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THE WAR

ALLIES’ AVIATORS.

| THE TWO THEATRES.

VISIT TO ESSEN. ATTEMPT TO BOMB KRUPPS. .Pres* Association—By Telegraph—Copyright. ROTTEN DAM. January 22. The ‘ IFML’rdaiusche Cunra.ni ’ sayr- that the Allies’ aeroplanes on Wednesday visited Essen and attempted to bomb J\rupps’ works. Pliny destroyed some houses; what other d-&n-.ag;e they did is nut known. " THE BABY-KILLERS ” JUSTIFY THEIR RAID. LONDON, January 22. A Berlin official message says, in justification oi the air raid: “ Onr airships. in, order to attack the loi tilled place ot Yarmouth, wore obliged to fly over other places, truiu which thco wor-‘ tkrcnl at. r rhese attacks wore answered bv throwing bombs. England has no right to b" indignant, Her living machines and ships attacked open towns 'itch, as Freiburg, Dar-es-Biilaam, and Swokopmuml. ami Germany ctmnot bo b m-ed to forgo legitiniate seli-deience. AMERICA DISCI'STED. {ienrion 'Times’ and Sydney ‘ Sim ’ Services.) I.OXDOX. .lannary 21. The New York -World' asks: “ What ran Germany hope to gain by her wanton attacks on undefended places and the slaughter oi' innocents:' Certain Iy not the good opinion ot neutrals, who ktuiw that tie- rules u! civilised warfare iv-qinn; notice eardment U even fortified places.” ALOXG THE DUXES. GERMANS START AFRESH. AGAIN SHELLED FROM SFA. ROTTERDAM, January 22, The Germans are recommencing the tjfTensive in Belgium. British warships rorccd the Gormans to evacuate coastal oositams at Alariakcrke (close to Dst-nul), but the Allies were unable to occupy them owing to German guns further inland. ATTACKS IN FRANCE. THE ENEMY HELD. PARIS, January 22. Official; The enemy violently bombarded our position at No fro Dame do Burette and then attacked it at 5 a.m. The attack was instantly checked. W° occupied two woods north-east of German counter-attacks being at . - 1 ;. '(Lst ul. The Germans made a M-rioits attack upon the salient of our hue at St. Hubert and wrecked our trenches, hut the infantry and artillery repulsed them. ACTIVITY AT’ ALBERT. GERMAN ATTEMPT TO REPEAT SOISSONS COUP. BARIS. January 22. Thu Germans are making a- violent offensive in ho Albert region with the object of thrusting the French from the plateau above the valley tit Ancre. where they have boon established since November, being a constant menace to the German line. '1 im points of attack Rrc La Bui-.-il,. (which is across the iiiaiii road irom Amiens tu Canibrat) be l l Thicpval (which is lying on the hiiiside above Ancre and commands part el the German line iu the valley I. STARVING BELCLLM. (London "limes’and Sydney ‘ Sun ’ Services.) LONDON, January 21. A Swiss pastor v. ho has just returned from Paris and Belgium says that, short ot a miracle, old men, women, and. children will die oi hunger this winter in fertile Belgium. THE RUSSIAN CAMPAIGN. PBF.I’ARIXO FOB SPRING. IT RBI) FOIMUF.SSFS IX' ROLAND CAVALRY ADVANTT PLANNFD. fi’oFsh sittiirtinh armifs LONDON. .i:u u:irv 22. The ' Daiiv T-kgciiF- ’ Waisaw io:r--?)