well- as a. loss. In alluding thereto 1 ./ Aye HrWd the Government to ' appoint a metalli-

ferous expert to so into research Avork and AYe have, therefore, to acknowledge that the Mines Department has taken a forward step by appointing Professor Watters Sc.D. of Dunedin, j to undertake such work. For some few weeks j>ast, AYe understand, thi s scientist, with a staff of assistants, has been engaged in tho Avork of investigating Avhat c;m be done in the Inangahua district in the Avav of testing and refining the residue ores from the gold mines., AYe have n.o doubt that this venture will in any event prove a wise and profitable "one. It will make known tho full facts of tho position. For many years the. mining companies have sought to deal with the problem. Samples havo been sent to London and, also treated on the spot by an expert, but the result hfiH been rather . to demonstrate the great difficulties to be overcome to provido the solution. It will be, therefore, plain that 1 Professor WatterV ban a problem of no mca.n dimenHioiiH to overcome, ami he will have the best, wishes, of all concerned for a huccohhful result Tor his labours. The value* at stake fully Avarrant Ihh undertaking. If the result should turn out unfavourably so far as local refining 'ih concerned, [hero avill bo- at least obtained a knowledge of the raimw why ; whilst if the Professor and !>'«• collaborators'find "a way to overcome tho problem it Avill bo a. valuable discovery indeed. The gain to tho p/otlueui'R, and the Inangahua district will lx« one of no small magnitude. BRITISH LABOURITES. SrGNS are not wanting that Labour, to use a colloqualism. is "bucking up" in Britain now in a way that betokens the predicted landslide in political opinion away from the Coalition, and towards Labour. We lcjarn that Labour in nine bye-elections has gained over 35,000 votes,- while,, their opponents' totals show a. dcline, and the British press is even canvassing the probabilities as to a Lanour Government after next general election which may come soon. Now, the fact that the so-called "moderates" are saying Labour might do^better for another term i n opposition is doubtless based on the expectation that Avith an early election Labour Avill not really gain a majority, rather than on Mr W. Churchill's presumption that Labour is yet too ignorant to do the work done gpw by the oligarchy to Avhich it is. we fancy, his own pride to belong. ,The papers, doubtless, Avish to scare off some middle-class A'oters from 'going Labour" by suggesting the next election may mean a great and uncertain innovation. If Labour did any good at all it Avould be as sooG as the present element ruling in Britain. The fact is. lipAvever, Labour must attend to its industrial as Avell as its political activities. In the long run the political.element with the best outside backing will Avin out! Moreover, some "reforms can be Avon only "on the job." The railwaynien in England realise this, and they are showing a united front to the Government in insisting upon a unform Avage settle ment. We are told the Coalition is likely to absorb all political element^ except Labour and a few Tories. Very likely. That is Avhat happened in Australia, and' will happen here. Anyway Labour would be as justified in going into opposition with Tories as with the type of politician Avho delights in Coalitions Aye have had of late. They don't knoAV Avhere they ere, Avhife the Tories and Labourites do. Labourites in Britain KnoAv also that their turn^is coming, too.

X QUESTION OF DIVORCE. THE report from Italy that the granting of a divorce oii th.c ground of a wire failing to bear children opens up a question that will doubtless at&ract; fresh attention as time goes on. It is stated that the Italian Press, and especially the Socialists, a.r© pleased Avith tTie decision. It is not explained Avhat are the grounds on which the upholders of this decision base 'their satisfaction Avith it. On the face of it, the decision is an outrage on the rights of women. Just what a law, such as the Italian Socialists prupose to coinpulsorily nullify all' childless max riages, Avould mean is a diffiult question to ansAver. The aim in view 1 seems to be to prevent race suicide, or anything in the nature of it, but to seek to attain that end b y such means Avould probably do more evil by far than good. Indeed, marriage Avould in such circumstances tend to become a farce. The means adopted to eiini- ' mate risk of divorce Avoukl tend to bring that about. Some might see in such* a laAV a just retribution upon those responsible for the practices that lead to race suicide, but there are also tho rights of innocent parties to consider. '10 maintain these is at least as important as to look to the* interests ol future generations. All over the world there seems a, tendency . to extend the facilities for. divorce, and ■ the latest instance proves that the ideas behind the propaganda are pagan ideas. Tandem polygamy is- i\i- ' ready an evil in many countries, and • there is nothing more calculated to defeat the ends of materialistic fighters against race suicide. We do not give as much credence to the news in the cable in question as it would seem to deserve on the fact of it. Doubtless the decision will be exploited, but it is doubtful whether it will"' become a precedent in Italy, or in any Christian country. There would be lejss injustice,., if possible, in decreeing com- . pulsory marriages to prevent race suicide than in decreeing divorces of childless marriages. Still the decision and its reception., viewed in one aspect, may be a sign of the times, marking a popular revolt from the sinister evil of birth pre\ r ention. As such, .it appears in a more humane light, but the sentiment should be given effect in sjme wav less detrimental to female rights than in the Avay suggested.

