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THE VOLCANIC ERUPTIONS IN ICELAND.

Two months ago there was a heavy rain of ashes and cinders along the porthern coast of Norway, covering the prpund ' several inches deep. Investigation; revealed the fact that those strange materials, coming in a north-westerly direction like immense clouds through the air, were of volcanic origin. Itiwas it once thought that there must have been an eruption of Mount Hecla in Iceland. A steamer wa3 dispatched from Copenhagen, and that vessel has ; re;urned from Rejkiavik with news of an disaster. It seems that

the outbreak began on Christmas, and has continued ever since, with scarce any interruption. For seven weeks before Christmas the inhabitants were terrified by subterranean noises like thunder, which extended through nearly two- thirds of the island. Early in January followed earthquakes in all directions, and at last an old, extinct volcano near Vatrayskud opened, and for four weeks continued to eject immense quantities of liquidfire, lava, ashes, and a rhuddy fluid at boiling heat. The Village and some smaller hamlet 3 and farms within a* radius of twenty miles were destroyed, and over a thousand people had to .flee, for their lives. After four weeks this volcano ceased, but at that moment another extinct volcano, nearly a hundred miles away, near My vatu, sent its burning mass upon the peaceful habitations around. The villages of Myvatu became/ a prey to the fiery elements^ land the", whole country for more than ;.'. ' fifty^ miles around was devastated. than eight hundred of the people are reported as having been rendered homeless. Early in March there seemed to be a general upheaval of the*arth inithe 1 whole central portion of the island ; new, mounds as it were, -rose to -a height of, several hundred feet and pyer a thousand feet in diameter at the base,, amid]' tremendous shocks of thundering beneath. They split open at the top ; and; vomited .forth their burning; contents upon- .the around them, covering a distance of 200 miles. ■„:••...; : -. . :i: A Ten thousand people are £aid to have lost nearly all their^^ possessions/ a f nd the remainder/ who live .^nearer t«f>snd along the' coast, some 40,000 ;m ntfmber, are themselves too r ppor^..to ! ; : supporfc s uch a ■ vast number of 'needy people. Several hundred .persons are also reported to have tperlshecL The wbrld-renowed geysers have' dried up since the terrible eruption began, and instead of water* these mysterious funnel* emit immense quantities of .ThotiiSmoke and ashes, which, during the night,- rising several thousand feet into the au*,^appear like gigantic columns of flameless fire visible for hundreds of miles. It is said that no historic record of any volcanic eruption in the world compares with this, either in territory over vwhichjit extends, the, number; of newiy-ppened cfafersj or rtheiime of its duration. ; :■ TBe s Copenhagen Government has issued an appeal for aid to the sufferers. ; " - 1 , -' '- >-3 '>'■ ?>■ ■ ' !

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THE VOLCANIC ERUPTIONS IN ICELAND. Grey River Argus, Volume XVI, Issue 2206, 3 September 1875

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