..video-, i dpro; s Gog the Bas-’.ms ic.-e ii'.iiiatb-g a gr-’af. "J-uJva, in »bi. hj . av-:d>-v will j-lav a J-.iding part. Tim < '"S- ---,;,, ka' l.oa-as’ are v.-mnlorfiiPy fit., A .-pie' Co diivg 1 ;- 1. t rook. Their FUCi'S:- is dim to til I;.;.: t..rt!-pTt. oris, u hieH ..oam, ~ I; ;.itvv. 1.-.ve where a single hov.-.-m on r-ea, 1 . ; ■ Tio- r.iis.-kui hje 1 I for; iriea; ions iicii'r.- iho Vistrd ih r length of SO miles oincu ot six rows of supporting trencher. i-upcrbly 1.-.iih, ami pra.-ti.-ally impregnable. Tee General Staff ate no bmg-r t I ,-ver ihe Warsaw pioLFm. Tie- Grand lii'm Nicholas's general policy :s to eonjo hold as- many German I mops as n-'-.-ille in Gear luv-w-nt. puTtions. while !■ inLilainihs to onPl’alc uJthi hj. - a-,-;e.i rcgio-i. While the cavalry will . i-c ePVn-dve fresh arnti-'S will form Iwhunl, which w ill ladd the invaded soiuuiy. INVASION (11’ HUNGARY. I) KEEN HERS RETIRING BEFORE RUSSIAN ADVANCE. r.rCHAREST, January 22. T:,,. Russian offensive is progressing. Tlo-iv is a marked superiority in numbers •iv--!' tim Austrian left wing, which is realong the left bank of the Bistritsa, j.-.0.-a-g uu Russians r.u open mad to 1 reewatra. 'Dm Hungarians are ad- % .ns i-ig uiiou L'-i.-tritva to arrest the ini': ■ rdsirit'/a rises in the Carpathians ■a- 1- la-' eastern frontier of Hungary, and flowthrough, the south-west corner of Bukmvhia. through Moldavia into the Danube basin, j HUNGARIANS SEIZE PASSES. PFIRGGR-AD, January 22._ Wo.- twWIV u VUe E-tu. wu-.tw rrr Re v-iwina. uucb r Field-marshal Lodman, occupied Ihe mountain passes, where tie v have numerous artillerv and machine Hu-sian fuov.-rr have been achieved at Kirlihaba, Jakobini, and Dornawatra, Go- trait of a. series of guerrilla raids and bayon-t fighting in face of desperate resistance. GER I\fAN REiNFORCEIIENTS, HUNGARIAN LOSSES. LONDON, January 22. Them is much discussion on the news that- German troops are traversing Himr:;rv. It is suggested that the statement that 400,000 troops arc gathering for an attack on S'ervia is really a Wind, while the force is being concentrated to deal wi<h the invasion of Hungary, A Hungarian letter published in London states that it is now- known that Hungary alone has already lost nearly half a million killed and half a. million wounded and prisoners. FOREIGN MINISTERS CONFER. London 'Times’ and Sydney ‘Sun’ Services.) AMSTERDAM, January 21. CV-imt Bnriait is due to arrive at Berlin on Saturdav to confer with Herr Von Jagi.w, The Austrian Heir Apparent will arrive simultaneously at the Herman headquarter s to confer with the Kaiser.

