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ZEPPELINS. GERMANY'S BEST EFFECTED NORFOLK RAID. COPENHAGEN, January 22. (Received January 23, at 9.30 a.m.) A Berlin message states that the Zeppelins which raided Norfolk wore of the* latest typo-, possessed high speed, and carried great storca of ammunition. ESPIONAGE ALLEGED. MOTOR CAR AS GUIDE. LONDON. January 22. (Received January 23, n-t 9.30 a.m.) There is trustworthy that a motor car r.t King's Lynn and Snettisham used its headlights to indicate where the German airship fhould drop bombs. ITALY'S REPROBATION. ROME, January 22. 'II Secolo' says that Germany's action in bombing the peaceful iielrls of Norfolk is not war, but murder. It will make Germany's position more difficult when the terms ot ptace are imposed. TALES FOR SOLDIERS AND FOR MARINES. (London ' Times ' and Sydney ' Sun' Service*.) LONDON, January 22. The Germans in Flanders are greatly exultant. They were informed that the Zoppolins bad partly destroyed London, and that thousands were fleeing to Liverpool to embark for America. THE ALLIED LINE. LULL IX THE CENTRE. FIERCE WORK IN ALSACE. ARTILLERY DUEL IN FLANDERS. PARIS. January 22. A communique state* : The enemy bombarded Nieuport witli considerable, violence. We slightly progressed eastward of Lomba.erty.vde causeway. Our artillery was effective between Ypres and the Oiso against earthworks and batteries. The enemy retook portion of tho trenches at Lois Io, which we had captured on Wednesday. The German batteries at Sehlucht -were silenced. An extremely fierce infamrv engagement, marked by hand-to-hand struggles, is being waged at Hartmann and Sweilerkopf, in Alsace. ON LORRAINE FRONTER. PRECARIOUS GEKMAN ATTEMPT TO INVEST VERDUN. PARIS, January 22. (Received January 23, at 8.35 a.m.) A correspondent says that, (ho Germans' channel of communication with Met 7, i* can-owed down to one road. The Joss of tin's would mean the instant cutting off of th© enemy's force, ir, that quarter, and woukl defeat their efforts to encircle Verdun. FRENCH GENERALS EXPRESS FIrTFc'ONFIDENCE. PARIS, January 22. ! Received January 23. at 8.35 a.m.) ' L'fntransigeant ' publishes interviews with Genera is Foch and Durbal. Tho former said: "The Germans enn do nothing against us; we may expect real events soon." Genera! Durbal declared: "Tho Germans can never advance any further; we could break their lines any time we wanted. They are heat en whenever and wherever n« attack." OSTKXD PL E A SUB E RESORT NO MORE. (London 'Times' and Sydney 'Sun' ) LONDON. January 22. A Dutch correspondent reports that 6.000 out of 45.000 citizens of Qsteud remain in the town, 'there is no meat excepting horseflesh, no vegetables, and but little bread. The Belgians are compelled to dig the German trenches or starve Twelve thousand convicts from the German prisons are carting and burying the dead. B E SIE GE D PRZ E \ IYSL. GARRISON IN~EXTREMIS. LONDON, January 22. i Received January 23, at 8.35 a-.m.) Petregrad reports that prisoners captured in the vicinity of Przemysl state that the garrison is in extreme need. Even horse meat would be unobtainable except for the daily slaughter of the transport horses. The stores are, empty, having been pillaged by disorderly crowds. The Austrian losses have been so heavy that the 10th Army Corps has only two batteries of artillery remaining. GALICIAN PEASANTRY. NO REFUGE ANYWHERE. PF.TROGRAD, .January 22. (Received January 23, at 9 a.m.) Terrible distress, exists in the Carpathians. Thousands of inhabitants aro tleeing from starvation, and hiding in pits dug in mountains. Many have been attacked by wolves. ANOTHER PASTOIUL BY GERMAN BISHOP."!. LIFTING THE VEIL. (London ' Times ' and Sydney ' Sun' Servicoi.) LONDON, January 22. The Catholic bishops of Germany have issued a war pastoral. It says: "'Wo do not wish to busv ourselves with the account book of other nations, but with our own. We do not w;,h to examine the enemies' conscience, but our own. Wo are innocent in retard to the outbreak of