A POLITICAL t BURLESQUE. A CABIiB states that in the Senate election in New South Wales there are no feAver than seventy thousand informal, votes. For one State this is an enormous total, and points to the i possibility of the electoral system;.de"terioratiiig into a burlesque of popular government. We are told that even Labour's opponents (no doubt Avith j tonsrue in cheek) are joining in the : bostUe criticism of the preferential voting method, < and that the denunciations ai*e "universal in Australia. Yet the result must- have been- foreseen by the present- Government when they save their decision in favour of the use of such an unfair system. It is rightly described as "neither just nor Avholesome." tinder* the old system 1 Labour once had all but a few seats in the Senate. Under the new system I Labour may have only a single seat ! out of forty. The logical conclusion of one AA r ho judged Australia by- the Senate election ''results. Avould be that Labourites constituted .only one for- : tiptlf part of the Australian electorate. Could there be a worse misrepresentation of the real, situation? Could there be a stronger argument for proportional roproseniatiou"? If" it does no other- ' good, therefore, tho resort- to the V preferential voting expedient by tbp anti-.Labpurites-w.nl. certpjniy liasten tho adoption of r pal electoral retor m in Australia. 'and 'in" some deS'"ee elseAvhere. It is 1 n good guide for this country..'- In the Federal elections

avc are told, candidates whose total of "Jirst i>i'efor«nce'? vofcoH (the ' oniy <»n«s recordtid in tlii.s country) Avere largo, and mr lurgtit* than tho.se'can- | didato.s wfioMo ov«!l|,ua.l j)lace on the poll wan nuuJn mucli better by "socondjiiic'H" and Uwwr |)r«f«r<!i»ce». actually luivc lost tfmir dupositn. Compared wiih (he. Ilu«b(!Hit<j and I'Vfmoi's' Piirty HUmntrtvrHj wo lmve no (ioubl; tho l/üboiir youth in Australia an; fnr imdJc niitncroUH tban (;<t|icr. as th (> li^ui'os will hUow presently , and j'ct LfilxMir iiwd(T Lhi'» H,yHtem of mis-reprowo/itH-lJoo nuiy ft»"«rgo from tho Riujiiti! «lw:tioriH wi^b posHibly only a single, i'ijj)r«scijl'Uliv<! in ( one of the two UvHiwltuH of the Legislature ! Surely the »nl-i-Labourites liavo been moHi uiiwimo, with all their cunning. 'ilwY bfivo c?xp()Ked to the gayxj of the wbo(<! world thoir sordid three card trick in its utl/Or nstkednvit*.