COMFREH ENKIVE HURVeY. ENEMY OX Till: DEFENSIVE. PARIS. January 22. Following is an official .sr.mmHry of the present -situation Since the battle of Ynvcs resulted in a complete stop to the great (io.vman offensive. operations have assumed the character of a siege war. will; the balance in oar favor, since the Allies have made very marked, progress at several points, while the enemy's retreat is .genera!,, except at SSoissons. 'i ho German offensive in Poland has been checked, while the Russian offensive in (Indicia and the Carpathians continues. I.asf.lv, (lernmuv has exhausted her resource.-. Her officers cannot develop her effectives, except to the detriment of existing units. In order to gain definite and final success the Allies have only to prepare with litele.-s patience. The Herman offensive has Even nroken. and the defensive will lie broken in turn. PRISONERS OF WAR. (London ‘ Times ’ and Sydney ‘ Sun ’ Services.) .AMSTERDAM. January 21. A Berlin official mew-mm claims that the • Jennan troops have captured mer 600,000 prisoners. PERSIA, AND TURKEY. SECRET I NI)KRS' I'ANI)INCI A LIED Kl), RUT OFI-TUIALEY DENIED. LONDON. January 21. 'ihe. Persian Minister has informed the authorities at Pet rogi.id that llm reported co-operation of the Persians in the Turkish invasion is unfounded. Persia, is loyal to Britain and Russia, hut is too weak to resist the Turks. PETROORAD, Janimiy 22. There is no doubt that Persia is secretly | supporting Turkey. Tim conditions in North Persia arc indescribable. Thousands are fleesng across tb-' Russian frontier, and humh-'.ls are ■ .dying of starvation on the road. IN EUTiIRATIAS VALLEY. BRITISH REGIMENT'S TRIALS. (London "Times’ and Sydney '•'Sun’ Services.) i LONDON, January 21. A British officer wiUi the Leisiau tlulf expedition explains its difficulties, bus says the regiment was always bright and merry. The were pest Herons, hi tho middle tif the night tie licaid one soldier .say t..i his neighbor ; " Here. Rill, if this ;s lire i Liuleu of Eden, I vender what Adam and Eve did with these Vie mosquitos buzzing round them.” WILD RUMORS ABOUT 11..M.A.5. AUSTRALIA. SYDNEY. January 22. .Senator IVarcc (Minister rf Defence) j gave an emplnitie denial of tho ’ lennanj wade stores regarding tho alleged doings ; of Australian officers and their wives at { Cairo and the -inking of the, waiidiip j,Australia. He points .mi that lie wives went with the Expeditionary Force, and the authorities were vmy i event ly in communication with the warship, winch reported "all well." NEW DESTROYER, SYDNEY, January 22. Mrs I’cme, wife of (lie Minister of Defence. laid the keel at Cm s;r.o<> dock of tin- dest rover Swan, a -ister ship of the Derwent. NEW CALEDONIAN I! ECRU ITS. SYDNEY, Jam ary 22. Advices from New Caled-nia state that all th“ men dn-e. for military service in 1909. 1910. and 1911 have been ordered to join drafts departing for France in February, The n-vvspaper ‘La France Aus-t-nilie’ states that the order was received wuil much enthusiasm, all young Frenchmen being desirous of joining their confrere-; fighting in the Homeland. SHRAPNEL WOUNDS. | A WA LEIN (I TARGET. '(London ‘Times’ and Sydney ' Sun ’ Services.) LONDON. January 22. lomc Vidal, a French Chasseur, holdthe record tor wounds, he having 139 distinct wound-, principally in the legs and lower part of the laxly, caused by shrapnel. lie i- recovering, and will not be a TRADE ANQ THE WAR. LONDON I'ORT CONGESTED. RECORD ARRIVALS. (London ‘Times' and Sydney ‘ Sun ' Service*.) LONDON, January 21. Tb.' chairman of the Port of London Authority dated (hat. owing to the act'.ch;. of (hr Linden and other enemy ves--cl-. lim accumulating -hipping is overtaking lie .uvomiiii xlct i. hi . Nearly 20 A n-t rala •ia n ve--cls have arrived. The influx- in -hipping is the biggest since London become a port. DEARTH OK TONNAGE. -TATI-: ACTION URGED. LONDON. January 22. IHe Emergency Workers’ Committee, at trig, investigating the increased cost of wheat, carried a resolution that the finvenmii nt innnediat-Ty take steps to gain control of more ships, and that the (Jo. vcninieut hrign wheat from Argentina and « "amnia and Rea;' the eosl- of transport. CAPTURING- TRADE. AUSTRO-11KRMAN ARTICLES. LONDON. January 22. A meeting at the Man-ion flnn-e inaugurated a National War Exhibition to be held in London shortly. It will include an exhibit of German and Austrian goods and British substitute-;. BROKEN HILL ORES TO RE TREATED LOCALLY. SYDNEY, January 22. The Broken FLU mineral output for 1914 tvhs valued at i>3.446.4-81. ■which was £838,736 below fii,. ffgnres for 1913. The Sulphide Corporation announce that they are prepared to purchase and treat all silver, lead, and gold ores at prices prevailing before the war. Previously the business was chietly in German hands. AMERICAN TRADE. AUS TR A LIA RE T A LIA TORY. MELBOURNE. January 22. Replying to a deputation asking for tho removal of the high duties on American printing machinery. Mr Tudor (Minister of Customs) said ” the Government could not help a country which would not help us.’’ RELEASE WANTED OF AUSTRALIAN CONSIGNMENTS IN INTERNED HULLS. SYDNEY. January 22. A conference of Australasian consignees by ex-German vessels interned in South Africa and Dutch East Indian ports is beings held at the Chamber of Commerce. New Zealand is represented. It was decided to appoint a representative to proceed to Java, authorised to take the necessary action to secure the release of cargoes originally hound for Australia and New Zealand understood to bo aboard various German and Austrian vessels in I several ports. 1