The correspondent of thn ' Stampa ' bflieves that it will be difficult to combat these Zeppelins because of tha rapiditv ■with which they can rise in the clouds, and also iMcauss, •veil if struck, they would prtiaWly toatiau* th»ir flight. TJ»«r» ii actually u»d»r repair at Fri«drichsk«f»n a dirigible which, flying »v#r Li»g«, was struck lay 22 projectiles, but succeed*d in getting away into safety. (It may be remarked that the period of convalescence seems long.) This invulnerability is ascribed to the number of small compartments into which the gas envelope is divided. The correspondent was "assured by competent persons " at Fried richshafen that a squadron of 18 "maritime Zeppelins " sent over London and dropping bombs capable of penetrating 16ft into the earth would constitute a serious danger for the British, capital.

-war: it was forced upon us. That we can testify before God and the world. There is hardly a household without a | dead member to bewail. Yet still no end is in sight. It is. certain only that much misery still awaits us." DUKE OF CUMBERLAND. HIS GERMAN~SYMPATHIES. (I/ondon 'Times* and Sydney *Sun' Serrioea.) LONDON, January 22. A Copenhagen message states that tho Duke of Cumberland has been interviewed in Vienna. Ho declared that, being German-born, he naturally feels himself to be a German in the present war. He hopes for a speedy victory for the AustroGermau arms. Copenhagen recalls tho j fact that the duke and duchess demonI stratively departed from Copenhagen when the Kaiser in 1903 proposed to visit that city. VON MOLTKE TALKS. ; BRITAIN'S PARTICIPATION HAD BEEN RECKONED ON. AMSTERDAM, January 22. (Received January 23, at 9 a.m.) General Von Moltke, in the course of an interview published by the Berlin papers, said he never for a moment doubted that Britain would participate in the conflict. Britain's self-interested policy alone had not changed. She had been prepared for war for a long time, and the Belgian question was merely a pretext. OUR HIGH COMMISSIONER BACK FROM EGYPT. AISNE VISIT EN ROUTE. LONDON, January 22. (Received January 23, at 9 a.m.) The Hon. T. Mackenzie has returned from Egypt. He, reports that excellent arrangements were made for the New Zealand troops, which left no room for criticism. Mr Mackenzie had several interviews with the new Sultan of Egypt, who was interested in New Zealand's measures for assisting farmers. He, also conferred with the British Chamber of Commerce in Paris on trade matters. The High Commissioner visited the Soissons region and investigated the evidences of German "kultur." BALTIC MINES. ANOTHER SWEDISH VICTIM. STOCKHOLM, January 22. (Received January 23, at 9 a.m.) The Swedish steamer Drott was mined in the Gulf of Bothnia. Five of the crew perished. GERMAN SUBMARINE SINKS BRITISH STF.AMFJR. LONDON, January 22. (Received January 23, at 9.30 a.m.) A German submarine torpedoed the British steamer Durward off the. Hook of Holland. Tho crew were saved. WAR LOAN ISSUES BY FRANCE AND CANADA. | (London 'Times' and Sydney 'Sim' Sendees.) LONDON, January 22. The Canadian Government are, asking for a war appropriation of £20,000,000 to meet expenditure to the end of the year. M. Ribot is asking the French Treasury for an issue of £20;000,000 worth of wa'r bonds. i FLAGSHIP AUSTRALIA I SINKS 'GERMAN LINER. | MELBOURNE. ,7an,m>y 25 (Received January 23, at 10.40 a.m.) Official: Information has been received from Admiral Patey, who states that on January 6 H.M.A.S. Australia captured and sank n, German liner which had been acting as supply-ship for Gorman cruisers. Her officers and crew were taken prisoner. I The Australia's crew are all well. ! KOW MANY ZEPPELINS ARE THERE? The Turin ' Stampa ' publishes an account of a visit to Friedriohshafen bv its correspondent, Signor de Benedetti, ' who was allowed to remain 36 hours in the famous town of the Zeppelins and investigate the operations there. On August 1, according to this correspondent, Germany possessed officially 13 dirigibles: the Zeppelin works had seven more, which were placed at the disposal of the Government, while several others, not then completed, were finished a few weeks later. Every three weeks an airship leaves the. 'works for an unknown destination. It is calculated that Germany now possesses 30 dirigibles, of which 12 are destined, so they sav. for "the battle in the Channel."' These latter can descend to the surface of the water, on which they can be steered by means of rudders, and then take flight, from the water again. By the spring, when the ''battle ' is to take place, they will be increased in number to 18. These Zeppelins are furnished each with motors of 800 h.p. The crew comprises 50 men. Each airship is armed with machine guns and can carry 50 bombs, which are launched from a. basket or "boat" suspended 120 yds below the dirigible. The explosive is the same as that used in the 16in mortars.

