Mr C. V. Inglis, of Roslyn. has made a start with Minorca*, having secured a pen i.f Douglas strain bred specially for layTin?, It r* now time all cockerels and pullets were ' separated. Tho pullets grow much quicker when separated. loud being so high in price. I should advise breeders to get rid of all cokerels not needed for breeding at once, unless you box o a good market for them. When the birds begin to moult feed sparingly. Give plenty of green food, a little hemp and sunflower seeds if you have them, if not a little linseed. When the new feathers begin to show teed liberally. adding a little meat to the ration, bLo a pinch of sulphur to the soft food; but only do this on nice warm days. Mies ’ll. Nixon’s Black Orpingtons are still leading iu tie Christ church competition. Dunedin breeders will be pleased to see Mrs Mills's birds laid 54 eggs for the week, and are likely to be close up alike finish. It is still difficult to say who will win some birds will drop off suddenly and sp> into the moult, while others will'lay well during tho next two months. Eggs just now are being retailed by the grocers as Is 4d. Somo people complain that grocers ma-do 100 big, a. profit on eggs. A- grocer informed me that they are buying tho eggs at Is 2d and Felling at Is 4-dU Out of the 2d they have, to supply wrapping and alk>vr for breakages, etc. ;* frequently they lose money on a case of eggs. Mr Webster, of Roslyn, lost 14 fine chicks this week. At first he did not- know the cause, and was blaming eats, but has now discovered that a weasel or ferret is responsible. When chicks are about weasels seem to prefer thorn to rabbits. A good shotgun or a trap is tho best remedy. Breeders in tho sa-roo locality should be on the look out, as they will probably receive a visit from the weasel. —Mating for Fertility.— There are many matters to bo taken into consideration when writing on this subject—age of birds, vigor and constitution, season and time of year, also kind of weather and the different breeds. In light breeds, such as Leghorns, a cockerel may be marked with six to eight hens in .lime, increasing them to 12 or 15 if tho birds arc running in the open in September or October, according to tho season. A second-year cock should bo given about- three-quarters of the above numbers. A third-year cock should only bo given half the number. Some breeders maintain that “dual mating” gives the best results in fertility—that is, two cocks to the onepen, as some cocks take a dislike to certain hens. Som« breeders prefer two cockerels, on a being kept penned and the other being with the fowls, and changed Every second day. Heavy breeds are different to light birds, and only half tho number of hens should be placed with iha a ale birds. When, breeding, very little meat should be given, or the chicks will be weakly. A good supply of grit, with the addition or dry bone, should be given, also a good supply of green iood. Scratching exercise must be provided, particularly if the birds are kept in confinement, by placing all hard food among straw or litter of some sort. Never place any bird in tho breeding pen which hat been”at all sickly. To give some idea of tho birds sent away from Dunedin. Mr Oxley’s (of the North-east A’alley) tally for the last few months will hr r-ad with interest Ducklings 5,000, hens 4,000, turkeys 1,000, cockerels 2,000. TO PREVENT FLYING. Breed-rs who require fowls for laying, and prater non-sitters, have perforce to select breeds wnieh naturally fly high, and it becomes necessary to curb ambition in the flighty ones in some way. Some people shut the birds up to keep them out of the garden, but if birds can be given their liberty it is much better, particularly for breding birds. Of course on© wing can bo cut, and this spoiling tho balance of the birds prevents them flying, but it. spoil-, tho appearance of the bird. The flight feathers may also be plucked from one wing, but they grow again. The best plan is to trim the shaft or barb of the feathers to within an inch of tho tip. This causes little disfigurement, and keeps the birds within bounds; for, by removing the flight feathers from the inner part of one wing, the bird is prevented from balancing itself for dig he, and when closed tha missing feathers are not noticed. THE BROODY’ COOP. Several have asked what they should do when their hens and pullet® becomo broody, as they prefer to get all the eggs they can cut of them. When broodiness makes its appearance, and the fowls are not required to sit, they must not. bo left on tli- licet at all. but transferred straight away m a coop which is mad© specially ior tho purpose and has bars across tho bottom to prevent the fowls, occupying it by sitting down. Right along the length of tho cr-op » trough is placed, so that the- u-wls are- fed from this, ami then a. gad ,iilire-'! drinking trough is fastened inside tliis feeding trough to keep them siij>-phi-d with water. Tho coop should he pirn.-ed iu the run occupied by the fowls ;n tuli view of them companions.; then the prisoners arc interested and cat well. Directly a hen begins to show the first Fiei’o •: becoming broody sha inur.t 1» immediately transferred from the nest box to the broody coop, with which inns occupied by layers of brown eggs should be furnished. By this treatment tor a few
days the pullets and hens often reenm?nr'!i',t'- Living t-o soon a*.- they are reti:r::iJ to the pen in. alvoiit live days from lime of liioir confinement.