PASTOR ARRESTED. ADELAIDE. January 22. The '.\uU\oT\tws, have avvestod M.v Nickel, a Lull teran pastor, on a charge that lias not been disclosed WOMEN’S SHARK. (London 1 Times 1 and Sydney ’ Sun ’ Services.) LONDON, January 21. Australian and New Zealand women nr-' equipping and managing a War Chib at Snmerstown for the wives and mothers of soldiers and sailors. SYDNEY, January 22. I'enmle pnblie school teachers are offering to undertake an increase of duties in order to release male teachers for military duty. AMERICA AND THE WAR. ANOTHER STRONG PROTEST. NEW YORE, January 22. (Received January 23. at 8.35 a. ml Dr Stauffer, a Congregational pastor, and formerly a resident in the Fulled States, but now in France, has cabled the Chief Secretary of State (Mr Rryani asking: “ How niiieli longer are yon going to keep silent while non-combatants are" being murdered and everv principle of The Hag no Convention is being violated? You have spoken eloquently of the I’rinee of Peace, and now you can serve Him. Your silence, surely, gives (he lie to your lectures and sermons. lam certain that 1 speak for the niaforitv of former Cnited states residents who arc now in France.”

FIFTH REINFORCEMENTS.

APPOINT.MK\T OF OFFICKRS, The following officers have boon ordered into crimp at 'Frontiiaiii mi probation for the fifth reinforcements | MOUXTKD RIFLKS. —Auckland District.— fOlio captain and two subalterns. 1 Captain A. T. Wilkinson l Reserve of Officers I. Lieutenant R. 0. Milligan, X.Z. Harrison Artillery: Siecoml-lieutcnant M. R. Reed, 3rd (Auckland) Mounted Rifles. —Wei ling trni District.(One captain and two subalterns.) Captain C. WummvrvilKi (Reserve of Oliicers). .Second-lieutenant T. 0. A. Ilislop. 6th (Mannwatu) Mounted Rilies, --■ Canterbury 1 list rift.— Tine captain and two subalterns.) Second-lieutenant L. R. Maefarlane. Ist Mounted Rifles (Canterbury Yeomanry Cavalry) : Second-lieutenant D. T. Wood (Canterbury Yeomanry Cavah'y). —Otago District. - (One major and two subalterns.) Lioutenant-cofonel (1. H. Stewart, 12th (Otago) Mounted Ritles, as major. Captain J. .lenkins, sth .Mounted Rifles (Otago Hussars), as lieutenant: Lieutenant A. S. Herbert, 12th (Otago) Mounted Rilies. INFANTRY. —Auckland District.— (One captain and six subalterns.) Major .1. S Murphy (Reserve of Officers), with rank of captain. Lieutenant J. D. M'Comish. X.Z. Radwav Battalions; .'second-lieutenants (.). S. Klfis, J. F. K. limiter, L. K. As!)ton. F. J. H. Kllisdon, A. 1). Jack. Unattached List lb). —Wellington District. (One major and six .subalterns.) Major W. 11. Fletcher, Ihh Regiment (Taranaki Rifles), Majm A. J. Clark, 11th Regimen' (Taranaki Rifles), with rank of lieutenant; Lieutenant A. S. T. Ruder. 17th (RualiiiiO) Regiment; Lieutenant J. S. M’Kay, 17th (Ruahinci Regiment; Second-lieulcn ant J. .M'Monait. Rost and Telegraph. Corps: Second-lieutenant R. F. Oambrill, 9th (Hawke's Ray) Regiment.; Secondlieutenant 11. Henderson, UnaUached List (b). - --Canterlmry D i.«triet. — (One major and six subalterns.) .Major W. S. Austin, loth (Xorth Canterbury and Westland) Regiment. Captain L. J. Ford. 12th (Nelson) Regiment. with rank of lieutenant ; Lieutenant I’. A. S. Stevens. 2nd (South Canterbury! Regiment ; Stieoiid-lic-utena.nl H. M. Thorn, Unattached List (b| ; Secondlicnteiiant. S. 0. Jimvnnv, Ist (Canterbury) Regiment: Second-lieutetianfc L. Cray, loth (Xorth Canterbury and West-laud) Regiment: Second-lieutenant J. (!. Burns, Unattached List (t<j. —Otago District. - (Two captains and five subalterns.) Captain A. Rigby Smitli. Xo. 2 Company, X.Z. engineers. Captain W. Doinigan. 