MEANING OF ARMAGEDDON TO CITIZENS. RUSH ON WOOL & LEATHER, THE STRANGE INTELLIGENCE FROM POLAND. [By A. Spenck.]
Wnnl has imt much to do with mono- j plants, one would think, nor Taubcs with ; tartan, nor food with Farm an biplanes, j Have they not? They have at least' this much of cousinly relationship, that (hoy soar. There < omparison ends. A ; Taube will come down occasionally, lint '■ the other never. j T had a talk over the week's wool sales | and the war with what they ea.ll a j "grower" yesterday. He pooh-poohed j the idea of extraordinary profit. The : bulge in the range of prices was. he as- ; ««■«! wo. v.otUlu- at all—only a mod- ! rv,\le return for outlay and the vieis- j situdes of the seasons. 'I tishetj him if j there would he many more "moderate returns I'or sneh unspecified outlays and vicissitudes of seasons not calculated t" amuse the <!wellers of the cities. The answer was as short as it was irrelevant. He pulled out his wairh. said he. was in a. hurry, and must cateh the next car. ■ A hundred yards further on I met a. ; ehel". How was the war affect ins; his , establishment? And his reply was: j ! Well. I can assure you that it is not ! j killing our house with laughter. Sugar ! lias gone tip three- times in six months, j cream o" tartar twice, bread from 6d I to O.'.d, Hour from 4s 6d to 8s 6d for | a 501b bat;. Pcef used to be 'ld io sd, ; and now' it is 7d to 9d. Plenty of other foodstuffs have risen from Id to 7h\ a lb. ; GIGANTIC ('ALL FOP CLOTH. ! Let j,* consider what the armies of Anuaeeddr,,, are mopping; im in cloth and leather. It seems that a soldier in the; fighting line must have a new outfit j every month. The Army Clothing l)e- ' parfmeiit is placing contracts on a scale which contemplates 2.000.000 men. E.'ioh oveivoat takes three yards of doth, each i nuiform about the same amount. It is a j case <ri khaki bv the million cards — j 12.000.000 v.-mls a month. ' ! That is for England only. There are j other armies to be clothed. Lolgium j must be .dad. for the looms no longer j bun: for her in her own land. France I I has lest the factories at Potihaiv, near i ! Lille, and the Russian mills are. it seems, , simply exhausted for want of breath, as | it- w.Vo. So. as the London 'Times' j puts it. the cloth establishments of Scot- j 'and and Ireland and the great factories. ; in the II tiddersueid district—those giant ! thousand-windowed barracks flanked by j enormous ebimnev---tarks that stride down ; the length of the C'olne Valley—are workin;; 11i•_; 11i and day. The heavy wooden district is throbbing with machinery responsive to the of an army ef j workers 24 h'i'ir* a. ilr.y, .seven days a | WHERE WILL IT END'; I And each of these manifold customers j call-- for a different shade of khaki. When I I the downpour of war rami- the English i 'soldier's outfit was the best in the world. | the f'n rman's next lies', the Frenchman's j the worst. How a Frenchman can campaign. : march, and fight and eluirge in his clumsy ! uniform, with a. 401b park added, is a. i puzzle. Put thev are all refitting now. j and all are sending their orders io Eug- ! laud. The French a>k for a. light bine- j grcv, the Belgians for n dark blue-grey, • and the Russians for a. drab green-grey. | England sticks to her own fawn-grey, i Scene mills have four different army I oloflis on their machines at once. Khaki | mounts and mounts in price. In July it | i was about. 