'I'hafc woll-known and favourably sit* wiled Hotel, thr- Gilmor. at, present cotiri ucUul by Mr if. McCarthy, Js adV«rliA!(l to let. "Apply to M r F.'Campbell. . ■ The 1.-ilost reJurns for the Progress Mine, Kccftou, are as follows: — crushed, JOSO tons valued at £1700; Avorking (.'X|H!ii«(!s I*lßo, capital £WS, development; £140. Sergeant K. P. Heaphy arrived last night from. Wellington where he landed on Sunday lnj?t. ex-Mini utaka after four years' absence on active service. A csiiile , states that M. Clemenceau (Premier) has intimated that ho is willing to accept the Presidency rof 1 Fmnce. A Press Association telegram from Wellington announces the death of Mr Charles Bruce Morison, K.C., which took place yesterday. > On enquiry at the Hospital yesterday, avc learned that there is a continual improvement in the condition, ' of Miss Winchester, who Avas injured in the motor cycle accident on the 23rd ult. ... ' The arrangements for a tour of NeAv • Zealand of Norman Ross, the Ameri- !■ can swimmer, have been abandoned, swimmer^.have been abandoned. An official message has beeh recciAr- ; cd by the local Secretary of the Licensed Victuallers Association showing that the latest Continuance majority, is 2956, Avit.h final returns from Tara- ■ naki and Wauganu' 1 to come in, as well 'as a number of 'other votes, including those of one transport at sea. A cable from London state the Ministry of . Health issues a warning from Japan. It is reported that sevagainst purchasing shaving brushes eral receiit cases" of anthrax, tAvo proving fatal, folloAved the use of such brushes. , One of the oldest Hokitika. residents, Mr Charles' Ogilvie, formerly Avell-known as an employee a^ria partner ofv the old Hokitika mercantile firm of James Chesney' and Co., was yesterday reported missing. A man of 83 years of age.^ he has regularly indulged in a morning walk for years, but on Tuesday did not return home after going out. while he left home his Avatch and other belongings he usually carried. His Avife became anxious*, and a search was made, but at the latest hatl been resultless. The latest Blackwater Mine returns are a s follows: — crushed 1627 .tons; valued. at £3083; working expenses £2853, capital £119, development £428 shaft 355. The report shows. that in" the No 6 level (south), 138 feet of reef arc exposed. The average width of The reef is 36 inches, assaying; 13i .dAV-ts. In No 7 level' (south),' 343 feet, of reef are exposed. The average widfch of reef }(> 34 inches, assaying 131 dwts. The shaft distance sunk duriig the month is 25 feet, depth be loa\- No 9 level, 104 feel. Several complaints have reached us regarding the absence Vrom last issue ■ of the acceptances for the Hokitika Trotos. As on a previous occasion, Avhcn -acceptances failed to. come to I hand from Hokitika, avc can only state that the fault docs not lie. avithus. Our ■ Hokitika correspondent I made every effort; on Tuesday night to secure the information in question-, but was informed, just a s the telephone of , ficc closed, that the aeecptancc s had , not yet been published. The .course ; of Avithholding news of sporting, is not calculated -to promote its popularity especially j,, neighboui'Hig districts which, seeing that theh support is expected, arc surely entitled to such information as soon as it is ■' available ■ ' and at least as quickly as it is supplied ' from all other and often distant places. We had reason previously "to complain, but trust the same will not he the case aga'n. His many friends in the Inangahua - district and elseAvhere on the Uoast will congratulate Sergeant Ryan, 6t lteefton, upon his promotion to Westport. Marking an advance in the serI vice, the departure of Sergeant Ityan, I Avhile a gain to Westport, will, mean -a loss to the. town of Reefton. where: lie has Avon the esteem of the community by his" careful and most -attentive dis- I charge of his duties. With an unas-5 sinning manner. Sergeant Ryan has seen to the observance of the law in a direct and straightforward AVay, and Avith an' entire absence of anything in the shape of mean or petty tactics, hits maintained excellent order iii his dis- : trict. This is .esDecially noticeable in regard to the observance of the licensing law, the moral effecc or his policA' v being evident in "the reciprocal AVay in Avhich 'the law is kept by the residents. •' Mpreoyer, Sergeant Ryan, by his* kindly 1 towards the needy, has done a deal of good, a,rid mariy in his' district will feel hte 'dema ny in his district Ayill-feel his :deliarWue as- the loss of a-genuine friend. Sergeanj"Ryan. who with his .family, proceeds next.Aveek to Westp'brt to'assume his new, duties, will can*v Ayith him the best Avishes of Reef ton's residents for his -future success.. ;

The purchasing of Xmas Preseri- ] tation Goods will be a pleasure if you make "your selection from B. Dixon's stock. The latest productions ;- in novelties that will please the buyer ' and recipients are there sit [he lowest' possible DTices. Come in . and see ' them. Open every evening till 9