14th (South Otago; Regiment. i Lieutenant J. M'Crae, 14ih '.Soulli Olagm Regiment: Lieutenant. F. L. Hunt. Unattached List ild; Lieutenant L. J. Smith. 14th (South Otago) Regiment : Lieutenant mu probation) J. Thompson. Unattaelied List dm; Second-lieutenant H. V. I re- | gear, 4i ii '(lingo) Ri gimeiit. ' Praei ically die whole ..f the officers men j tinned, together with 80 non-commissioned j officers for the fifth reinforcements, arc' now in < amp undergoing instrm t ion, j WAR HUMOR. j Toper do crony in Fngli-h alehou-e' : j ■' Wat's the n.-e of this 'ere earlier do— I >"R ■" . . Crone: "\\y. in ca-o ot a Zeppelin rani. | If i hi' Tn smells beer Vli ’ave it)" Another -one for the KaLer ; '('..me. T-ing Tan me,’ Tommy '■ reaehing floodeii french lately oet'Mpicd by the enemy): "Well, (hey si;., there's no place like '"ine, but, it's a bloomin' uncomfortable place to make ;.ue!i a fu«s about leavin' Worst Character in the Village iwlmhas repeatedly been pressed by the inhabitants fo enlist), to the Clear : " T dmina believe there ain’t no war. 1 bclic-'c it’- jn-t a. plot to get me out of the village." Old Lady do wounded officer from tint front) : “ Oil. sir, do you 'appen to 'ave 'eard if any of your men at. the front 'as found a pair of spectacle' wot 1 left in a 16 bus in the Kdgeware road)'" A RIVAL OF ‘ TiPPKRA RY.' iSnng by the gallant, Russians as they go into battle.) R'- a hard nut is Cracow. It's a hard not to crack: Rut it’s not so hard to crack, oh ! When once you've got the knack, tmod-bve. ITzemyd : Farewell, Lemberg d.wowi; It's a bal'd, bard nut to crack' in Cracow. | It's a bant, hard nut to crack is Cracow. | THK KAISKR ASS A U LTFI >. A rumor, apparently emanating from a, good military source, is current in Paris to tUo effect ibul aw duo r of the Hei roau ( General Staff at die (.'rand Heudocarters ( of the Herman army, suddenly bci oming j demented, made a. violent assault on the ( Kaiser wifii a drawn sword, ft is iiirtln.-r j reported dial the officer became insane mi tho Emperor upbraiding him for a. tactical i mistake during the battle in Flanders, for j which he was responsible. He was over- j powered and forcibly r.-moved from the Emperor's on-senee. hurling epithets of a j frightful character at His Imperial .Majesty, who is reported to have been considerably shaken by the whole affair. KAISKR R KIRKS OX LUCK. An official telegram from Berlin .states that the Kaiser has sent the, following birthday telegram to Dr Von 'l’ct.bmnnn Hollweg, Imperial Chancellor : As the head of the Herman Umpire, I offer your Kxcellency congratulations of a special kind. Luck is necessary to pilot the sliip of Stale through stormy times into the harbor, and for this purpose Providence employs men who fight firmly and steadily, with the welfare of the Fatherland in their minds, till the great aim is accomplished. Among those men your Excellency occupies the first place. The Herman people know it. I know it. Hod bless your work ! The Chancellor, in his reply of thanks for the gracious message, said that tin; impressions lie received in Berlin were of the confidence of the population and their firm determination to fight till the final victory was secured.