3s lid a vard : in December if ] jhad topped 4s fid. ''The Times' phrases l' ; the situation very cheerily when it states | j that " the Allies' arsenal of warmth ami I ' j comfort is our smoky North fount ry."' i Rut where, one wonders, will it all end!' j What will it ultimately mean for us? j POOT.S BY" MILLIONS. And then the boots. The War Office called op the Northampton district for j 200.000 pairs a. week, and Northampton • sat back amaj-ed. As late as last, month il ; foitld manage no more than 140.000 pairs i i a. week-. These w,.,-e. being supplied to the I Ooveniment, at 13s fid a. pair, and the j life of each pair, in the rough conditions i of the fighting line, docs not'execed three j mouths. ' stonily built as they arc. " A j soldier." wivs 'The Times,' "can kick a J trench out ' with them. They will go ■ I through snow, slush, mud—anything." ; Here again England is not the only ens- | toinei Europe, in fart, seems to lie 1 vi ooiver inched. When la.st advices came from Home Norlhants had turned out, no j less than 1.000.000 boots for the French. ! and a lot, more for Russia, and Pelgium. j, Prices for leather were rising as much as j 25 per cent. The factories were working from 7 a.m. to 8 p.m. on fi\e days a week, and from 7 a.m. to 6 p.m. on Saturdays. WAP OFFICE PLI'NOE!!. As usual the War Office managed (be usual blunder over the boot supplies, and 'The Times' forcefully poinis thai [ blunder out. People sometimes ask why Earl Kitchener does not hurry more men , ; to (he Continent. How. however, can ; they go without, proper hoots'.' How can > they not get proper boots? Why cannot i Northampton make those boots af once?'; The answer might, well bo left to the War Office, but. unfortunately, it does not ; answer questions, however pertinent. : What did happen was thai, the French ; , Government got in with their big order ; . for I.ooo.ooo'before, the War Office had;: even dreamed lha.f boots entered into the! question of warfare af all. It was live,, weeks after war began before (.lie War ■ Ollice. awoke, and then it found tLai ! < Northampton had its hands already full. NO LOOTS FOR 'THE PEOPLE. ; , It seems that the requirements for theli general public of England can hardly be j met at all now. The English boot trade I ' is, at the moment., almost a Government ; < monopoly. Thus 'The Times':— [< Orders for i)\f Home, market simply ' cannot lie executed, and ;i man who re- i! cenflv made a tour of the, district with ii £2,000, which he was prepared to pay j ; in advance, for stocks for his shops. I i only succeeded in spending £IOO. The j . price for the civilian buyer has in- j i creased, and will probably go sliilK high.-r. ' |' WE POMP KKI'PPK. j ; In feply to the, bombing of towns in J NoiUilk we got oil' n bit of bombing too. j' Krr.pps' works at Essen have now caught it. j ' Peileetive people anticipatcd something i sweet in reprisals yesterday, and «., nam- i 1 her speculated on the next target. One. i " good prophet said : " I think they'll give '. '■ Krnpps the next turn." Tho prophecy has ! c.invo' just, right, if the ' Nicuwo P-ottcr- j flamsche ('niiraii'..' giwis ns tme. inbelli- ! f gencc. i 'Jlliose Pritish .rejirisaks have .shorn the- j icrestice. from the Germans every time so t far. On Septernhf-r 22 they .sa.rik. tiw i on .September 23 P>iiti;;h airme:i f gave tlie Zeppelin, .sheds at D u pscklor f i more- bombs than was good for them. In j i the fai'lv 'lays f d* October tliey threw ! j from, the sky on Antwerp: on \\ October 10 something equivalont fell on j i l)n.=seldorf and fologue in the. Fdiinelaod. i r Dnrili" the mifklle week of November a. ; 1 good doa-1 of explosive was .showered, on , \ Paris ;tnd other spots in France; on. No- |t vember 21 lflight-Coinmandcrs Brigg.s ttrid j i Babington and Lient«ia,nt .Sijme arrived j a over the glass roofs of the big Z pp:.lin j < factories at Friodrichttfen hikl fouixi glitss j i no bar io bombs. About the end of the i \ voa.r Brit;-, u; lost the Formidable, and j i iiext day seven British seaplanes wero over |c I.'nvhaven. managing to stay there three " hours. Thy could not ,1«wm» Jiuvtfod U