The principle is to have bars across tho bot'-'.rv. two inch-as apart, and io have the ff->p M;:ndii:>; on k>e/s 2ft 6iu high, so tint th-'vo is a. goc-d current oi fresh air, which rises- to the birds occupying the coop -rid this makes them stand up to avoid ih-> draught, and, in coin;,' tin's in tlio early stages of bloodiness, they are iji-.ickiy broken of sitting, but the longer '.hey are on the nest tho greater is tho rlrsiiv' to sit, and t-be steadfastness of soma in-i-s iii th.is direct if-n causes their owrier fvirno anxiety whea it is eggs he require.-;; but here again the application, of foresight is rewarded, for it taken at once the brot-linecs cj-uiekly passes. Oiditshior.«d poultry keepers resorted to many davices for curing their hens of e'.ttinj. ar.d the recollection of these- provide-, a proof that the keen interest taken in fowk at the present t-iroe was entirely v.-r.'.itinj than, bee&use the treatment ■n'.ct::d cut to \iiis which had •blv aft«r ail required nattu-al prasensities, was harsh. t» say the least cf it. Farmers ti/oi t» hold the bans under tho cold wattr putap, and after the fro& application of aqua, pura the poor birds woro released, and if th.ev again sought tho nest they could hrrre been forgiYen, for they t'-'i-iainly needed the warmth and comfort <>\ tho shelter to be found there. Others believed in a starvation course, hen:;:: T.-.i-rkr the. impression that the brocdin<;.ssi was the Result oi %| frtessL
but anything which retards tho further formation of eggs for the next batch is prejudicial to the profits obtainable ; consequently it is not surprising _t-' bo told that in those days these new-fangled laying strains were, not to be found, then solitary confinement in the dark ■was tho plan adopted by another section of poultry keepers, and this certainly encouraged tho birds to sit firmly, but the exclusion _of light had a, bad effect on tho appetite, and it must be remembered that eggs are only made from tho surplus food after tho fowls are supplied with sufficient to sustain them in health. EGG-LAYING COMPETITION. Tho New Zealand Utility Poultry Clubs tenth egg-laving competition —April 8, 1914, to March 51, 1915 (six liens to a pen) —completed its 40th week on January 12 as follows; —Light Breeds. — 1. B. P. L. Clayson (Eketahuua) ... 1,153 2. A. W. Adams (Sheffield), V\ .L. 1,104 5. Hercfaunffli. P.C. (Siiveret.rwnn) W.L. ... 1,137 4. J. W. Green (St. Albans). W.L. 1,124 5. Mrs Jlills (Dunedin), W.L. ... 1,120 6. Cnlder Bros. (Oatnaru), W.L. ... 1.109 7. W. E. Green (St. Albans), W.L. 1,105 —Heavy Breeds.— 1. Miss Rita Nixon, 8.0 1,161 2. R. Manger (Knit), 8.0 1,033 3. W. E. Green (St. Albans), S.W. 1,016 —lndian Runner Ducks. — 1. Heretaunga P.C. (Silverstream) 1,110 2. Glencoe Ranch (Karori) 1.005 The 42 pens in the light breeds !‘202 birds) have laid in the 40 weeks a total of 43,152 eggs; the 18 pens of heavy Wrens (108 birds) havo laid 15,964 eggs ; > and the Indian Runners (six pens. 36 bird;;) haves laid 505 eggs. A new departure has been arranged by the Auckland Poultry-keepers’ Association. and last week the Government poultry inspector delivered lectures and gave, practical demonstrations in a number of the Auckland suburban districts. Tho association have arranged with prominent poultry keeper:; for these lectures to ba given in their poultry varus.
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POULTRY NOTES, Evening Star, Issue 15708, 23 January 1915