THE TRUMPET. [The author of this poem, Mr Rabindranath Tagoro. is tho famous Indian poet, whose lyrics, plays, and essays have brought in veetui6 years a new delight fo lovers of English literature. Mr Tagore, who is personally not. unknown in England, himself translates many of his works from Ihe original into English, and his command of the language has done much to make flic West acquainted with the finest Indian thought.] Thy trumpet lies in tho dust. The wind is weary, the light is dead. Ah, the evil day! Corns fighters, carrying your flags and singers with your songs! Conic pilgrims, hurrying on your journey ! The trumpet lies in the dust."waiting for us. I was on my way fo the temple with my evening offerings, Seeking for the heaven of rest after the day's dusty toil : Hoping my hurls would be healed and siains in my garments washed white. When f found ihy trumpet lying in Ihe dml.. Has it. not been the time for me to light my lamp? Has my evening not conic to bring mo sleep ? 0 (lion blond-rod rose, whore have my poppies faded i J I. was certain my wanderings wore over and my debts all paid. When suddenly I emtio upon thy trumpet lying in ilie dust. Strike inv drowsv heart with thv spell of j youth'! Lei, my joy in life blaze up in fire. Lei Ilie shafts of awakening fly piercing the heart of night and a thrill of dread shake the palsied blindness, 1 have come to raise ihv trumpet from tho dust. Sloop is no more for mo —my walk shall Ix through showers of arrows. Some shall run nut of their houses ami come to my sidr —some shall weep. Some in their bods shall toss and groan m dire dreams : For to-night thy trumpet shall he sounded. From ihee I had asked peace only fo find shame. Now I stand before Ihee—help me to don mv armor! Let hard blows of trouble strike tire into my life. Let, my heart boat iu pain—beating tho drum of thy victory. My hands shall he utterly emptied to take up thv trumpet. Rabindi'iinath T.igore. MISCELLANEOUS. Mr Paget Gale is giving an organ recital in Timaru on 'Tuesday evening in aid of the Britain and Belgian funds. Among the non-commissioned officers who left Dunediu for 'Trentham yesterday to join the reinforcements was Wilfred B. Quennell, of the Lands and Survey Department. According to the Paris 'Figaro.' Count Basehieri has predicted that peace will be dctiarod on April 27 next. Germany, he declares, will be vanquished, and the Kaiser will commit suicide. According to advices from Brussels, tho German Governor of Brabant called a meeting of financiers, and told them Belgium would have to pay £1.450.000 a month for the maintenance of the German troops. In addition to this sum. Belgium would also have to raise a. war levy of £15.000,000 as a. penalty for violating her i neutrality and for the losses which that violation had caused Germany to sutler ! A remarkable story concerning a wounded sol'diev conies from Northampton Private A. Wright, of the county regiment., was comfortably settle,l in his mother's house after returning home wounded, when a letter from tho War Office arrived to say that he was dead, and t'ustriK ting Mrs'Wright how to claim his goods. No explanation oi the mistake has been furnished. News has reached the Admiralty that Mr Churchill's valet, who was serving with the Rille Brigade, has been killed in action. He was slightly wounded on November 10. and alter res! a.ud treatment returned to the fighting line, when he was fatally wounded later.

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THE WAR, Issue 15708, 23 January 1915

Word Count
3,499

THE WAR Issue 15708, 23 January 1915

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