icircled n]] that fi'inr without hit-tin" snnif- ; lliit'cr. though what. Hi-ev did hit, v .-.-. nneo?sardy do not know yet. .All we d:i know ; has boon conveyed bv an Amsterdam mmsage of January 6 It stated tlj.it thCYri nans were taking elaborate precautions ; agaill-it a return visit. The panio cable ■ added : '• There is much tall; of a- Zeppelin j-invasion o" Kngland." To-dav it is .-aid it hat there has boon tit-fnr-lat- again. Thi.s ; matter of retaliation, moral effect, and so ion seems t,, ~„„,(. j-Vu- ~i f ] loo , v ( , por .,. jtinns - m-i-e. 1 think ran ho ringed as i t-11 ; iscr art.-; of war. but the dull eve of !bo i populace iii ovci-y country nnisf alwavs be !uiv<-i; something that it can see ; KHCPPS OK TO-DAT. | _.-\ glance at Hie concern i-ijii hv Her:- ; i\n,pp Von Pohlen mvj Hnlbaeb is topical. During November thoderman papers announced thai the linn of Kruprt bad decided to increase its share capital from -C9.000.C00 to £12.500.000. and that out of this new amount £1.750.000 it as to bo paid, up by the end of last. Year. The ; I\i'up|) family themselves arc' understood jo be providing tlie whole of the mono.v. i '1 ho explanation civen of the itifron.se of | capital is interest in;;'. It is observed: J There has recently been a great "i----i crease in tho real property of the firm. ! 'I lie works and plant have, been gro.atlv i improved and extended, and there have I been important acquisitions of ground j and coal mines. i Xa.tnrallv. At tho beginning of tlto war the production of tho "firm was down bv 25 per cent. At last, advices it was tip ; by 40 per cent, over normal. It need | hardly bo said that the German Press 'describe what is. in effect, a, frosb increase in the, expenditure on .armaments as a. , fresh, proof of the financial strength of i (Jernmny. I A little bombing of the works at Fssen would alter matters considerably, but that is difficult and dangerous. The airmen j could hardly choose a point -which would i bo. likelv to aci-oiy] him a hotter reception. ; Tin: good nix'putter. ; Only the soul of a child could go on ! playing fnot-ball while Kupland is being j bombed, and that soul hj the soul of tho I footballer. The swoop on "Norfolk .seems |tr> ba.ve .stimulated recruiting, but. it may j lie a long time, before it comes right home. | blow could it, come hone after years of j tho doctrine of Kngland's invincibility. j which ha.s no more to do with what is < real than Urn spray of a street water cart has to do with a. iirst-elass piping storm in j Cook Strait 7 However, it is satisfactory ib) notice thai if the footballers propose to go on wiih their fixtures tho crowds propose to slop away. Tfore, are some of the figures indicating tho drop in attendances at certain loading grounds on dates given. 'Micro are only two .small rises, and some very marked falls: Nov. 21. Nov. 7, Ground. 19.M. 1914. Chelsea, ... ... lo.nro . 25.000 • Newcastle ... 8,000 20.000 West Prom.vieh 10.000 U.OOO Urimshv S.OOO 7,000 (lillingh,-i.m ... 3.GCO h.OOO Grvstaf. Palace 8.000 7.000 Brighton ... 5.000 5.C00 " uxdkfkxdkd towns " again. J After bombs (he inevitable argument! conies. They kill one another with his.'!] explosives iir.-d : then I he survivors kill j tho other -mvivnrs with their month-, j There is nlway.- something about '* uncle- J fended towns." Now. what are. undefended j town-'.' Dimedin is wliat would be called a fortilied city. Any act of war on Duncdin is justifiable under the provisions of the la.st' Hague Convention. Still, if an aeroplane came in over the Ocean Poach and bombed Woodhaugh. or the Botanical Gardens, or the. Fountain babbler.-; on a Sunday night, or Look-out Point, or some cattle in the- Kaikorai Valley, that would j be regarded as an "outrage." Tt is all as j wonderful as Mark Twain's frog, which could not jump because it hail been filled with shot. Indeed, it you come to look- at it. you cannot define a. fortified town in auv terms which would stand _ before a Supreme Court. A. policeman's revolver might constitute "fortification." Where does " fortification" begin and where does it cud? Groat Yarmouth -ported ;,. battery or two I before war began, and Cromer had a gun ! or so pricking; out through the cliff, j King's T.vnn had nothing. The Germans say ' that' their airships were obliged to! curve about wide strcfeho- of enunlrv. and I hi- would be true. Thev were tired at from " unfortified " -not- by rilles. They regarded that rifle fire as something which justified ih"i|i in dropping lirunlis They certainly do got, on-> home when (hey I'oiut to Kngli-h aviation over such town-, m Airier a- ()ar-0,-Salaam. That old -por near Zanzibar v. a - not fortified in the j -en.