i — - . -a . The Borough Engineer notifies that the Cobden Bridge will be closed to all vehicle traffic from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. to-day, until further notice. An extraordinary meeting of the ■ Seddon Lodge U.4.Q.D.. will be held in the Lodge Room, this, Thursday, evening at 7 o'clock. Messrs Stratford, Blair and Co. are advertising for- 'a tailer-out for Arnold Siding. Apnly at the mill or at the Company's Office. Greymouth. Corporal W. Larcombe, eldest son of Mr and Mrs #E. Larcombe, Upper Shakespeare Street, who returned to New Zealand by the Rimutaka arrived by the Gtira express last evening. Word has been received, by a Press Association message, that Mr Robert Ha wkridge, director of the Dunedin School of Art, and a prominent Mason died yesterday, A House of Commons Committee reports a concrete shipbuilding venture by the Home Government resulted in_a loss of £2,740,000. and favours a decision U> sell the yards. Among. the visitors to . the West Coast at present is Mr F. M. Tobin, a well-known Otago newspaper man, and Manager of the "lake County Press" of Arrowtowh. Mr Tobin who was in Greyinoiith yesterday, is very pleased with his trip to- the. West Coast. The Greymouth Ministers Association intend holding a school for their Sunday school, teachers in the Trinity Hall, commencing early next week. Miss Tudner, a lady vr-ta wide experience in {Sunday school work will give a series of lectures in the new method. The Bible Class section will be conducted by Mrs Fisher:, and, Mrs Carr "who has had a wide experience in missionary work, will speak on this phase of the work. Opportunities will be given 'for questions and discussions and the meetings are open t 0 Sunday school workers, and the •members of the different churches. Tho local Watersiders Union has now deen!e<l to postpvme g : Ving effect t- it«: ctvcisiori to cease work after midnight, on account .of tKe defective lighting of the wharf. Tins step was the result cf representations , from the Wj'.'jvrsu'ers Federation to the effect that the whole matter will.be reyicwed from a Domin on standpoint next month at s>. conference with tho employers. The 1< cs I Union reports hay ing v three figure credit balance at th-3 Bank of Ne w Zealand out of the weekly. sluDiiig subscription o"f members rift.er paying the Federation fee of 3/- a head aiso accident fund, donation to ldgtu advice fund for injured n-en.ber.?. and- £" and £ly weekly to the Secretary and caretaker respective

Choise selection of Boys' Washing Suits in Holland drill and Jap Silk sizes 0 to 3. prices 10s 6d to -15s 6d. McGruer and Co. Cash Stores, Greymouth, Reefton and Hokitika. ; — Advt. Ladies' smart holiday wearing appareJ and millinery. New eobds iust opened up to the .minute .styles. <<3hic, ready to wear and Model Hats Smart Bilk Sports Hosiery. Kid and Fabric Gloves. Choice Underclothing, Dainty English and American Shoes etc. McGruer and Co. the Leadirie Drapers, Greymouth Reefton. and Hokitika. The "H.B. "JS'ew Zealand Clothing Factory wish to notify customers that goods cannot be sent out on approval during thp Xmns Son Ron - — Advt How's that Umpire! Best selection Pf Cricketing materials the eye ever gazed on. Wade and Co-— Advt. Gift Books, Prize Books and Annuals for old a.nd young. A splend'd range of interesting titles. The latest Books of Fiction. Our prices are the lowest anywhere. Inspect these lines at B. Dixon's. Tainui Street- Open every evening till 9 o'clock. — Advt. MR BUSINESS M>AN.--Who support's you? The Worker.' -Well, he owns the ' ' Aii|p*s' ' .— -TJeciprpcato.

WORKERS TO THEIR ~ MASTERS. We have fed you all for a thousand years, And you hail. '■us' still unfed, Though there's not a dollar of all your wealth. But marks the workers dead. We have given our best to yield you rest -„.-'''. And you lie on a crimson wool. But if blood be the price of your cursed wealth, < Good God I we have paid in full. There's never a mine blown, skys wards now, But we're buried aliVe for you; There's never a v wreck drifts shorewards now, / But we are the ghastly crew. I - : ' .-.■■..■ •. ■■■' -■'■'■ ■ ' ' Go, count our dead by the forgos re&y- " . . And the -factories wher~e we spin^ <; .. For if. blood is the price of your cunsed. wealth, r Good God! we have.paid it in. ; We have toiled for you all these thousand years, For that was our doom : we know; : -,-\ . . From the days you chained us in your fields : To the strike of a week ago. AVe' have giVen our lives, our babes and. our wives, And you claim 'tis your legal share - / But if blood is the price of your, cm-ted wealth, ■ Good God! wo have bought it fair. s • ..-.'."■ \

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THURSDAY, JANUARY 8, 1920. MINING INDUSTRY. Grey River Argus, 8 January 1920

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