I RECRUITING'DEMONSTRATION IN PORT CHALMERS. On Monday night Port Chalmers residents will have an opportunity to enjoy, free of cost, "a concert programme of the first order, and at, the same time be enabled to further help the Empire in its call for men. Many have already gene to the front from Port Chalmers, but tho authorities are not calling for men only for the immediate moment. If .such were the case, demonstrations would not bo required. They would be forthcoming at once. Men will be wanted from NewZealand for months to come, and demonstrations are given with a view to strengthening and maintaining that feeling - of intense practical patriotism that now prevails right throughout our Empire. Otago must leave no stone unturned in order to do all that s required of her, and these demonstrations arc for the purpose of bringing home to our intm and to our womenfolk too, the necessity of having a continual flow of men to go forth and do battle for the existence of our Empire. The Garrison Hall at PortChalmers should be filled on Monday night. Mrs Hudson wilj sing the 'Marseillaise,' and Mrs P-vcy will sing the latest recruiting song, and will be assisted by a party of friends. Mr .')'. M'Grath has already been heard singing' at recruiting concerts, and Lies fine, voice is sure to be welcomed at Port. Mr 11. D. Bedford wijl bo the principal speaker, and he will be supported by the Minister of Defence, ivho has promised to be present and say a. few apposite words. Miss Ivy Mazen.garb will recite a. new piece bearing on Lord Kitchener and the coming of recruits. Mrs J. Morgan and Mr Russell are well known to Port Chalmers, and with the others will place an excellent concert treat before their audknee. The Port and other bands have, volunteered their services.

RETURNED BY THE ATHENIC. .Some hours after her arrival at Auckland yesterday, the Athenic was floated into the Calliope Dock. Major J. E. Barton, of tho District Staff, went, aboard and took charge of the men. Tho invalided volunteers, if sufficiently recovered, will rejoin the reinforcements; if not, they will be sent to their homes. Th* following is a list of the sick soldiers :—Troopers C. B. Bowler, 0. L. Knight, .and F. L. Baxter: Gunners B. Pearson, P. A. Minshall, \\ r . J. Barman; Driver H. Shore; Privates C. C. A. BartIctt, F. L. Parkos, W. L. Reid, S. Abbott, P. T. Woodcock, and 0. Foster. The. remainder will be discharged at Auckland, the, authorities taking no further responsibilities for them. MISCELLANEOUS. Latest official German casualty list, Nos. 86 and 87, containing together 14.286 names, bring the grand total, up to 627,073, not including 64 Saxon, 66 Wurtemberg, and 71 Bavarian lists. 'The last three Bavarian lists contain 4,218 names of officers and men belonging to two infantry regiments. Lieutenant-general Wanker Von Dankenschwcil has been killed in East Prussia. It, is not generally known that Prince, Von Bulow, who has been appointed German Ambassador to Rome with the special mission of persuading Italy to remain neutral, had a, chequered career through his marital troubles. In 1886 ho was dismissed from the diplomatic service for eloping with the wife of his chief (Count DonhorT - Fiiedrichstein)). then German Minister at Dresden. When a. divorce was obtained Von Bulow married the, divorcee, who is a daughter of Prince Campeorale and stop-daughter of Signer Minghetti, the Italian .statesman. Thereafter Yon Bulow was reinstated in Imperial favor.

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FRENCH OPTIMISTIC., Issue 15708, 23 January 1915

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FRENCH OPTIMISTIC. Issue 15708, 23 January 1915

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