-o of po--o-;-ing batteries of artillery, | but it- was daiiL'erom. It. had a big wire- j ir-.- affiir helping the Kouigsborg and the i Kmden in the Indian Or-,-nii. ft had. also, j :: number of rilles in the hands of German I military -eitlcr-. Were Priii-h aviator., i justified in bombing this spot? They i or- j tainly wore. j \\'AP OR MURDKU? I P.n-liu is- .-:!|rg--d to h;;-e said thai the j airsin'jK which shot- oi Yarmouth. Cromer, j and King's Lynn weie Zeppelins of the !:>le-t i>po. Thai- statement leaves one more than doubtful, especially after the c\ chuu-o c.t (lie nnptcst. given by a constable "who sa.w the apparition not far •:bove. I: is doub-i'nl, 'ind-oed. wb'>li]e:Pesliu has said such a- thing, unless tin.. design weie to crcat<-, panic in Britain. The outspoken Milan journal ' Srco-hi' describes Ocrmanv's action over the pea<•'•>fnl Ik-Ids of Xorfolk as nut, war. be; murder, hj will (say.s • S.--i.-o!o',1 make- (',:- ir.any's, p'-si'ion more difficult wlkmi ]m;uc terms arc imposed. What is war. and what is minder, and wherein does wari differ from murder'.' It i,; not. iviihort I emoiiin that it must be mentioned -,!,;'. j according to the London -Times,' u Iml- j battalions of our First A riny --per!:;' \.< tu- i liti'>.<■'( army which ev<u- wa.iic-cel on earth- I are blotted out. Jt is the army which j marched gaily I hrough k'ra.nce in .\ngu--i ! ."inging ' Tipperaiv.' <"<ni ppict withaien j return ticket to Cm-tomb. None to have j suffered, more than the Scottish r< gim. n'--. The Scotsman -the ,i,iid . f the Hi-hlands and the Lowlands, bet .specially of the Highlands-can do home things well, lie '•an go ihioti/ii i lethsj-mane. it without, a. blink. They call this obliteration of the best manhood in the world war. It should never bo raised t-o any staltis high.-er than vulgar intuyb-r. This ghastly foalory of war must slop. Till-: HOLD-UP TX POLAND. A-siiming tliat half of what, we hear from Poland to-day is true, it i- a had confession. The. major strategy of a. cam paign is planned by the General Staff at tho beginning of a, war, and any major mistake will he felt from first to la'=t. The subject of strategy is .so complex that it is inconceivably difficult to say anvthing much about it in a newspaper article. It is rather a, subject for a technical book. / What everyone may bo sure of, however, i- this : It a, campaign is obviously planner! ojm way. and has afterwards to be dewloped in another, something has gone wrong. It does not matter, in reference to this view, what the snows of Poland may he like. They may be 20ft deep for all I know, but tho fact remains that the (band Duke .wuiig millions of men into the heart of the Polish salient, and now finds that, it will not do. Something else, is wanted, and there i- to be some great cavalry operation. It is to Lur.-f in a "scleited region." In the meantime the CU'aad JJuka is fottiXvius: tiic linn wi Uo* [
Fistula—the lino from which the Russians originally advanced to attack. Here, it seems, they aro going to sit down now. and, " while the cavalry will begin the offensive, fresh armie.s. will form behind." What a revelation after the chain of Polish victories of which we have read! The fart appears to be that Von Hindenburg has stuck up the Grand Duke, who is obliged to shift at least 30.000 tons of stores a clay on a railway gauge, that will not suit. What sinister agency was at work when the German gauge was permitted to run so far into Russia?
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THE PRICE., Evening Star, Issue 15708, 23 January 1915
THE PRICE. Evening Star, Issue 15708, 23 January 1915
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